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Compilation  ©  2007  LexisNexis  Academic  &  Library  Solutions, 
a  division  of  Reed  Elsevier  Inc.  All  rights  reserved. 


Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Linda  E.  Endersby 

David  A.  Ranzan 
Indexing  Editor 

Janette  Pardo 
Richard  Mizcllc 
Peter  Mikulas 

Paul  B.  Israel 
Director  and  General  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
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Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  2007  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and 
index  or  of  the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any 
form  by  any  means— graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  including  photocopying, 
recording  or  taping,  or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of 
Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 


Director  and  General  Editor 

Paul  Israel 

Senior  Editor 
Thomas  Jeffrey 

Associate  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Theresa  Collins 

Assistant  Editor 
David  Hochfelder 

Indexing  Editor 
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Consulting  Editor 
Linda  Endersby 

Visiting  Editor 
Amy  Flanders 

Editorial  Assistants 

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Eric  Barry 

Outreach  and  Development 
(Edison  Across  the  Curriculum) 

Theresa  Collins 

Business  Manager 
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Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
Richard  L.  McCormick 
Ziva  Galili 
Ann  Fabian 
Paul  Clemens 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Marc  Mappen 


Robert  Friedel,  University  of  Maryland 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  Oxford  University 
Thomas  P.  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Ronald  Kline,  Cornell  University 
Robert  Rosenberg,  John  Wiley  &  Sons 
Marc  Rothenberg,  Joseph  Henry  Papers,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Philip  Scranton,  Rutgers  University/Hagley  Museum 
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National  Park  Service 

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Michelle  Ortwein 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
Commission,  National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission  and  The  National 
Endowment  for  the  Humanities.  Major  underwriting  has  been  provided  by  the  Barkley  Fund, 
through  the  National  Trust  for  the  Humanities,  and  by  The  Charles  Edison  Foundation. 

We  are  grateful  for  the  generous  support  of  the  IEEE  Foundation,  the  Hyde  &  Watson 
Foundation,  the  Martinson  Family  Foundation,  and  the  GE  Foundation.  We  acknowledge  gifts 
from  many  other  individuals,  as  well  as  an  anonymous  donor;  the  Association  of  Edison 
Illuminating  Companies;  and  the  Edison  Electric  Institute.  For  the  assistance  of  all  these 
organizations  and  individuals,  as  well  as  for  the  indispensable  aid  of  archivists,  librarians, 
scholars,  and  collectors,  the  editors  are  most  grateful. 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 



Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Chemicals  (E-15-18) 


?he  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company,  Sydney,  Nova  Sootia 
is  installing  at  its  Coke  ovens  a  Benzol  Absorbing  and  Defining 
Plant,  according  to  my  plans.  This  plant  is  now  under  construc¬ 
tion  and  will  probably  go  into  operation  within  thirty  (30)  days. 
Under  ny  contract  with  them  I  am  entitled  to  purchase  eight  hun¬ 
dred  (800)  gallons  of  pure  Benzol  daily.  I  attach  hereto  my  con¬ 
tract  with  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company  for  said  daily  sup¬ 
ply  of  eight  hundred  (BOO)  gallons  of  Benzol.  This  contract  is 
in  the  form  of  letters  exchanged  between  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel 
Company  and  myself,  and  this  contract  is  made  a  part  of  this  agree¬ 
ment  . 

You  desire  me  to  furnish  you  with  a  continuous  supply 
of  pure  Phenol,  deliveries  to  commence  on  or  before  June  first, 
1915,  and  to  continue  until  December  31st,  1915,  at  the  rate  of 
approximately  four  thousand  (4,000)  pounds  per  day,  more  or  less, 
If  I  can  procure  sufficient  additional  Benzol  to  increase  my  out¬ 
put  correspondingly  I  am  to  deliver,  and  you  to  receive,  four  thou¬ 
sand  six  hundred  (4,600)  pounds  of  Phenol,  more  or  less,  per  day. 
Drums  to  be  furnished  by  you,  or,  if  famished  by  me  ,  to  be  charged 
to  you,  subject  to  credit  on  return. 

I  agree  to  utilize  the  above  named  daily  suprly  of  eight 
hundred  (800)  gallons  of  Benzol,  and  any  further  supply  that  I  can 
obtain  at  reasonable  prices,  to  make  this  Phenol,  and  to  furnish 
such  Phenol  to  you  for  the  period  and  at  the  rate  above  mentioned 
at  a  price  of  seventy-six:-  and  six-tent)is  oents  (76.6  cents)  per 
pound,  spot  cash,  payment  to  he  made  on  sight  draft  attached  to 
Bill  of  lading  presented  at  a  Bank  to  be  designated  by  you. 

In  consideration  of  your  furnishing  me  the  money  to  build 
a  Carbolic  Plant,  I  agree  to  give  you  a  rebate  of  four  (4)  cents 
per  pound  to  enable  you  to  reimburse  yomselves  for  the  money  fur¬ 
nished  according  to  the  next  succeeding  paragraph  of  this  agree¬ 
ment.  This  rebate  will  leave  the  net  price  to  ns  of  the  Carbolic 
AoJd  furnished  under  this  agreement  at  seventy-two  and  six-tenths 
cents  (72.6  oents)  per  pound. 

As  an  additional  consideration  to  me  for  making  this  agree 
ment,  you  agree  to  furnish  me  with  the  sum  of  fifty- two  thousand 
dollars  ($62,000)  Which  I  undertake  to  use  in  building  the  special 

Pare  two- 

plant  to  make  the  above  named  Phenol.  ?his  plant  will  he  rea^-  in 
about  forty  (40)  working  days  if  unforeseen  contingencies  do  not 
arise.  Uhls  Phenol  Plant  is  to  he  ana  remain  my  property  at  all 
t ime  s . 

It  is  to  he  understood  that  I  shall  not  he  liahj6  dam" 
aces  for  the  non-fulfilment  on  my  part  of  this  contract  1*  such  non- 

S  g*S SffiTSS  AT.- 

vide  against  liability  for  unforeseen  contingencies  not  within  my 

If  at  any  time  during  the'  continuance  of  this  agreement 
you  fail  to  take  and  pay  for  the  Carbolic  Ao id  for  a  period  Ox  one 
month  this  contract  shall  he  null  and  void,  and  I  shall,  he  -reeto 
•qp11  rh.ol«  output  of  the  Carbolic  Plant  to  others  without  any 
accountability  to  you,  nevertheless,  you  shall  he  held  li*^  ^°Lthe 
fulfilment  of  the  contract  on  your  part.  If  at  the  termination  of 
this  contract  (December  31st,  1915)  I  decide  to  continue  the  opera¬ 
tion  of  said  Phenol  Plant,  you  shall  have ^until 
nnp -half  (l/2)  the  future  production  Ox  Phenol  by  said  planu,  unxil 
June"  1st,  1916,  at  the  same  price,  namely,  seventy- six  and  s^^enth 
cents  (76.6  cents)  per  pound  ana  on  the  same  terras  as  above  mentioned. 

fhis  letter  is  written  in  duplicate.  If  you  accept  the 
above  terms  and  conditions  please  sign  at  the  foot  hereox. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Y/e  accept  the  above 

April  1st,  1915 

J.  II.  Plummer,  Esq.,  Pres., 

Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co., 

112  St.  James  Stroot, 

Montreal,  Canada. 

Dear  Mr.  Plummer: 

Under  the  agreement  between  your  Company 
and  myself,  I  have  the  option  of  purchasing  from  you  eight 
hundred  (800)  gallons  por  day  of  pure  Benzol  after  your 
plant  becomes  operative. 

In  order  that  there  shall  be  no  misun¬ 
derstanding,  I  am  writing  this  letter  to  signify  my  inten¬ 
tion  to  avail  myBelf  of  this  option,  and  I  will  therefore 
ash  you  to  have  my  order  entered  for  eight  hundred  (800) 
gallons  of  pure  Benzol  per  day,  deliveries  to  commence- as 
Boon  as  you  commence  to  turn  out  pure  Benzol.  I  vill 
fumiBh  my  tank  oars,  which  will  have  a  capacity  of  ten 
thousand  (10,000)  gallons  ea£h. 

lours  very  truly 
(signed)  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

<wc  CCttt-  Czu/j-trCoa. 

±(llc  j\lon\,Ci  ci  cru-cy  toccU  CijO.  Incut/ 

fio-tH.  t&c<,v\.  cju.ic.Ctr  y4v  £-C  u  i7ic>r/<cryul  • 

10  .  U  htee&v  l-C-Crlrt^i. 

April  1st.  1915. 

Hr.  W.  H.  Gartley, 

United  Gas  Improvement  Co., 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dear  Mr.  Gartley: 

Mr.  Edison  has  been  In  touch  today  with  the  Perth 
Amboy  Gas  Company  of  Perth  Amboy.  H.  J.,  of  which  Hr.  John  V/.  Whe¬ 
lan  is  President.  Ohey  have  on  hand  about  twenty  thousand  gallons 
of  coal  gas  tar  and  make  in  the  neighborhood  of  fifty  thousand  gal¬ 
lons  a  year.  They  are  open  to  dispose  of  this,  and  sent  Hr.  Edison 
a  sample  gallon  can. 

!tr.  Edison  asks  me  to  advise  you  about  this  and  to 
Bend  you  the  sample  can  by  express  tonight . 

Hr.  Whelan  is  going  to  write  to  you  also  and  give 
you  the  price,  so  you  will  have  the  whole  story  tomorrow  morning. 
You  oan  reach  Hr.  Whelan  on  the  telephone  1064  Elizabeth,  H.  J. 

We  are  on  track  of  a  muoh. larger  suprly,  of  about 
sixty  hundred  fifty  thousand  gallons,  whioh  Hr.  Edison  will  advise 
you  about  a  little  later. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 

E.  B.  Badger  &  Sons  Co. 

(EottHtrurtora  of  (ttlpurttal  Apparatus 

BOSTON.  U.  S.  A. 

April  1,  1915. 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  N .  J . 

Attention  -  W.  H.  Meadoworoft. 

Enclosed  find  Blueprint  #3877,  generalarrange- 
ment  of  Carbolic  Acid  Still,  which  is  a  duplicate  of  the 
one  mailed  you  on  the  31st. 

Relative  to  Anniline  Still,  we  regret  it  has 
been  impossible  to  send  this  data  to  you  before.  It 
is  not  that  the  matter  has  been  overlooked,  but  it 
has  been  impossible  for  our  Mr.  hunt  to  figure  out  the 
data  until  this  time. 

A  Still  of  the  same  design  as  that  which  we 
are  furnishing  for  the  Carbolic  Acid  would  not  produce 
Anniline . 

A  Still  of  the  following  specifications  is  what 
you  require: 

To  consist  of  one  cast  iron  kettle,  8 »  diameter 
x  14'  long,  containing  155  lineal  feet  3  hydraulic  iron 
nine  fittings.  Column  cast  iron  36"  diameter  with  6 
nlates  necessary  boiling  caps;  copper  Dephlegmator  con¬ 
taining  approximately  401  1?4"  x  O'  copper  tubes;  copper 
Condenserof  the  same  construction  as  ^ 

BOO  callon  steel  receiving  tanks;  1  -  5000  gallon  steel 
receiving  tank;  accessories  practically  the  same  as  we 
a?o  fSshing  with  Carbolic  Still.  Pump  wet  vacuum, 
capacity  50  cubic  feet  per  minute. 

Still  as  per  these  approximate  specifications,  to 
stand  30"  vacGuTwould  produce  approximately  3000  to  4000 

gallons  pure  Anniline  In  24  hours.  Price  Five  Thousand 
Eight  Hundred  Dollars,  ($6800.00)  net,  f.o.h.  cars,  Boston. 
Delivery  ten  weeks,  possibly  sooner. 

We  will  put  this  in  regular  proposal  form  and 
send  detail  specifications  as  is  customary. 

We  trust  this  will  give  you  the  information 

you  desire. 

Tours  very  truly, 

E.  B.  BADGERJ&. 


umlcatlons  should  be  addressed  to  “Comma 

och/ac  * 




DOVER,  N.  J.  April  1,  1915. 


h  delays  oc- 
to  unavoid- 

l,;r.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:  ^  ’ 

X.  Referring  to  thd  proposal  which  has  just  been  received  from  \ 
you  for  f urni thing  the  United  States  with  130,000  lbs.  of  commercial  phenol, 

I  have  to  say  that  the  conditions  in  regard  to  credit  f 
curring  during  tho  performance  of  the  contract 8  as  may 
able  causes,  are  entirely  satisfactory,  and  you  are  correct  in  your  under-  ^ 

standing  that  it  is  the  regular  practice  of  the  Department  to  insert  a  * 

clause  in  it  a  contracts  to  that  effect.  ^ 

2.  The  one  drum  of  synthetic  phenol  recently  received  from  yob  4  ;•  ^ 

was  not  sufficient  for  us  to  make  a  nitration  in  our  regular  large  sized  ' 

nitrator,  and  was,  therefore,  not  a  fair  test  of  the  material.  In  order  | 

that  I  may  make  a  more  complete  tost,  I  am  sending  you  by  today's  mail,  a 
purchase  order  for  two  (2)  drums  of  phenol,  which  I  would  be  pleased  to 

have  you  ahip^at  your  earliost  convenience. 

3.  your  proposal,  which  was  the  only  one  received,  is  being 
forwarded  to  the  ordnance  Office  for  consideration.  As  soon  as  instruc¬ 
tions  are  received  from  Washington,  I  will  communicate  with  you  again. 





Dover,  N.  J.,  _JteXUuJU-JL918». . .  191 

To  . . . .Thoms- A,-Edison,  — . - . . 

Plcaso  furnish  the  arttefetorfmlcefenumerated  below,  In  accordance  with  your  quotation  dated  .27. ,  1915  • 

Mark  each  package  with  the  number  of  this  Purchase  Order. 

Shipment  to  be  made  within _ —  Jays  from  receipt  of  this  order. _ ========„ _ 

Commercial  Phenal,  in  accord¬ 
ance  wijsh  specif icatione, 
herewith,  dated  March  6,  191£ , 
including  containers.  2 



Purchase  Order  No.  -12354 . 

Tm:  h.B. Chalmers  Co. 


SCIIENECTADY.N.Y.  u  1st  1 

».  szzz  ws  xwssrz  &,sr  - 11 

rears  vSwss’srt'a.r  • 

s  ss:  srs  «2-  «- ■ ~  “jk r « 

anticipate  we  will  accumulate  a  good  mny  order B  th#  carbollc 

aoif  y^arfcioS^ifuSP  39/40°,  as  ^  are  the  goods  we  want  to  use. 

to  buy  this  in  hundred  gallon  drums,  an  -i „  *1,0  empty  drums  to  be 

*£•-?  rs, ,tsss  SAS-*  -  - 

factory  working. 

TOa „  JT5S.-J  7SS.?S5ft.,ff -iJSaSS  S*„T 



ck'et.  320  BROADWAY , 

cover  the  year  from  July  1st,  1913  to  July  1st,  1914. 

Of  Beta  Naphtol,  23,226  lhs. ,  price  of  which  was 
before  the  war,  from  10  to  llj^  a  It. 

Of  Paranitraniline,  11,112  lhs.,  price  of  which 
before  the  war  was,  16.  to  17 <f.  a  lb. 

We  also  happen  to  have  at  hand  the  figures  of 
another  large  finisher  whose  consumption  of  Beta  Haphtol  was  12,000  lbs. 
and  of  Paranitraniline,  9,000  lbs. 

Through  the  kindly  co-operation  of  the  Secretary 
of  the  national  Association  of  Finishers  of  Cotton  Fabrics  I  am  making 
an  inquiry  among  all  Cotton  Finishers  to  Bee  what  their  normal  annual 
requirements  are  of  the  following  four  intermediate  products. 

Beta  Haphtol 
Phenylene  Diamine 

Ab  soon  as  this  information  is  received  and  tabulated  it  will  be  sent  to 
you;  and  I  hope  that  the  market  possibilities  which  these  figures  will 



April  1st,  1915. 


,  E.  Headowcrof t . 


disclose  will  be  such  as  to  encourage  you  in  their  manufacture. 

X  cannot  close  this  letter  without  expressing 
to  Mr.  Edison  and  yourself  my  appreciation,  and  that  of  Mr.  Lyons,  of 
the  courtesy  shown  to  us  during  our  oall  yesterday  at  your  laboratories. 
Yours  very  truly. 

The  U.  Finishim 


E.  B.  Badger  &  Sons  Co. 

(Hmtatructora  of  QUpmical  Apparatua 

BOSTON.  U.  S.  A. 

|  gW 

WOL*  I 

2.  '■f 

^Thomas^A?  Edison,  0/1  OT 

Orange,  New  Jersey.  »  1  * 

Dear  Sir: 

We  are  enclosing  formal  Proposal  #946 
covering  Aniline  Still  which  confirms  our  letter 
of  the  1st. 

In  connection  with  delivery  of  this 
apparatus  we  would  start  same  immediately  upon 
receipt  of  order  and  make  every  effort  to  make 
delivery  inside  of  the  time  specified. 

Trusting  we  may  hear  favorably  from  you, 

we  remain 

Yours  very  truly, 



16nyhn  t  21°P  16 





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!, i r .  Thomas  A.  Ed  i 
OfllANGE,  M-  <J  • 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the] 

AM  I  L I N  E  OIL 

mot  in  need  of 
iJ.U  L  Y  . 



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They  have  submitted  us  a  three  year  contract,  in  whici 


If  you  have  any  DEFINITE  PROPOSITION  TO  MAKE  US,  WE 



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-^^t/li  Ia3-+<aJL(%  £j^(  » 


Q^«-«6<_  ~2~  v  Qo-c<^z ,  7^^-  %£^-> 

)  (rt>  0  jfe"  /  4  <='*■«*-  7%T  cleu^ - 

-^J~f^T7a^  ^yr 

Bear  Admiral  Joseph^  Strauss,  U.  S.  N. , 
Bureau  of  Ordinance, 

Navy  Department , 

'Washington,  D.  C. 

My  dear  Admiral:-  . 

Vihen  I  was  down  last  Friday,  I.ieut.  Caskey 
was  telling  me  that  you  intend  to  do  your  own  nitrating 
of  the  phenol  purohased  from  Mr.  Edison,  at  Indian  Head. 

He  also  thought  it  would  he  eight  or  nine  months  before 
you  would  be  ’ecjiipped  to  sstuart  your  nitrating. 

He  mentioned  this,  because  he  thought  I 
would  like  to  know  that  it  would  be  necessary  to  take  oare 
of  ordering  quite  a  number  of  drums  to  contain  the  phenol 
until  you  get  ready  to  use  it  on  a  basiB  of  our  shipping 
11,800  pounds  per  month. 

In  disousBing  the  matter,  he  wondered  if  it 
would  be  possible  for  ue  to  hold  up  shipment  on  this  phenol, 
until  you  oould  use  it,  along  about  November  first  or 
December  first.  I  told  him,  &  the  time,  I  did  not  know, 
because  I  had  not  disoussed  it  with  Mr.  Edison. 

I  did  discuss  it  with  Urv  Edison  yesterday , 
telling  him  that  it  would  be  quite  a  labor  to  the  Navy 
Department,  and  would  also  save  the  Navy  Department  the 
purchase  of  about  I3g,()rum8,  at  ten  dollars  per  drum. 

He  Btates  that  inasmuoh  as  our  record 
business  (manufacture  of  the  disc  records)  bids  fair  to 
increase  very  much  more  rapidly  than  he  had  anticipated, 
it  will  become  necessary  for  him  to  incroaBe  the  oapacity 
of  his  carbolic  plant  in  about  three  months,  to  take  oare 
of  the  increased  demands  for  manufacture  of  records.  He 
therefore  fe£ls  that  we  oan,  if  it  will  be  an  accomodation 
to  you,  delay  beginning  shipments  until,  say,  December 
first,  at  whloh  time  we  will  start  in  to  ship  18,000  pounds 
per  month,  approximately,  for  the  remaining  time  of  the 
contract  covering  a  period  of  two  years  from  Maroh  25th, 

So  if  it  will  be  any  aooomodation  to  you,  please 
advise  me  at  once,  and  I  will  take  the  neoesuary  action  to 
carry  out  your  wishes. 

Yours  sincerely. 

Chief  Engineer  to 

'a-:  Personal  Representative  <Jf 

April  5  th . 

191C . 

B.  3.  Badger  &  Sons  Company, 

63  -  75  Pitta  Street, 

BoBton,  Hass. 


I  duly  received  your  favor  of  the  second  instant,  en¬ 
closing  proposal  #946  covering  an  Aniline  Still. 

Ur.  Edison  s?.ys  that  the  still  you  have  covered  by 
your  proposal  is  much  too  large.  You  must  have  misunderstood  him. 
Ehe  capacity  of  still  he  wishe  o  is  for  four  thousand  pounds  in 
24  hours,  not  gallons. 

Can  you  not  go  into  thiB  natter  and  submit  anothe  r  pro¬ 
posal  i$epy  quidfcly.  The  time  is  growing  awfully  short. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  EdiBon. 




7  NY  H  70  NL  < 






Aetna  Explosives  Compai 
Two  Rector  Street 

Edison,  Esq.  f'Mk.JvJEJi.  'Vw 

West  Orange,  IT.J. 

A 1 1  e  n &£oa.- .Mr^.iY .  H .  Me  ado wc  r  q  f  t 

We  would  be  interested  in  puro^tesing^xor  a 
period  of  three  months,  beginning  May, 1915,  your  output 
of  Carbolic  Crystals,  suitable  for  the  manufacture  of 
Picric  Acid,  estimated  output  5500  to  6200  pounds  per 
day  beginning  May  15th  -  and  would  suggest  that  you 
take  up  with  Mr.  John,  whom  we  authorize  to  aot  for  us 
in  this  matter,  the  question  of  price  and  details  of  the 

Yours  very  truly. 


70  Edgewood  Avenue 

We  are  answering  yours  of  April 
2nd  concerning  Aniline  oil.  We  do  not  use 
this  commodity. 

However,  are  you  going  to  he 
in  a  position  to  supply  Pure  Toluol  or 
90$  Benzol? 

JS  nfyr  f~~ - 


yJouu\  UT4.  ficC/VV 

f"  ^  t” *~~\  / 



April  5,  1915.  /.  ( 

-f  l/\Al£.  Vfv.t 

Ur .  Thomas  A.  Udison,  (/ 

Orange,  L.  J-  urtrr/<  _ 

Dearer-.-  ^ 

Your  letter  of  -april  Srft,  1915 

pormontii  each,  the  toot  ee  helth  Son*  -u 
and  460  Trtlieh  you  are  :  .  j; 

•:.1nc,-  c^pc  Breton ,  nova  -.eouia  and  a.i-V. 

u  . Vi-.n  to  ta’-'O  care  of  the  sailca  . 

v  difficulty  vo  noV 

-ott  i 

rv  the 3 

^cording  to  the^rri'les  _ 

^r^eS°SoSdi^e“oaheS4ia  «  mnr  ««*•  to  the  owners  or  _ 

sjrs^g  straws*  ■ 

for  the  whole  year. 

Therefore,  the  first  thing  we  desire  to  learn  io  whether 

or  not  you  cannot  nrahe  some  arrangement  tojlace  „;hxpmer 

are ^Tinl oad ed "a e  .would  too  tto  poiat^urALoiifS  to  the 

SPSS'S  “ h‘Ss.i  :TS:  ^  “g 



In  this  case  of  the  four  ears  you  wish  to  get,  if  we 

ITo  t nr“it.  to  «»  '  o~“sS  U“t 

were  to  he  returned. 


Iii  this  connection  it  vail  I  f°/  %0' 

in*-ri  those  T  >ur  cuvs  from  Johnstown  uo  silver  -J*-  ‘  »  •  • 

oust  he  moved,  and  then  arrange  ^ox-cti y°tHo 

Company  on  the  return  loaded  movement  to  us  -  c^~  .V 
routine,  including  the  junction  point  as  uhe  empty  c...  •- 
enroute  to  Cidney. 

ake  up  with  the  railroads  i 
o  aidney  so  there  will  be  : 
ho  cars  over  there  Iree  io: 
ontinuously  in  that  uusine 

iimittco  had  under  coi 

;;r  H-lJe  who  is  also  Chairman,  01  xne  -oimuioui. .  - 

• .  i  n  -ends  o'  the  -sncricun  railway  association,  pi.---  - 

&%££  2»S?S  “»f H",  ' 

1;  s1  iSicSw™* 

SHS  s:3“SH; 

IX.  «-*■**>  *^ 

biAKV*  '  ^ffl/,)fm//d/M/r/U  0/im'  April 

+-K— -*l^7 .“  «£>  <*•*»-  *cW!X<ijte*<« 

,i-  WoS|f  ^ 

Orange^TlSJ^**"*  0 

wb  use  annually  between  5000  and 


containing  about  15  to  17  /  _ -95  f  straw 

to  60000  gallons  of  Car ^^Benzole,  and  under- 
or  97  $;  15000  gallon0  “ted  in  the  manufacture 
standing  that  you  are  i  *  we  aBk  for  further 

of  part  or  all  of  these  item  »  ot  t0  he  ready 

information  ae  to  ^  determined  prices  on 

to  make  shipments,  if  you^h  matter  of  Benzole 

these  various  articles,  an  manufacturing  same 

and  Carbolic  A?*d»  £s  Whether  any  large  concerns 

would  ask  you  to  “  wQf  Philadelphia,  are  now 

SS£^%5^t?l2%S~»  to  d.Uvo, 

in  large  quantities. 

Thanking  you  very  much  for  the  information, 

Very  truly  yours,  (/ 


pur ohasin^)  Agent . 

\r>*  Wf  f 

^S-jl-82-**  J- 

'i'ulli  -  raJw  A® 


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4v«J6«W>  ^ 



^  \J  C*  O-**  ,  oZ&*+  *^-i  f 



BKOOKKVN,TsTrK  Apr.  b.  13^-  ,  \ 

^  ri  4r  _  f  o-M UJ 

i -  S 

tVOw*-%vA*|  *^v-kl 

in  this  morning's  daily  press  your  remargin 
he^c^ra^d^^i^afiol  f  £«£  large 
:  t^nfthTs^ufn  muthprTserious  than 
Within*  the  last  week  the  writer  has  been  talk- 

r  the  shortage  of  dyes 

OrPSafurday,  April  : 

i  officer  of  a  large  carpet  mill  with  v 

on  account  of  the  shortage  of  dyea,  and  he  furth 
we  could  not  compete  with  Germany  in  malting  thes 
an  idle  plant  at  Ridgefield  Park,  K.  J. ,  that  we 
put  on  something  profitable.  If  you  can  sugges 
one  skilled  in  this  line  would-be  glad  to  hear  f 
gleaned  from  the  general  talk  of  the  users  of  ay 

they  would  gladly  put  up  the  money  to  make  these  dyes .  provided 


tlo  cCtrcc&J' 

OUC^U^  cU^4  -£c^6-<rC^ 

ml  'l  2  ct^jX)  f  Xocces/U 

tcwXc.  -  &s(r 

^Jt^_  — jftUai*&rj+-7 

£.  ft  rr'S-^i  c»  /  *f*l/;£t 

u  Oifo  4+,  ft «U,  )U(U>'3  ^ 

'Ur£  Ousm.  =*-  {oXL> 

<V*-W  <-  pj^*-  „  ~ 

Xic. XL  <yx  ^~>-f 

■  «-  l&e-wf 

April  6th.  1915. 

Hr.  «7amea  F.  IIoMeai,  Sen., 

William  Hughe s  &  Company,  Ino., 
78-90  Metropolitan  Avenue  , 
BrooKLyn,  II.  T. 

Bear  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
fifth  inn  tent ,  uhioh  haa  been  read  with  much 
interest,  fhe  trouble  about  the  whole  thing 
is  first,  to  get  shilled  chemists  and  second, 
that  nobody  wants  to  put  in  money  in  the  busi¬ 

1  am  doing  all  1  can  with  my  per¬ 
sonal  capital. 

fours  very  truly, 


"\l^k  UW  .'Ynake- 

\i<L  'VU2WJ  ^(1~>  UU>^  ^ 



■ta  kotfo(.  10  qfci-Ef,?- 

dUo^jL  g^Xwd^c, 

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C^fe-a-bU  10  uvw^vs^  V  .  . UJ  lyf<!^aS^ 

YiGif  Csi-o.<iA\  uy^j^n  cu(&4rt*  l/»  ^ 

l/VA/wxx*ic>  ly*  yimt\/*to4  c^dlan  £UA0 
<3j2^  i/v\^»ole  u>  cdr  -2/1*2-  -y£d'v-i£  HnJU-\t. 
yxmitft  (r*  fly*C£  {^a-cUsMcw^ 

1,1  '  (T*^  2-  o(  U3  <rn - *  r  r\0 

W,(V'  4^ 

W  ^ 

41  NY  F  10:37*  36  N  k 
CORNING,  N.Y.  AM.  6/15 





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y  ^  ~  *~» 

Montreal,  April  6,1915.  . 


—  .  j  j  i 

...  Thomas  A.  Edison, S*  Wh*'V 

Orange,  N.J.  Vv®-^ 'w‘a|  °^*r"  ~1. 

Dear  Sirs**  iv^cv^-’-j  * 

in  reference  t0 

to  draw  your  attentio!|to^tte^.ot^tthate 2££J£al£j~u«, «f’ 
no  mention  of  the  alternative  clause  in  my  letter  of 
March  22nd  asking 
allowed  to  synthesise 

Since  you  state  tluft*  it^^l^l 
to  furnish  us  carbolic  in  aS^junount  wouj-d  j 
allowing  us  to  synthes  if*|car&:U^< 

If  80 •  Please  state'll 1 

as  possible;  as  time  please  answer  at  your  | 

earliest  convenience.  pM^e-  *f*  <V*'C^’  ^  ^ 

Th^a„e  ft.  M*t**?~l  \£T~\ 

H.W.  Jerry, 

Beloeil  Station, 


C/o  Canadian  Explosives, Limited. 



V/e  desire  to  call  your  attention  to  the  fact  that 
the  drums  in  which  you  are  supplying  us  Carbolic  Acid  are 
liable  to  hurst  when  the  acid  is  melted,  especially  after 
they  have  been  used  several  times. 

In  our  opinion,. it  would  he  much  better  to  ship 
the  Carbolic  Acid  in  tin  cans  of  200  or  300  lbs.  each,  such 
as  the  English  manufacturers  are  using.  These  packages  are 
so  much  more  convenient  for  handling  and  there  is  less  danger 
connected  with  their  use. 

Very  truly  yours, 



y  <OojZT<<^ 

US Xo  8C^  'yrt-raiz 

QTT.e  &<W'  '  2&vti  ■^ra 

|  <ytf>  JMso  f*r  e^*nfc~-*- 
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I  Katvr  Txvtiric  Ck^-vc), 
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L  A*>  J 


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(jve  t<J2^d~  £>Ua 

(jve  wjz-y- 1  ca \ 

Corning  Glass  Works 

Corning. N.Y.  April  7,1915. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadowcraft, 

c/o  laboratory,  Thomas  A  Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcraft : - 

Acknowledging  your  letter  of  April  6th 
enclosing  some  notes  of  Mr.  Edison's  regarding  the 
question  of  large  flasks: 

I  have  written  Mr.  Edison  in  some  detail 
on  the  subject,  and  as  I  have  told  him,  you  may  be 
sure  we  shall  be  very  glad  to  do  anything  we  can  iJ 
this  direction  to  meet  the  requirements. 

With  best  regards. 


receipt  of  letter  from  Mr.  Headowcraft  enclosing 
your  notes  on  the  same  subject: 

We  cannot  say  positively  that  our  low 
expansion  glass  will  answer  your  requirements,  but 
we  have  every  reason  for  believing  that  this  is  the 
case.  You  know,  of  course,  of  the  severe  service 
which  it  will  stand  in  battery  jars.  We  also  furnish 
tubes  and  large  flasks  to  the  DuPont  Powder  Works  for 
service  similar  to  what  you  have  in  mind.  We  furnish 
large  quantities  of  tubes  for  what  they  oall  a  Hart 
Condenser,  where  the  glass  is  constantly  exposed  to 
cold  water  on  the  outside  and  nitric  acid  fumes  con¬ 
densing  on  the  inside. 

After  receipt  of  your  telegram,  I  found  on 
investigation  that  we  happened  to  have  one  flask  on 
hand  such  as  we  have  been  furnishing  to  the  Powder 


Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison-2. 

Works.  This  particular  flask  was  rejected  on  account 
of  the  neck  being  too  short  and  also  because  the  annealing 
was  somewhat  imperfect.  We  suggested,  however,  that  you 
might  be  able  to  make  use  of  this  flask  for  a  trial,  and 
if  it  stands  up,  certainly  the  regular  product  can  be  counted 
on  to  do  so.  Even  if  it  Bhould  happen  to  break,  we  are, 
nevertheless,  confident  that  such  flasks  can  be  made  without 
any  great  difficulty.  The  flask  we  are  sending  you  has  a 
capacity  of  slightly  more  than  ten  gallons.  We  think  it 
entirely  possible  to  make  such  flasks  up  to  twenty  gallon 
capacity,  but  if  you  decide  to  make  use  of  any  would  prefer 
not  to  commence  with  a  size  larger  than  fifteen  gallons,  and 
ton  or  twelve  gallons  would  be  even  better.  Ab  you  know, 
of  course,  in  such  a  special  line  of  manufacture  as  this, 
it  takes  some  time  for  the  workmen  to  get  their  hand  in. 

It  is  even  possible  that  a  thirty  gallon  jar  could 
be  produced  ultimately,  but  we  should  much  prefer  to  have 
more  experience  on  the  smaller  sizes  before  such  an  under¬ 

We  are  sending  you  the  single  flask  above  mentioned 
to-day,  by  express,  with  our  compliments,  and  trust  that  it 
may  be  of  some  slight  service  in  your  experiments.  This 
flask,  by  the  way,  was  made  in  a  wooden  mould,  and  is  not  a 
fair  sample  of  the  work  that  can  be  done.  In  order  to  get 
proper  results,  iron  moulds  should  be  made.  We  estimate 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison-5. 

i  ten  gallon  flask 
It  is  difficult  to  say 

that  the  cost  of  such  a  mould  for  e 
would  he  approximately  §110.00. 
what  price  could  he  made  on  such  flasks  if  manufactured  in 
quantity.  We  have  sold  small  quantities  of  flasks  of 
the  same  size  as  the  one  sent  you  at  $7.50  each.  If  you 
will  give  us  further  particulars  as  to  just  what  size  and 
shape  will  best  suit  your  requirements,  we  will  endeavor 
to  make  you  a  definite  estimate  of  costs.  We  should  much 
prefer  to  make  these  flasks  approximately  globular  rather 
than  relatively  long  and  flat  bottomed,  like  a  bottle. 

The  bottom  of  the  flask  could  probably  be  flattened 
in  order  to  permit  it  to  rest  securely,  but  in  order  to  get 
the  maximum  strength,  it  should  be  approximately  spherical. 

A  4"  opening  would,  we  think,  be  sufficiently  large  up 
to  a  15  gallon  size. 

We  are  thoroughly  convinced  from  our  experience  in 
various  quarters  recently  that  our  «Honex»(l«  expansion) 
glass  can  be  used  extensively  in  chemical  works,  supplanting 
earthenware,  enameled  ware,  and  even  in  some  case  quartz. 

V/ith  assurances  that  we  shall  be  glad  to  render 
any  assistance  possible,  we  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 

\Corning  Gl^B/J&rks./ 


Asst.  Works  Manager. 


Very  truly  youri 






Chemist  is  of  the  opinion  that  this  may  he  due  to  imparities  in  the 
form  of  Ortho-lTitraniline ,  or  Meta-Hitraniline ,  or  both.  !7e  trust  that 
this  slight  difficulty  can  he  overcome  and  that  Mr.  Edison  will  he  pre¬ 
pared  to  state  before  long  in  what  quantities  he  will  he  prepared  to 
make  the  material  upon  the  completion  of  the  new  aniline  plant— which 
1  understand  is  expected  to  he  ready  in  about  two  weeks  time. 

It  may  he,  and  probably  is,  too  soon  to  inquire 
as  to  the  probable  cost  to  us  of  the  Paranitraniline;  but  this  naturally 
is  a  question  in  which  we  are  interested  and  upon  which  we  will  be  glad 
to  have  your  decision  at  your  early  convenience. 

At  the  same  time  we  call  your  attention  to  the 
fact  that  the  Paranitraniline  is  useless  without  Beta  Haphtol  so  that 
we  are  equally  interested  in  knowing  what  success  you  are  having  in  pro¬ 
ducing  the  Beta  Haphtol;  and  would  be  glad  to  examine  a  sample  as  soon 


the  united  states  finishing  company. 


cchet  32OBROA0WAF, 

f/  April  7th,  1915. 

Ilr.  Vf.  H.  Keadowcroft . 

as  you 


reacly  to  submit  it. 

Yours  very  truly, 





^  CC<~c 

\t  (7  (  g^T 

^  kcta-4.  a.  ^-tCC  at, 

(W^  ak*-ofr!&*'  (s^«*  ^ 

^^tJcJuA^  U>~~ jO^ 

4jgy  rf  it  ir-  <SV  6  *At  AvCifi. 

M^«-vu'*i.  h**t«  P-WU—^ 
1puJt.t,“<-  isyi 'tKX^Z*-  U^sw-s- 


%{■  v^ij  ( -^alT  'i  0  ojfJ 

Wq  iox.j-c 


\J0<M  bd  1 ^vv,<G-«,<tS  ''Ux, 

iOtff  <lXu/^ 

<'"0  —  lA-Xy-^-M.  >  t 

bldUn  _ 

NEW/YORK^Pr- 7*1915 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange  N..T. 

Dear  Sir, 

u  ffir  l‘~££  ^ 


OttAAU  ry^uL>  a*  « 

As  you  are  being  quo  t  eoexeahs  jhrely  in  the  newspapers  in 
oonneotion  with  the  manufacture  of  Aniline  Dyes  in  America,  we  thought 
perhaps  it  would  be  of  interest  to  you  to  know  exactly  what  American 
manufacturers  have  done  and  what  they  will  do  in  the  immediate  future®-  ^ 

Our  own  firm,  Schoellkopf, Hartford  &  Hanna  Company  of  BuffalW 
New  York,  have  been  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  Aniline  Colors  for 
nearly  thirty-five  years,  and  while  in  the  meantime  they  have  tried  yr, 

manufacturing  many  of  the  intermediate  products,  this  manufacture  was  $5 

invariably  given  up  as  commercially  impracticable  as  in  every  case  {  ! 

they  were  able  to  buy  from  Europe,  Germany  particularly,  these  inter-  re¬ 
mediate  products  cheaper  than  they  could  manufacture  them  here.  Speaking  * 
generally  then,  they  have  been  manufacturing  colors  from  intermediate 
products  which  they  procured  in  Europe.  | 

The  principal  exception  to  this  statement  is,  however,  ( 

Aniline  Oil,  the  manufacture  of  which  was  commenced  about  three  years  \ 
ago  by  the  Benzole  Products  Company  for  whom  the  General  Chemical  Company”} 
of  this  City  are  agents,  and  our  supplies  of  Aniline  Oil  since  that  time  jr 
have  been  secured  from  this  firm.  This  was  very  fortunate,  as  when  the 
war  commenced  we  continued  to  get  our  regular  supplies  of  Oil  from  the  % 
Benzole  Products  Company,  so  we  were  not  affected  as  far  as  this  product 
is  concerned.  The  other  intermediate  products,  however,  of  which  there  J"' 
are  a  great  number,  we  were  no  longer  able  to  secure  from  Europe,  there-«X 
fore  in  order  to  continue  the  manufacture  of  our  colors  we  were  obliged  E«* 
to  make  as  many  of  these  as  we  could  ourselves,  and  what  we  have  been  5*| 

doing  in  the  meantime  is  to  manufacture  those  which  we  could  do  most  i 

quickly  and  economically,  and  fortunately  have  been  able  to  do  this  and  A 
as  a  consequence  continue  to  manufacture  quite  a  large  amount  of  certain  ^ 
colors,  which  we  are  daily  supplying  to  consumers,  much  to  their  benefit,  fv 


The  manufacture  of  these  intermediate  products,  however,  has  ' 
been  successful  only  at  a  large  expense  and  high  cost  6f  manufacture,  S 

consequently  prices  of  the  colors  made  from  them  have  been  correspondingly 
high,  but  this  really  makes  no  difference  to  consumers,  who  are  glad  to 
get  supplies  at  almost  any  price. 

The  number  and  quantity  of  these  intermediate  materials  we  are 
slowly  increasing,  but  have  to  move  with  caution  bearing  in  mind  that  at 
the  close  of  the  war  the  investment  we  are  making  in  plants  and  machinery 
for  their  manufacture,  may  prove  an  unprofitable  one  in  that  Germany 
will  then  again  be  able  to  produce  and  ship  colors  and  intermediate 
materials  over  here  cheaper  than  we  can  make  them  under  normal  conditions, 
so  that  this  new  plant  and  machinery  would  be  practically  useless  to  us. 

The  point  is,  however,  that  we  can  successfully  make  these 
materials  here,  and  the  number  and  quantity  of  them  is  only  a  question 
of  the  amount  of  capital  we  wish  to  invest.  Up  to  the  present  time, 
however,  we  could  not  have  increased  our  production  in  any  event,  as 
we  could  only  get  our  regular  contract  quantity  of  Oil  from  the  Benzole 
Products  Company,  who  in  turn  could  not  supply  more  because  their  pro¬ 
duction  was  limited  to  their  present  capacity,  and  even  if  they  were 
able  to  manufacture  more  in  their  present  plant,  could  not  have  done 
so  by  reason  of  the  short  supply  of  Benzole.  They  are,  however,  now 
building  a  new  plant  which  will  have  a  much  larger  capacity,  and  by 
reason  of  the  additional  supply  of  Benzole  which  they  will  be  able  to 
secure  through  the  taking  up  of  its  recovery  by  a  number  of  large  steel 
plants,  with  which  you  are  doubtless  familiar,  they  will  be  able  to 
supply  much  larger  quantities  of  Oil  and  consequently  we  will  be  able 
to  manufacture  just  as  many  more  colors  as  we  can  secure  additional 
quantities  of  Oil  from  them,  if  in  the  meantime  we  increase  the  manu¬ 
facture  of  other  intermediate  products  which  we  are  obliged  to  use  with 
the  Oil  in  our  formulae. 

The  development  of  Aniline  Colors  in  America  is  therefore 
fairly  under  way,  and  as  we  have  already  stated,  it  is  simply  a 
question  of  how  much  money  American  capitalists  are  willing  to  invest 
in  its  manufacture.  The  solution  of  the  matter  is  really  in  the  hands 

of  the  Government,  in  that  if  they  put  a  sufficient  protective  duty  on 
these  materials,  so  that  the  American  capitalists  can  safely  invest 
their  money  with  the  assurance  that  the  business  can  be  done  profitably, 
then  the  business  will  develop  rapidly,  and  it  is  only  a  question  of 
time  when  the  American  industry  can  supply  American  consumers  with  a 
large  proportion  of  their  requirements.  It  may  be  apparent  that  the 
colors  we  are  now  manufacturing  and  will  manufacture  irrespective  of 
war  conditions,  while  of  considerable  quantity,  would  not  be  sufficient 
to  anything  like  supply  requirements  of  all  American  consumers,  so  that 
there  will  continue  to  be  a  serious  shortage  of  the  supply  until  German 
manufacturers  are  again  allowed  to  ship  to  the  United  States,  or  until 
the  American  manufacture  is  allowed  to  increase  largely  through  Govern¬ 
ment  intervention  in  the  way  of  a  proper  tariff  protection. 

I  am  sending  you  separately  a  copy  of  an  address  I  made  before 
the  American  Chemical  Society  on  this  subject,  together  with  copy  of 
the  report  of  the  committee  of  the  American  Chemical  Society  confirming 
the  situation,  both  of  which  you  will  no  doubt  find  of  interest  in  this 

Yours  very  truly. 

no — 3. . 

matter  of  interest,  and  I 

'  M'n'  ^ 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratories,  Orange,  K.J. 

Be  take  great  pleasure  in  introducing  Colonel  N. 
Jcukovouaky  of  the  Imperial  Russian  Army  who  is  stationed 
here  to  supervise  the  purchase  of  all  the  explosive  materials. 

Be  understand  that  he  is  very  anxious  to  obtain  diphenalan.ine 
and  I  have  told  him  that  I  negotiating  v;ith  you  on  this 
material  on  the  behalf  of  the  Japanese  Army.  He  requested  me 
to  arrange  an  interview  with  you  ar.d  we  will  be  very  much  oblig¬ 
ed  to  you  if  you  will  kindly  give  him  the  information  he  desires. 

Since  we  have  negotiated  with  you  on  this  material,  we 
feel  it  our  duty  to  give  them  the  preference  ar.d  we  believe  that 
Colonel  Jcukcvcu8ky  will  have  no  objection  to  it.  In  case  of 

absolute  necessity,  I  believe  that  I  can  persuade  the.  Japanese 
Army  to  spare  Colonel  Joukovcuoky  some  quantity. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  any  kindness  extended  to 
Colonel  Joukovcuoky  and  with  kind  personal  regards,  I  am, 


y/Mr„,  .a:// 

/L  -  //r/>r//  ■  A/r./  jrt//  ■  //s/Aj/n. .  '//*// 

Thomas  A.  EdiBcn,Esq., 

Edison  Laboratories,  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: — 

This  is  to  introduce  Mr.  L.  Eryner  of  the  Vladivostock, 
Siberia,  Russia,  who  is  our  best  friend  here  as  far  as  the 
Russian  business  is  concerned.  He  will  be  at  your  place 
with  Colonel  Jcukovcusky  tomorrow  morning,  representing  our  • 
interests  and  you  may  tell  him  anything  you  wish  just  as  if 
you  were  talking  to  me. 

Yours  faithfully, 

fv.UiUli^CO.,  LIMITED 

3iliX^JuWJ4i’'j:  Imptro.  &  tiftn.  ^h“^“u^’x°t0 

'  0/6  402  Apr.  2,  1316—11  Cliff  or  99  John  6t.  X 

Ha  iB  murrlod,  about  ir.iddle-uged,  -spokon  of  aa  inauo- 
trioua:  haa  nad  eonalderublo  experience  in  this  lino  and  wuu 
formerly  in  tho  pa  nt  and  oil  lino  at  Philadelphia ,  Pa.,  a  number 
of  yearn  a  o  in  partnership  with  his  .brother,  Heginald,  undor 
stylo  of  otunloy  Baggett  &  Bro.  Thoy  wore  Bucooedou  by  tho  alphu 
Paint  o.  Iiineral  Co.  and  otanloy  Boggett  claimed  ut  that  tine  he  hud 
aiado  an  agreement  with  his  brother  to  settle  certain  indabtodnosu 
of  the  late  flrir.  of  Btonley  Boggett  i.  Bro.  the  brother  to  pay  tho 
remaining  indobtadnoBB,  but  otanley  Bogsett  olulmed  hiu  bro  t  nor 
failed  to  do  this,  in  cjnsoquoneo  of  which  old  ir.ui.torB  Btood 
against  tho  old  ourtnorBhip  of  Otunloy  Boggett  A  Bro.  ..  judgment 
wbb  docketed  against  the  old  firm  at  Philadelphia  to  •aotiuiy 
which  a  numbor  of  Bharoa  of  atiock  of  tho  nlph&  Paint  &  iuincral  Co* 
which  atanloy  Bosgatt  owned,  wero-  sold.  Btanloy  Boggatt  booai.a  a 
representative  in  How  lork  City  of  tho  vlphu  faint  U  Mineral  Co. 
of  Philadelphia  and  finully  atartod  in  business  on  ills  own  account 
in  Jan.  19^9  us  an  importer  and  manufacturers  agent  of  dry  colors, 
chericula  and  mineral  products.  .  . 

He  was  formerly  located  at  lol  Bookman  ut.  hut  in  vat. 

1311  moved  to  tho  above' '  address  jrwhi  oh  building  h:>8  -another  eu- • 
trance  on  John  at.  thus  two  addresses. 

Btutoinonrts  submitted  from  time  to  time  are  aa  foliowa: 
in  Aug.  1902  his  statement  :.iadicatc.a  a  surplus  of  ^,;.53.C6 
over  liabilities  of  <?3uo.  in  Bob.  190*  a  aurjJus  oi  *16  ,-*94.66 
over  liabilities  of  A, 093. *9,  Jano  1,  19-o  total  am- eta  of  - 
•'t48,3B2.64  with  liabilitiesm  purch-ae  ledger  accounts  -A.Oo3.61 
or  n  not  worth  of  -47,329.03.  ntatemont  as  of  Jtm.  1,  1912  ■ 
showed  uesets  of  31.14,110*33,  liabilities  of  li  o  amount  ol 
which  amount  we®  approximately  puruhuso  leag  r  account,  notes 
payable  .jflo-.Oao.  ;and  Stanley  Boggett  capital  account  of 

.’’•103, *61.  .2^  19J.4  no  stated  there  has  boon  no  material  change 

in  his  uffuls;  that 'the  buainoaii  during  the  *car  has  been 
very  fair,  and  that  ho  has  fully  hold  nia  own,  that  no  imported  a 
considerable  portion  of  hlB  BUppllos,  novor  uettled  by  notoB  and 
that  his  liabilities  were  not  largo,  and  wore  for- currant  supplies. 

Efforts  to  interview  him  at  this  time  .roved  unsuccess¬ 
ful,  and  80  far  as  ascertained,  there ...hus  neon- no  mu-eriul 
in  hie  affairs.  .  , 

He  occupies  a  suite  of  rooms  in  tno  ofilce  building  at 
this  udereauj  und  it  is  tho  opinion  that  he  is  conducting  u 
i-odo.atoly  activo  businaaB.  i/ersonally,  ho  is  well  uj.okon  of, 
said  to  give  the  business  olose  attention,  etc. 

•  In  tho  trad-  he  appears  to  bo  in  receipt  oi  small  to 
reasonable  sized  bills  on  regular  trade,  and  pay  monte  are 
promtly  met,  also  at  times  tako  advantage  of  the  discounts.  It  is 
tho  belief  that  considerable  art  of  nls  supplies  arts  parch  sod 
out  of  town,  ano  tiBido  from  Ilia  invoatmont  in  the  business,  no  is 
reputed  to  own  real  oataio.  . 

lio  roco  d  of  firo  lose. 

4/7/16  -Hi  37vj  B  1  1/v 

On  indo: 


DR.  CHAS,  F.  MC  IC  E  K  H  A 

Hudson  Terminal,  50  Church  Street, 


New  York,  April  8th,  1915. 

Laboratory  Ho.  13383. 

Messrs.  Mitsui  &  Co., 

35  Madison  Avenue, 

New  York  City. 

I  have  examined  the  sample  of  Diphenylair.ine  received 

from  you  by  messenger  ; — - with  marl:  as  shown  below,  and  I 

find  the  following  to  be  the  result. 

1:  Color  is  slightly  buff  and  uniform. 

3:  It  is  oryltalline. 

3:  It  is  free  from  aniline,  toluene  and  other  impurities. 
4:  The  melting  point  is  53.7°  C. 

5:  The  moisture  is  0.05 $ 

6:  It  does  not  contain  any  red  or  dark  brown  spots. 

This  sample  of  Diphenylamine  conforms  to  your  specifica¬ 


(Signed)  Chas.  F.  McKenna. 

/;  f  . 


April  e,  1915 

■A.U  ».*.«*«(  C*~L^**~ 


•  ^  r/zu/ett 

AiStfinyou-st  fjpjfetfa 

reply  to  Letter 



IjjCfiM*  ■ 


>ant  to  Mr.  Edison,  i  1 
Orange,  New  Jersej#"  &**"<*  ‘r3 

Deer  Mr.  Meadowcroft:-  — ? 

re  have  received  from  you  the,  BMjJle  i^^oal^tar 
the  Perth  Amboy  Gas  Company  and  ffivfftigation  shows  that  we  could 
get  but  a  email  quantity  of  benzol  from  this  material. 

Coal  tar,  as  made  by  gas  compuniee ,  contains  as  a  ptrlo 
less  than  1^  of  benzol  and  we  have  not  been  using  any^4?oal  tar  for 
this  purpose  except  our  own  make. 

We  did  not  receive  the  sample  from  the  Atlas  Export  Company. 
I  wrote  you  on  the  6th  saying  that  we  would  be  glad  to 
receive  any  samples  you  have  and  would  go  at  once  into  negotiations 


for  anything  that  promised  well. 

1  hope  you  are  sending  us  the  sample  of  tar  from  the  South 
concerning  which  you  wired  that  there  was  a  prospect  of  securing 
600,000  gallons.  I  doubt,  however,  whether  we  could  get  more  than 
30  drums  of  benzol  from  the  entire  lot. 

We  have  been  offered  very  high  prices  for  benzol  which 
we  have  been  obliged  to  refuse  because  we  cannot  fill  the  orders, 


cA(x  2  cf^  Mr.  Win.  H.  lieadowcroft  April  8,  1915 

and  as  I  wrote  you  on  tho  6th,  I  do  not  think  it  would  be  wise  for 
you  to  depend  on  getting  anything  from  ue  before  at  least  July  let. 

If  by  that  time  we  can  secure  additional  material  that  will  be 
profitable  to  work  up,  a  email  amount  of  benzol  may  be  had. 

We  have  negotiated  in  various  directions,  and  are  now 
doing  so,  with  ooke  oven  plants  about  to  start  benzol  extraction 
apparatus.  This  is  the  best  source  from  which  benzol  can  be  obtained. 
The  market  at  the  present  time  is  very  unsettled.  The  high  pricee 
obtained  now  for  benzol  is  causing  the  coke  oven  people  to  hold  out 
for  longer  time  contracts  at  pricee  which  we  would  be  willing  to  pay 
now  but  which  we  cannot  believe  would  be  profitable  for  us  to  pay  ovo: 

Very  respectfully  yours, 
Engineer  j>t  Works. 

several  years  contract. 

Dover,N.J.  Ql  •[  ,h 

-10592  (x^  ,  n'A 

In  yourreply  kindly  refer  toS.O.number - \U 

/  n  G  "  !  and  writers  initials  |  US 


Ilie  Tixoraoc 

.  alia  or.  Coupany , 
Ort-ise,  H.J* 

■Vo  have  ; 

\  f  nK  ), 

,  voir  lead  linod  Tai*  and  encash  of  *^«T  ^  (.»,..,  «*.,  »•",  «»«.  i>V'" 

■*  'J. .  «»*'  «*  «*•  ””ot  10  fW/  •  y 

r;;r ;::: :: °« « •■* »«• -  -7 \  $ 

„  -  «  ««»»  «*  f0l“r  “  *  p  ‘ 

10JS’  i,.,  .tru  topiy  *»  »•  ™r«'>1“tei-'y  ( 

yours  very  truly  -  j 

joraa  30X1SK  -oms.  U  ] 



^  y(y  y^O  ^cCt'-CO 

tiU^  it. 


<7  "VU.~&fc  *-  ^(A'Cy 

k,  ty\id^p*-a 


..aX-v** ' 

l ^“* <!wv* 

,  -fer^ 


^(„C:-VV^,  ‘t<’*r^ 

April  9,1915, 

national  Aniline  &  Chemical  Co. 

100  William  Street 
Hew  York  City. 

Attention  of  Mr.  I.I>. Stone- 

Dear  Mr.  Stone: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  7th  inst.  and  would  say  in  reply  that  I 
had  previously  road  your  address  with  much  interest. 

I  am  overrun  with  Textile  people 
who  want  to  he  helped  out.  Will  you  please  send 
me  a  list  of  the  things  you  can  supply  now  or  a 
little  later  so  that  I  can  rofer  them  to  you? 

Most  of  them  want  Beta  Haphthol  very  badly. 

Yours  very  truly, 

April  9th.  1915 

Mr.  William  ?.  Birch,  Gen'l.  Kgr., 

Dover  Boiler  Works, 

Dover,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the  eighth  inBtant  has  been  re¬ 
ceived  ana  Hr.  Edison  requests  me  to  say  in  reply  that 
if  yoa  lave  a  carload  of  our  stuff  for  the  Aniline  Plant, 
please  ship  this  carload  to  John  Killer,  Edison  Chemical 
•WorkB .  Silver  lake,  3.  J.  and  route  it  D.  1.  &.  W.  5&rle 
P..  E.  Silver  Take,  H»  J. 

Please  notify  Hr.  Hiller  hy  mail  ana  send  the 

documents  to  him. 

If  you  are  not  sure  as  to  whether  this  is  for 
the  Aniline  Plant,  you  had  letter  call  me  up  to-morrow, 
because  we  don't  want  any  mistake. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  ITr.  Edison. 

April  9,1915. 

Lir.  H.  V /.  Jerry, 

c/o  Canadian  Explosives, ltd. 

Beloeil  Station,  P.Q. 

Boar  Sir: 

I  am  in  rocoipt  of  your  favor  of  the  6th 
inst.  and  in  reply  beg  to  say  that  I  do  not  care 
to  permit  others  to  use  my  process  of  making 
synthetic  carbolic,  as  I  have  expended  a  large 
amount  of  money  to  perfect  the  process  in  order 
that  I  can  hold  my  own  against  the  Germans  when 
the  war  is  over. 

necessarily,  I  must  therefore  keep  certain 
details  of  the  process  secret.  The  manufacture  of 
synthetic  phenol  is,  offceourse,  no  new  thing,  and 
several  concerns  are  starting  new  plants. 

My  present  plant  has  reached  *000  lbs., 
daily  which  is  its  limit  of  production.  Uy now 
plant  is  about  l/3  completed  and  I  expect  it  will 
be  in  operation  in  about  35  days.  It  is  possible 
that  I  may  bo  able  to  sell  8000  or  3000  lbs.  daily 
from  this  plant. 

Yours  very  truly. 

CX^vwT  t  Uj  ^’U.  Vv-flu,  W  <ybj(jujuuuf 


Qjyr^if  c^v  %  nl  C*^-»-eU  — ,-u_ 

^^ZOajUUiX  Xiu.  ^KrW  .ty  C-Ctf-n  ■--,  ■ 

'~lh*-c£>* *J  f—  J,  -vw^ «-  ^t.w  /.  (o-U 

fi^-WYcic^  ^  La^-^C' 

1  ime  W '$mm< 

APr11  9»  1915* 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edi3< 

The  small  quantity  of  100  lhs.  CARBOLIC  ACI 
per  day  which  you  have  sold  us  is,  of  course,  entirel 
inadequate  for  our  actual  requirements. 

As  you  are  probably  now  in  position  to  esti 
the  quantity  of  Carbolic  Acid  which  you  may  be  able  t 

during  Hay,  June  and  July,  \ 

n  additional  contract  with  us? 

The  writer  would  be  very  glad  ' 

isignate ,  if  you  would  like  : 

Very  truly  yours, 


yellow  Prussiate  of  Soda,  which  will  at  least  partially  meet  our  requirements 
along  with  the  Aniline  Oil  and  Chlorate  of  Potash  we  hope  to  receive  during 
the  latter  half  of  the  year.  We  therefore  make  you  the  following  proposition 
in  confidence. 

You  to  send  us  100  pounds  Aniline  Salt  as  soon  as  possible  -  these 
100  pounds  to  be  used  as  a  trial  lot  by  us  and  should  the  quality  prove 
satisfactory  we  to  receive  from  you  four  to  five  thousand  pounds  to  be  de¬ 
livered  1/3  this  month,  1/3  about  the  middle  of  May  and  1/3  about  the  middle 
of  June.  We  estimate  that  we  cannot  pay  more  than  45/  per  pound,  the  100 
pounds  sent  for  trial  to  be  charged  at  the  same  price.  While  we  may  appear 
to  be  asking  a  great  deal  when  we  suggest  such  a  limited  quantity  in  such 
a  short  period,  still  we  do  not  feel  warranted  in  assuming  greater  obliga¬ 
tions  for  the  reason  that  prior  to  learning  of  your  article  we  had  begun 


negotiations  for  Aniline  Oil  and  a  sufficient  quantity  of  Chlorate  of  Potash. 
Business  conditions  are  such  that  we  do  not  feel  safe  in  contracting  for 
Aniline  Salt  in  addition  to  Aniline  Oil  after  June  30th.  We  very  much 
hope  that  you  will  be  able  to  see  your  way  clear  to  letting  us  have  the 
quantities  specified. 

Thanking  you  very  much  for  the  opportunity  to  talk  the  matter  over 
with  you  and  for  your  consideration  of  our  proposal,  we  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 


9  y<  / 

ALA)'  *£ 

of  April  7th  /  w  / 
eties  for  benzoVP  If  / 

will  he  over  after  the  month  of  April, 
carbolic  for  sale  at  the  present  time. 

I  would  be  very  glad  to  have 
any  samples  of  drip  oil  that  you  have. 

ticularly  interested  in  drip  oil. 

low  working  every  minute  of  the 

full  capacity  in  getting  c 

;  the  present  orders. 

Very  respeotfully  yours, 


V  «!«?'■  f  tf*  N  * 

/«;  V  A  / 

*Z*pLm*  Mmd^S^Si^(  %<#*) 

.j?.T!3)e<.>/i<>//.  _ _ _  \  / 

{j/}/?.  />  /  /?  /?■  V - 

^//maM/t/urt';  APrn  9, 1915 

reply  to  Letter  of  . 

“N6TO  iLu  OWvn<  V^r 

Mr.  Ufa.  H.  Meadowcroft,  (X  ^  tfU~| 

Ass 1 1.  to  Mr.  Edison,  3  .  \  /  *L 

_j£  d-*  UwuOi 

OrsnBs,  Ms.  ^ 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft:-  £ta§&#* 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft:- 

Devine,  of  Buffalo,  who's tates"that~he  built  for  you  a  bento’!;; 
extraction  or*rflfining~ plant.  X  would  appreciate  it  very  much 
if  you  would  tell  me,  confidentially,  if  this  is  true  and  whethe 
his  work  and  your  relations  with  him  were  satisfactory.  We  may 
give  him  some  business  in  building  a  small  plant  for  us  for  the 
manufacture  of  beta-naphthol.  We  understand  he  has  built  severs 

Very  respect Jylly  yours, 


Engineer  of  Works. 

m  Ttcu^  fL*£<x> 


:tr  .Thcaao  A. Sr1! son. 

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aeCtr  -  qllol'r  c^e 

j^iW^biue  pi1  int)  General  Assembly  of  Carbolic  Stilly  rooo-nrl-  all  the 
is  furnished  with  stands.  Very  little  foundation  work  Is  nec¬ 
essary.  All  of  it  will  set  right  on  a  concrete  floor „ 

Aa  operating  platform  should  be  built  ten  feet  from  this  floo^a  small 
platform  with  I  beams  above,  th^first  one  would  be  a  wooden  platform. 

Then  there  should  be  a  second  platfonn  about  seven  feet  six-inches  above 
the  first.  This  second  platform  will  surrort  one  Dephlegmator.  Dephleg- 
mator  weighs  approximately  1,000  pounds,  condenser  weighs  approximately 
200  pounds.  Have  to  provide  a  ladder  or  stairway  between  the  two  plat¬ 
forms.  Will  forward  blue  prints  to  toy  with  dimensions  xncd  Bhowing  the 
platfonn  indicated,  ita^aa^ddfflt^furni ah  the  stands  .  The  stands 
to  hold  the  apparatus  for  the  still  and  two  receiving  tanks. 

In  regard  to  the  Aniline  Proposition. 

We  have  an  apparatus  for  manufacturing  4,000  pounds  of  Aniline  Oil  h* 
a  day  in  24  hours  would  be  $3100.  P.  0.  B.  Boston  we  could. give  that 
within  4  weeks.  Carbolic  Acid  still  will  be  shipped  within  the  time 

phiixipsburg.  N.  J.  4/10/15. 

arranging  for  your  entire 

If  you  do  not  carry  out  your  plans  to  make  Picric  Acid,  and  are  open 
to  an  offer  to  have  the  necessary  money  paid  you  to  build  your  P^.  which  ne 
understand  now  is  §52,000.00,  we  stand  ready  to  put  up  the  money  and  take  your 
entire^output.  We  have  a  definite  offer  in  writing  from  the  roprosontative 

We  understand  that  there  are  also  others  who  are  ready  to  put  up  the 

=?:  ££«£ :  1^., 

„ “  to  a  fair  consideration, because  we  were  the  xirst  on  we  grounu, 

md“f  we  are  not  mistaken, we  wore  the  'first  to  suggeet  putting  up  the  money  to 

build  your  plant. 

Our  original  proposition  was  to  take  your  entire  output,  md  we  had 
our  plans  all  rade  to  go  into  the  Picric  Acid  businoes  on  alargescale.aTing 
principally  to  our  inability  to  finance  the  proposition,  and  partly  to  sentimen¬ 
tal  reasons,  we  tried  to  make  other  arrangements,  but  we  proceeded  nevertheless 




.  _ +vio  picric  Acid  business  end  will  be  ready, 

5  th^tima  £?££"  Oartolic 

io  Acid  daily,  counting  every  day  amonth.  are  enlargi ve«a»  Soda  Bnd 

lie  Acid  from  you,  and  if  we  are  disappointed  in  this  reBpectweshail 

*«*  ^Tc^Wes^haf 

"SriS^rSl^  inlolitlon  to  advise  us*  definiteiy  what  your 
are  Monday,  Ld  the  writer  will  he  in  Hew  York  on  that  day  and  can  he 
ed  through  tZ  Chemists*  Club.  V/e  trust  you  will  advise  us  promptly  and 
our  propositibn  due  consideration. 


ttt  t^ap.p  so  ™  coNgp,ACT  \nm  j.  t .  bazer  chemical  oo.  hob  carbolic  aci^ 

that  was  merely  a  matter  of  form,  a«|  so  that  Mr.  Edison  could  count  on 

S’sSSLJ'ifSi^g^.sS'  SJ-imi  2'tSfs:  Ziiii*. 

the  next  day,  Monday. 

0„  uonfiay  I  t.U  Kr.  HS.«  »W  STw.'SUTti^'li?. 

previous  day,  and  Mr.  Bdisonsaidhewouldhave  J  Baker  found 

with,  very  much  difficulty  Hr.  Edison  •  definite  order  for  the  quan- 

in  which  to  decide  whether  1 or  not  f  ,  .  This  interview  about  the 

tity  of  Sulphuric  Acid  that  would  be  reared.  fhJB  inuer  Edison 

Sulphuric  Acid  took  place  in  the ’i£  Ww  x.  I  call  the  works  at 
requested  me  to  telephone  imme dia  1-7  H*'  Bayer  was  m  Boston  on  this 

phillipsburg  and  Hr.Garris  t  ola  ne  Ola  the Bpre carious  situation  in  re- 
Pioric  Contract.  I  exflain  to  Hr.  Burris  imperatively  necessary  to  get 
gard  to  Sulphuric  Acid,  “ft to  him.  He  said  he  would  call 
in  touch  with  Hr.  Baker  at  r  After  a  while  (toward  noon)  Hr. 

him  up  on  the  long  ai3ta?oe  telephone.  .  he  had  got  in  touch  with 

preoariousness  of  the  situation  and  a s  .  •  on  *h6  t6lephone  the 

fo2  ra°Sk^PcoSlusion  with  his  parties  there. 

In  the  afternoon  of  In»<v,  ^“i^taaliS  "i*h 

stance  call  from  Boston,  from  llr.  Baker,  ne  saia 

the  Herrimac  Chemical  Company.  That  he  had  seen  Hr.. Wilder,  the  Vice 


•oresia-nt  of  that  Company  during  the  morning  and  had  given  him  full  pr- 
tfculars  and  prices,  which  Hr.  Wilder  had  said  were  satisfactory  and  had 
asked  Hr.  Bate  r  to  come  hack  in  the  afternoon  to  get  a  definite  reply. 

Hr  Ba^er  said  that  he  had  gone  hack  in  the  afternoon  and  ltr.  wilder  had 
°une  uwa^  and  would  not  return  until  Thursday,  hut  had  left  word  that  his 
Company,"  the  Herrimac  Chemical  Company  could  not  consider  the  proposition, 

I  urged  upon  Hr.  Baker  the  absolute  necessity  of  settling  this  mat¬ 
ter  up  quickly,  and  he  said  that  he  was  about  to  return  to  ITew  York  on 
the  train  leaving  Boston  at  5  o'clock  this  same  afternoon,  and  would  he 
hack  in  Hew  York*- about  10  o’clock  at  night,  and  would  see  certain parties 
in  the  morning  and  was  certain  that  he  could  place  the  matter  without 
anv  doubt  whatever.  I  told  him  that  it  was  absolutely  necessar;-  to  have 
th“  whole  natter  closed  up  not  later  than  noon  to-morrow,  larch  24th,1915. 
He  said  he  could  do  it  without  doubt. 




''ITiroDKOAi  jwav. 

April  12th,  1915; 

^urtfvOU.  Hit*  ^ 

Orange ,  If.  J.  .  ^  4£|oT4- 

lily  clear  Mr.  Edison:-  u)OA  — 

X  have  your  letter  of  April  10th,  returning  the  two 
strike-offs  made  from  Paranitraniline,  and  I  have  written  at  once  to  our 
mill  at  Pawtucket,  R.  I.  to  mail  to  you  direct  a  sample  of  the  German 
produot  in  powdered  form,  which  is  the  only  form  we  have  used. 

The  price  of  the  powdered  form  before  the  war  was 
.163  per  lb.  A  couple  of  years  ago  we  paid  about  .15  a  lb.  ,  and  'the 
lowest  nrice  we  have  a  record  of  in  some  years  was  about  14?T.  Since  the 
war,  however,  the  importations  have  ceased,  and  the  prices  have  naturally 
risen  to  exhorbitant  figures. 

Hot  having  purchased  the  paste  form,  I  have  no  record 
of  its  cost.  If  yon  think  it  would  be  desirable  for  me  to  make  inquiries 
among  some  of  the  German  importers  regarding  the  old  price  of  Paranitrani- 
line°in  paste  form  X  will  be  glad  to  do  so. 

I  am  glad  to  know  that  you  contemplate  making  Beta 
Haphtol  in  large  quantities,  and  will  also  be  glad  to  receive  the  improved 
quality  of  Paranitraniline  to  which  you  refer  in  your  letter. 


Pur.  Agent. 

,J.  1>.  MOIUVAX  &  COMPANY 


[{.April  12,  1915. 

Thomas  Edison,  Esq, 
Orang  g , 

How  Jersey, 

/X  0*M 



•  ’  ~tt  r ixM-yd 

>L  ***  "y,i  IT 

I.Iy  dear  Ur.  Edison:  *"  fly-.  ^  bB/-e,'i,K-|fe‘ **“SW?* 

V/ill  you  not  he  ?1M  moufjj  to  advi3e?  what  progress  I 

you  are  making  in  the  Sum  * 

Government  and  how  e 
not  also  tell  us  what  i 

elx,1  "  K.‘<M  «&.ws  «| . 

Lo  ur  s ,  j 

made  in  rogardj 


<Lfc«wv«y ^-T 

Subject : 

Contract  Ho.  25235,  *£tod  Apr.  5,  1915,  fdT 270,000  lbs 
Carbolic  Acid. 


Sir : -  / 

„  ,  .  n-r  Anrii  5.  1915,  the  Bureau  is  very 

date  of  Contract./ 

S.  fhe /Bureau  regrets  the  delay  in  replying  to  your  letter 
which  was  inadvertently  sent  to  file  without  action. 



sfy  /tcc^to 


Chief  of  Bureau. 


Mr.  1.1.  K.  Hutchison,  , 

c/o  Laboratory  of  T lioSEJS~A._j.dis ojl-, - 
Orange ,  H .  J. 

Copy  to  Haval  Proving  Ground. 




(Etfijinti*  (Jlmnjmitn  af3fciMmuqnrlte 


2/nfttattapolts,  3<rt&, 

AODFTESS  all  communicat 
,  ^  * 

^<W  //7/W 


We  havo  your  favor  of  the  5th  with  further  jV*  ty 

referenoe  to  the  extraction  of  benzol  at  our  Jt  ^  J)  £■  i 

plants  in  this  city,  and  believo  that  your  state-  W’  Ji.  A  . 

ment  is  entirely  clear  as,  contained  in  this  let-  v  \  y  »** 

ter.  However,  wo  bog  to  refer  back  to  your  let-  .  jft  y  ,  t 

ter.  of  Itarch  20th,  in  which  you  suggested  puttingN.  \  i,  \  J"'  Af  ,  . 

in  the  plant  yourself  and  operating  the  same .  '  \}f  <\  >'  y 

Kindly  advise  us  whether  you  are  still  interested  .  5/  ,  * 

in  such  a  connection.  Lj}  /'  Jt 

v  I J  w  C  t 

In  that  letter  you  named  certain  prices  for  £  Sr  t*  e£-  rV 
light  oils  on  the  basis  of  furnishing  and  operating**!,®  <*>  «,  J  j 

the  plant  yourself.  In  the  event  that  you  have  \  y#'  jQ> 

changed  your  mind  about  this  method  of  operation,  plf  »  _  i  . v 

kindly  give  us  some  idea  regarding  the  prices  [V  /»  J 

that  you  would  pay  for  the  benzol  from  a  plant  \/ •&  e?1 

entirely  financed  and  operated  by  ourselves,  and  ^  „  /J 

state  whether  the  separation  of  the  various  light  ..  y  ®  J' 

oils  by  us  before  shipment  would  be  a  material  &•  ^  lVv  t 

advantage,  or  whether  we  could  roalize  substantially  y  ft)  JK 

the  same  prices  on  tho  various  contents  if  wo  rf  a}"  M  \  i  % 

should  send  all  out  simply  as  recovered  from  V  \  {*£  y  V 

crude  form.  /  \p  '  / 

Very  truly  yours,  vj-  y  /  V 

Very  truly  yours,  ^  /yfy  ^ 


/■  s@.  /  };A  vv  * 
,JS“*'s.s»w.  yj>  yV  V > 



-tj  htfrn  ^  •<-‘f"'»“'r 

oift  “•+■  * 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Dear  Sir, 

/  your  favor  of  the  9th,  and  am  glad  to 
address  and  other  remarks  on  the  present 
i/that  you  know  what  American  manufacturers 

I  am  in  receipt  < 
hear  that  you  had  already  read  t 
coal  tar  products  situation, 
are  trying  to  do. 

With  regard  to/ your  being  overwhelmed  by  textile  people  who 
want  supplies,  would  say  thi/  is  simply  the  experience  of  all  dealers  in 
these  products,  and  it  is  sitaply  impossible  for  us  to  meet  these  demands 
under  the  present  condition!.  We  are  making  considerable  quantities  of 
direct  black,  blues  and  seyeral  other  colors  for  cotton,  acid  blacks,  yellows, 
red,  blues  and  other  color's  for  wool  and  silk;  large  quantities  of  nlgrosines 
for  leather,  ink,  shoe  polish,  etc.,  and  a  number  of  miscellaneous  colors  for 
various  purposes,  but  are  quite  unable  to  fill  all  the  orders  which  are  sent 
us  from  the  various  sources. 

We  are  making  beta  naphthol  regularly  for  use  in  our  works, 
and  were  expecting  to/increase  the  quantity  at  once,  for  resale  to  those  who 
wish  to  use  the  pM.t  direct,  but  just  at  present  unfortunately  there^is 
^a-^njpfgS^lnnMhthS.ine ,  and  we  are  unable  to  get  all  that  we  want.  We 
Crnrmnt,  therefore  inareaSe  our  beta  naphthol  manufacture  until  we  can  get 
further  supplies  of  naphthaline. 

If  you  care  to  refer  to  us  any  of  the  inquiries  you  are 
receiving,  we  should  be  very  glad  to  give  them  our  best  attention,  and  do 
what  we  can  to  help  people  out,  but  as  we  have  already  said  it  is  impossible 
to  keep  every  one  supplied. 

Thanking  you  for  your  favor,  I  remain 
Yours  very  truly. 

Arm  3£tfn.  191o. 

;;r .  V? .  T- .  Bolton ,  Preas . , 

Bronx  Company, 

177th  Ctreet  &  Bronx  P.iver. 

ITs '.t  York  City, 

3ear  Pir: 

T  have  receive C  your  favor  of  the 
ninth  instant,  and  have  given  careful  consid¬ 
eration  to  your  proposition  in  regard  to  Ani¬ 
line  Salt .  ."/?  say  in  reply  that  if  X  tied 
up  ay  plant  on  sales  for  so  short  a  tire  I 
would  lose  money,  and  of  cours--  that  is  not  to 
he  thought  of.  Xf  you  can  get  Aniline  Salt  from 
others  on  so  short  a  contract  you.  had  better  do 
so  because  7  am  really  ratting  up  my  plant  only 
to  help  out  our  American  reople. 

Yours  very  truly, 

April  12th.  1915. 

American  Paper  and  Pulp  Association, 

18  EaBt  41st  Ptreet, 

ITew  York  City. 


t  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  8th  inBtant  and 
be£  to  say  in  reply  that  T  am  building  a  plant  to  make  the  basic 
materials  for  dyes  such  as,  for  instance,  Bitrobenzol,  Aniline 
Oil,  Paranitraniline ,  Paraphenylene diamine ,  Acetanilid,  Pipheny- 
lamine  and  Carbolic  Acid. 

''any  of  these  materials.  In  conjunction  with  others, 
are  used  by  Dyers  to  produce  colors  in  their  vats.  Blacks  and 
browns  are  made  with  Aniline  Oil,  Chlorate  of  Soda  or  Chlorate 
of  Potash  aijd  an  Acid.  Past  reds  are  made  with  Beta  Haphthol 
and  Paranitraniline .  Infixed  up  apparatus  to  make  a  blue. 

I  think  there  are  a  number  of  people  intending  to  start 
soon  to  use  the  Be  basic  materials  to  make  a  line  of  dyes. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Johnstown*  Pa,,  April  12,  1915. 

My  dear  Mr,  Edison: 

The  Birzels  were  shut  down  yesterday  to  change, the  deph 
lagmator  connections  of'  which  I  wrote  you  a  day.  or  two  ago.  In 
operating  today,  we  were -able  to  get  much 'better,  results,  and  in 
no  case  l.  did  the  wash  toil  flood  threugh  into,,tho  50^  benzol. 

Ir'was  very  much  surprised  to  find- in  putting  a.gaug?,  the 
bottom'- of  the  Hirzel  Still  seems  to  take  about  5 lbs.  pressure 
■  to.  'push  the  steam  through  the .  column.  ’  I  . also  put  a  mercury  gauge 
on  top  of  the  column  to  see -if  there  was  arty  pressure  in  the  stilly 
hub  it  showed  xi'o thing. 

It  is  rather  difficult  to  regulate  ;the  temperature  correctly, 

/ and  I  have  been  waiting  on  some  recording  thermometers  which  will 
.'give  ub  a  daily  record ‘Of  this,  but  the  makers. have  disappointed, 
ub  in  delivery.  ;  1  '  ‘ 

I  put  an  ordinary  thermometer  connected  into  the-tslde  of  the 
etili  andi find  that  ;it  has  . great  variations  in, temperature. .in  the 
middle'  pjO-rtion  of  the  "still,  withot^ry-falight  change  at.  topi,’-  Ah r 
other  trouble  which  :;I  am  experiencing,,  iV  tFat\  we.  turn  another  /'  _ 
in  appreciable^ amount  of  eteam  into  the  type  Which  carries  the  oil  . 
from. tW’lheaterhin  the  top  of  the  building  to. the  Hi'rzel -column,  th|' 
steam/apdarantlybbachaeBp  expanding  and" shuts- Off  the  flow:  of  Oil  t^- 
the 'stilr/This  doubt  due  to  the,  fact  that  the  oil  from.the'  hefi- 
heater/ idl  from  96  to  98 -degrees  temperature  and  does  not  condense  tf£ 
steam,  -r, 

I  Ban  making  a  connection  dower  down  so  that  the  vapors  may 
rise  wi?  h  the  oil  in  going  to  the  still  at-' the'  s ame  place/  We 
have  stilled  off  yesterday  one  batch  of  90£  benzol,  and  am  en¬ 
closing  a  slip  which  shows  the  laboratory  record -of  this  change. 

Out  .  of  aplprpximately' 25  hundred  gallons  we  got  about  a  thousand 
el.e.Wh  hundred  gallons  of  90^  benzol.  In  the  remainder  there  is  sop- 
t otpojL , p  ttylol ,  etcj  The  reason  we  did  not  .  get  more  is  because  we  » 
id/not  iriptruct  our  factories  properly  from  Mo.  '1  badger, bfei*i£,  and 
Al^BitfceiiLgkAncipal  reasons  for  not  being  able  to.  make  a  good  split  fv 
was  due  to  the  fact  that  we  have  continually  had: so  much  oil  and'  “;<■ 
our  5QJ&  gasoline  caused  flood?,'  the  effects  of  floods  which  I  have 
explained  to  you. 

...I-'bej.Jlie,  t/ie  flooding  ia  stoppedfnow  by  receiving  the  ourrent  of 
gaajinyfojf- the.: dephlagmator^ttifii*  it  continues  to  work-  a  day  or  twor 
vfill  change’  the  oil  Hirzelthen  I  think  we  will  he  free  from  the 
:  contamination  of  wash  oil.. 

:  .  /V'  ;  . 

A'/  \8°  doubt'  some  of  our  trouble  was  caused  by  the  temperature 
-.gWting-too  .high  in  .the  center  of  the  Hirzel . column, ,  Had  flopds 
.ift/somewhat'-leffs/temjperatures.;  We  are  carrying" on  experiments  in 
ifimng  everything  that  we  may  do-to  get  the  plant,  in  good  'operating 
japape  as  soon,  as- possible  j  for-;  we -realize  that-  you  need  ithe  , benzol. 

J  -  ’  I  have  not  written  Mr.  ,IUcaa  or  the  B.i.rjoa  I-on  &  Steel 
Cp..  about  our' changes  for  Mr/  Carter,  chemist  in  the  Coke;  Dept, 
of;  the  Dims,  Co.  has  been  here;  for  about  three  weeks.  ■ He  was  l  , 
Bdnthheee;  by  Mr.  Sucas  ,i  and-  he:;  keeps  very  ■careful',  notes',  of’-  Sverythiffe 
"dng  that  we  do ,  and .  reports  daily/byT letter  and,  telegrant’to  -Lucas.  k- 

V  I  Save  explained  .to.  Mr/:  Carter  oarefuliy  every  change  etc.  tf?)> 
we  have  made  and  reason  for  doing  so,  and  he  hasr  taken  very  complete  : 


"  7  cj^Cc  n-^cjfr 

icCu  ^Wii  /)^u-/ 

/O  'Ga^U.-^  AUc-C^G  °  0C ^  C/5rt , 

wf  xu~*J - 

f ej*^j''ijf  "3ca-vr^p 01  eJI*x  0-wa.  Uw*-ic&-te^ 

(io>ouoi  mrfc^ 

aJLL  !&■{,  $o-&^rpvCt 

JUrfco  'fcatf  '1^^u*cduM^ 

-Utf~c^  cx>-t.-e.  t<r»  vA»cr/t\. 

)  ,  /  I 

H-ix-W  ^«wjs  u  y^5**p^l50=” 

^fas»  [J  ^e> 



April  18th.  1915. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Mason, 

Coke  Oven  Department. 

Cambria  Steel  Oo., 

Johnstown,  pa. 

DearMr.  Mason: 

I  had  your  long  letter  typewritten  for  Mr.  Edison, 
and  he  read  it  very  carefully,  after  which  he  sent  yoa  a  telegram 
about  wo  filing  the  Hirzel  "tills ,  .which  you  probably  reoeived.  He 
his  full  faith  in  you  that  you  will  be  able  to  work  out  these  vari¬ 
ous  problems  and  be  able  to  get  out  some  Benzol  for  us  before  long. 

There  is  lots  that  is  new,  especially  in  the  chemi¬ 
cal  line  .  Vr'e  are  naking  contracts  for  Aniline  Oil  and  Aniline 
Salts.  Vie  are  also  under  fire  in  regard  to  Carbolic.  I  think  Mr.. 
Edison  has  been  the  target  of  every  Broker  in  Hew  York  who  has  heard 
that  some  Picric  is  wanted  abroad.  l"'e  have  been  overrun  with  them, 
but  the  thing  is  now  getting  in  shape  to  look  a  little  more  like  real 

X  would  suggest  that  you  keep  him  posted  as  frequent¬ 
ly  as  you  oanflnd  time  to  write.  I  know  you  are  busy,  -  very  busy, 
but  it  doe a  him  an  awful  lot  of  good  to  hear  that  you  are  making 
progre  ss . 

Yours  very  truly , 

April  12  th. 


A.  V' .  Matters  b  Company*  Inc., 

1182  Broadway , 

Pew  'Co r>  City. 


T  am  In  receipt  of  yonr  favor  of 
the  8th  instant,  ana  in  reply  leg  to  say  that 
T  don't  s$y.  that  T  can  do  anything  nov;  in  re¬ 
gard  to  yonr  proposition.  The  newspapers  are 
publishing  the  news  6f  my  plant  all  over  the 
country,  and  the  Textile  people  are  flooding  me 
with  letters,  l.'y  total  capacity  will  he  sold 
euichly . 

Yours  very,  truly. 

h'Yw\  ~^a  vmcLcv 

)h/  L^  t{  nT  'WM  vyi/fco  ^ 

Ijl  <twjo  Li  'mjdA^  b'ik-(jFr 

fyVrKK-  lli'S-it  J&K  ^nffr 

iry-rilfa,  frjfiUL  ry 
I  (,6  6  7.  ihi  fi<A  ...-nmutk — — 
s^ulix  Wn/si  4y\ 

fef tk  fc/4 

A -%m\  ■**& t  ^  fTrrw^y 

April  12th.  191D 

Mr.  S.  r'akaki , 

Mitsui  &  Company, 

25  Madison  Ave . , 

Pew  York  City. 

Dear  Mr.  faicaki: 

I  am  in  receipt  os’  your  favor  of 
the  ninth  instant,  enclosing  copy  of  certificate 
of  analysis  made  on  the  sample  of  Diphenylanine 
which  I  sent  you  a  few  days  ago.  I  am  glad  to 
see  that  it  proved  so  satisfactory . 

I  can  m?ke  it  even  still  purer 
than  the  sample ,  if  desirable  ,  and  -1  th  very  little 
more  expense.  T  noted  f 1.65  to  the  Dnsslan  rep¬ 
ress  MaUve  you  sent  a  few  day?  ago.  hut  am  afraid 
that  the  order  will  not  he  placed  at  that  price. 
V'hat  do  you  think? 

Yours  very  truly, 



100^  PLUS? 

Chemical  equipment  that  is  better  than  ifj 
builder  claims  for  it,  is  hard  to  find.  M 

*  When  found,  it  is  hard  to  beat.  j 

Such  equipment  can  be  found  in 

“  Bethlehem  -B  uilt” 

Anoaratus _ a  fact  that  has  been  proved  in 

.  by  the  experience  of  others,  and  send  for  up. 

,f  the  fact  that  “  TANTI  RON  ” 
is  the  only  Acid  Resistant  iron 
that  can  be  machined  interests  you, 
let  us  send  full  details  regarding  it. 

RFTHLEHEM  foundry  &  MACmNf^CO 

BET  7™tH  FRONT  street.  SOUTH  BETHLEHEM,  PA. 

,  '■o//Mr.h 

.?j,f.i>r//s  ■  y/'//-)/s<7.  .-//'/■  y/ 


iHTyt/r/ir  ■■MUM  //m/rirn  ■/r/Kntf 


2J,y//u/fjr//,  £.//*:/* ftn 
_ April  lath  _  //y/ 5-.-- 

.  Ayy/'^y'^ 

Attention  of  Mr-  V.eadcwc'roft, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey, 
bear  Sir: — 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  12th  inst.  informing  me  that 
you  can  make  diphenylamine  purer  than  the  second  sample  whic! 
proved  satisfactory  to 

>  and  I  should  say  that  if  you  can  a 

:  purer  at  very  little  additional  expense.  would 

like  to  have  it  purer  so  that  the  Japanese  Army's  acceptance 
would  he  doubly  sure. 

As  to  the  Russian  inquiry,  I  believe  that  your  price  of 
51.65  will  so  through, for  Colonel  Jc'-Scvcuaky  informed  our 
partner,  Ur.  Bryner,  Jr.,  that  4@r thought  he  could  place  or¬ 
der  without  cabling  to  Petrograd,  but  since  he  cabled  before 
that  the  Aetna  Explosive  Company  can  supply  it  for  .$1.00  per 
pound,  he  thinks  it  better  to  cable  to  Petrograd  and  ask  their 
permission  to  place  order  at  5)1.65. 

At  any  ra"-e,  I  believe  it  more  advisable  for  our  mutual 
advantage  not  to  lower  the  price  until  you  can  make  a  definite 
osition  about  the  deliveries  and  quantities  at.  the  end  of 


Thee.  A.  Fdison. .Page  3 

this  week. 

Re  received  a  cable  this  morning  that  the  Japanese 
Army  will  take  seven  tons  of  £340  lbs,  delivery  to  begin  at 
the  Factory  on  the  15th  of  May  at  the  rate  of  130  pounds  per 
day,  if  v>e,  (Mitsui  &  Company , Ltd. )  guarantee  the  arrival 
of  the  goods  in  Japan  under  penalty.  X  cabled  back  to  them 
stating  that  we  did  not  like  such  a  strict  contract  and  if 
they  made  the  contract  clauses  too  strict  we  will  sell  it 
tc  Russia. 

When  you  can  make  a  definite  proposition  about  deliveries 
and  quantity,  I  think  we  will  oable  to  Japan  and  will  try  my 
best  to  force  them  to  accept  your  proposition  as  a  whole. 

I  shall  be  much  obliged  to  ycu  if  you  will  make  a  definite  pro¬ 
position  as  soon  as  possible,  stating  time  of  deliveries  and 

Very  truly  yours, 

f^Ce;x%!r  .  h5 

'  7 /3/ tr  ^ 

p,  J  k^o-v  <a\  (pcu-tXw  ^A^cr<p£cc£~* 
M0jr~W-^  J^r  J.L*zJt,4(wt  Clt-I aJU— 

&<>/,  r Tu~**t  k~*  J'? 

c.o  X.C  L^> (k.  y  y  r  tl’-crr't-  ** 


ife>  axe  <4^  -tf*  n^oJ. 

%X*^  dfi 1  ^y^rrr 

L&JL&  C/  iv^/  l4e  c&£jC@~*. 

Yjfce^jJ  3  «£&*.-«■&  ^ I 

5"  Wct-O*^  “ttefX  U«J£^ 

1  W  jf 

L^e  kA^tcsit'  ^ 


April  14  th.  1915. 

Mitsui  &  Company,  ltd., 

25  I'adison  Avenue  ,  _ 

Hew  York  City.  Attention  -  Hr.  S.  Takaki. 

Dear  Sir: 

?his  will  confirm  the  telephone  messages  which  Ur. 
Headowcroft  has  sent  you  to-day  to  the  effect  that  I  can  fur¬ 
nish  you  with  as  much  as  one  hundred  thousand  (lOOrjOOO)  poundB 
of  pure  Diphenylamine  at  a  price  of  one  dollar  and  twenty-five 
cents  (§1.24)  per  pound,  and  that  X  eoul d  start  deliveries  on 
June  first,  1915  at  the  rate  of  five  hundred  (500)  pounds  per 

I  also  keg  to  confirm  the  message  I  send  you  over  the 
telephone  to  the  effect  that  you  could  ask  the  P.ussian  one  dol¬ 
lar  and  thirty-seven  certt.B  (§1.37)  a  pound,  which  would  allow 
you  a  10j5  commission.  Since  then  I  have  telephoned  you  to  he 
sure  and  get  the  Pussian  order  if  possible,  as  I  could  perhaps 
make  a  little  lower  price  if  necessary. 

Yours  very  truly. 

.Itty/lrlir  /SMM  //m/iUH  rJ^lw: 

Tills  is  to  confirm  ”r •  ’leado.vcroft 's  telephone 

conversation  with  too  Writer  this  morning,  "i?e  Kits 
a  firm  offer  to  deliver  fivs  hundred  (500)  pounds  of 
pure  Dlphsnylamine  per  day,  delivery  to  commence  in 
thirty-five  days  after  receipt  cf  the  order,  the  total 
quantity,  say  100,000  pounds, to  be  increased  i"  we 
obtain  an  order  for  additional  quantity." 

Very  truly  yours. 


y  rff- 

Jib*  £>H - -  feh- 

JL*  <9^  ^  L**~u, 

Iv-t  XJo^-  £=*-w 

■ fcr  ft— :~ 1  ii^&J^yc^r 
“itu-i  cAv»«->  •w®-'-'-  i«y- 
dcJttezr^s*  'e~J'‘ 


J^nSt" J  Oa-ns'W’/  <w^«mij 
Ibua^-uWUc  on  U~"~ 

jJwf  Jh£S  red i  o| 

(sta'bj  " 

fie,  o^2~  ^v\cdt  JUi  f'^s-o^ i^.c 

££<?»*  M*&«.  C-‘9 

Patents.  Technology  and  Bibliography 



intS!fe?ecl*^Kti5ofmant!.f acture  of 
in  | fact  is  now  putting  in  a  Car- 

Having  heartptb* 
were  shown  through  your  Gs 
very  much  desiring  to  see 
garding  this  subject,  X  h! 

:id  Works  at  Si! 
as  much  as  pos 
led  to  send  you 

very  much  like  to  seo  your  apparatus  in  operation  unuugu  uui 
own  is  practically  all  either  purchased  or  under  construction, 
hut  none  of  it  is  as  yet  set  up. 

I  believe  we  are  having  a  very  good  Bensol  rectifying 
column  (SO")  built,  excellent  sulfonating  kettles,  well  arranged 
fusion  kettles,  and  good  drying  pans  for  the  Sodium  salt. 

The  drawings  of  any  of  these  X  would  be  glad  to  show 
(as  they  are  my  own  ideas)  if  they  are  of  interest  to  any  of 

Or,  I  would  be  very  glad  at  any  time  to  place^ at  your 
disnosal  ,  for  a  suitable  length  of  time,  and  without  cnarge, 
a  set  of  my  four  volume  Work  on  China  Wood  Oil,  if  it  at  any 
time  interests  you,  as  a  partial  acknowledgement  of  tne  courtesy 
should  you  be  inclined  to  favor  my  request  to  visit  your  car¬ 
bolic  Acid  Works. 

I  perhaps  may  be  known  to  you  through  the  Celluloid 
Cylindrical  Record  subject  as  I  have  some  of  the  very  early 
patents  along  that  line,  and  was  for  a  short  time  with  the 
Columbia  Phonograph  Co.  at  Bridgeport,  Conn. 

I  fully 


patents.  Technology  and  bibliography 


China  Wood  Oil  (tung  Oil) 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison-2. 

in  making  the  reouest  that  I  have  and  I  shall  gracefully 
accept  your  refusal  to  comply  with  it  if  you  so  decide,  hut 
if  for  any  reasons  you  should  allow  me  this  privilege,  I 
will  he  more  than  glad  to  reciprocate  in  any  way  that  X 
possibly  can. 

I  am  not  at  a  loss  to  know  how  to  operate  iny 
machinery  hut  I  like  to  learn  all  I  can  where  ever  I  can 
and  sometimes  it  is  surprising  what  information  is  avail¬ 
able  if  you  only  try  hard  enough  to  get  it. 

Hay  I  have  the  pleasure  of  receiving  your  reply. 



845  Broad  St., 
Hewark,  H.  J. 

Frances  Patterson,  Broker 


1085  Drexel  Building 

ni^pril  14th,  1915, 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  H  U  i* 

Bast  Orange,  K.  J. 

Sear  Sir:- 

able  to  telk  to 

glad  to 'take  up  the  question  with  you,  and  will 
Orange  to  straighten  the  details  out  in  person. 

,  Woxild  make  a  contract  if  price  is  right,  for  delivery  to 
the  end  of  the  year,  commencing  say  Juno  1st,  if  you  can  deliver 
hy  that  time. 

Take  the  matter  up  with  me,  and  1  think  I  can  place  the 


Very  truly  yours, 

f  o  ) 

n  'K'-t  {  ***%* 

/BbTilsoon  d oil  you  think  you  will  be  If 

about  contract  on  this  article.  ^^I^will  be  very 

r*bver  to  East 



April  14,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  M •  J . 

Referring  further  to  the  matter  of  four  10,000  gallon 
tank  cars.  We  received  your  telegram  of  April  15th  asking  if 
we  could  not  send  used  cars  to  Sydney,  and  we  replied  that  we 
understood  this  was  in  answer  to  our  Western  Union  night  telegram 
dated  April  12th,  as  we  went  into  this  matter  very  fully  in  our 
telegram  of  April  13th  which  reads  as  follows 

"John  II.  Boak  representing  Intercolonial  and 
other  Canadian  government  railways  informs  us  today 
that  any  empty  tanks  new  or  used  shipped  from  points 
in  United  States  to  points  in  Canada,  must  pay  not 
only  the  duty  of  thirty  percent  hut  seven  and  one  half 
percent  additional  account  war  tax.  The  regulations 
are  evidently  so  rigid  that  we  do  not  care  to  pay  thirty 
seven  and  one  half  percent  of  the  total  cost  of  our 
equipment  which  would  he  very  much  more  than  our  rental 
for  one  year  would  amount  to  and  run  risk  of  getting 
the  amount  of  duty  refunded.  Mr.  Boak  suggests  that  if 
matter  was  taken  up  with  Alfred  T.  Weldon,  Assistant 
General  freight  Agent,  Intercolonial  Road,  Moncton, 

H ew  Brunswick  either  direct  hy  you  or  through  the 
Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company,  tanks  would  he  furnished 
you.  If  you  can  got  them  to  furnish  cars  we  are  willing 
to  release  you  from  your  agreement  on  tho  four  cars  as 
we  desire  to  do  what  is  right  and  fair  in  this  matter." 

Yours  truly, 

-  '  President. 


isj  /f 

■6  c  10.  O-i 



lo cu^>  ZTeJb  ~tU/i<riA«4  &e  a 
\<dtf  IsvJT  to  focort  'c Jr  Tkn*w& 


...  !  !cc(  <?t  ,  ' 


lo  no-l 
<|-H  me  oi"f 

cflHautf,  bwTTo 

^eolurvvd  (M\££\ervC£~  OTrwpeotvwa  t 
^LOtuo  c^ui  (4e  lTcl^W  t 

Ccv^culvo^Y,  cfw^rfea  X  %v*eu\v*e~ 

to  C^-4*f3CU-^U^<,  lU'ZTWV 
'  /?  1  CLU-— 

lA*<U  {OTC 


320  BROADWAY.  N.  Y. 

Soma  short  time  ago  in  answer  to  an  inquiry  made  by  us, 
you  wrote  that  in  about  30  or  40  days  you  expected  to  have  Phenol 
for  sale  .  We  are  anxious  to  know  how  this  matter  is  coming  on  and 
whether  you  can  give  us  any  more  definite  information  as  to  when  you 
will  have  Phenol  for  sale.  At  v/hat  price.  We  are  in  the  market 
for  thii  product  for  our  own  use. 

q truly' 

^  (A  I  THE  CHEMICAL  COMPANY  <32, -AMERICA  IM .  /} 

,tr^  ,  By 

ghb/Stlc  *  fC  L#'  HL  J~  C  £,Cn  U«F<^'{vy4'wf'  , 

:hemical  patents 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino., 
Orange,  N.J. 

cHt  \ 

As  you  are  no  douht ,  aware  the  Board  of  Trustees 
of  The  Chemists'  Club  has  decided  to  abolish  the  Research 
Bureau  of  The  Chemists*  Club  Library. 

For  a  year  I  did  practically  all  the  work  of  the 
Research  Bureau  and  upon  severing  my  connection  with  the 
same  in  September  1914  X  opened  my  present  office  for  the 
searching  of  chemical  patents  and  literature,  the  prepara¬ 
tion  of  bibliographies  and  the  translation  of  technical  and 
scientific  articles. 

I  should  be  glad  to  take  over  all  work  of  this 
%  kind  you  have  been  in  the  habit  of  assigning  to  the  Chemists' 

Club,  at  rates  similar  to  theirs,  and  can  assure  you  that 
service  rendered  by  me  will  be  entirely  satisfactory  and 
leave  little  to  be  desired. 

Yours  very  truly, 

3*il  ii; 
r  r.  ■ 

'  / 

\  April  15,  1915. 

W.  H.  Meadoworoft,  Esq.,  A  /  .  ( 

Care  Edison  Laboratory,  <dJ !~Y' C<t  3  ’ ^t"v'  ^ 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey.^  ^JL  .IcXfij i 

^ar  Sir:  CU~  W  - 

Ur.  Edison  wired  Mr:  Insull  dn  Marob  35th,  1915, 

asking  if  any  of  Mr.  Insull' s  gas  oompanies  had  for  sale  any 
exoess  drip  oil.  Inquiries  were  made,  and  Mr.  Insull  advis¬ 
ed  Mr.  Edison  that  the  Peoples  Gas,  Light  &  Coke  Company  and 
the  Public  Service  Company  of  northern  Illinois  botn  had  made 
oontraots  with  the  duPont  Powder  Company  for  their  exoess 
drip  oil  for  two  or  three  years. 

We  learned  yesterday  that  some  of  the  subsidiary 
oompanies  of  the  Middle  West  Utilities  Company,  of  which  Ur. 
Insull  is  President,  will  probably  have  5000  or  6000  gallons 
per  year  of  drip  oil  to  sell.  It  has  been  suggested  that 
this  shipped  in  steel  barrels. 

i  do  not  know  whether  this  small  amount  of  drip  oil 
would  interest  Mr.  Edison,  but  thought  it  best  to  mention  it. 
If  you  will  please  advise  me,  I  will  get  you  in  correspondence 
with  the  proper  party. 

Yours  truly, 

'fa^kA  <*xitf  "f  ^«- 

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'•rril  IPth.  1115 

Hr.  "e orge  H.  Steve ns, 

84B  Broad  Street, 

Bewark ,  B .  7 , 

Tear  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
th  e  14th  in at ant  asking  permissiongfco  visit 
my  Oarholio  Acid  Plant. 

Tt  is  not  true  that  a  party  of 
visitors  were  shown  through  this  plant,  and 
I  cannot  very  well  comply  with  your  request, 
aa  I  intend  to  stay  in  the  business  and  meet 
the  competition  of  the  Germans  after  the  war 
is  over.  7  have  expended  a  large  amount  of 
money  to  develop  and  per^eot  the  process. 

Yours  very  truly. 




i:.\l»OHT  DKl’AR'l'M liNT 

Aj\j A 


JISW  y^irh,  April  16,  1916. 

1/  styS 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  BSCt., 


Nov;  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  bee  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  lette: 
and  am  greatly  pleased  to  learn  that  you  hope  to  make  a  shipment 
of  toluol  in  the  near  future. 

In  regard  to  the  drums  which  you  propose  using,  I  might 
say  that  in  placing  an  order  with  another  manufacturer  recently 
v/o  stipulated  that  the  drums  should  ho  extra  heavy  galvanised 
of  110  gallons  capacity  and  210  Iho.  weight;  hung  to  have  an 
inside  diameter  of  two  inches  and  the  vent  an  inside  diameter  of 
ono-half  inch  or  throe-quarters  inch,  the  drums  to  ho  provided 
with  heavy  rolling  hoops,  plugs  to  ho  flush  with  surface  and 
below  hoops  and  chime.  * to  also  specifiod  that  the  follov;ing 

lettering  should  be  embossed  on  the  heads  of  tho  drums  in  capital 
letters  of  suitable  sizo: 

)  .  Between  those  letters  we 

requested  that  the  Government  Marie,  the  "broad  arrow",  and  below 
all  tho  word  "TOLUOL".  A  sketch  of  the  "broad  arrow"  is  enclosed 

In  answer  to  your  inquiry  as  to  whether  shipments  of 
ten  drums  at  a  time  would  bo  too  small,  I  would  sny  that  it  is  nios 

T.A.K.  Esq. 

April  16,  19 1  !’>  • 

desirable  that  the  toluol  he  shipped  at  the  earliest  moment 
possible.  At  the  same  time,  if  you  are  producing  at  a  fairly 
rapid  rate  and  can  promise  a  shipment  of  a  full  carload  at  tun 
early  date,  it  might  ho  well  to  defer  shipping  a  lot  of  ton  dru: 
until  a  full  carload  is  ready  to  move.  Vfhen  do  you  thin.-, 


Til  this  connection  wo  venture  to  refer  to  our  le 
of  March  22nd  transmitting  un  extract  of  a  letter  received 
Colonel  Phipps,  the  Chief  Inspector  of  high  Sxpl&sivo: 


British  Government,  whoso  address  is  in  care  of  the  Bethlehem 
Steel  Company,  South  Bethlehem,  Pa.  May  wo  inquire  if  you 
have  communicated  with  Col.  Phipps  in  regard  to  the  inspoctio: 
•e  jirodnoing? 

of  the  toluol  which  ; 


OK...CKO,  {fyCC-U/u  ...  \ 

g>tattbg  Snggett - . 

(Eolora,  (Eljpmicalg,  GDila  atti»  Mineral  JJrniutria 

09  John’  and  11-: 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

Bear  Sir;- 

.■—*&  — .  I  acknowledge  with  thanks  receipt  of  your  favor 
of  yesterday  authorizing  me  to"negotiate  contracts  for  Aniline 
Oil  on  the  basis  of  29^  per  pound  f.oib  Silver  lake,  H.J. 
and  contracts. for  Aniline  Salt  at  35^  per  pound  f.o.b.  Silver 
Lake,  H.J.,  containers  extra,  less  .5%  commission .  un- 

I  am  negotiating  with  several  concerns  on  this 
basis  and  will  report  progress  as  made.  In  the  meantime, 
for  your  information  and  guidance,  wish  to  say  the  General 
Chemical  Co.  have  their  respresentatives  visiting  the  Textile 
trade  and  offering  Oil  at  sliding-scale  prices  from  50/  per 
pound  for  uay  delivery  to  11/  per  pound  for  late  1916  delivery 
and  1  understand  have  concluded  several  contracts  on  this  basis. 

In  view  of  this  'fact,  you  will  realize  it  will  be 
pretty  hard  and  uphill  work  for  me  to  Negotiate  sales  on  the 
basis  of  figures  mentioned  in  your  letter  of  yesterday.  , 
however  will  do  my  best  and  as  promised  report  progress' as 
made . 


Akron, Ohio,  April  l6th,  1915. 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  EdiBon, 
Orange,  N.J. 


We  delayed  answering  your  letter  of  the 
10th  until  such  time  ae  we  could  go  over  the 
question  of  Aniline  Oil  with  our  Mr.  H.  S.  Firestone. 

As  you  undoubtedly  know  we  are  large  users 
of  Aniline  Oil  and  would  be  glad  to  go  over  this  matter 
with  some  representative  of  your  office.  The  writer 
expects  to  go  East  within  the  next  week,  and, if  you 
will  arrange  an  interview  with  some  representative  of 
your  Company  familiar  with  this  product,  we  will  be 
glad  to  arrange  this  trip  accordingly  and  visit  your 

Yours  very  truly, 


Purchasing  Agent, 

^  .S.*-kjf?  tyfjLCW^-  yw^^t .  'Itsirrb- 

jyi^iA  /-fowL  .  l!U^L  .<M-  .1^-  J«^wC. 

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_(£*»_  qjxz  yldL Lu< 

■  jsA*L&^  -J^ydk 

a  /  •’  -  - 

Wien  we  last  discussed  together  the  matter  of 
Benzole  supply,  my  recollection  is  that  you  were  taking 
under  consideration  the  question  of  fitting  up  for  nitrating 
Benzole  as  a  step  in  the  production  of  other  derivatives, 
and  you  thought  that  the  engagement  with  Doctor  King  might 
have  some  bearing  upon  your  conclusions.  I  have  finished 
the  installation  here  for  the  production  of  Nitrobenzole  in 
a  small  way,  and  now  find  that  it  is  as  difficult  to  obtain 
nitrating  acids  as  it  at  first  was  to  secure  Benzole.  I  am 
wondering  whether  you  have  run  into  the  same  trouble,  and  if 
you  have  not,  whether  it  would  be  possible  for  me  to  oDtain 
some  Nitrobenzole  from  you. 

•ffe  consume  at  the  factory  here  about  700  pounds  per 
day,  for  various  purposes,  and  it  oocurs  to  me  if  you  will  at 
an  early  day  have  a  quantity  in  excess  of  your  requirements 
you  might  consider  supplying  us.  We  have  at  present  less  than 
six  weeks  supply  and  must  find  some  way  very  soon,  either  to 
nitrate  or  obtain  Nitrobenzole.  We  suppose,  at  some  price, 
nitrating  acids  can  be  obtained. 

April  16th,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  -  #2. 

We  have  at  present  on  hand  and  coming,  between 
fifteen  hundred  and  two  thousand  gallons  of  Benzole,  and 
we  suppose  before  this  is  exhausted,  we  will  be  able  to 
obtain  more,  but  if  we  cannot  procure  chemicals  to  nitrate 

it,  our  supply  will  be  of  no  avail.  . 

you  will  be  interested  to  hnow  that  the  Barrett 
Manufacturing  Company  of  Philadelphia  are  out  today  with  a 
demand  that  all  their  old  customers  for  Toluol  must  maMe  a 
contract  for  1916  immediately,  for  their  retirements,  at 
$2.00  per  gallon,  or  risk  being  caught  without  a  supply 
entirely.  I  presume  with  your  knowledge  of  the  situation 
you  would  hardly  recommend  our  making  a  contract  at  this 
figure.  We  use  the  article  exclusively  as  a  solvent, 
can  substitute  Benzole,  which,  it  seems  to  me.  will  be  very 
plentiful  before  the  close  of  this  year. 

If,  with  your  usual  spirit  of  helpfulness,  you 
„„  ...l.t  «.  on  th.  Hltrobenzole  proportion,  w  s'""1 
indebtedness  to  yon  nonld  be  inore.sed.  and  rlttkindest 
regards*  I  a® 

Yours  very  truly( 


Treas.  & 

EV/P.  .LP 



j\(Xl  CU^UX'I^C. 

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Vpril  17th.  1915. 

Hr.  Edwin  W.  Preston,  Sec’y., 

Standard  Essence  Company, 

Haywood ,  V. .  J  ♦ 

Pear  Hr.  Preston: 

I  received  your  favor  of  the  16th  inBtant  and 

have  carefully  notea  Its  contents. 

In  regard  to  acids,  I  understand  that  the  Gen¬ 
eral  Chemical  Company  Is  all  sola  out.  I  contracted  with  them 
for  a  year's  supply,  and  think  that  I  was  about  the  last  to  get 
under  the  bars.  Have  you  tried  the  Gras  sell!  Company?  I  feel 
certain  that  will  sell  98  acid,  as  they  tola  me  so.  I  would 
suggest  that  you  try  the  Baker  Chemical  Company.  Phllllpsburg, 

H.  J.  They  have  a  small  Hitrio  Acid  Plant. 

I  exrect  to  commence  making  Aniline  Oil  on  about 
Hay  10th,  and  may  be  able  to  spare  you  some  Hitrobenzol.  It  de¬ 
pends  upon  whether  my  absorbing  plants  will  get  tbe  Ben  sol  for 
ve  in  time  . 

I  scarcely  think  that  Toluol  will  govlower  than 
two  dollars  (§2)  during  the  war.  but  I  believe  you  will  be  able 
to  get  plenty  of  Ben  col  at  a  moderate  price  In  August  when  two 
or  three  of  the  large  Steel  Works  will  be  making  It. 

If  you  find  you  cannot  get  Hitric  or  mixed  AoldB , 
let  me  know  and  I  will  see  if  there  is  anything  further  I  can  do 

for  you. 

Yours  very  truly. 


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99  John  arid  11-13  CLiff  Sts., 

Mew  York  4/17/15, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Confirming  understanding  had  with  your  Mr.  Meadow- 
croft  by  phone  this  monring,  I  enclose  you  herwith  my  official 
order  #9877  for  35  tons  of  Aniline  Oil,  quality  to  equal  the 
English  product,  at  net  price  to  me  of  29/5  per  pound  f.o.b. 
Silver  Lake,  K.J.  drums  charged  for  extra  and  returnable 
at  same  price  as  charged  if  in  good  reuseable  order  with 
90  days,  shipment  to  be  made  at  the  rate  of  5  tons  per 
month  June  to  December,  1915  inclusive.  .Terms  as  usual,  30  days 
net  or  less  1?6  off  for  cash  in  10  days. 

Furthermore,  in  accordance  with  phone  conversation 
hod  with  your  Mr.  Meadowcroft,  you  have  authorized  me  to  sell 
on  the  same  basis  35  tons  of  your  Aniline  Oil  shipment  5  tons 
monthly,  June  to  December  inclusive,  and  I  expect  to  dispose 
of  this  quantity  the  fore  part  of  next  week  and  will  advise 
you  if  my  efforts  in  this  direction  are  successful  or  not. 

Awaiting  your  confirmation  of  this  communication, 

I  am, 

Your 8  very  respectfully, 
(signed)  Stanley  Doggett. 

/•/zr/-e£,  f^c^-hrno'ut. 

Tna^c^^Z  *<*<-  v—tf3s>~^L  f 

l\£*UX~lj‘ry&-  Q-Aj 

hnT«  &i^oyt 

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//  Ct/ 







jgb'RANOE:,  N.  J. 


SStuliT  “'row'nf^ TaoRAMR m  thir  date  called  acain  mm-rmumr 



April  19th.  1915. 

Hr.  E.  J.  Doyle. 

Edison  Building, 

120  WeBt  Adams .Street, 

Chicago ,  Ill. 

Dear  Hr.  Doyle: 

I  received  your  favor  of 
the  15th  instant,  which  I  Bhowed  to  Hr. 
Edison.  He  re guests  me  to  say  that  he 
finds,  generally  speaking,  that  all  drip 
oils  oontain  very  little  Bensol  and 
Soluol,  and  for  that  reason  are  of  little 
value  to  us,  and  he  has  therefore  ceased 
to  ask  for  any  further  samples . 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison, 

April  131h,  1915. 

”1sb  Prance a  Patterson, 

1085  Drexel  Building, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dear  Hadam: 

I  an  in  receipt  of  your  favor 
of  the  14th  instant  in  regard  to  Carbolic 
Acid  crystals,  and  beg  to  say  in  reply  that 
ray  second  plant  will  cone  tinto  operation  in 
about  thirty  days,  and  if  my  Benzol  Absorb¬ 
ing  Plants  give  me  enough  Bensol  I  will  be 
in  position  to  sell  some  Carbolic. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Frances  Patterson,  Broker 


1085  Drexel  Building 

PiiiLAUEi-pniMpril  19th,  1915 

Mr.  Thornes  A.  Edison, 

East  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Confirn  conversation  with  sou  over  the  phone  regarding 
CARBOLIC  ACID  CRYSTALS  U.S.P.  39/40$,  ana  your  offer  of 

2  tons  per  day  0  ^4  P°*  ™  • 

aruma  extra.  E.O.B.  Silver  lake.  N.  J. .  deliveries  to  commence  June  1st 

Sorry  not  to  have  been  able  to  .close  this  up  ciuickly,  tut 
•So  had  to  IS,  and  will  have  a  reply  hy  to-morrow  morning,  when  I 
will  take  it  up  Tilth  you  either  hy  telephone  or  in  person. 

PARANITRAKILIER:  Just  as  soon  as  you  are  in  position  to  offer 
this  irtlcle  for  'tie  balance  of  year,  vmtld  he  glad  to  have  you  take 
it  up  with  me. 

Very  truly  yours. 

F  P/G. 

We  shall  he  glad  to  hear  from  you  on 
the  subject  In  due  course,  and  beg  to  remain. 


P.  S.  The  fourth  drum  has  just  been  received,  but 
not  yet  examined. 



Office  of  the  Superintendent. 

Report  Re:  Quality  of  Edison  Phenol. 

A.  »»»•  of  «»  flrot 

"Ss  »o.t  »**«»■ 

£~Toss  of  about  0.5$  Phenol,  basis  40/41. 

“-A-iras  "-p- 

1436  964 
1506  700 
1514  700 

964  39°  0.93 

691  35/36°  1.95 

700  36/37°  1.70 

955  960 
677j;  681 


688  69 lg 



Loss - 5S|  lb.  Phenol  40/41 

Total  loss  on  the  2355  lb.  Phenol  received  is  therefore  t 

1.  Loss  by  presence  of  water  =  23-  lb. 

2.  0.5#  loss  by  distillation  = 


-§§|  lb.  Phenol  40/41 

The  cost  of  redistilling  this  quantity  of  Phenol  in  labor,  steam, 
power  and  water  amounts  to  about  $9.00. 

Respectfully  submitted. 

Ct^ic  2ey/r 


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April  20th.  1915. 

Chemical  Company  of  America, 

320  Broadway, 

Hew  York  City. 


I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your 
favor  of  the  15th  instant,  and  would  say  in  re¬ 
ply  that  my  second  Garb ol ic  Acid  Plant  will  he 
ready  for  operation  soon  after  the  middle  of 
next  month.  How  much  will  yon  want  in  monthly 
shipments  for  the  remainder  of  the  present  year? 
Youtb  veiy  truly. 




UQUIsDoap  specialties 

ilaxtm  Ctiemtcal  Company 

iflnmifactiiriiig.  Bmportinu  nub  exporting  €(]tmi2ts 

Eighth  Avenue.  1  20th  and  1  21st  Streets 

Mr.  Meadowcroft, 
Edison  Laboratories, 
Orange,  N.J. 

,-ai .) 

Dear  Sir: 

Confirming  our  conversation  by  'phone  this  afternoon, 

I  am  asking  you  to  kindly  give  us  a  quotation  on  500  tons  of 
Carbolic  Acid  (Crystals?  deliveries  to  commence  in  about  45/60  days 
at  the  rate  of  2  tons  per  day.  V/e  would  appreciate  this  if  you 
would  kindly  give  us  as  early  a  quotation  as  possible. 

Yours  very  respectfully, 


MSK/L.  Per 


T  ,  (**-*"*  *  I s  , 

****  u'i 

135  WILLIAM  pTREiET,  iikv.ikn.nhw 

April  20,  1915. 

Dear  Sir;-  / 

According  to  our  records,  we  have  only  received 
up  to  the  present  time  1200  lhs.  of  CARBOLIC  ACID  against 
contract  calling  for  100  lhs.  daily  beginning  March  15th. 

You  consequently  owe  ub  2000  pounds  at  the  present 
time  and  we  should  greatly  appreciate  delivery  of  this  quantity 
to  our  truck  when  it  makes  the  next  delivery  of  Formaldehyde 

Very  truly, yours, 







Ur.  VAn.H.  Ueadoworoft , 
%  Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange  ,  Ill. 

Dear  Sir: 

April  20,  1915.  . 

J)cxa |  °Lxio^^ 

oi  -Lw-  ^'cWvv-vt.  UJr 

oXtl^weK-AcU  cUwa^K^to  <fr  «» 

£Wv>  l4~t  RUvjc i.a^  O-'f 

I  have  a  request  from  your  Purchasing  Agent  that  I 
send  you  two  (2)  copies  of  our  pamphlets  on  benzol  recovery, 
which  I  am  doing  very  gladly  under  separate  cover. 

Will  you  please  call  to  Ur.  Edison's  attention  the 
fact  that  the  H.  Koppers  Company  are  constructing  for  the  In¬ 
land  Steel  Company  a  oomplete  benzol  plant  to  recover  4,000 
gallons  of  crude  benzol  per  day  and  to  work  up  into  pure  pro¬ 
ducts.  This  plant  was  contracted  for  on  or  about  the  20th 
day  of  Uarch  and  is  so  far  along  that  we  feel  confident  that 
we  will  have  same  in  full  operation  before  the  1st  of  June. 

I  am  drawing  this  to  his  attention,  because  he  had  an  idea 
that,  while  we  could  build  excellent  benzol  plants  which  would 
work,  and  give  excellent  grades  of  products,  that  speed  was 
not  one  of  our  strong  points.  There  is  little  red  tape  in  this 
organization  and  we  aan  get  out  work  as  fast  as  anybody  in  the 
United  States,  if  not  faster. 

My  idea  in  writing  you  this  at  this  time,  is  that  Ur. 
Edison  may  feel,  that  he  would  like  to  have  us  build  for  him 
a  benzol  plant  or  some  part  of  a  benzol  plant,  such  as  wash 
oil  stills,  pure  benzol  stills,  dephlegmatorB,  columns,  wash¬ 
ers;  If  so,  we  should  be  very  glad  to  assist  him. 

I  shall  be  in  Hew  York  in  the  near  future  and  if  Mr. 
Edison  would  like  to  discuss  this,  I  should  be  very  glad  to 
come  out  to  Orange  to  do  so.  I  recall  with  much  pleasure  the 
afternoon  I  spent  with  Mr.  Edison  and  yourself  some  months 
ago,  at  the  time  when  the  Cambria  plant  was  being  started,  and 
it  would  give  me  great  pleasure  to  see  you  both  again. 

Yours  very  truly. 



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W^-  *«“'M 

April  aoth,  1915. 

Hr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

In  reference  to  the  writer's  conversation  with 
you  of  to-day,  would  say  that  we  will  take  your  entire  pro¬ 
duction  of  Crystal  Carbolic  Acid,  prime  quality,  up  to  three 
thousand  tons  for  delivery  over  the  balance  of  this  year  at 
76-.,..  per  pound,  f.o.b.  Dew  fork;  drums  extra.  Terms,  cash 
on~i)elivery  and  we  will  furnish  you  with  either  bankers  re¬ 
ference  or  a  oaitvact  guaranteed  by  securities  satisfactory 

The  only  stipulation  that  v/e  would  make  beyond  a 
guarantee  by  you  that  the  quality  of  the  Carbolic  Acid  would 
be  prime,  is  that  you  give  us  assurance  of  the  specific  dates 
for  deliveries.  If  this  is  satisfactory  to  you,  please  pre¬ 
pare  contracts  and  advise  us  over  the  telephone  what  you  re¬ 
quire  us  to  do  in  the  matter  of  assuring  you  of  the  fulfill¬ 
ment  of  the  contract  on  our  part  and  we  will  execute  the  con¬ 
tract  to  your  satisfaction. 

Thanking  you  for  your  attention  and  awaiting  your 
earl;r  advice, v/e  are, 

Yours  very  truly, 


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Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  il.J. 

April  21,  1915. 

\  y/y  / 

j  yy 

i  following  in  a  tabulation  of  the  20 : 

Anllino  Building  Ho.l 

308.62  1.5128  .028544 

445.19  1573.44  2018.63  9.8953 
149.93  2212.85  2362.78  11.5823 

Alao  herewith  v 
during  the  erection  of  a. 

beta  of  photographs  taken 

•rdy  if  you  bo  d esire , 

Yours  very  truly, 


Enola . 

received  at  ^  ■  A ,  N  ST. 

48  NY  GC  3«o^nG£,  ^  • 
TORONTO  ONT  APL  21  1915 









April  21st,  1915. 

JEr,.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Vest  Orange,  3.  I. 

Dear  Sir:  Attention  of  Tfr.  Meadowcroft . 

The  writer  did  not  return  to  his  office  until  so 
late  tnis  afternoon  that  he  was  obliged  to  leave  immediate¬ 
ly  to  catch  a  train,  having  been  delayed  in  conferring  with 
his  banker .  Ve  have  about  decided  to  furnish  yo  u  with  s. 
security  com- any  bond  for  the  fulfillment  of  the  contract 
and  will  call  you  on  the  telephone  to-morrow  regarding  the  ^  j aiy-t-C'C 
amount  for  which  the  bond  should  be  drawn .  ...  'YAtcyU^^ 

-  I  trim 

Trusting  this  is  satisfactory  and  thanking 
for  your  attention,  we  are, 

tities  and  price. 

Our  plant  is  in  new  jersey  on  the  Jersey 

Central  Boad. 

Appreciating  an  early  reply,  we  are, 
yours  very  truly, 


“  “  3y 



59  -4-23-15 — Prim. 


George  H.  Bruce,  Pres. 

Samuel  Isermann,  Sec  &  Treas. 

Directors  are  the  officers 

— Mfrs. . . 

with  Arthur  Berger. 

520  Broadway. 

On  March  23,  1915  at  their  New  York  City  office,  the  president 
save  our  reporter  the  above  personal  details  and  states. -- 

"This  company  was  incorporated  about  two  weeks  ago  unne 
of  the  State  of  New  Jersey,  with  an  authorized  capi-al  x  »  -  > 

"all  paid  in  in  cash  and  patents.  The  company  does  not  ask  .or  any 
"credit.,  therefore  do  not  care  to  make  any  statement. 

This  company  was  it  is  understood  incorporated  recently  as 

Van  Dylc  &  Co.  importers  Essential  Oils,  4-8  Pl=-tt  s  •>“',•  *». 

and  4s  been  connected  with  that  concern  since  it  stert-u  : in  1SU4 
He  ,as  -,t  0n e  time  in  the  retail  drug  business  m  New  York  City  m 
which  he  was  unsuccessful,  and  later  was  with  the  »  Importing 
and  Chemical  Co.,  210  Broome  St., 'New  York  City.  An  estimate  Oxh 
company's  financial  responsibility  is  not  .obtained,  and  in  the  ab 
sence  of  details  from  them,  conservative  local  dealei  ,  intei viewe 
would  hold  to  cash  transactions. 

61—60 - - - Not - March  24,  1915. 

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99  John  ana  11-13  Cliff  Sts., 
Hew  York  4/22/15. 

Mr.  Ehomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  H.J. 

Referring  to  pleasant  interview  hod  with  you  and 
,  5+  ?  this  A  M  also  subsequent  phone  chat  had 

rs.y  s  ItfS? is- a  vjst  _ 

Sl;rit^?6°foS“ef “s  nisi.5  siS’iSs™ 

“r  =Sp=  "-««  *»■*••  *"»*“ 

to  Silver  lake,  N.J. 

In  accordance  with  this  ™'1erB*a^i,JMfn^?Bflithr°" 
...  order  #9896  for  35  tons  of  Aniline  Oil  with 

nrice  left  hla^  hut  reference  made  to  this  letter  ascoverirg 
?£at  point,  which  as  I  understand  it,  is  the  way  you  desire 
this  order  handled. 

As  soon  as  I  receive  official  confirming  Prder  fron 
the  Firestone  Co.,  showing  their  purchases  from  me  of  20  tons 
of  58(5  goods  at  50*  par  pound  and  35  tons  at  special  price 
me  of  27(5° sold  to  them  at  32  1/2*.  will  as  promiscdyourMx . 
Meadoworoft  submit  their  order  for  your  Perusal  to  J  ^£ythis 


instead  of  a  loss. 

Yours  very  respectfully, 
(signed)  Stanley  Doggett. 




Bought  20  tons  at  58/$ 

Sold  "  "  to  Firestone  at  50/$ 


He  sold  to  Firestone  35  tons  at  32  l/2f$ 
If  he  paid  us  29^  -  would  he 


This  would  reduce  his  loss  as  follows: 
loss  $3200.00 

Profit  2450.00 

Net  Loss  $  750.00 

§  3,200.00 

§  2,450.00 

If  we  let  him  the  35  tons  at  27.  it  would  change  his  loss  to  a 
profit,  as  follows. 

Sale  of  35  tons  to  Firestone  at  32  1/2  =  22,750.00 

If  he  paid  us  27/$  -  would  he  r  3r?jt.?.00.r.0.Q 

Profit  3,850.00 

Profit  $  3,850.00 
Deduct  loss  5.200.00 

on  whole  transaction. 

§  650.00  net  profit 



4^  irLti: 

■^u~  *'<rv 

3  Ame^ijlali  rights  of 
conJjSAt  with  ono 

,  tux- 

Art  associates  of  this  ofy 

recently  spent  four  months  in  Germany 
a  certain  artificial  silk  process  and,  wifi 

of  the  most  prominent  Gorman  chemists  connected  with  the  dye  i^sTTyt* 

This  chemist  has  expressed  his  willingness  to  come  to  the  United  States,  bring¬ 
ing  a  group  of  competent  assistants,  including  one  colorist,  one  chemical  engineer 
and  six  assistant  chemists,  to  establish  the  manufacture  of  dyes  in  this  country; 
the  salaries  of  those  nine  men  to  aggregate  not  over  $1,500  per  month.  The  . 

necessary  apparatus,  vats,  etc.,  will  ho  comparatively  inexpensive. 

Ehis  chemist  proposes  to  manufacture  t 

colors  at  fiFStfr^. 

e  following 


(2)  Sulphur  Dyes 

A  Sulphur  Black 
B  Sulphur  Blue 

and  to  gradually  add  other  coloro  as  circumstances  permit.  In  the  making 
of  these  colors  other  substances,  like  beta-napthol,  etc*  will  bo  manufactured. 

Ihin  chemist  boars  the  boot  posoiblo  reputation  and 
is  unqualifiedly  endorsed  by  the  consulting  chemist  of  the  loading  dyo  works  com¬ 
pany  in  Gormany. 

If  this  matter  interests  you  wo  would  be  Glad  to  furnish 

further  particulars. 

All  communications  shouli 


•.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

orange  ,11.  J. 

pounds  of  synthetic  phenoi  in  hereby  accepted,  and  a  contract  covering 
the  manufacture  and  deXivery  of  Phis  materiaX  will  be  prepared  in  thxs 
office  and  forwarded  to  you  for  signature  at  an  early  date. 

r f 



60  NY  GC  7  T 

JOHNSTOWN  PA  415PM  APL  23  1915 

ORANGE  NJ  '  ' 





Aa  i3/'r 

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r-^^V-O  <^£  iQ-o xt.^2- 

Haw  Yor,  April  25,  1915. 

v  _y  iD~  i  ■  *“1 

?homas">T-attirson  Company,  ,  Q&-&-&  ,L%U  J 

,°st  Orange,  H.  d.  k*  «**»  «*«- 

Oentlernen; -  ?  ^  ^  ^  ^  *  ^’"1 

;,e  have  a  client  represent ing  ^ja^ef  the  foreign, /So v§,rn-  J_  j 
C a  ja^-t  *kv  ul  •Ju7uL»'C«*t*nni!int* 
ments,  ’'.'ho  desires  to  contract  for  a  supply!  of  Phenol  ®r  CarljeM-c  * 
tljfc  Sfl'MTVC- 

Crystals.  ..o  would  appreciate  having  yEii-  advise  us  whei-her-yqu 

<"»  {.kflvT  Ct-.£S> 

or  your  associated  companies  e.yy  in  a  positi^p  td  offer ji.ny^o ^ ^this 
material,  if  so,  the  crice  and  approximate  deliveries  {and  terms  of*;'r 

snIe.  OLvMtZZZC"  *\  *  UsMf 

^  a.  C«ru,C*«ft&-C  tux 
5  ^ 

—•  A  1 

{LyZ/ffa/r  '•'.‘tfff't-jffM  ■  /fwidn. 



Wt/hf/iiW  , Vf/nt/zr. 


2,'?*vYuAt)fw.  Ym/w: 

■■/jYr  YrrY- _ Apr  il_33rd,  --AAL&.- 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  w»  Tse#  "M  ,  T*  K 

d  &  A*-\  %  co M 

•  0/\,>.A,t.k  ‘^wv’  .  ..-/  ,4 

Orange ,  New  Jersey*  ( 

Dear  Sir:--  cJ^v* 

X  am  exceedingly  sorry  you.tiat  we  rec^i^a 

cable  from  Japan  this  morning^ating  that  they  could  not  get 
an  order  for  20,000  poundtfof  Dyphelylamine  from  the  Japanese 
Army  because  of  the  late  deliveries.  1  have  troubled  you  so  much 
on  this  subject  and  after  you  have  accomplished  mating  it  ^ 
am  compelled  to  tell  you  that  we  cannot  get  any  business  eSg|  f 
from  Russia  or  Japan. 

X  hardly  know  how  to  return  the  courtesy  which  you  have 
extended  to  me  in  regard  to  this  matter,  but  simply  to  thank 
you  most  sincerely  for  your  kindness  in  treating  me  so  kindly. 

With  kind  personal  regards  and  respects,  I  am  (, 


(  ^3o0) 

Yours  very  truly. 





Dear  Ur.  Edison; 

of  April  22nd  with  reference 


The  working  up 

April  23,  1915. 

0 y,i tu. 

'‘Tin/o  htrr&y  %  MJ 

pleasure  your  letter 
and  benzol  matters. 

by-product »pl 

t  fiWl'V'Wa, 

e  benzols  vivith  pure  ana  puri¬ 
fied  products  is  one  that~hao  required  a  large  amount  of  research 
work  as  to  conditions  of  operation,  distillation,  velocity  and  siz¬ 
es  and  arrangement  of  apparatus.  Our  European  organization  did  not 
succeed  in  perfecting  this  apparatus  for  a  number  of  yoarspartcu- 
larly  for  the  production  of  lOO^products.  We  possess  the  knowledge 
to  build  apparatus  which  will  give  safe,  economical  and  satisfactory 
operation  and  produce  products  which  will  satisfy  the  most  rigid  com¬ 
mercial  requirements.  Should  you  desire  us  to  do  so,  we  can  furnisn 
you  with  such  apparatus  auickly  and  guarantee  its  satisfactory  per¬ 

I  believe  the  Badger  Still  is  one  which  is  satisfactory 
for  many  purposes,  but  1  believe  it  not  satisfactory  in  the  separat- 

i  of  chemical  substances  which  are  so  miscible  as  tne  benzol  homo 
e  vanor  tension  and  boiling  points  lie  so  closely  to- 
e  with  various  substances  which  have  many  of 
9  complex  in  their  struct- 

loguos  and  w 

gather,  mixed  as  they  a 
the  characteristics  of  benzols,  but  a 

"  I  regret  exceedingly  that  I  did  not  urge  you  more  forc¬ 

ibly  to  allow  us  to  furnish  the  stills,  agitators  and  dephlegmators, 
for  your  work. 

With  regard  to  the  coal,  which  has  been  sent,  as  ment¬ 
ioned  in  your  letter,  if  you  will  have  this  taw*  sent  to  H.  hoppers 
Company’s  laboratory,  Joliet,  Illinois,  1  will  taw  an 
made  and  will  be  able  to  tell  you  in  a  very  short  time  e^ctly  what 
could  be  done  with  this  coal  in  our  ovens,  including  th° 
duction,  the  character  of  the  coke,  the  amount  of  tar,  i ^  Xnti- 
plus  gas  with  and  without  gas  separation.  The  coal  should  bo  identi 
fied  by  markings  inside  and  outside  of  barrel. 

I  trust  that  when  I  call 
n  find  the  time  to  see  me. 

n  you  in  the  near  future,  that 


RECEIVED  AT  238  MAIN  s-r.  Tei-e*H®«e  'N 

3  ,  „Y  «  mORANOE.  N.  J.  ~ 

JOHNSTOWN  PA  11  20  AM  APL  24  9V _ \  \ 

:  ™°s  A  msm  0R*E  »J.  T*Ti- 


S5NH'.«B5fSS.i?  ?°«  S-rSo.W^'S  IPER  HOUR 


,-v.  Vrf- cts/p  ,,5PM 

II  Mr**”’  jr 

Toronto,  Canada.  Ayr 11  24th.  1915. 

Shonaa  A.  Edison  lab oratory. 

Please  order  two  Badger  stills  ,  one  . eight  weeks  delivery,  one  ten 
weeks. d  V/e  are  at  present  not  decided  about  paying  bonus  for  earlier 
delivery.  3±ap  l£=  garding  Hirzel  still,  can  you  make  it?r  If  so 
can  you  give  us  early  delivery.  Ue  can  only  get  it  built  in  Canada 
four  weeks  from  receipt  of  patterns,  which  are  free  of  duty.  V/e 
can  get  the  tubular  heaters,  etc.  here. 

J.  H. Plummer. 

Western  Union. 

April  24th.  1915. 

CASB  0  1 


Independent  Chemical  Company. 

Hr.  Edison  had  given  them  until  12  noon  to-day  to  close  their 
negotiations  with  him  for  four  thousand  (4,000)  pounds  of  Carbolic 
Acid  per  day.  At  five  minutes  past  11  Mr.  King  called  me  up  and 
said  that  they  had  made  all  arrangements  for  their  hond  and  were 
all  ready  to  close  up,  "but  needed  a  signature  to  the  order  from  their 
customer,  which  was  a  hig  corporation  and  the  President  was  in  Phila¬ 
delphia  to-day.  He  said  that  we  could  call  up  Mr.  David  Taylor,  vice 
president  of  the  Coal  &  Iron  National  Bank,  Hew  York,  and  confirm 
the  fact  that  a  bond  of  three  hundred  thousand  dollars  (5300,000)  had 
been  arranged  for. 

I  called  up  Mr.  Taylor  and  he  told  me  that  Mr.  King  bad  explained 
to  him  the  whole  transaction,  and  that  he,  Mr.  Taylor,  knew  Mr.  King  s 
customer  for  the  Carbolic,  and  that  it  was  a  substantial  and  respons¬ 
ible  corporation.  He  said  that  Mr.  King's  contract  with  them  was  di¬ 
rect  and  there  were  no  middle  man.  He  said  that  he  also  understood 
that  the  contract  was  ready  for  signature  but  probably  could  not  de¬ 
cide  to-day  owing  to  the  absence  in  Philadelphia  of  the  President  of 
the  Company. 

Mr.  Taylor  said  that  be  himself  had  seen  the  Fidelity  Surety  & 
Deposit  Company  of  Maryland  yesterday  and  they  had  signified  to  him 
their  willingness  to  give  the  bond  for  three  hundred  thousand  collars 
(('300,000).  Mr.  Taylor  said  that  this  Company  had  also  guaranteed 
the  Canadian  Car  &  Foundry  Company  c-  'hv,‘!  p” nH  1 1 

i  one  of  the  P.ussian  contracts. 

Mr.  Taylor  also  said  that  he  regarded  the  King  transaction  as 
a  bona-fided  transaction  end  he  had  no  doubt  that  it  would  go  through 
all  right. 

Tie  Coal  &  Iron  National  Bank  is  rated  in  Dunn  and  Bradstreet's 
as  having  a  paid  up  capital  of  six  hundred  thousand  dollars  (5600,000) 
and  a  surplus  of  six  hundred  thousand  dollars  ((600,000) . 

I  called  up  Mr.  King  a  few  minutes  later,  who  said  that  he  was 
all  ready  to  close  the  matter  and  only  waiting  for  the  President  of 
his  customer  to  sign  or  authorise  the  signing  of  the  purchase  order. 

He  said  he  might  come  out  this  afternoon,  in  which  case  he  would  tele¬ 
phone  me,  but  he  might  be  obliged  to  wait  until  Monday  morning,  when 
the  President  of  the  buying  concern  would  be  in  lew  York. 

April  26th. 

Mr.  S.  Cakaki , 

#  Mitsui  &  Company, 

26  Madison  Avenue , 

IJew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

t  an  In  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
23rd  instant  in  regard  to  Diphenyl amine ,  and  re¬ 
gret  to  learn  that  after  all  your  trouble  you 
have  he  en  unahle  to  obtain  the  order  from  the 
Japanese  Army. 

The  war  is  not  over  yet.  Both  the 
Japanese  and  Russian  C-overnments  may  want  it  later 
on,  aid  I  shall  he  ready  iif  another  order  s|ould 
come  along.  So,  after  all,  1  have  no  regrets  in 
regard  to  making  the  experiment. 

Yours  very  truly. 

April  26th.  1915. 

B.  3.  Badger  &  Sons  Company, 

63  -  75  PittB  Street , 

Boston,  Hass. 


Referring  to  your  Proposal  #969,  for  the  second  Carbolic 
Stm,  we  have  oompared  It  with  the  proposal  for  the  firBt  Still  of 
this  kind,  and  find  that  under  the  head  of  Receiving  Tank  you  have 
left  out  two  important  items,  which  you  will  find  written  in  pencil 
on  page  two  of  the  Proposal. 

In  the  Proposal  for  the  first  Carbolic  Still  you  agreed 
to  furnish  an  operator  at  eight  dollars  ($8)  per  day  and  expenses, 
and  this  should  be  definitely  stated  in  the  present  case.  Of  course, 
we  understand  the  difference  in  prioe ,  as  the  extra  three  hundred 
was  to.  pay  for  overwork  on  additional  speeding  up  of  delivery. 

It  is  only  fair  to  say  that  Hr.  Edison  was  rather  disturbed 
in  mind  to  find  that  these  important  omissions  in  regard  to  the  Re¬ 
oeiving  Tank  were  made  without  calling  Ms  notioe  to  the  change. 

7111  you  pleaBe  send  us  corrected  Proposal,  and  return 
the  copy  of  the  old  one  containing  the  pencil  notations. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

April  26th.  1915. 

Manufacturer a  Commercial  Company, 

299  Broadway, 

Hew  Yorh  City. 


to  ,«  f«r«r  of  the  2Md  let  " 

w  that  v  second  C.rholl.  Plant  m  =0*  Into  oper.tlon.toat 
tf  last  part  of  air.  Its  oaracltyulll  he  si*  ‘>”»»»»  (6-000' 
sound.  daily.  On,  thou.eud  (1.000)  *—»  •*  *«»  te“  l“,‘  °“11- 
;.m  sell  four  thotuand  (4.000)  ponnds  of  this  tolly  o.yaolty 
„  .  1Be  contract,  prorlded  a«  totsttotia  B—f  -11  “ 
-men  that  the  tayer  Kill  cany  out  tfc  oontraot. 

!ttr,  are  four  other  parties  At  «*  ««»<*'  “ 
a  contract,  the  price  to  .erenty-.lx  and  one-tall  cent.  (16  I/O 
cents)  ner  pound,  spot  cosh.  F.  0.  B.  surer  Me. 

tamer,  extra.  Ihle  Phenol  1.  synthetic.  It.  p"“*  “ 

T4.  4.  intended  for  picric  Acid. 
40  to  41  and  It  to  A1  to  VMO&J-  »  10  lnten 
Yours  veiy  truly. 

April  26th.  1915. 

The  Chemical  Company  of  America,  Inc., 

320  Broadway, 

Hew  Tori:  City. 


Be  plying  to  yo nr  favor  of  the 
21st  instant,  let  me  say  that  T  am  just 
about  to  close  negotiations  for  contract 
on  entire  out  put  of  my  Carbolic  Acid  Plant, 
and  therefore  am  not  in  position  to  quote 
you  on  the  quantity  named. 

Yours  very  truly. 


,  _ 

LJ  yu/,y/r,,7  '7^m  //"</'>»  ?/,}««»■■ 

?;j-  ///f/riw  -t/tr/wr; 

..  April  36th'  m  ' 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  /  C(  j 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  H.  J.  [ 

Dear  Sir : —  v- - 

Replying  to  your  letter  of  the  33nd  last,  about  the 
Nobel  Specification  on  Toluol,  we  beg  to  advise  we 
already  have  done  over  the  ‘phone  to  Mr.  Meadowcroft,  that 
j.  P.  Morgan  &  Company  received  a  cable  from  the  British 
War  Office  stating  that  they  wanted  to  contract  for  six 
months  only  and  not  for  one  year  as  we  insisted.  I  re¬ 
member  that  your  personal  opinion  was  in  favor  of  selling 
the  first  six  months  to  Morgan  &  Company  at  Two  Dollars 
(§3.00)  per  gallon.  But,  since  then  I  have  ascertained 
through  our  Representatives  at  Petrograd,  that  the  Russian 
Government  was  willing  to  contract  for  one  years  supply 
and  now  I  expect  to  close  the  deal  with  our  Petrograd  Branch 
by  the  end  of  this  weefc. 

Very  truly  yours. 

April  27,  1915. 

Maxim  Chemical  Company 
Oth  Ave.  and  120th  Street 
Hew  York  City. 


I  am  in  receipt  of  your  fayor  of  the 
20th  inBt.,  and  hog  to  say  that  I  am  negotiating 
with  other  parties  for  my  entire  output  of 
carbolic  acid  crystals  and  cannot  make  any 
quotations  for  a  few  days. 

We  have  turned  down  several  parties 
because  they  failed  to  give  a  satisfactory  bond 
that  the  carbolic  acid  would  be  accepted  and 
paid  for  over  the  whole  period  of  the  country, 
if  we  don’t  oomplete  our  present  negotiations 
and  give  you  an  opportunity  later  on,  I  would 
protect  you  on  commission  if  you  disclosed  your 
principal,  providing  of  course,  a  sale  were 
made  through  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 

April  27th.  1915, 

The  Hoyden  Chemical  Works , 
135  William  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 


I  must  ask  you  to  kindly  e souse  the  delay  in  ack¬ 
nowledging  the  confirmation  of  your  purchase  from  me  of  one 
thousand  (1,000)  pounds  Carbolic  Acid  crystals  per  day,  de¬ 
liveries  beginning  on  or  about  May  15th  and  continuing  until 
peace  has  been  deolared  between  Germany  and  the  Allies,  at 
the  price  of  fifty  cents  (50  cents)  per  pound,  F.  0.  B.  our 
works,  in  our  containers  which  are  to  be  charged  and  credited 
on  return  in  good  condition  w  ithin  90  days  after  date  of  origi.. 
inal  shipment. 

Terms:  30  days  net  or  1%  cash  ten  days. 

I  would  say  that  this  is  in  accordance  with  my  under¬ 
standing  in  a  personal  interview  with  your  Mr.  Simon.  I  wish 
to  repeat  however,  what  I  then  told  him  that  there  may  be  a  few 
days  delay  in  the  first  deliveries,  which  might  arise  through 
the  failure  of  contractors  to  deliver  machinery  for  the  plant 
on  time. 

I  regret  very  much  to  say  that  I  am  afraid  we  shall  not 
be  able  to  spare  another  drum  of  Carbolic  for  you  to-morrow  ,  as 
we  have  only  a  small  quantity  on  hand.  There  is  some  Benzol  due 
to  arrive  here  at  any  moment,  and  it  is  the  lack  of  this  that  has 
made  us  short.  I  shall  hope  to  get  out  a  drum  for  you  this  week, 
and  if  so  will  telephone  so  that  you  can  have  your  truck  call  for 

Yours  very  truly, 

(signed)  Thos.  A.  EdiBon. 

April  27th.  1916. 

Richmond  Hob  ie  xy  Mills  , 

Rossville ,  Ga. 


Your  favor  of  the  20th  Instant  was  received  ana  handed 
to  Mr.  Edison.  He  requests  me  to  say  in  reply  that  he  has  teen 
taking  orders  for  Aniline  Salt  ana  Aniline  Oil,  tut  he  is  so  close¬ 
ly  sold  up  that  he  fears  to  take  any  more  orders  until  he  is  assur¬ 
ed  of  an  ample  supply  of  Bensol. 

Mr.  Edison  could  not  sell  .in  lots  anyway,  as  all  his 
contracts  run  for  equal  monthly  deliveries  either  to  the  end  of 
the  year  at  forty-five  (46)  cents  or  for  one  year  at  thirty  (30) 
oents  per  pound.  He  will  let  you  know  later  what  he  can  do.  How 
much  would  you  want  per  month  either  to  the  end  of  the  year  or  for 
one  year. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Bdison. 

CVKTO?.  LO'I'S  Ktslfr^ 


April  27,  1915 
Johnstown,  Pa. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

"’cot  Orange,  E.  J. 

Boar  Sirj- 

I  wish  to  submit  tho  following  report,  as  well  as  tho 
accompanying  recommendations, on  tho  Edison  Benzol  Plant  at  tho  Cambria 
Btool  Company’s  Works  hero. 

1.  from  several  intermittent  runs  2500  gallons  of 
light  oil  wore  oollootod  and  diotillod  in  the  No.  1  Badger  still. 

The  laboratory  test  showed  49$  of  90$  bonzol  obtainable.  About  1300 
gallons  or  52$  wore  actually  made.  This  was  washod  in  the  manr.or  to 
be  desoribod,  wits  a  6$  ton  on  washing  and  redistilled  from  No.  2 
Badgor.  Tho  ohargo  lias  so  far  yielded  200  gale,  of  hoad  ^00  gallons 
of  100$  Bonsol  and  ts^iS^l^TiKd^^^About  200  gallons  of  90$  benzol 
are  also  ready  and  all  will  be  shipped  Thursday. 

(2).  Hooonniondations. 

A.  Absorption. 

1.  At  tho  preoont  time  tho  plant  is  producing  light 
oil  at  tho  rato  of  a  1000  galo.  per  24  hours,  with  tho  blower  running 
at  130  R.P.H.  That  is,  with  a  handling  of  about  10,250,000  Cubio  feet 
of  Gas.  She  gas,  which  is  made  from  a  mixture  of  2$  gas  coal  with 
8$  Johnotown  coal,  tho  mixture  tooting  21$  volatile  mattor,  tosto 
1.6  to  1.7  gals,  of  light  oil  por  ton  of  coal  or  per  12,000  Cubio  feet 
of  gao,  10  l/4  million  Cubio  feet  roproBent  854  tons  of  coal  mixture, 
or  1400  galo.  of  light  oil.  1000  gale.  1b  about  71  l/2  of  1400.  The 
plant  is  extracting,  therefore,  only  71  to  72$  of  tho  light  oils  in 



tho  gas*  It  Is  claimed  that  in  most  plants,  operating  with  tar  oils, 
an  extraction  oi  95  to  98/4  is  obtained.  It  Idle  not  boon  possible  to 
run  the  blower  more  than  130  B.P.H.  continuously. 

(2)  Our  spent  oil  yiolds  about  1$  by  volumes  of  light 
oil  on  distillation,  up  to  150°  C.  The  light  oil  so  obtained  oontains, 
howovor,  very  little  benzol*  It  appears  to  be  Solvent  ITaphtba, 
because  7C/J  of  it  distills  botween  130  and  175°  C.  No  data  is  at 
prosont  available  which  says  whothor  this  is  detrimental  to  the  absorbing 
power  of  the  oil  or  not.  The  distillation  of  the  light  oil,  from  the 
absorbing  oil  is  oarried  out  up  to  150°  C.,  because  this  is  tha  mothod 
used  to  estimate  tho  amount  of  light  oil  in  the  gas,  and  because  it 
moot  nearly  imitates  the  result  obtained  in  the  column  stills.  Our 
saturated  oil  oontains  5  l/ of  oils  boiling  under  150  to  16C P  .  Tho 
oil  is  taking  5  l/2  loss  1  or  4  1/2,4  of  ita  own  volume  of  oil3  from 

the  gas.  This  4  1/2$  of  light  oil  yiolds  on  distillation  in  tho 
laboratory  only  l/4  of  its  volume  of  oils  boiling  below  12CP  C  that 
is  benzol  and  toluol.  It  appears  that  tho  gas  contains  a  greater 
proportion  of  Solvent  Naphtha  than  Benzol. 

(3)  1  would  rocommend  tint  tho  oil  bo  dlstilldd  with 
steam  from  tho  light  oil  aolumn,  about  onco  every  month  by  raising  the 
temperature  in  the  columns  to  16CP  C. 

(4)  The  oil  roturnlng  to  tho  absorbors,  is  not  always 
kept  oold.'  Tho  mon  judge  too  much  by  putting  thoir  hands  on  tho 
cooling  tankB  instead  of  into  tho  discharged  cooling  water  and  instead 
of  watching  tho  oil  thermometer; perhaps,  a  hotter  cooling  might 

be  obtained  by  having  tho  wator  run  from  tho  last  tank  through  to 
the  first  and  thon  out.  Tho  water  should  circulate,  of  course, 
against  tho  oil,  hut  there  should  ho  but  one  wator  system. 

night  bo  obtained  In  this  manner,  which  would  not 

1  has  boon  diluted  with  straw  oil,  gives  loo 

trouble  from  the  deposition  of  Kaphthaline.  Bsually  a  good  absorbing 
oil  should  distill  mb  between  2O0P  0  and  30CP  C.  Ours  distills 

It  nieJit  be  found  advisoblo  to  run  tho  first 
straw  oil  to  remove  tho  bulk  of  the  light  oil  from  tho  ga 
a  third  absorber  on  taroil  to  exhaust  tho  gao. 

B.  Light  Oil  Column.  (Hirzol  Apparatus). 
1.  no.  I*  Column  is  running  with  the  steam 

Le  bottom  and  the  bells  rail 

oh.  Ho.  2.  Column  is  running  with 

tho  bells  raised  l/2  inch,  and  tho  steam  inlet  placed  in  the  third  tray. 

1  think  without  doubt,  1 

t  the  live  steam  inlet  he  placed  in  the  first  tray,  and  that  tho  boll 


tie  loworod  l/2"  on  Ho,  X,  Column. 

Plaoing  tho  otoam  inlot  in  tho  first  tray,  provonts  tho  stoam 
from  rifling  in  the  pipos  that  carry  the  oil  down  from  tray  to 
tray.  Haloing  tho  holla  too  high,  is  apt  to  allow  tho  stoam  to  run 
through  tho  column  without  thoroughly  dobenzolizlng  tho  oil.  I 
holiovo  that  tho  stoam  should  ho  thrown  down  into  tho  surface  of 
tho  oil,  aid  that  tho  surfaao  of  tho  oil  should  ho  constantly  blown 
upon  by  tho  stoam.  Shis  d lows  a  partial  stoam  distillation  to 
assist  in  tho  work  of  exhausting  tho  oil,  without  ca  sing  tho  foaming 
which  blowing  tho  stoam  through  tho  oil  causes. 

(2) .  I  would  rooomnond  enlarging  tho  dir.ohargo  pipo  i; 

which  oarrios  the  oil  from  tho  column  (Tho  Cssrlbria  people  havo  a  V L 

cooler.  In  this  way  the  oil  night  bo  prevented  from  becking  up  in 
the.  no  lumps  and  by  mains  of  the  valve,  from  running  through  tho 
columns  too  rapidly. 

(3)  The  spent  oil  from  each  column  should  be  tostod 
often  and  soparatoly,  not  only  to  detormlno  tho  poroont  ouhauation,  but 
also  tho  working  of  oach  column. 


By  diotllllne  two  gallons  in/ooppor  still,  which  X  had 
sont  from  West  Orango,  up  to  150°0.,  tho  amount  of  light  oil  oonstltuonts 
still  romaining  unoxtraoted,  may  be  dotormined.  During  tho  next  month 
this  should  ho  done  once  a  day. 

(4)  Tlie  light  oil  is  not  entiroly  condensed  in  tho 
oondonsor,  and  I  otrongly  recommend  the  plaolng  of  a  10  gallon  tank  with 
watornpray  oondonaor  on  tho  bent  pipe.  Tho  lose  hero  io  oapoo tally 
hurtfull,  beoauso  it  io  Benzol,  not  light  oil. 

loakago  through  tho  gaskets  in  the  columns,  should  be 

stopped,  if  possible,  by  repacking,  if  nooossary  by  shortening  the  tie 
rods*  By  lagging  the  columns  with  insulating  material,  I  boliove  it  would 
be  easier  to  keep  them  at  115°C. 

They  are  too  subjeots  to  variation  at  present,  and  there  is 
unquestionably  a  tremendous  loss  of  hoat. 

C.  distillation  of  the  Light  Oil 

(1)  Although  it  is  possible  to  run  the  stills  as  they  are 
erected,  I  believe  that  the  dephlegmators  aro  not  advantageously  conneoted 

ity  exporienso  is  that  the  water  to  cool  tho  dephlegmators? 
should  be  taken  from  a  separate  small  lino  and  that  tho  cooling  vvator  for 
tho  condenser  should  be  separate  from  that  for  tho  dephlogmator.  In 
addition  to  this,  there  is  a  by  pass  and  valve  by  means  of  which  it  is 
possible  to  throw  back  part  or  all  of  tho  condensed  distillate  from  the 
condenser  into  tho  column.  The  Badger  people’s  instructions  were  that  the 
still  should  be  driven  at  tho  rate  of  75  gallons  per  hour,  and  that  the  dis¬ 
tillate  should  bo  choked  back  by  tho  valve,  so  that  l/3  or  l/2  of  it  runs 
back  into  tho  columns.  I  think  this  is  wrong.  Tho  still  should  be  so 
run  that  the  dephlegmator  does  all  tho  dephlegmating.  If  while  distilling 
90$  Benzol  to  make  100$,  the  still  is  pushed  to  75  gallons  per  hour  and 
the  distillate  iB  about  95$  pure,  running  l/z  of  it  baok  into  tho  column, 
does  not  purify  the  other  half  that  runs  into  tho  Btool  barrols. 

As  the  men  were  instructed  to  run  tho  still,  they  wore 
making  heads  from  90$  Benzol  which  contained  75$  Benzol  by  test.  X  changed 
and  mado  the  dephlegmator  do  all  the  dophlegmatlng,  and  ran  the  still  at 
tho  rato  of  60  gallons  por  hour  and  made  heads  containing  only  5  to  10$  of 
Benzol  by  test.  In  addition  to  this,  as  explained  before,  I  believe 
that  the  dephlegmators  should  receive  the  vapors  from  the  column  at  the 
bottom  and  discharge  them  at  tho  top.  They  are  Installed  In  tho  reverse 

-  6  - 

If  80,  / 

manner.  Perhaps,  the  Badger  people  have  a  good  roaBon  for  thin, 

I  should  like  to  hoar  from  them. 

(2)  While  distilling  light  oil  from  Ho.  I  Badger,  the  Bplit 
from  Benzol  to  Toluol  should  ho  made  wlion  the  thormometer  in  the  vaper  pipe 
from  the  dephlegmator  reads  75°0.  Ho  llvo  Btoan  should  ho  unod  v.'hilo  making 
90 'f,  Benzol.  In  making  Toluol  it  is  necosBary  to  uno  live  stoam.  This 

should  be  avoided  if  possible.  If  lagging  were  placed  on  the  still  and  on 
tho  column  this  uoo  of  stoam  might  be  dispensed  with.  Unfortunatoly 

the  windows  for  ventilation  are  placed  on  two  sides  of  tho  column  and  the 

wind/exerts  a  disturbing  effect.  The  steam  pre3suro  is  very  variable 
and  although  its  effect  is  negligible  in  tho  diatillation  of  90>  Benzol 
from  light  oil,  because  the  largo  volume  of  solvent  naptha  in  the  still 
acts  as  a  heat  resorvoir,  it  seriously  influences  the  distillation  of  pure 
Benzol  near  tho  end  of  the  distillation.  By  koeping  a  olose  watch  on  the 
steam  pressure  and  by  regulating  the  steam  value  accordingly  I  was  ablo 
all  last  night  to  keep  tho  teroporaturo  constant,  but  it  requires  constant 


(3)  I  notice  that  the  exhaust  steam  Srom  both  Badgers  are 
connected  together  and  that  they  run  through  the  same  trap.  I  think 
aenarato  exhausts  would  bo  better  ao  a  change  on  one  still  influonoos  the 
working  of  tho  other. 

D  -  Washing 

(1)  Instead  of  adding  the  5  or  CJo  by  volurao  of  acid  at  onoo, 
and  draining  onoe  it  is  much  better  to  add  only  2;c  by  volume  and  to  work 
3  times,  draining  all  the  sludge  each  time.  In  this  manner  tho  fresh  acid  is 
not  diluted  with  sludge.  Tho  sludge  disohargo  pipo  might  better  bo  placed 
so  as  to  discharge  tho  aoid  with  tho  running  water  instead  of  into  the  ground 
near  the  concrete  foundation.  When  the  3'd  sludge  runB  thin,  the  washing 
Is  complete.  I  would  strongly  recommend,  however,  that  every  onoe  in  a 

*  _  7  - 

while  the  washing  to  tested  by  talcing  a  sasslo  of  the  washed  benzol  Into 
tha  laboratory,  distilling  It  and  seeing  whether  the  die  tula  to  BtandB  the 
acid  test.  If  not,  wash  again. 

(2)  The  best  and  safest  way  to  handle  the  soda  is  to  crack 
it  up  with  a  hammer  while  the  iron  drum  is  still  intaot,  then  to  cut  the 
iron  off  and  place  the  entire  soda  in  a  tank  with  wator  and  dissolve  it  at 
one  time. 

(3)  a  wide  mouth  1  gallon  bottle  full  of  noatsfoot  oil  and 
lime  water  mixed  is  advisable  for  first  aid  to  aoid  burns. 

(4)  The  loss  on  washing,  measured  by  decrease  of  volumo  in  the 
v.ashor  should  bo  recorded  regularly. 

E  -  Distillation  of  Pure  Bonzol, 

As  mentioned  already  the  control  should  be  with  the 
dovUlegmator  and  not  by  dividing  the  distillate  mechanically,  laboratory 
samples  should  bo  drawn  every  hour  or  two  hours  and  tho  aoparatdon  of  heads 
and  pure  benzol  made  in  accordance  with  tha  results  of  these  tests.  It  haB 
boon  impossible  to  avoid  the  presence  of  a  small  amount  of  water  In  the 
pure  benzol.  Unless  this  is  due  to  a  leak?  coil  I  would  suggest  that  the 
hanging  up  of  2  stool  barrels  ao  receivers,  and,  aftor  filling  one  to  fM 
the  second.  Burlne  tha  time  tho  eooond  is  filling  the  first  has  time  to 
settle  and  be  drained.  in  this  way  we  can  avoid  the  presence  of  any  water 
in  our  10$  Benzol  barrels^ 

P  -  General  method  of  handling  fractions! 

Tho  distillation  should  bo  carried  out  in  aooordanoe  with 
tho  following  scheme: 

(soo  following  page) 

-  8  - 


In  this  mannor  only  four  different  products  are  made. 

Tills  ol‘  course  ia  veil  understood,  by  Hr.  Mason,  and  I  merely 
mention  it  for  tho  aako  of  complotneBS. 

(&  -  Teats  and  Hscords 

Especially  during  the  early  stages,  I  vory  oarneatly 
recommend  that  oanplete  data  be  reoorded  oontinuouBly  on  the  following  points « 

(1)  Temperature  of  gas  as  we  receive  it  and  aB  we  discharge 
it-  A  wooden  shelter  Bhonld  bo  provided  for  the  thermometer  in  tho  lattor  case 
to  avoid  the  effect  of  the  sun  on  the  reading. 

(2)  The  tomperature  of  tho  oil  from  and  to  tho  absorbers* 

(3)  The  volume  of  oil  per  hour  on  eaoh  absorber. 

It  las  not  been  possible  to  rai^the  volume  of  oil  oiroulating 
above  2230  gallons  por  hour  beoauso  the  oil  bac3c3  up  in  tho  columns.  This 
means  that  tho  discharge  pipes  from  tho  columns  are  too  smell.  Tho  Cambria 
people  use  X  6"  pipe,  we  have  2”  and  we  run  ours  together.  The  pumps  are 

large  enough  to  oiroulato  from  3000  to  3500  gal.  per  hour  but  the  oolumns  will 

v1  n  f-  . 


not  Stand  as  arranged  at  proaont. 

The  first  three  data  ahould  ho  dotorminod  say  at  8  A.U. , 

2  F.H.,  8  P.M.,  and  ?■  A.U.  and  simultaneously 

(4)  The  volcano  of  gae  handled  ovory  24  hour  a,  hy  on  hourly 
record  of  the  R.P.1S.  of  the  blowor  and  of  tho  otoppage. 

(6)  Coinciding  with  34  a  daily  record  of  tho  output  in 
light  oil  dotorminod  onoo  every  shift  by  measurement  in  tho  storage  tank. 

(6)  Tho  spent  gas  should  he  tooted  twice  wookly  and  tho 
rich  gae  onoo  weekly  hy  passing  100  ouhio  foot  through  about  l/2  gallon  of 
straw  oil  in  four  absorbing  bottlon,  talcing  caro  to  place  tho  bottloo  in  a 
pan  of  water  to  keep  them  cool.  Tho  oil  is  then  to  bo  distilled,  oolloeting 
all  up  to  175°C. 

(7)  The  spent  oil  from  each  column  still  should  be  tooted 
daily  by  distilling  4000  and  collecting  all  tip  to  175°C.  This  will  show  tho 
working  of  each  column  still.  Tho  saturated  oil  should  bo  tested  S  times 

a  we  ok  in  tho  same  moaner. 

(6)  An  inventory  ol‘  the  oil  ahould  bo  taken  wookly  at  least, 
to  prevent  too  great  a  lose  ooouring  unnotiaed.  Somo  oil  is  carried  away  by 
tho  gas  and  a  trap  on  tho  spent  gas  pipe  would  bo  desirablo.  Considerable 
oil  might  bo  loot  whan  tlio  boater  gives  wey  by  oil  running  into  tho  oahaust 
a team  line  and  into  tha  sewer. 

Yours  truly 


Johnstown  Plant. 



Have  Uephlegmator  water  separate  d  from 

sondenBing  water. 

on  second  still. 

4  Ts  to  try  corking  Hirzel  Still  with  Asbestos  wool  and  lime  .  If 
this  la  Lt  good  get  lead  corking  wool,  and  cork  with  lead. 

5.  -  After  Its  certain  It  does  not  leak,  rat  nett tag-aronnd  and  plaster 

with  asheBtos  lagging  cement. 

know  his  valve  Is  not  choked  hy  dirt.  . 

,  t.  .*«*  ss  «*»» 

towers  to  prevent  any  dirt  ge  5  aoctllnnxate  at  the  bottom  of  each 
Bitted  to  go  to  Hirzel  still  It  will  aocnmw.ave  ^  dr0p  the  0il 
oil  tube  between  the^Benzol  out.  These  screens  will 

a.  *».  ^  i” 

SSSfeTAr- “ 


i;wr.^s  si  a 


Ions  thru. 


sure^and  making  tank  leak. 

ftB  '^*St“  “ A  5  '.dfe' 

the  next  washing. 

*ay  _  dished  bottom  tank  preferable  - 
...  R  •» 


— 2«» 

14.  Mason  to  get  young  man  at  onoe  worked  in  our  laboratory  Cement 
Co.  to  test  at  Cambria  to  oome  to  Orange  for  instruction. 

15.  Hirzel's  to  have  big  bell  raised  one  half  inch. 

16.  .  lag  the  tattle  part  of  Badger  Stills  to  render  it  possible  to  make 

17.  Put  separate  traps  on  Badger  and  Hirsels. 

18.  In  washing  the  90$  be  sure  and  test  the  Benzol,  Toluol  etc.,  to 

see  it  will  be  pure  when  distilled  bo  ob  to  meet  the  Bobel  Specifications 
for  Toluol.  If  we  fail  to  waBh  it  well  enougi,  all  our  Toluol  would 
have  to  be  redistilled  which  causes  expense  and  delay  which  would  be  pre¬ 
vented  by  being  careful  in  washing. 

After  washing, a  sample  should  be  taken  to  laboratory .distilled  and  tested, 
if  0.  K.  we  will  be  sure  the  Benzol  or  Toluol  will  pass  specifications. 

19.  Cut  out  of  King's  report  the  distilling  scheme. 

20.  We  must  get  the  Badger  Still  so  that  it  is  unnecessary  to  use  live 
steam  to  distill  the  Toluol,  it  is  impossible  to  get  proper  quality  that 
will  pass  the  specifications  if  live  steam  isused.  We  hope  to  do  away 
of  necessity  of  using  live  steam,  1st  by  lagging  kettle  ana  2nd  by  using 
120  lbs.  pressure  of  steam. 

22.  Have  books  and  keep  temperatures  of  gas  coming  in  the  plant  every 
hour.  Temperature  of  oil  to  and  from  the  absorbers  every  3/2  hour.  Bote 
and  record  Bpeed  of  oil  ptaps  every  1/2  hour,  this  will  give  ub  oheok  on 
oil  going  to  absorberB.  Hourly  record  of  the  Bpeed  RPM.  of  blower.  Bote 
tjuoe  of  stoppage •  Measure  at  end  of  each  shift,  the  amount  of  oil 
made  ty  Hirzel  Stills.  Rig  up  train  of  absorbing  bottle  and  twice  weekly 
paBS  about  100  cubic  feet  of  spent  gas  from  absorbers  after  oils  out. 

Use  about  1?2  gallon  absorbing  oil.  Oil  fresh  never  used..  Then  take  the 
absorbing  oil  to  Laboratory  and  determine  amount  unabsorbed  oil  we  failed 
to  get.  DIB till  the  oil  at  175C.  _  ' 

Wild?  gas  is  passing,  keep  the  oil  around  the  4  absorbing  bottles  sur¬ 
rounded  with  very  oold  water.  _  _  .  . 

DAILY.  Test  the  eve nt  oil  going  from  Hirzel  to  coolers.  Use  4,000  cubic 
Centimeters  and  Een^erature  of  176C,  this  will  show  the  working  of  the 
Hirzel  ,oolunm. 


Che  Saturated  oil  from  absorbers  should  he  tested  in  the  same  manner 
hut  only  3  times  per  week  Bhould  this  test  he  made. 

23.  You  should  let  water  run  town  the  outside  of ^ ° ^  ^  i® if 
if  it  is  feasible  when  summer  sun  is  hot  as  we  will  lose  our  nen^ox  n 
it  exits  gases  go  much  above  cooling  water  temperature . 


Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  want  to  thank  you  for  the  time 
and  suggestions  you  gave  our  Mr.  Adams  on  the 
Aniline  Oil  situation  and  can  assure  you  X  appre¬ 
ciate  it  very  much. 

I  also  appreciate  the  invitation 
to  come  and  talk  to  you.  I  have  wanted  to  have 
that  pleasure  for  a  long  time,  and^the  first  op¬ 
portunity  I  have  which  will  be  convenient  to  you 
will  come  and  see  you. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

East  Orange,  N.J. 
April  27th,  1915 


F.  EDMANDS  &  CO. 


70  Kilby  Street 


April  27,  1M5. 

Mr.  Thom*)  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  E.  ,T.  / 

Dear  3irj»*  v 

'79  0X9  the  buying  broker^fTf^che  Pacific  'Tills,'  Lawrence, 
Massf t  the  Hamilton  !Jtfg.  Co. ,  Lovell,  Mass,  and  the  Bates  Manufacturing 
Co, ,  Lewiston,  Maine,  reaeivihg  as  our  sole  compensation  1''  brokerage 
f vcd the  sellers. 

Writer,  Mr,  Higginsan,  has  jU3t  returned  from  a  short  vaca¬ 
tion  and  li r.  Aid en  mentions!  to  us  yesterday  receipt  of  your  letter  to 
the  Pacific  Mills  of  April  loth.  Mr.  Alden  and  Mr,  Higginnon  were  in 
Sew  York  on  April  Sth,  9th  and  loth;  Mr.  jfigcinson  was  there  again  on 
the  20th  and  Should  have  been  exceedingly  glad  to  have  wet  your  Mr. 
Mullally.  We  desire  to  ask  if  lir.  Mullally  is  likely  to  be  in  Boston.  - 
in  the  near  future? 

Yours  truly. 


'•vu.frrfc.  (5-i^efxrtA 

<*  *■(  <&L 

J**'*'**’  "  V •  . . . fu v  ¥.<u* 

WuU  ij 

tu  w«  r^h~rtJi!!3,n<: 





Cojl^C  ~%j /  j- 

/)'  I 


oru  3S3X* 

ojsrao rr6i^r> 

1  W«M»o 

<3  <X  I  Urt. 

_  -/ 

^Icw.  SUrf  e-'J' 

O Jne-A,  Rc«ajs*'I/ 

Sa.%1  aJrv&r'b*  cm&| 





\(,  Lnr\  01  -  d'CcwU  -  fcc^C 

1  4t*fi  <k  7k- 

]^Wv\  *~|  2-  (^  enjLrro  20  |  "fo  2-i>d), 

Oif  oUl^i  |2_  j^c^oU,  IWe&fe^  Ow-ole. 

2,(o  |oOoomoU>  lo  fl'l^»V|iO. 


pc^A/f  V»«3f"-J-Uv*uot>ee^J 


Mr.  T.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  H.  J, 

Johnstown,  Pa. 
April  28th,  1915. 

Will  ship  at  least  500  gallons  100#  Benzol  tomorrow. 
Ahsorbt!on  still  had  72#  during  last  48  hours. 


Collect  -  79  cents 

April  2  8th.  1915. 

E.  E.  Badger  &  Sons  Company, 

63  -  75  Pitts  Street, 

Boston,  Mass. 


Deferring  to  the  order  which  I  telegraphed  you  two  days 
ago  for  two  Stills,  one  eight  wefcks  and  the  other  ten  weeks  de¬ 
livery  let  me  say  that  I  ordered  these  for  my  friend  Mr.  J .  H. 
■Dlummer,  of  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company,  Toronto,  Canada. 
nhe  purchaser  of  these  two  stills  is  the  Toronto  Chemical  Company, 
ltd.,  of  which  Mr.  Plummer  is  Vice  President.  I  have  telegraphed 
him.  to  now  place  his  order  direct  with  you. 

As  I  have  no  interest  in  the  Plant  in  whioh  these  two 
stills  are  to  he  used  T  have  asked  Mr.  Plumner  to  place  the  order 
direct  with  you,  so  as  to  relieve  me  of  any  financial  responsibility 
in  the  matter. 

T  write  you  therefore  so  that  yoti  v?lll  please  look  up  the 
rat^n^  and  responsibility  of  the  purchaser  when  you  receive  the 
formal  order,  so  that  you  will  he  satisfied  to  accept  the  order 
upon  the  purchaser's  rating  and  credit. 

Tours  very  truly. 

April  £8th .  1915. 

Hr.  Prank  X.  I.uoaB,  General  Kanager, 
dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company, 

Sydney,  ITova  Scotia,  Canada. 

Dear  Hr.  Due  a  a: 

Por  your  information  7.  am  writing  to  Bay  that 
we  have  opened  the  bottom  of  onr  Still  building  by  taking  off 
the  lower  part  of  the  corrugated  aheeta  ao  as  to  allow  the  wind 
to  blow  through  and  prevent  a  sluggish  atmosphere  and  the  set¬ 
tling  of  Benzol  vapors. 

I  adviae  you  to  be  very  oareful  and  have  plenty 
of  ventilation.  The  DuPont's,  the  General  Chemical  Company  and 
others  have  explosions  right  along  because  of  the  lack  of  this 

When  do  yon  think  you  can  Bend  a  carload  of  Ben¬ 
zol  to%e?  I  would  like  to  know  by  telegraph. 

'  Youtb  very  truly. 

fflnnBtntrtnra  nf  ffiljrmirul  Apparatus 

Thomas  A.  Edison  (laboratory) 
Orange,  K.  J. 

Dear  Sir : 

Since  the  writer  talked  with  you  in  Orange 
last  week(Tuesilay)  lie  has  been  to  Johnstown  and  seen 
the  plant  there,  also  we  have  had  various  reports 
from  our  engineer  at  Sydney,  N.  3.,  and  have  also  had 
an  interview  with  Mr.  Woodward  of  the  Woodward  Iron 
Co.,  Woodward,  Ala. 

It  appears  to  us  from  the  information  fit)  m 
different  sources  that  the  still  capacity  which  you 
have  provided  for  plant  at  Woodward  will  possibly  not 
be  sufficient  for  your  purpose.  The  writer  mention¬ 
ed  this  matter  to  Mr.  Mason  at  Johnstown.  Ho  also  seemed 
to  thinlc  that  there  was  a  possibility  this  might  bo  so, 
in  view  of  practical  experience  as  to  yields  obtained 
from  different  gas,  etc.  Mr.  Woodward  stated  to  the 
writer  that  you  expected  to  handle  some  16,000,000  cubic 
feet  or  gas,  that  the  coal  handled  was  about  20JS,  which 
would  certainly  indicate  a  yield  of  1  J./2  gallons  crude 
per  ton  of  coal,  and  Mr.  Woodward  stated  that  the  yields 
should  be  consido ralily  higher  than  1  1/2  gallons,  and  that 
they  would  estimate  on  close  to  two.  On  this  basis 
16,000,000  cubic  feet  would  probably  furnish  you  some¬ 
where  near  2400  gallons  crude  per  day,  as  the  coal  is 
certainly  very  much  richer  than  that  at  Johnstown,  which 
only  runs,  we  understand,  something  aroundlS  to  19,--. 

As  the  writer  told  you,  the  Dominion  Iron  and 

Thomas  A.  Edison 


Steel  Company  ordered  two  more  stills  to  be  shipped 
to  Sydney  in  order  to  handle  their  output  of  crude 
there,  which  you  stated  to  be  about  2400  gallons  per 
day.  These  stills  were  shipped  on  Monday  of  this  week. 

They  have  estimated  that  four  stills  will  be  required. 

It  seems  as  if  you  must  need  somewhat  additional  capa¬ 
city  at  Woodward. 

We  are  calling  this  matter  to  your  attention  mere¬ 
ly  because  we  will  be  interested  in  having  you  have 
everything  so  privided  that  there  will  be  no  hitch  when 
uou  start  up,  and  surely  not  because  wo  want  to  convince 
you  that  you  need  another  equipment,  for  we  are  so  busy 
right  now  that  we  would  prefer  to  have  no  more  inquiries 
for  quite  a  time  to  come.  With  the  amount  of  bus¬ 

iness  you  have  on  hand  you  might  possibly,  have  overlook¬ 
ed  the  question  of  probable  increased  yields  at  Woodward 
over  those  at  Johnstown.  We  believe,  as  stated  above, 
that  Mr.  Mason  is  of  the  same  opinion  as  ourselves,  and 
believe  he  intended  to  discuss  the  matter  with  you. 

We  think  you  will  possibly  require  an  additional 
column,  which  could  probably  be  used  f°r  wio  cUstillation 
of  crude,  using  the  two  already  shipped  for  lefining,  aid 
that  if  it  were  found  necessary  to  instal  any  additional 
refining  capacity >  put  in  another  refining  still. 

We  suggest  that  you  consider  this  matter  as  soon 
as  possible;  so  that  we  will  have  the  apparatus  on  hand. 

You  discussed  with  the  writer  last  week  the  question 
of  operation  of  refining  apparatus  for  the  production  of 
0.,),  products.  we  have  been  into  this  matter  fully  with 
our  Mr.  Lunt,  who  has  been  in  close  touch  with  the  propo¬ 
sition,  and  ho  appears  to  have  not  the  slightest  question 
but  that  you  will  get  very  fine  results  as  soon  as  you  are 
nrnducin"  a  uniform  grade  or  crude  from  day  to  day,  and 
SperawSg  under  the  fame  conditions.  Ur.  Lunt  states  that 
the  difficulty  caused  in  splitting  up  the  oiude  on  til 
first  distillation  is  due  entirely  to  ^  °£Ufb- 

bv  the  presence  of  wash  oil,  and  also  of  non-uniform  an 
sorption,  so  that  there  was  a  very  small  Proportion  of  low 
boiling  substances  present.  Mr.  Lunt  anticipates  no 
rUff-Lpultv  in  splitting  the  ci’ude  operating  on  uniform  pro 
ductfreefl  from’wash  oil,  the  splitting  beingdc  ter  mined 
by  laboratory  test  to  be  made  every  hour  or  so,  and  so  far 

-  3  - 

Tliomas  A.  Edison 

(Labor at ory) 

as  the  production  of  refined  products  go,  seems  to 
be  absolutely  certain  that  with  the  proper  splitting 
the  products  will  be  satisfactory. 

Our  Mr*  Cooley  at  Sydney  has  advised  that 
operations  there  have  been  very  satisfactory,  although 
they  have  been  hampered  by  non-uniform  water  supply  and 
insufficient  boiler  capacity.  Believe,  however,  that 
the  work  has  gone  on  uniformly  so  far  as  the  produc- 
tion  of  crude  is  concerned,  and  that  the  preliminary  re- 
fininr  distillations  have  been  absolutely  satisfactory. 
They  produced  c.p.  benzol  the  first  of  this  week,  and 

The  writer  has  advised  you  (under  separate  cov¬ 
er)  with  re*  urd  to  carbolic  acid  still  proposal  about 
which  Ur .  Mcadowcr of t  wro-c  us,  and  we  think  that  letter 
explains  the  matter  fully. 

We  also  wish* to  thank  you  for  your  order  for  two 
apparatus,  placed  during  the  writer's  absence  last  week. 

We  trust  you  will  appreciate  the  spirit  in  which 
we  discuss  the  situation  at  Woodward.  We  mention  the. nat¬ 
ter.  as  stated,  only  because  we  thought  there  was  a  pos¬ 
sibility  of  your  not  having  had  a  chance  to  consider  this 
question  of  capacity  very  carefully. 

Yours  very  truly, 




E.  Bo  Badger  &  Sons  Co. 

(Emiatnutnra  of  GUputical  Apparatus 

BOSTON.  U.  S.  A. 

April  28, 


Mr.  William  II.  Mcadowcroft, 
Thomas  A. Edison, 

Orange ,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

V/e  have  your  letter  of  April  26th,  enclosing 
two  copies  of  our  Proposal  No.  969  for  second  Carbol¬ 
ic  Still.  Wc,  of  course,  should  have  included  the 
furnishing  of  an  operator  at  $S.OO  per  day  and  expenses, 
and  fully  intended  to  do  so. 

As  to  the  question  of  Receiving  Tank,  this 
matter  was  taken  up  during  the  writer's  illness,  and 
our  Mr.  Carswell  states  that  after  submitting  the  ori¬ 
ginal  proposal  it  was  found  that  the  delivery  of  anem- 
oled  tank  would  require  so  much  time  it  could  not  be 
furnished  in  time  to  ship  with  the  root  or  the  equip¬ 
ment,  that  this  matter  was  taken  up  with  you,  and  that 
wc  have  wire  from  you  (copy  of  which  we  will  attach  lioi  c- 
to)  advising  that  plain  iron  tank  be  furnished  in  place 
of  the  enameled  tank.  It  was,  of  cout  so,  °hvi  is 

that  this  would  involve  deoroased  expense,  and  «iatprop- 
er  allowance  should  be  made  to  you  in  submitting  invoice. 
In  making  up  the  second  proposal  the  writ or  copied  the 
first,  without  taking  due  account  of  this  pal ticulai 
item,  although  on  account  of  the  quicker  delivery  which 
you  require  it  will  be  obviously  impossible  to  furnish 
an  enameled  tank  in  time. 

In  submitting  revised  Proposal  No.  969  we  will 
n-ive  a  revised  price,  taking  into  account  the  use  of 
plain  steel  tank,  instead  of  the  enameled  tank. 

William  II.  Meadowcroft 


The  second  3x3  tank  will  also  be  provided,  as  spec¬ 
ified  by  you.  The  order  has  gone  through  with 

this  tank  included,  and  it  is  understood  that  it  should 
be  as  on  the  original  proposal,  although  unfortunately 
omitted  in  this  case. 

Wc  find  that  two  proposals  were  submitted  to  you, 
thi  second  somewhat  different  from  the  first,  and  we 
evidently  were  in  error  in  duplicating  the  first  pro¬ 
posal  rather  than  the  second.  However,  as  stated, 

the  matter  is  fully  understood  and  provision  made  for 
this  Receiving  Tank. 

There  is  another  matter  which  wo  would  like  to 
take  up  with  you  at  this  time.  On  the  first  car¬ 
bolic  acid  still  furnished  you  we  were  unable  to  pro¬ 
vide  the  enameled  tank  and  could  not  see  the  advisab¬ 
ility  of  providing  the  silver  coil  and  connecting  pip¬ 
ing  when  the  tank  was  of  plain  still,  especially  as  the 
men  whom  we  employ  on  this  silver  work  had  boon  very 
busy  and  it  would  have  involved  delay  in  the  shipment 
of  the  apparatus.  We  therefore  provided  iron  piping, 
but  have  the  silver  tubing  on  hand,  to  be  used  if  you 
find  it  advisable.  We  do  not  think  that  silver  is 
necessary,  and  think  this  is  your  opinion  also.  This 
we  omitted  on  second  proposal  and  will,  of  course,  take 
due  account  of  same  on  the  price. 

We  do  think  it  advisable  to  employ  a  silver  con¬ 
densing  coil,  and  furnished  such  a  coil  on  the  first 
still,  as  the  vapors  are  at  a  much  higher  temperature 
there,  of  course,  and  the  action  would  be  greater. 

The  revised  proposal  will  therefore  cover  two  plain 
receiving  tanks,  and  the  services  of  engineer,  also  the 
silver  condensing  coil  and  connecting  piping,  it  being 
understood  that  if  you  do  not  wish  this  silver  connect¬ 
ing  piping  and  coil  in  the  receiving  tank,  we  will  omit 
.the  same  and,  of  course,  make  you  the  necessary  allow¬ 
ance.  If,  however,  you  wish  this  silver  piping  on  the 
first  apparatus,  we  can  prepare  it  and  instal  it  at  Sil¬ 
ver  Lake  easily,  even  though  the  apparatus  has  been  erect 
ed,  thus  you  will  lose  no  time.  It  is  our  opinion 

that  the  use  of  silver  outside  of  the  condensing  surface 
would  be  unnecessary,  but  you  can  judge  this  as  well  as 
wc,  and  wc  will,  as  always,  comply  with  your  requirements 





IE.  UL  Hai)g?r  &  0mts  (Hit. 

Inatmi,  11.  &-  A. 

< - 



No . . 0.69. . 

To  .  .  Thomas  A* 

ffianatrurtora  nf  (Mjnmcal  Apparatua 

63  -  75  PITTS  STREET 

Boston.  U.  S.  A.  y 


. with  letter  of . . 

Edison (Laboratory.) . 

Orange,  tlcw  Jersey. 

The  above  Company  proposes  to  deliver  to  the  purchaser 


One  (1)  BADGER  type  Vacuum  Carbolic  Acid  Still,- 
complete,  including  Kettle,  Column,  Dephlcginator, 
Condenser,  Receiving  Tanks,  Thermometers,  Vacuum 
Pump,  otc.,  to  produce  4,000  pounds  c.p.  Carbolic 
Acid  in  24  hours. 

Price . M.J5* SSL . f-°- 

Shipment . As...Siyen . 

Terms  of  payment  Net  cash .  30  days  . 

b . Boston . Shipping  wt . §999jt . 

. Shipping  vol . 

. Omrthird-wrtlT -order 

One- third-  on  -completion- -ready-f  or  -shipment 





Kettle  will  be  6*  diameter  x  6*  high,  constructed 
of  1/2"  steel,  with  9/16"  heads,  containing  60'  of  3" 
wrought  iron  coil,  with  lockndts,  etc.  Kettle  will 
also^be  provided  with  stand. 

Column  will  be  constructed  of  cast  iron  in  six 
sections,  IS"  diameter  x  8"  high,  with  steel  plates  be¬ 
tween  each  section.  Each  plate  will  have  five  BADGER 
perforated  boiling  caps,  type  "A",  one  3"  down-pipe  and 
draw-down  valve.  Each  section  will  be  provided  with 
1  -  4"  handhole.  Top  section  will  be  fitted  with  4 
and  2"  nipples  ftr  vapor  pipe  to  and  return  linuor  pipe 
from  Dephlegmator. 


Dephlegmator  will  be  constructed  of  steel  through¬ 
out,  shell  of  1/4"  steel,  l/2"  tube  plates,  containing 
10  -  2"  O.D.  charcoal  iron  tubes,  2*  long.  Dephleg¬ 
mator  will  be  provided  with  4"  vapor  nipples,  2  liquor 
nipple  and  air,  water,  and  steam  nipples  in  shell. 


Condenser  will  be  constructed  of  steel,  with  copper- 
top  and  bottom,  containing  12'  of  1/10"  pure  silver  coil, 
3"  O.D.  Condenser  will  be  provided  with  water  inlot  and 
outlet  nipples. 


One  (1)  Receiving  tank  5*  diameter 
steel  shell,  l/2"  heads,  provided  with 
6'  of  1"  pure  silver  pipe,  manhole  and 

x  5'  high,  7/16" 
coil  containing 
nipples . 




One  (1)  Receiving  Tank,  3*  diameter  x  O'  high, 
made  of  3/8"  steel,  with  7/16  heads,  and  will  he 
provided  with  manhole  and  nipples. 


ers,  vacuum  pump 
er  and  sampler, 

will  include  steam  trap,  thermomet- 
heavy  silver  plates,  special  test- 
piping,  special  valves  and  fittings. 


We  will  furnish  one  man  to  take  charge  of  the 
erection  at  the  rate  of  $6.00  per  day  and  expenses. 

We  will  furnish  operator  to  put  the  still  into 
operation  at  the  rate  of  $8.00  per  day  and  expenses. 

We  will  furnish  the  complete  outfit,  as  specified 
in  this  proposal,  f.o.h.  Boston,  /°r  .^V^so.OO. 

Apparatus  as  above  specified  to  be  delivered  to 
plant  at  Silver  Lake  on  May  5th,  1915. 


The  company  guarantees  that  the  apparatus  herein  mentioned  will  do  the  work  specified 
in  regard  to  capacity,  steam  consumption,  quality  ot  product,  etc.,  provided  the  same  is  in¬ 
stalled  by  our  experts  and  handled  by  laborers  who  will  carefully  and  strictly  follow  our 
directions,  especially  as  regards  upkeep  and  cleaning  of  the  same,  unless  otherwise  specified, 
and  provided  the  qualities  of  the  crude  or  original  material  supplied  are  as  specified.  The 
company  agrees  to  furnish  work  which  is  first-class  in  every  respect  and  to  correct  any 
defects  which  develop  in  the  construction  or  material  within  one  year  after  date  of  shipment, 

■  the  purchaser  being  required  to  give  immediate  notice  of  same.  For  each  indivi  ua  appara¬ 
tus  a  test  of  twenty-four  successive  hours  shall  free  the  company  from  all  responsibility  in  the 
future  as  far  as  the  guaranteed  operation  is  concerned.  The  company  reserves  the  right  to 
alter  or  add  to  the  plant  and  machinery  at  its  own  expense  in  fulfilling  specified  guarantee  and 
no  damages  will  be  paid  for  any  reason  whatsoever.  Should  the  goods  supplied  be  removed 
and  moneys  received  in  payment  or  part  payment  be  relumed  there  will  be  no  furt  er 
liability  on  either  side. 

Unless  otherwise  specified  the  price  of  the  apparatus  does  not  include  erection  by  the 
company  In  case  it  is  agreed  that  the  company  shall  erect  the  apparatus  it  is  with  the 
understanding  that  said  company  shall  furnish  the  skilled  labor  only  at  the  rate  specified  in 
the  foregoing,  the  purchaser  furnishing  common  labor,  masonry,  foundations,  scaffolding, 
lifting  apparatus,  excavating,  access  to  premises,  etc. 

Any  delivery  mentioned  in  this  specification  is  approximate  only  and  failure  to  complete 
the  delivery  estimated  shall  cany  no  penalty  unless  especially  declared  in  the  contract,  in 
which  case  due  allowance  will  be  made  for  accidents,  strikes  or  delays  beyond  the  com¬ 
pany's  control. 

The  purchaser  is  to  protect  the  above  mentioned  property  against  and  to  make  good  to 
the  company  any  loss  that  the  company  may  sustain  by  reason  of  fire,  theft,  removal  o 
property,  carelessness  on  the  part  of  the  purchaser's  employees,  or  any  cause  of  a  similar 
nature,  from  the  time  it  is  taken  from  the  common  carrier  until  accepted  and  fully  paid  for. 

The  receipt  of  the  apparatus  by  the  purchaser  shall  constitute  acceptance  of  delivery 
and  a  waiver  of  any  and  all  claims  for  loss  or  damage  due  to  delay,  but  this  shall  not  relieve 
the  company  from  the  obligations  specified  under  guarantee. 

If  shipment  of  apparatus  specified  is  delayed  for  any  cause  for  which  the  purchaser  is 
accountable  the  date  of  notice  of  completion  of  the  apparatus  sent  to  the  purchaser  by  the 
company  shall  be  regarded  as  the  date  of  shipment  in  determining  when  payments  for  said 
apparatus  are  to  be  made. 

Customers  must  verify  the  condition  of  the  apparatus  upon  receipt  that  they  may  be 
able  to  file  claim  against  carriers  should  there  be  any  occasion  for  so  doing. 


PAYMENT.  The  property  in  ^  ZZZOt  £  Kdel.t  is 

2Z.TS  £  S=,“  7« «* 

pany  may  retain  any  and  all  partial  payments  which  have  been  made  and  shall  b 
titled  to  the  immediate  possession  of  said  apparatus,  and  shall  be  free  to  enter 
nrcmiscs  where  the  same  is  located  and  remove  it. 

P  In  no  case  shall  the  buyer  withhold  any  part  of  the  payment  agreed  upon  nor  - 
tend  the  date  of  maturity,  claiming  that  he  is  not  ready  to  have  the  apparatus  mstalled. 


to  superintend  the  starting  of  the  apparatus  at  the  following  terms  . 

^  inCifg  dun.y 'acc^d  ^  *£ 

Company.  This  proposal  shall  not  be  binding  unless  accepted  within .  5 

from  the  date  hereof. 


We  hereby  accept  the  foregoing  proposal  at  the  prices  an 

^tattleg  Baggett 

(ttnlnra,  OHjenttcala,  ©Ua  tutb  iMintral  Jlnifrurta 


i  11-18  Clive  Streets 

)ear  Sir;. 

.  0  - 


4/K8/15  ' 


t-  all  important|/ttot^clS2liveri8S  *’£<£22/ 

«  *  W»»  .t  M5,  “P  •  - 

.  ,  no,  i5e  a.olijf«rea  before  ’ 

ossihle,  or  that  orders  hocked  at  high  pnoe...  ae  u 

hoso  hooked  at  lower  prices.  , 

Please  let  me  know  how  soon  in  Hay  yon  ^Y!rtpoh!e  to 
„ake  shipments  against  my  order  in  tha*. month,  Unwise  in  June  end 

i  how  much  per  day? 

Awaiting  your  prompt  advice, 

April  89th.  1915. 

Merrimaok  Kanuf  afiturlng  Company, 

Lowell,  r'ass .  Attention  -  Hr.  YTadle igh . 

Dear  Sir: 

Tour  favor  of  the  88th  instant  has  been  received, 
together  with  the  contract  executed  in  duplicate.  I  have 
signed  and  return  one  original  to  you  herewith.  You  will 
note  that  I  have  changed  the  price  to  thirty  (30)  oents  per 
poimd,  and  would  say  that  the  reason  of  price  changes  is  that 
we  are  buying  Bensol  with  which  to  make  the  Aniline  Oil,  and 
we  have  had  to  pay  all  kinds  of  prices  therefor.  However,  I 
have  given  you  the  same  price  as  was  quoted  to  the  concern  in 

Tours  very  truly. 

P.  S.  I  also  return  herewith  the  old  contract,  whioh  you  may 
destroy.  ■  v '' f '  "• 


^'77/r/i  Vm>  n^ulrn 

x  -  I 

A »5y 


•  **|*^m»  $«4  •  Pf^P 

April  29  j,  1915 
Vu^-  JV1®" 


Thomas  A.  Saison,  **'  jL  .^(L^ 

Orange,  New  Jeroey. 0^“**%"  Vj 

■t".  Ql  C.,VC2  <Jr\  ll 


Tear  Mr.  Edison;-  "' 


vernation  with'your  Mr.  Meadoweroft  on^tTje^ 

in  which  Mr.'Wadowcroft  atatedthai  E0"  »° 

from  us  250  gkiions  a  day  <£  0.  P.^Benr|l  ioj,  1 

j[*  e&Q**  f* 


next  ^  irv4rf  rffftfit, 

87  3L!TsM> 

weeks.  This  woiid  mean  in  line Je^b‘or£o|d  W  lO>»^g^|M.  ^ 

I  cannot  tell  you  toi^r  whether  we  wili*  te  able  td* 
supply  you  with  all  or  any  part  of ^thia  ZS&JTV??*** 

—  *•  "*l”‘  “  KSt'ZZZJZ  'pr“£^  I 

f.o.b.  oars  Philadelphia,  ir  you  desireJ^leaYe  a4  ordei^lth 
us,  which  we  will  fill  if  *s  ©a^I^r  glVo  you  such  |*t  as 
we  are  able,  we  will  be  very  glad  to  go  ahead  on  thin  .basisT^ou 
will  have  to  have  faith  in  our  doing  the  best  we  can  tfryou, 
but  at  the  present  time  I  cannot  guarantee  any  definite  quantity. 

In  the  course  of  a  week  or  ten  days  I  perhaps  can  give  you  something 
more  definite  as  to  quantity  we  could  deliver  to  you,  but  if  you 
must  know  at  present  I  would  say  that  we  could  not  guarantee  any 

C/i?’  2  <2%<r  Ur.  Thomas  1.  Edison  April  29,  1915 

Ur.  Gartley  tells  me  you  referred  to  material  received 
from  Ur.  Tutviler.  We  have  made  an  arrangement  to  distill  a  certain 
quantity  of  material  for  Ur.  Tutviler  but  we  have  not  yet  received 
any  of  it.  It  will  come  in  over  the  balance  of  the  year  and  not  in 
any  large  quantity  at  one  time. 

Relative  to  finished  produots  from  material  received  from 
Ur.  Tutwiler,  we  could  make  no  definite  promisee  as  we  do  not  know 
exactly  how  the  material  will  come  forward ,  but  we  do  know  that  it 
will  not  come  forward  in  large  quantities  at  any  one  time  but  will 
be  distributed  over  the  balance  of  the  year. 

Will  you  kindly  advise  us  what  you  would  like  us  to  do? 


srf/r/frJJ  “&/, &/<>>£  " 

'  0/  " 

^/wrrcaA  (Qt/cAc 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co., 
Hewark,  II.  J. 

l/i'.a/ny-Cj c^^April  30,  1915. 

In  accordance  with  our  conversation  this  morning  I 
will  accept  your°offor  of  twenty-seven  (271  drums  of  pure  Benzol 
and  five  |5)7drums  of  90#  Benzol  on  the  following  basis: 

I  will  give  vou  one  and  a  quarter  (l-l/4)  pounds  of 
mv  standard  Ca^olif  Acid  for  each  gallon  of  Be, azo O.^ainodk 

onUthishtrarla'ction  a  bonus  of  two  hundred  fifty  (250)  pounds  of 
|my  regular  Carbolic. 

in  addition  to  the  above  1  will  take  from  you  one 

i  irexcLige0 Ihe^onflndTqM  1 B" 

'  -g  sfes&SSi  SET  ofcT?hif SSrff 

one  hZr“00)  druis  I  will  also  give  you  a  bonus  of  five  hun- 
1  dred  (500)  pounds  of  my  regular  Carbolic. 

In  all  the  above  transactions  the  drums  fre 


control  I  will  deliver  you  some  Carbolic  from  day  to  day  until  1 
fulfilled  my  part  of  this  arrangement. 

yours  very  truly. 

O.K.  for 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 
W.  J.  Hoffman, 

Treas . 



April  50th.  191 

Hr.  Boland  Kann, 

53  State  Street, 

Boston,  Hass. 

Bear  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  22nd  instant, 
which  haB  Been  forwarded  to  me  from  Woodward,  Ala. 

In  reply  let  me  say  that  the  matter  of  the  Chemist 
you  mention  does  not  interest  me ,  as  T  shall  probably  not  con¬ 
tinue  in  the  ben sol  products  business  after  the  war  is  over, 
except  that  X  expect  to  continue  the  manufacture  of  Carbolic 

Yours  very  truly. 



April  30th.  1915 

T.  ?.  Sdmsnds  &  Company,  ^ 

79  Kilby  Street, 

^  Boston .  M&sb .  }  ^ 


Replying  .to  your  favor  of  .th^e 
27th  instant,  I. beg  to  sey  that(  I  have  , 
been  oompelled. to  Btop  Hr,  ..Kullaly  .from,., 
taking  any  more,  brae rs .for  Aniline ( Oil, aB.^ 
I.  am  all  sold  nr  for  the  present .  X  ray .  % 
be  able^  to  take  further^  orders  whe  n  I., am 
assured  of  my  Bens  ol  and  Acids.  Che  war 
people  are  buying-up  everything  in  sight. 

Yours  very  truly. 

■  //swi/rf; .'/tr/J 

Attention  of  Mr,  Meadowcroft, 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the 
28th  inst.,  confirming  our  order  for  thirty-oix  drums  of 
pure  aniline  oil.  We  also  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your 
letter  of  the  same  date  in  regard  to  the  telegram  from  Mr. Mark 
Wolfsohn  at  San  Francisoo.  We  have  exchanged  several  telegrams 
with  them  and  while  we  believe  that  some  party  out  there  has 
crude  toluol,  we  feel  very  suspicious  of  the  party  we  have  been 
exchanging  telegrams  with.  We  can  see  from  their  telegrams 
that  they  are  sending  us  all  kinds  of  made  up  stories  in  order 
to  oatch  us.  In  our  last  telegram  to  them  we  insisted  upon 
getting  one  drum  sample  and  told  them  we  will  not  make  any 
oontraot  without  examining  the  actual  sample. 

We  also  have  your  letter  of  the  36th  inst,  in  regard  to 
Solvent  Naptha.  We  trust  that  you  have  already  sent  A.Klipetein 
&  Company  a  second  sample.  We  received  a  letter  from  them  saying 
that  they  wanted  to  have  it  shipped  at  once  and  we  have  just 
written  to  them,  requesting  them  to  let  us  know  what  they  think 

of  the  second  sample. 

To  Thomas  A.  Edison. . .Page  3. , .4/30/*15. 

We  also  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  36th  inot, 
in  regards  to  diphenylamine .  Yesterday  morning  a  cable  came 
from  Petrograd  asking  us  to  make  firm  offer  on  diphenylamine. 

We  have  already  cabled  our  offer  on  the  basis  of  the  information 

which  we  previously 

Toronto  Chemical  Company,  Limited 

Toronto  Office:  18  Wellington  Street  East 

Hear  Ur.  Edison; 

)u~j***P  1 

iison:_tUt^  mA  Ste  Ilarie  giant 

April  30th,  1915 

V  , 

— (,p 

u  \M*s+ 

3  respecting  stills. 

re  grains  respecting 

these  and  protect  you  f 

omaU  liability.  ^  - - 

Badger.'itills  I  am  confirming  your 

md  asking  them  to  send  in 


j4t^-  1JCXA  ov\  iXrasrJe 

&  'dcwF  <*> 

^Ticni  J^rr  tX>  wt^re  vw  30 



‘^a  QftO&<$ecti4>^ 

f?<£  rW^rJ  Kl 

fi^UJfJ^Q  V<>^\ 

4Uj*u  P~>~fe  'W^-*' 

Aa  received  and  installed  in  Phenol  Plant,  Badger  Still 
consisted  of:- 

One  Main  Kettle  and  connections 
One  Cast  iron  Column  and  connections 

(No  BriP  connections  originally  provided) 

One  Dephleginator  and  connections 

One  Copper  Condensor  with  silver  ooil 

One  phenol  Receiving  Tank  and  connections 

One  Steam  Water  Receiving  Tank  and  connections 

One  Glass  Testing  Bottle  and  connections 

One  Deane  Single  Vacuum  Pump  and  connections 

Special  Durion  Iron  Valves  and  Tees  and  silver  piping 

Miscellaneous  pipe,  Valves,  flanges  and  fittings. 

The^Dephlegmator  on  Kammerhoff  Still  proving  too  small, 
proposition  was  made  hy  hunt  to  furniBh  Phenol  Plant  with  a  silver 
tube  Copper  Condensor  exactly  like  one  originally  furnished  except 
top  and  bottom  flangesattaohed  to  our  original  condensor.  (Order 
for  this  issued  by  Goldthwaite  at  Mr.  Edison's  directions).  Before 
this  was  finally  done  by  talk  with  Mr.  Edison,  Mr.  Lunt  agreed  to 
furnish  Phenol  Plant  with  new  condensor  (He  says  Mr.  Edison  agreed) 
Iron  tank,  iron  tubing  vertical  benzol  type,  in  this  way  pro¬ 
viding  an  immediate  relief  for  Mr.  Kammerhoff  by  using  our  condensor 
complete.  This  was  done  on  Mr.  Edison's  orders,  and  in  due  time 
we  received  the  new  condensor.  JW  e.0-1  .•'/c.C.t-ix  6-t+i  y 

In  the  meantime,  findWkit  no  drip  cocks  had  been  provided 
on  our  column,  question  was  taken  up  with  Mr.  Meadowcroft  and  he 
wired  Badger  people  for  the  drip  cooks  which  were  furnished  and 
put  in  the  column,  but  not  connected  with  the  pans  properly.  This 
matter  was  taken  up  with  Mr.  hunt  on  his  next  visit  and  their 
erector  was  sent  to  Silver  Lake.  He  was  provided  with  labor, 
removed  the  column,  drilled  the  pans  and  assembled  it  again. 

By  this  time  Mr.  Kammerhoff' s  experience  had  proved  that 
the  dephlegmator  was  too  small  to  do  the  work,  and  it  Has  decided  to_ 

leave  it  out  entirely,  M* 

7A a 

_ r  - _ <U«-  ?  Me 

Next  we  obtained  three  galvanized  iron  coils  with  their 

pans  and  standB  from  Mr,  Kammerhoff  and  erected  the  same  to  take  the 
place  of  our  dephlegmator  and  condensor.  Before  any  runs  had  been 
made  under  these  new  Conditions.  Mr.  Kammerhoff  found  that  there 


oould  be  no  iron  piping  in  the  gaseous  or  liquid  Phenol  gaffs'  of  the 
apparatus.  (It  was  about  this  time  that  our  new  condenser  from  the 
Badger  was  reoeived,  as  noted  above)  At  this  ti*ie  it  was  decided  to 
throw  out  the  oast  iron  column,  using  oopper  piptng  instead  and  copper  , 
coils.  -yj/cA-t/.  ■?  tse-cis) £<-**■  UL  >A  /AS  -<tHa-iAr  trf-  ^je^‘1  . 

We  therefore,  designed  three  copper  coils  to  use  instead 
£./>/« a  Lt--£si  mlAxiKZZZIc/ 
of  the  iron  coils,  and  these  were  removedAusing  the  old  pans  and 

stands.  This  was  trie*  out  and  worked  for  a  while,  but  developed 
bad  leaks  in  the  brass  fittings  at  the  ends  of  the  coils.  They  were 
removed  again,  shipped  to  Lawrence  to  be  welded  and  on  their  return 
to  the  Plant,  two  were  erected  as  above,  leaving;  one  for  a  spare. 

During  these  preliminary  runs  four  glass  bottles  were 
broken  on  Kammerhoff  Still  and  two  on  our  Still,  thus  using  up  all 
the  regulars  and  spares  that  could  be  obtained.  Complaint  was  made 
to  the  Badger  people  and  Lunt  shipped  a  silvered,  copper  bottle  with 
small  peek  holes  in  the  sides,  glass  covered,  to  take  the  place  of 
the  glass  bottle.  @ 

Sample  of  pipe  proved  too  Bmall,  being  piped  with  iron 
piping  unsuited  to  the  work,  and  was  re-piped  by  us  special 
brass  valves,  special  condensite  disc,  classes  500  and  5000, 

brass  piping  with  brazed  joints. 

By  this  time  the  welded  iron  nozzles  on  Phenol  and  steam 
water  settling  tanks  commenced  to  eat  out  and  had  to  be  replaced  by 
using  riveted  flanges  and  heavy  nipples. 

rf  y/j>  ^ 

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1915.  Chemicals  (E-15-18) 

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'IewYork  May  1st,  1915. 


u six, 


V/a  thank  you  for  the 

about  5000  gallons  Solvent  Naphtha  reatefo 

d-crC^  •  (:  \P*> 

Chemical  Works, 
Silver  lake, 



of  yeMowish^  ^  ^ 

ar.<i  wish  us  to  make  a  bid 

In  the  first  plane  kindly 
the  goods  are  prime  white 
nolor ,  such  as  represented  by  the  sample  which 
ceived  from  you  through  Messrs.  Mitsui  Sc  Co.? 

^Furthermore,  we  do  not  wish  to  make  bidl 
because  when  re  have  to  sell  goods  we  have  to  make1 
offers,  and  we  would  appreciate  if  you  would 
of  the  lowest  price  at  which  you  are  prepared  t 
your  product. 

Shanking  you  in  advance,  we  remain, 

Your 8  very  tru3 



bidfe  X  / 




-*/: 3  },j~ 
,0,^-o  CU^-. 

Go  cJL«3^>  dGLJ^c xcTtXj 

(?ct r^^a^ic  §^LOv\^cd^ 




aJXL  nj  it 


coul  /--c 

•  May  3rd.  1915. 

Mr .  C.  .T.  BamsBurg,  2nd  Vice  Pres., 

H.  Eoppere  Company, 

Ptrst  national  Bank  Bldg., 

PittsBurgh,  Pa. 

Dear  Mr.  P.arasBurg: 

Deferring  to  the  recent  correspondence  aha  tele¬ 
grams  we  had  concerning  stills,  let  me  say  that  I  am  interested 
in  your  still  for  refining  90#  Benzol  to  pure  Benzol,  Toluol  ahd 
Solvent  naphtha,  and  wish  to  ask  you  what  T  consider  a  fair  Busi¬ 
ness  question.  If  a  Badger  still,  capaBle  of  refining  2,000  gal¬ 
lons  daily,  costs  £3,200,  what  partioularlolaims  do  you  make • in 
regard  to  your  still  that  justifies  you  in  charging  £6,000  for 
the  same?  Can  you  prove  to  me  lhat  the  extra  price  you  charge  is 
warranted?  I  am  open  to  conviction. 

Tour 8  very  truly, 

QTnlora,  Ol^micala.  ©Uu  a«b  iHtttpral  $ rafcurta 

Heferring.  to  your  fi 

to  understand  you  ha 

ClM.  \ 


r  your  fervor.  of 

;  a  supply^^Benzol  at  Sil^er^aheT  H.J.  9 

as  soon  as  your  plant,  which  I  understand  you  are  ins 
is  ready  for  0pemtrAK^4fc*^>ojL:«^<^4'6‘,'h6V«  tlr< 
in  ^er&ti'onand^*  ready  to  make  shipments '-of  Anilin 
against  my -contract  orders  the  !  middle..^ -this  month? 

You  have  my  orders -for  20  tons  of.  mor.q  of  * 
Oil  to  he  shipped  or  delivered  this  month, and  this  me 

uld  he  able: to  make  first  shipment  against  their  order- 

lsisrer  thco  inquiry  also  any 

others  which  I , expect  will  come  to 

hand  within  the  next  week  or  ten  days./,  .  ^  :• 

Thanking  you  for  an  earl'y^jsply ,  1  \ 

You/s  very. respectfully, 

Thomas  A.  Edison t  Esq.,  -  c-v  .  .1  * 

Orange ,  Hew  Jersey.  \.c''  ■  •y>1 


Dear  Sir:  5  ? 

I  am  enelos ir.r  herewith  iluilicate  contracts 
to  cover  the  sale  of  hensol  to  you  hy  the  northwestern 
Iron  Company. 

Will  you  kindly  sign  one  and  return  it  to  me, 
beeping  the  other  for  your  files. 

I  appreciate  very  much  the  list  of  prospects 
buyers  of  benzol  that  you  asked  Hr.  j.Ioad  over  oft  to  sene 

Tor  your  information  I  would  state  that  the 
benzol  pot  is  boiling  very  briskly  these  days  and  75  < 
is  freely  bid  for  the  pure,  with  none  offered  at  any  s' 

Very  truly  youys, 



Hay  4th.  1915. 

Mr.  J.  H.  Plummer,  vice  President, 

Toronto  Chemical  Company,  Limited, 

18  Wellington  Street  Past, 

Toronto,  Canada. 

Pear  Hr.  Plummer: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  yc-ur  favor  of  the  30th  ultimo, 
and  note  that  you  are  confirming  my  order  with  the  Badger  people 
and  requesting  them  to  send  you  the  usual  form  of  proposal,  so 
that  you  oan  order  from  them  direct. 

Will  you  nor/  kindly  send  your  formal  order  to  me 
for  the  Hirzel  stills.  7.  have  already  ordered  them  to  he  made, 
and  they  will  he  ready  in  about  four  weeks,  not  before.  Tome  minor 
ohanges  are  being  made  in  the  patterns,  so  T  c  Tinot  give  you  the 
exact  price  at  this  moment,  but  it  will' be  somewhere  about  five 
or  six  thousand  dollars. 

If  there  are  any  other  parts  of  the  equipment  you 
wiBh  me  to  have  made  for  you,  3uch  as  washing  tank,  alkali  tank, 
distributors,  or  anything  else,  please  Bend  yonr  official  order 
for  the  sane  and  X  will  put  the  work  in  hand. 


very  truly, 

Hay  4-th.  1915. 

Mr.  Clarence  Dillon, 

V.’a.  Dead  ts  Company, 

.  Da3sau  &  Cedar  rta., 
V.e~  York  City. 

Dear  Mr.  Dillon: 

T  have  received  your  favor  of  the  thir  instant 
enclosing  duplicate  contracts  to  cover  sale  of  Benzol  to  me  by 
the  northwestern  Iren  Company. 

1  its  suns  it  will  be  quite  satisfactory  to  you 
if  the  shipments  are  made  in  our  own  tank  oar3  of  about  ten  thou¬ 
sand  gallons  capacity.  ~  '  '  "  _ 

-  .  . - „  -  do  not  dare  for  drums  when  a  continuous 

spppply  is  in  question.  On  the  earliest  shipments  X  may  want  to  • 
have  the  same  made  in  drums,  but  this  v.-ouia  only  be  for  a  verv 
short  time . 

By  using  tank  cars, 
drums,  and  also  troublesome  charge: 

we  escape  return  freight  on 
3  and  ore <i its. 

T  return  the  contracts,  and  shall  be  glad  to  have 
you  make  the  necessary  change,  in  accordance  wi.thethe  above,  and 
send  them  back  to  me  and  X  will  sign  them.  f 

Yours  very  truly. 

May  4th.  1915. 

Mr.  Ueadowcroft: 

On  the  28th  of  May  we  have 
got  to  ship  to  the  Army  five  thousand  four 
hundred  seventeen  (5,417)  pounds  of  Phenol, 
and  on  the  28th  of  each  month  thereafter, 
five  thousand  four  hundred  seventeen  (5,417) 

This  shipping  date  13  in 
reality,  a  date  of  delivery  at  Picatinny 
Arsenal,  so  therefore  I  suggest  that  ship¬ 
ments  he  made  at  the  20th  of  eaoh  month  so 
that  delivery  may  he  made  on  time  . 

The  shipments  should  he  address 
to  the  Commanding  Officer,  ^icatinny  Arsenal, 
Dover,  If.  J. 



. /'* , 

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/ j/.  v 

^<Jl  K  i  c//  .  :■  /• 


Tfay  5th .  1915. 

35.  B.  Badger  5:  Sons  Company, 

63-75  ?itts  Street, 

Boston,  Hass. 


Your  favor  of  the  27th  ultimo  in  regard  to  the  two 
Badger  Benzol  Stills  ordered  by  -i  re  on  the  26th  ultimo  lias 
teen  received. 

I  teg  to  advise  you  that  as  a  matter  of  convenience 
I  placed  this  order  for  the  Toronto  Chemical  Company .  ltd., 
Toronto,  Ontario,  and  have  ashed  them  to  place  the  order  direct 
with  you,  as  I  clO  not  wih  to  incur  any  personal  liability  on 
account  of  these  two  Stills. 

Hr.  J.  H.  Plximmer,  the  Vice  President  of  the  Toronto 
Chemical  Company,  Utd.,hds  written  me  that  he  will  place  the 
order  with  you  direct,  so  I  must  ask  you  to  satisfy  yourself  as 
to  their  financial  responsibility.  My  rart  in  the  matter  has 
been  to  expedite  the  business. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Hay  5th.  1915. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Mason, 

%  Coke  Oven  Department , 

Cambria  Steel  Company, 

Johns  town.  Pa. 

Dear  Mr.  Mason: 

I!r.  Edison  has  received  your 
favor  of  the  fourth  instant,  stating  that  Mr. 

Slidk  asked  that  he  would  not  give  any  passes 
to  anyone  to  go  through  our  Benzol  Plant.  Mr. 

Edison  says  he  will  he  glad  to  comply  with  this 
request,  and  he  asks  me  to  request  you  also  to 
take  precautions  about  our  own  plant. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Bdii 



VjX  ll UWim 

/Vje~  7 rx-id^*  • 

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36  NY  R  248  COLLECT  BLUE 

dOHHSTOWN  PA  MAY  6-15  9  50AM 






















W  H  MASON  11  35  AM 


Badger  &  Sons 

(Jmtstntrlnrs  of  (ftljemtral  Apparatus 


BOSTON,  U.  S.  A. 

May  6,  1916. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 



Dear  Sir; 


Your  favor  of  May  5th  respecting  the 
furnishing  of  crude  column  for  Woodward,  Ala., 
plant,  received  and  noted. 

Your  understanding  as  to  the  prices  on 
cast  iron  and  steel  equipment  is  correct.  The 
apparatus  is  of  our  standard  design  and  we  will 
send  you  proposal  when  it  is  decided  as  to  whether 
you  would  prefer  the  cast  iron  or  the  steel  appa¬ 
ratus  . 

With  regard  to  the  time  of  delivery.  We 
did  not  intend  to  give  Mr.  Meadowcroft  the  impres¬ 
sion  that  we  would  not  he  able  to  furnish  you  with 
an  apparatus  sooner  than  this.  We  stated  that  we 
were  not  giving  any  deliveries  within  this  time  un¬ 
less  the  oiroumstances  were  exceptional.  This 
is  on  account  of  the  very  large  volume  of  work 
which  we  have  on  hand;  also  on  account  of  the  fact 
that  we  do  not  wish  to  tie  ourselves  up  to  absolute 
capacity  so  that  we  would  not  he  able  to  put  through 
other  orders  which  we  must  necessarily  make  in  our 
own  shops,  provided  they  come  up. 

We  appreciate  your  remarks  regarding  having 
work  done  outside,  hut  we  assure  you  that  we  are  hav¬ 
ing  a  very  large  amount  of  work  done  outside.  We 
shipped  last  month  $125,000.  of  apparatus,  the  larg¬ 
er  part  of  which  was  distilling  apparatus,  and  this 

Thomas  A.  Edison 


is  quite  a  volume.  The  matters  requiring  more 
attention  than  anything  else  in  the  manufacture  of 
this  apparatus,  wnd  which  delay  us  most,  are  the 
boiling  caps,  for  which  we  have  all  of  the  patterns, 
dies,  and  special  machine  for  stamping  and  perforat¬ 
ing,  and  which  we  could  not  well  have  done  outside. 

On  cast  iron  columns  we  do  not  make  the  castings  nor 
do  the  machine  work.  We  make  all  the  caps,  down- 
pipes,  assemble  all  the  condensers  and  equipment, 
and  do  all  of  the  special  machine  work  on  the  test¬ 
ers,  decanters,  regulating  bottles,  etc.  Probably 
one-lialf  the  work  is  outside  work. 

You  will  appreciate  that  outside  work  involves 
greater  expense,  and  our  object  in  securing  business 
is  primarily  to  keep  our.  sloops  busy.  We  do  not 

like  to  bo  required  to  make  such  deliveries  that  we 
will  be  obliged  to  have  work  done  outside,  for  the 
larger  amount  of  work  we  do  ourselves,  the  less  the 
overhead  expenses,  and  if  the  time  of  delivery  will 
permit  us  to  do  the  work  in  our  own  shops,  so  much 
the  better. 

In  talking  with  Mr.  Meadoworoft  we  did  not 
know  as  to  whether  you  wished  the  apparatus  deliver¬ 
ed  in  five  weeks,  or  eight  or  ten,  and  did  not  intend 
to  give  him  the  impression  that  we  would  not  make  every 
effort  possible  to  accommodate  you  so  far  as  we  could. 
It  is  possible  we  could  make  shipment  of  this  equip¬ 
ment  in  five  weeks'  time. 

As  to  the  column  mentioned  in  your  letter,  con¬ 
structed  for  the  Semet-Solvay  Co.,  our  40"  OOsection 
column  has  35  perforated  caps  per  plate,  instead  of  20, 
whioh  you  mention,  and  these  probably  are  not  perforat¬ 
ed  caps.  You  know,  however,  the  expense  involved 

in  our  design  of  baffle  plate  condensers,  regulating 
bottles,  testers,  eto.  We  agree- with  you  that  it  is 
bad  policy,  as  you  say,  to  swap  horses  in  the  middle 
of  the  seeing. 

We  think,  if  delivery  is  a  matter  whioh  is  going 
to  be  of  groat  influence  with  you,  you  can  rest  assured 
we  will  accommodate  you  in  ono  way  or  the  other.  We 
have  not  delayed  you  in  any  case "on-  any  of  the  equip¬ 
ment  which  we  have  furnished  you  or  your  friends;  we 
have  always  done  what  we  promised. 

With  regard  to  the  production  of  refined  and  c.p. 

-  3  - 

Thomas  A.  Edison 


products  in  the  type  of  distilling  apparatus  which 
you  are  using,  would  say  that  there  is  going  to  te 
absolutely  no  question  as  to  the  production  of  the 
gradeof  c»p»  products  desired  in  this  type  of  equip¬ 
ment:  in  fact,  results  in  one  or  two  oases  have  been 
nhenomenal.  We  have  a  record  of  test  run  made  the 
other  day  on  30"  column  and  dephlegmator  of  the  same 
type  as  furnished  for  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co., 
which  was  arranged  with  ordinary  condenser,  instead 
of  with  our  reflux  condenser  and  regulating  bottle 

“SS  zrAja  “-jrsrtfs 

trouble°whatever  ^producing  c.p.  Products  from  the 
crude  benzol  and  toluol  fraction  produced  J*® 
first  distillation  of  the  crude  benzol  in  the  wash 
oil  stills.  The  efficiency  of  the  perforated  type 
of  COM  Which  we  furnish.  With  °"3er  *nd  regu¬ 
lating  bottle  arrangement,  is  very  high,  and  we^have 
been  highly  complimented  on  results.  We  thinic 

you  need  have  no  fear  whatever  but  that  with  crude 
benzol  approximating  50$,  free  from  wash  oil,  you 
will  havIPno  difficulty  in  producing  c.p.products 
from  the  crude  produced  in  the  first  split  of  this  50$ 
after  washing. 

Tours  very  truly, 



CLCsMjn  . 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

NewYork  May  6,  19X5. 

,  ,Bo-„  A.  »!«,».  ySLwl 

■  -  '  o-tux.  U  *f(  T 

v;e  have  your  favor  of  May  5th,  and  reqaS&t  you  to 
send  us  a  sample  representing  the  5,000  gallons  which  you  have 
on  hand  so  as  to  enable  us  to  submit  same  to  some  of  our  friends 
who  may  be  interested  in  the  goods.  Our  reason  for  doing  so, 
is  the  fact  that  we  have  sent  a  sample  representing  the  two 
drums  of  your  goods  which  were  offered  to  us  by  Mitsui  &  Co.  , 
to  one  of  our  regular  and  most  important  buyer  ,  and  he  turned 
down  goods  entirely,  although  he  is  hard  up  for  stuff,  stating 
that  the  quality  is  positively  not  up  to  standard.  Of  course, 
in  view  of  this  report  from  our  buyer  who  is  a  very  reasonable 
man  with  considerable  knowledge  of  his  business,  we  wish  to 
\be  a  little  oareful  as  long  as  the  articles  are  also  new  with 

Be  good  enough  and  send  us  a  sample,  and  if  you  oare 
to  give  us  an  option  of  a  few  days  on  your  lot ,  we  may  be  able 
to  dispose  of  same. 

As  far  as  price  is  concerned,  same  is  satisfactory^ 


Very  truly  yours, 


my  7th.  1915. 

Stein,  Hirsh  Si  Company, 

<550  V.’aBh ington  Street. 
JTew  York  City. 


referring  to  the  arrangement  for  purchase  from  me  of  four 
thousand  (4,000)  founds  of  Carbolic  Acid  per  day  for  a  period  of  seven 
(7)  months  from  June  1st  to  December  31st,  1915,  arranger’  for  by  me 
with  your  Itr.  Deo  Stein. this  morning,  and  this  letter  is  intended  to 
reiterate  the  additional  arrangement  then  spoken  of. 

On  account  of  my  shortage  of  Benzol,  the  capacity  of  my  new 
Carbolic  Tlant  will  he  limited  to  six  thousand  (6,000)  pounds,  of  Car- 
"bolio  per  day.  Of  this  quantity  four  thousand  (4 ,0CQ)  pounds  per  day 
is  covered  by  the  above  mentioned  arrangement  with  yon.  One  thousand 
(1,000)  pounds  of  the  remainder  T  have  already  contracted  to  a  Chemi¬ 
cal  VTorks,  and  the  other  one  thousand  (1.000)  pounds  I  des.ire  to  dis¬ 
tribute  among  my  friends  in  the  chemical  business. 

You  hare  stated  to  me  that  you  would  like  to  have  five  thou¬ 
sand  (5,000)  pounds  of  Carbolic  per  day  and  I  am  willing  to  produce 
one  thousand  Tl.OOO)  pounds  per  day  in  addition  to  the  six  thousand 
(6,000)  pounda  above  mentioned.  If  I  have  the  Benzol  I  believe  1  can 
do  it,  and  if  I  find  my  plant  has  ample  operating  capacity  I  will  be 
glad  to  make  this  extra  one  thoxisand  (1,000)  pounds  for  you  at  the 
same  price  quoted  in  our  previous  arrangement  above  mentioned,  namely 
seventy-seven  and  one-half  oetrts  (77  1/2  cents)  per  pound,  provided 
you  will  furnish  me  with  the  necessary  quantity  of  pure  Benzol  to  make 
this  extra  one  thousand  (1,000)  pounds.  In  this  case  you  axe  to  fur¬ 
nish  me  with  this  pure  Benzol  on  the  basis  of  forty  (40)  cents  per 
gallon,  ?.  0,  B.  Silver  lake.  If.  J. 

If  I  am.  obliged  to  work,  my  plant  on  Sundays  in  order  to  pro- 
Tlttf  Tni“  ~ptra  one  thousand  (1,000)  pounds  of  Catholic  for  you ,  you 
*0_ray *-<tra  labor  oharge  for  Sunday  work,  that  is  to  say,  I 
would  bill  the  Carbolic  to  you  at  the  regular  price,  seventy-seven  and 
one-half  cents  (77  l/a  cents)  per  pound,  which  would  include  my  reg¬ 
ular  manufacturing  labor  and  other  oosts  at  week-day  rates,  and  the 
6xtra  that  I  pay  for  Sunday  work  would  be  billed  you  separately  as  an 
extra  in  connection  with  the  speoial  extra  prod ucjtijin-af  one  thousand 
fl-,000)  pounds  per  day.  y 

UNION  =r 


ORANGE,  n.  j. 


21  NY  R  8-7  1  -■* 

?c  C I NC  I NN  AT  I  OH  1 0  747AM  MaY'V" 


STS  im~,RV  5IIL''  F0R  C#“B,",  'T  m'S  “  F°R  F,R'8T  ™«TIO,IATIONI 
pute  — «“ «■ »««» 
»ith  t»o  badgers  at  pop  E  MRMKE  70  “’“ate  toward 


m,son-  »«* 

at  $1.00  par  gallon,  and  if  you  aooapt  same,  we  will  reserve  it 
for  you  and  ship  it  as  you  desire. 

I  do  not  think  we  would  be  able  to  give  you  an  option  on  this 
to  be  taken  up  at  any  time,  for  the  reason  that  the  market  ie  in 
euoh  a  condition  that  we  frequently  have  to  decide  instantly  or 
else  lose  the  sale,  and  if  wo  gave  you  the  option  of  sourse  we  would 
have  to  hold  it  for  you,  and  at  the  same  time  if  you  did  not  take  it, 
we  would  have  it  in  stook  and  not  be  able  to  Bell  it  when  the  oppor¬ 
tunity  presonts  itself, 

I  think  I  would  prefer  to  have  you  say  definitely  whether  you 
want  to  take  the  2,000  or  2,500  gallons,  or  whether  you  would  rather 
leave  it  with  the  understanding  that  if  wo  have  it  when  you  deBirs 
it,  we  will  be  very  glad  to  give  it  to  you. 

In  connection  with  the  last  paragraph  in  your  letter,  when  you 
have  anything  definite  os  to  material  for  distillation,  we  would  be 
very  glad  to  discuss  it  with  you. 


Fifth  Vice  President.  ' 



Akron,  Ohio  .  May  v,  1915. 

v _ ,■ 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Dear  3ir:- 

Referring  to  previous  o orrespondenoe  in 
reference  to  Aniline  Oil,  would  say  we  find  we  can 
plaoe  an  order  for  this  item  oovering  a  three  months 
period  for  deliveries  commencing  June  15th  at  the 
rote  of  10,000  pounds  per  month. 

Providing  you  are  in  a  position  to  oonsider 
this  business, we  shell  be  pleased  to  have  your  best 

prioe  to  apply  thereon. 

Yours  very  truly. 

THIS  AGREHJE1IS  made  seventh  day  of  Kay,  One  Thousand ,  Hine  Hundred 
and  Fifteen  hy  and  between  The  Grasselli  Chemical  Co.  of  Cleveland  | 
Ohio,  Hew  York,  H.  Y.,  and  elsewhere,  hereinafter  referred  to  ao  Sellers, 
and  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  of  Orange,  IT. J.,  hereinafter  referred  to 
as  Buyers. 

YfflH'EAS:  In  consideration  of  the  sum  of  Ono 

Dollar  each  to  the  other  in  hand  paid,  said  other  good  and  valuablo 
considerations,  the  partios  hereto  have  agreed  and  do  hereby  agree 
as  follov/3! 

V/ITKE3CEi'Ht  The  Sellers  hereby  sell  asid  agree  to 

deliver  to  the  Buyers,  and  the  Buyers  hereby  buy  and  agree  to  toko 
from  the  Sellers  SULTHUEIC  ACID  as  provided  herein  and  as  follows: 








Commercial  Suli>huric  Acid  testing 
97-l/2/90>i  H2304. 

Four  Thousand  (4,000)  tons. 

One  Dollar  and  Fifty  Cents  (§1.50) 
per  100  pounds. 

F.O.B.  cars  at,Crasselli,  K.J.  and  or 
Grasselli,  Indiana  as  provided  herein 
and  at  the  rate  of  two  hundred  tons 
per  month  commencing  with  Hay  1915 
and  ending  with  December  1916. 

Settlement  shall  be  made  in  U.S.  Gold 
or  equivalents  in  thirty  days  from  date 
of  invoice. 

In  sellers*  tank  cars  from  their  Grassell: 
II. J.  Works  excepting  that  on  all  ship¬ 
ments  only  prior  to  April  1st,  1916, 
sellers  shall  have  the  option  to  ship 
from  their  Grasselli,  Indiana  Works. 

Fire,  accident  or  strike  in  the  works  of 
either  party  or  on  transportation  lines, 
or  contingencies  beyond  the  control  of 
either  pary,  rendering  Buyers  unable 
to  receive  or  hellers  to  deliver,  shall 
make  this  contract  inoperative  during 
necessary  repairs,  rebuilding  or  con¬ 
tinuance  of  difficulties. 

This  contract  is  not  transferable,  and 
is  for  consumption  and  not  for  resale, 
and  is  binding  upon  the  parties  hereto, 
their  successors  and  assigns. 

the  parties  hereto  have  signed  thi3  agreomont  in 

|j  duplicate  tJxis  7th  day 

Hay,  1915. 

FBI  C.  E.  Shons  . 


PES  H.  T.  Learning... 

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2-  *  ^ 

May  8th.  1916. 

Mr.  Paul  Thompson ,  Fifth  Vice  Pres., 

Unite  a  Gas  Improvement  Company, 

Broad  ana  Aroh  Streets, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Bear  Mr.  Thompson: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  7th  in- 
atant  and  have  notea  its  contents  very  carefully. 

Of  course ,  I  am  well  aware  that  the  pri oe  of 
C.  P.  Benzol  is  up  pretty  high  3nst  now,  hut  what  puzzles  me 
is  that  after  I  have  aone  considerable  hunt lug  for  raw  mater¬ 
ial,  and  referring  parties  to  United  Gas  Imp:  rove  rent  Company 
(one  of  them  being  the  people  who  had  the  crude  from  Chester, 
Pa.)  why  I  should  have  to  ray  one  dollar  ($1)  a  gallon. 

It  does  not  look  as  though  I  had  gained  muoh  by 
using  my,  own  time  and  that  of  my  office  force  to  try  and  help 
along  your  Company. 

Tours  very  truly. 

19nyhn  25  11*1  an 

Sydney  »  3  May  8th  1915 
Thee  A  Mdiaen 

•range  K.J. 

C.uld  lead  enetank  car  next  week  hut  freight  tariff 

m.t  effeotiTO  until  24th  endeaY.ring  arrange  ft  **>"»*  ,ri.r 

effect It#  date  ef  tariff 

Sea  Iren  A  Steel  Ce 

(Her/pte  0/r^/mcaAi 

^MKj^ar^U.  isle. 

Edison  Mfg.  Co., 

lakeside  Ave. , 

West  Orange,  3J.  J. 


We  understand,  that  you  are  produoing,  and  have  for 
immediate  delivery,  a  few  drums  of 


of  whioh  we  are  regular  consumers,  hut  are  in  immediate  need  of 
in  the  least ,  one  drum.  Would  it  be  asking  you  tooi  much  to  he 
kind  enough  and  wire  us  on  reoeipt.of  thiB  your  lowest  price 
for  one  drum,  immediate  shipment  to  Jersey  City,  and  oblige. 
Very  truly  yours, 

B.  P.  DTJCAS  CO. 

;/)ck-U  tUl  ddbn3Un*r*x 


^  Stswe  jw*'  'el  <+- 'a'a 

B-Ar  Y  1E1IEH 

May  11,  1915 

Sydney,  Nova  Scotia 

Your  wire  aigth  received.  Load  tank  car  and  ship  at  earliest 
possible  moment  regardless  of  rate,  over  following  route. 
Intercolonial,  Grand  Trunk,  New  York  Central,  Huntingdon  and 
West  Shore  and  Erie  at  Weohauken,  Now  Jersey.  Have  UP  J'*™ 
railroads  matter  of  suspending  tariff  and  making  rate  effective 
earliest  logal  date.  >'  '  , 

§ee  your  tariff  six  eighty  nine  effective  i.iay  twenty  seventh 
protecting  forty  one  cent  rate  Benzol  in  carloads  Sydney  to 
Silver  lake,  llew  Jersey.  Textile  people  suffering  and  busi¬ 
ness  at  a  standstill.  Plants  closed  aid  men  laid  off  for 
want  of  dyes.  Prom  benzol  I  am  making  aniline  oils  and  car¬ 
bolic  acid  which  are  needed  badly.  hart in  of  Grand  'Trunk 

advises  my  Traffic  man  that  he  will  today  while  in  Washington 
take  up  with  Commission  for  suspension  of  tariff.  Will  you 
not  do  likewise  with  Commissions.  Conditions  absolutely  de¬ 

mand  this.  Pl( 

Paid  -  charge 


May  11th.  1915. 


Ur.  Takaki  called  me  on  the  telephone  thlB  morning  and  he  said 
that  Dr.  Takomini  had  received  a  oahle  from  the  Japanese  Govern¬ 
ment  asking  for  quotation  on  one  hundred  thirty  (130)  tons  of 
Carbolic  Acid,  deliveries  to  commence  June  15th,  and  continue  up 
to  December  31st,  1915.  Mr.  Takaki  as  1®  d  if  we  could  furnish  it. 

Yesterday  Mr.  Edison  told  Mr.  Takaki  that  the  utmost  he  could  do 
would  be  one  thousand  (1,000)  pounds  a  day,  which  would  be  eighty- 
nine  (89)  tons  up  to  the  end  of  the  year.  He  told  Mr.  Takaki  he 
•  would  sell  him  this  at  fifty  (60)  cents  if  Mr.  Takaki  would  fur¬ 
nish  the  Benzol  at  sixty  (60)  cents. 

I  spoke  to  Mr.  Edison  about  his  making  this  one  hundred  thirty 
(130)  tons  for  the  Japanese  Government,  and  he  said  he  could  not 
make  more  than  the  eiehty-nine  (89)  tons  unless  Mr.  Takaki  was 
willing  to  put  up  fifteen  thousand  dollars  ($15,000)  in  cash  to 
extend  the  plant  and  furnish  Benzol  at  forty  (40)  cents  per  gal¬ 
lon.  Mr.  Edison  said  that  yesterday  he  made  a  mistake  in  saying 
sixty  (60)  cents.  He  meant  forty  (40)  cents  per  gallon.  I  told 
Mr.  Takaki  that  Mr.  Edison  said  that  if  he  (Takaki)  wanted  to  put 
up  fifteen  thousand  dollars  ($15,000)  Mr.  Edison  would  extend  his 
plant  so  as  to  provide  the  necessary  fifteen  hundred  (1500)  pounds 
per  day  to  fill  the  contract  for  one  hundred  thirty  (130)  tons. 

X  also  told  Mr.  Takaki  that  Mr.  Edison  said  he  would  have  to  charge 
this  fifteen  thousand  dollars  ($16,000)  on  the  price  he  quoted  to 
the  Japane  se  Government,  and  also  figure  the  Benzol  as  re  ing  sup- 
plied  to  Mr.  Edison  at  forty  (40)  cents,  but  that  Mr.  Edison  s. 
price  to  Mr.  Takaki  would  be  fifty  (60)  cents  per  pound. 


•'ay  13  th.  1915. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  B.  J. 

Dear  Pir: 

Ohe  erode  Toluol  should  he  washed  as  follows: 

2$  by  volume  of  80$  Pulphurio  Acid  i3  run  into  the 
Toluol  and  the  agitator  allowed  to  run  for  30  minutes  during 
the  next  half  hour  the  si udge  is  allowed  to  settle  and  is 
drawn  off.  The  operation  is  repeated  with  98$  Acid.  A  sample 
of  the  Toluol  is  then  distilled  in  the  Laboratory  ana  the  dis- 
•fc il late  is  examined  to  see  if  it  stands  the  acid  test  as  laid 
down  in  the  speoi  float  ions .  If  not  the  washing  with  aoid  is 
repeated.  Then  l4w  Caustic  Soda  is  run  in  using  about  5$ 
by  volume  and  the  toluol  is  agitated  and  allowed  to  settle. 

The  aque»4a. liquor  is  run  off,  it  being  tested  with  litmus  paper 
to  be  sure  that  it  is  alkaline  .  Then  about  one  fourth  the  volume 
of  water  is  run  in  and  after  agitation  allowed  plenty  of  time  to 
settle.  This  may  have  to  be  done  twice  to  be  sure  that  all  the 
alkali  has  been  removed.  The  Toluol  is  allowed  to  settle  complete 
ly  and  distilled,  with  the  dephlegmator  at  100°C . 

Yours  very  truly. 



\7.  H.  Meadowcroft, 
Edison  Laboratory. 

Johnstown,  Pa. 
May  11,  1915. 

Shipping  today  9  arums  90$  and  3  drums  C.  P.  Benzol,  Newark. 
How  many  drums  Solvent  llaptha  can  you  use  . 


_ _ J 

.  h/Attn/So  *&*/&( 

i2th..  May,  1915.  4P*“*^ 

^  l04  < 

Mr.  ThoB.  A-  Miaou,  l  , 

Orange,  H.J?  ^ 

Bear  Sir;-  ^  ^Ci'Scfi£^S 

X  have  your  night  letter  of  the  11th.  instant],  giving 

rooting  for  «.  first  ton*  os.  of  Ml*. 

will  he  followed  out  in  regard  to  same,  ^  / 

Shipment  will  he  made  as  soon  as  we  reoeive  advice 
from  you  as  to  whether  Benzol  similar  to  sample  seniTyou  by  the/ 
S.S. "Stephano"  is  suitable.  / 

s  faithfully,  / 


Chief  Cleric  Traffio  Bepartment. 

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Attention  of  Mr.  Keadowcroft, 

Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

East  Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:— 


Referring  to  my  conversation  with  you  which  took  place 
at  your  office  last  Monday,  I  enclose  herewith  a  copy  of  the 
proposition  submitted  by  the  Cleveland  People. 

This  proposition  was  first  submitted  at  their  own  sug¬ 
gestion  and  which  our  machinery  department  sent  to  Japan.  Then 
the  Japanese  Government  gave  us  the  specification,  a  copy  of  which 
we  enclose  herein ,  and  now  the  Cleveland  People  are  making  a  plan 
and  proposition  to  fit  in  with  this  Japanese  Specification  and 
when  I  get  this,  I  will  mail  a  copy  of  the  same  to  you  for  your 
reference . 

Please  understand  that  these  documents  are  in  the  hands 
of  our  machinery  department  and  I  borrowed  them  just  for  my  own 
reference.  When  X  get  a  new  proposition,  I  will  come  down  to 


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Johnstown,  Pa., 

lit.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Can  wash  aid  redistill  Solvent  Haphtha  without 
interference.  Will  distill  Toluol  today.  What 

fraotionation  do  you  wish  made? 


Western  Union, 

u  *■'.  'l<? 

^  <sJLa.<J?  'Yvw/sA' 


Cambria  Steel  Company 


Philadelphia  May  12,  1915. 

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Having  heavy  maturing  obligations 
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fceesrs.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino . , 

Orange,  N.  J. 


A.s  we  are  running  short  of  Phenol 
and  have  no  advices  of  shipment  from  you  since 

April  SOth,  we  telegraphed  you: 

"What  quantities  Phenol  is  enroute 
last  shipping  advices  April  twen¬ 

We  now  have  your  reply: 

"Our  Benzol  was  delayed  in  arrival 
will  ship  Phenol  Saturday  regret 
the  few  days  delay". 

We  can  appreciate  fully  the  condi¬ 
tions,  but  hope  that  the  quant it  y  you  will  ship 
us  Saturday  will  be  sufficient  to  make  up  the 
Bhort  shipments  of  the  last  few  weeks. 

Awaiting  your  further  advices,  we 

Mew  York,  May  13th,  1916. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.., 

East  Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: — 

As  a  matter  of  form,  we  heg  to  confirm  our  previous  conversa¬ 
tion  with  you  in  regard  to  the  Carbolic  Acid  business .  You  were 
good  enough  to  do  us  a  special  favor  in  proposing  to  make  1500 
pounds  of  pure  Phenol,  United  States  Pharmacopaeia  from  the  15th 
of  June  and  you  will  he  willing  to  take  a  contract  for  the  quan¬ 
tity  not  less  than  2,000  pounds  at  the  price  of  50 4,  provided  you 
get  pure  Benzol  from  the  Woodward  Plant  at  the  cost  of  40 4  per 
gallon.  (Mitsui  &  Company  to  pay  you  §15.000.00  to  cover  the  cos'l 
of  building  an  extent ion. 

The  cable  from  Japan  which  reached  here  this  morning  states 
that  they  want  about  330,000  pounds  all  together  and  we  have  cabled 
to  Japan  stating  that  we  are  not  willing  to  make  any  more  than 
1,500  pounds  per  day  from  June, 18th  and  therefore  the  delivery  of 
330,000  pounds  will  he  completed  in  the  middle  of  March,  1916,  at 
the  rate  of  1,500  pounds  per  day. 

Thahking  you  again  for  your  special  favor  in  the  instance 
and  with  kind  personal  regards. 

Yours  very  truly, 

MITSUI  &  CO . , 1IMITED . 

BY( signed)  SHUMZO  TAKAXI. 

Assistant  Manager. 

"Specification  for  the  supply  of  Toluol:  Appear¬ 
ance  to  he  a  clear  water-white  liquid,  free  from  suspended 
solid  matter.  .Specific  Gravity:  The  specific  gravity  i3 
to  he  not  less  than  .868  and  not  more  than  .870  at  15.5 
degrees  Centigrade.  Boiling  point  must  correspond  approximately 
to°110  degrees  Centigrade  corrected.  Sulphuric  acid  test 
90  C.  C.  of  Toluol  shaten  with  ten  C.  C.  of  90^  sulphuric  acid 
for  five  minutes  should  impart  only  a  slight  colour  in  the 
acid  layer.  Distillation  test:  100  C.  C.  are  placed  in  a 
fractionating  flash  for  200  C.  C.  capacity;  a  thermometer  divi¬ 
ded  in  tenths  of  a  degree  centigrade  is  so  adjusted  that  the 
top  of  the  hulh  is  on  a  level  with  the  side  tube,  heat  is 
applied  over  a  smll  area  of  the  centre  of  the  bottom  and  the 
distillation  conducted  in  such  a  way  that  The  distillate 
ranges  over  as  quickly  as  possible  in  distinct  drops,  "bur 
not  in  a  continuous  stream;  the  t e mpe rature  is  read  when 
5  C.  C.  and  again  when  95  C.  C.  have  collected  in  the  receiving 
cylinder.  The  difference  between  tin  two  readings  must  not 
be  greater  than  0.8  degrees  centigrade." 


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ft.iS  CLi-fi-  fttc  mi-  Sfoto  ^.ti  c~6  /nuttb 

'  u  7^= 

.  JJV. . -'tt-innetj. 

lyx 1€ 

May  14th.  1915. 

L!r.  V?.  H.  Maso  n , 

%  Coke  Oven  Department, 

Cambria  Steel  Company, 

Johnstown,  Pa. 

Dear  Mr.  Mason: 

Hr.  Edison  has  ashed  me  to  write  to  yon  ana  say 
to  yon  that  now  that  our  Aniline  ana  new  Carbolic  Plants  .are  so 
near  ready  we  must  be  kept  promptly  ana  correctly  lnformea  as  to 
your  proauot  at  Johnstown. 

He.  wishes  you  therefore  to  Bena  every  night  a  re¬ 
port  showing  how  much  crude  you  have  made,  ana  how  much  Benzol  you 
have  distilled,  shipped  or  have  on  hand.  In  other  words,  he  wants 
to  know  every  day  Just  what  has  been  done  ana  how  you  stand  in  re¬ 
gard  to  Benzol  on  hand. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 







Dominion  Steel  Corporation,  Limited 

tfoo .  Toronto  j _ ^ 

i~+  ^tedcv»r <u  \A&  A 91 5  r 

, -  Cr>W  C^S»- 

plant  at  Sydney 

-  <^<T*A^VvKa*£- 

The  Benzol  plant  au  o.yuiic^ 

there  are 'un^^^s^ecf*  $arfi s^^tmT^he 
la  rger^fc  ,00^:  ‘ 




V  ><L*  W<*^  * 

et  ^be  called  oompletfe: 

.  _  V^«H>  'pit-*  JEll. 

.rrangements,  *  - 

xxurmai.  piuuuu  .iun  ,  <*  OB  cUi^ 

Gt^  „6*i££L*&  U^l  ’2—<?>-0 

/[  The  plant  Is  designed  for  over  2400  United  States  gallons 
Benz ol  claily^ or”w$?c&  ytnio 0 nfcr  a c t  would  call J  for  800  gallons,  or 
say  one-third.  X  have  been  asked  to  fix  the  date  from  whioh  your 
shipments  are  to  count,  and  my  idea  would  be  to  say  one-third  of 
0.  P.  Benzol  output  until  it  reaches  2400  gallons  and  800  gallons 
daily  thereafter. 

They  also  ask  the  question  whether  800  gallons  dally  means 
4800  oy\5600^)fa lions  weekly.  V/hat  was  your  idea? 

It  would  be  well  to  put  this  business  on  a  regular  footing 


and  if  you  will  let  me  have  your  views  on  these  two  points  I  will 
get  the  Bales  Department  to  send  you  the  usual  foim  of  sales  contract. 
Have  you  heard  anything  of  eu»r  increased  duty  on  Benzol?? 


Shos.  A.  Kdison,  Ksf^^’'*4’’/?’* 
Orange,  H.  J.  v 

Toronto  Chemical  Company,  Limited 

Toronto  Office:  18  Wellington  Street  East 

l.lay  14  th,  1915 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

I  enclose  order  for  the  two  Hirtzel  stills,  which 
X  hope  will  cover  your  needs.  I  am  trusting  to  you  as  to 
prices,  as  we  did  at  Sydney.  I  am  disappointed  about  deliv¬ 
eries  and  hope  you  will  see  that  we  get  all  the  dispatch 

I  have  written  twice  to  the  Badger  Company  but 
received  no  reply.  They  may  perhaps  be  doubtful  about  credit 
but  I  guarantee  the  account  and  will  if  neoessary  mate  a  depos¬ 
it.  I  am  counting  positively  on  deliveries  according  to  your 
telegram  of  24th  April,  namely  one  each  in  eight  and  ten  week?. 

The  experience  at  Sydney  as  to  capacity  of  Hirtzel 
and  Badger  stills  has  been  disappointing,  but  possibly  with  im¬ 
proved  practice,  larger  pumps,  better  cooling  arrangements,  etc., 
this  may  be  overcome. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Thos.  A.  Edison,  Aaq. , 

-  Vice-President 


Pay  15th.  1915. 

Mr.  Leeming: 

Mr.  Bdi  f»n  Trill  want  to  get  10  tons  of  oast  iron  borings. 
T  think  yon  obtained  for  him  some  little  time  ago  a  small  quantity 
for  one  of  the  people  to  whom  we  sell  sorar.  He  wants  you  to  ob¬ 
tain  a  sample  and  price  for  him  on  this  right  away. 

He  also  wants  to  get  ion  pounds  of  rather  coarse  metallic 
zinc  dust.  He  does  not  care  particularly  for  the  fine  ,  which  is 
rather  expensive.  Will  you  please  also  find  out  about  this,  how 
quickly  it  can  be  obtained  and  at  what  price  and  have  sample  fur¬ 

He  will  want  to  get  these  supplies  fery  quickly. 



flew  York,  May  16th.  1915. 

We  beg  to  outline  the  following  proposition  for  pure  phenol.  United 
States  Pharmacopaeia  quality,  for  Japan  which  has  already  been  verbally 
arranged  with  you. 

X.  You  agree  to  make  1,500  pounds  per  day,  commencing  June  15th, 
1915  for  the  mimimum  quantity  of  200,000  pounds  provided  we  pay  for  the 
additional  machinery,  the  cost  of  which  will  not  exceed  w15,000. 

2  Your  price,  f.  o.  b.  factory  without  containers  will  be  fifty 
cents  (50  per  pouAd,  provided  you  get  pure  benzol  from  Woodward  at 
forty  cents  (40^)  per  gallon. 

Upon  the  above  basis,  we  have  been  exchanging  cables  with  Japan 
and  the  last  cable  which  reached  here  this  morning  states  uhat  our 
Japanese  buyer  signed  the  contract  with  the  Japanese  Government  for 
300,000  pounds  to  be  delivered  by  January  31st,  1916. 

s&rs£?-S’kn u.brs«., 

SS  sks  s-ra  vsgttz  ~  ? 
-s.r.SB£  s'Jss's’ra:  sff,  »». 

Tr,  n,a«,  +o  keep  vou  well  posted  on  this  transaction,  we  herewith 
enclose  ^of«  made  out. and  AiA  will  slearly  show 

also  making  the  delivery  of  the  goods. 

Our  Japanese  Customer  agreed  to  ^f^Atsl 79^ fou^o^a^,"0'1114 

Benzol  Absorbing  Plant  at  Woodward. 

Our  figures  in  this  Proforma  Invoice  are  all  very  safe  and  wemay 
find  quit!  f bit  left  as  our  profit  and  in  such  a  case,  we  will  turn  it 
back  into  our  joint  account. 

Che  above  mentioned  six  cents  per  pound  was  figured  on basis  that 

9.4 d  which  means  $.664  more  for  one  gallon  of  Benzol  at  the  rate  of  six 
pound  phenol  to  one  gallon  Benzol  and  $.611  more  at  the  rate  of  6-1/2 
pounds  Phenol  to  one  gallon  of  Benzol.  At  any  rate,  out  of  tuis  carbolic 
acid  transaction,  our  benzol  will  be  sold  at  One  Dollar  or  more  per 
gallon  and  because  it  will  take  50,000  gallons  of  Benzol  to  make  300,000 
to  330,000  pounds  of  carbolic  acid,  the  woodward  joint  account  will  re¬ 
ceive  somewhere  around  $50,000. 

Supposing  that  each  gallon  of  Benzol  or  1'oluol  from  Woodward  cost 
us  4o2aper  gallon,  the  total  liability  will  be  $180,000  on  basis  of 
450,000  gallons  output.  Since  you  have  already  bought  600  gallons  per 
day  for  one  year  which  means  219,^00  gallons  at  60^,.  the  woodward  joint 
account  has  already  $131,400  as  a  sale  and  now,  we  can  add  $50,000 
to  it,  total  of  which  will  just  cover  the  entire  liability  for  the  first 
year  including  cost  of  the  plant. 

Therefore,  whatever  we  sell  on  top  of  these  two  sales  of  Benzol 
will  be  clean  profit  which  will  be"  divided  half  and  half  as  per  our 
agreement  and  we  feel  that  we  can  afford  to  go  slow  from  now  on  and 
hope  that  the  above  is  to  your  entire  satisfaction. 



BhO  4  I'ORIttii  IMYOICa. 

330 , OOP#  Pure  Phenol. 

Price  fifty  cents  (50^)  per  pound  on  basis  of  price  of  Benzol 
Forty  cents  (40^)  per  gallon.  From  one  gallon  of  pure  Benzol 
six  pounds  of  Phenol  can  be  obtained.  In  case  of  price  of  Pure 
Benzol  is  sixty  cents  (60$/)  per  gallon. 

60$/  -  40^  =  20$/ 

Z04  -  6#s=  3.334,  say  3.4 4  . 

Therefore,  net  price  of  phenol  50$/  plus  3.4$/.=  53.4$/ 

Cost  of  machinery  including  interest 
$15,000.00  plus  $1350.00  -  $16,350.00 

$16,550.00  divided  by  330,000  =  say  5.0 

Freight,  packings  and  Insurance,  say  6.0 

For  emergency,  Pure  Benzol  may  probably  be 

necessary  to  buy  from  outside,  say  1.0 

Commssion  for  hoc tor  Takamine  6.0 

Commission  for  us  6.0* 

Commission  for  Tokio  office  say 

Price  per  pound  79.0 4 

ilajr  17th.  1915. 

”r .  J.  H.  Plumme  r , 

C5  Dominion  Iron  8:  Steel  C-o., 

Toronto,  Canada. 

Dear  I'r.  Plummer: 

I  an  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  14th  instant, 
enclosing  order  for  the  two  Ulrzel  Stills  for  fault  Ste  .  ”nrie. 

Yen  may  he  assured  that  we  will  make  the  prices  as  reasonable  as 
possible,  and  X  think  your  disappointment  will  perhaps  abate  when 
you  receive  the  memorandum  which  I  have  sent  you  today  about  de¬ 

T  do  not  see  why  the  Badger  Company  does  not  write 
you.  X  will  drop  them  a  line  today  and  ask  them  to  communicate 
with  you,  biit  mould  say  for  your  inf  or  rot  ion  that  I  received  a 
litter  from  them  last  week  stating  that  the  deliveries  wffuld  come' 
along  all  right,  namely,  one  still  in  eight  weeks  and  the  other  in 
ten  weeks. 

The  capacity  of  the  Hirzel  Pi  ills  is  all  right.  It 
is  the  cooling  arrangements  and  pnmp  capacity  that  need  attention. 
The  Badger  Stills  have  not  the  oapaoity  desired  on  account  of  the 
severe  specifications. 

Yours  very  truly, 


At  Mr.  Edison’s  request  I  called  up  Mr.  Walker  of  the  United  States 
Steel  Corporat ion  and  askEd  him  how  about  Hr.  Edison  i dS?iave 
Benzol  in  accordance  with  Judge  Gary’s  promise  that  he  should  have 
ome  Benzol  at  market  price  when  their  plants  went  Into  operation, 
r.  Walker  asked  what  we  would  consider  as  market  price  and  I  told 
.  .j.  _ i  j  ...  oirnn-Mv  Tm*  that  Mr.  Edison  did  not  con- 

him  that"  I  could  not 'say  exactly  hut  that  Mr.  Ed  di  a  not  con- 

sider  the  present  fancy  prices  of  a  dollar,  one  dollar  aid  fifteen 
cents,  and1  so  on,  to  represent  a  market  price  ,  as  they  were  only 
speculative  and  fictitious.  I  told  him  I  did  not  think  Mr.  Edison 
would  consider  any  such  figure  as  representing  a  true  market  price. 

Mr  Walker  said  that  the  United  States  Steel  Company  had  appointed 
as ‘their  agent  for  the  sale  of  Benzol  and  other  hy-products  the 
American  Coal  Products  Company,  and  we  couia  call  up  Mr.  Jayne  or 
that  Company1  and  talk  the  Matter  over  with  him.  I  again  reminded 
"Mm  n-F  .Tndffe  Gary's  promise  to  Itr*  Edison,  of  which  Hr.  Edison 
himself  spoke  to  Mr.  Walker  when  he  visited  the  offices  of  *he 
States  Steel  Corporation  in  the  latter  end  of  last  year.  Mr.  Walker 
said  that  Mr.  Jayne  had  called  us  up  on  the  telephone  in  pursuance 
of  that  promise  sometime  ago,  to  ask  what  ouf 1)6  - 
t  told  Mr.  Walks r  that  Mr.  Jayne  had  then  said  the  price  would  he 
one  dollar  per  gallon,  which  Hr.  Edison  did  not  consider  was  a  kind 
of  price  that  should  he  quoted  to  him  in  view  of  Judge  Gary  s  promise 
and  had  said  at  the  time  that  he  could  not  UBe  it  at  that  price. 

I  again  spoke  of  Judge  Gary's  promise  to  Mr.  Edison,  and  told  Mr. 
Walker  that  T  thought  it  ought  to  have  been  provided  for,  but  he  did 
not  make  any  satisfactory  answer,  only  saying  that  we  would  have  to 
oall  Mr.  Jayne  and  talk  to  him  abort  getting  Benzol.  The  impres¬ 
sion  I  derived  from  this  telephone  interview  was  that  the  United 
States  Steel  people  had  gone  ahead  and  appointed  Coal 

Products  Company  as  their  agent  for  the  sale  of  all  Ihe  ir  by-product 
forgetting  Judge  Gary's  promise  to  Mr.  Edison. 


Attention  of  Mr.  Meadowcroft, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange ,  Hew  jersey. 

Dear  Sir:-  „  .  ,, 

We  b'eg  to  confirm  our  order  for  300,000  pounds  of  pure  Phenol 

United  States  Pharmacopaei3-,  to  he  delivered  at  the  rate  of  1,660 
pounds  per  day  commencing  June  15th,  1915  and  ending  December  31st,  ----- 
1915.,  for  which  we  will  pay  in  cash  within  ten  days  after  the  ship¬ 
ment  is  made  from  your  Plant  at  the  rate  of  50$  per  pound  net. 

It  is  understood  that  you  pay  40$  for  each  gallon  of  pure  Benzol 

shipped  from  Woodward, 

The  contents  of  our  letter  dated  May  15th  showing  the  account 
of  this  contract,  of  course  stand  good  and  we  expect  to  show  in  our 
Book  of  Woodward  Accounts,  One  Dollar  or  more  for  each  gallon  of 
Benzol  so  used. 

In  order  to  keep  the  account  clear,  kindly  advise  us  exaotly 
how  many  gallons  of  Benzol  we  ought  to  ship  from  Woodward  in  order 
to  get  1,660  pounds  of  Phenol  from  you  per  day. 

Thanking  you  for  your  special  favor  which  was  extended  to  us 
in  this  contract  and  with  respects 

’Yours  very  truly 


0.  S.  JANNEY  &  CO. 

Frances  Patterson,  Broker 


10 **  &rU^imD™~e 

DIEHHJTXXAIilH:  All  this,  I  am  ashamed  to  say  is  GHKKK  to  me,  but  am 

putting  it  up  to  wiser  heads  than  mine,  (  yours,  you  see' 

and  if  yon  are  making  it  and  want  to  let  mo  have  a  chance  to  make 

a  little  of  the  money  X  did  not  make  on  the  CARBOLIC ,  why  let 

mo  hear  from  yon  with  all  the  necessary  information. 

Thanking  you  in  adaance  and  with  kind  regards,  X  am. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Y/hat  about  3LTA  KAiTHOL.  Have  you  started  yet. 

The  Thomas  A.  Kdison  Laboratory. 

Orange ,  U . J • 


Frances  Patterson,  Broker 


1091  Drexel  Building 



1000  kg  (2240  pounds)  Plphenylamin  {  O^H  )  N.  H. 
li  She  dlphenylamin  must  lie  chemical  clean: 

al  Ihe  Crystal  must  l)e  quite  white  and  smell  aromaticaly,  thp 
must  not  become  brownish  wheg  expccctl  to  cn°  *0n_S 

Dlphenylamin  mixed  with  2  om°  thinned  and  20  on  con 

centrated  H  S  0  free  from  H  It  O^  shal£  give  colorless  solution 
2  4  -J 

h)  It  must  contain  1 

cold  distillod  water,  the  filtered  water 
give  sediment  of  Ag  Cl. 

o)  It  shall  taelt  at  54  deg  0. 
a)  She  solution  in  uleohol  must  not  ;  hr,- 



Hay  19th,  1915. 

Mr*  Thomas  A*  Edison, 

Dear  Sir: 

Pursuant  to  the  suggestion  of  your  Ur.  lieadoworoft,  Hr.  Durkin  and 
1  visited  you  yesterday  to  discuss  cooperation  along  oertain  lines  in  which 
we  are  mutually  interested. 

You  stated  that  your  interest  in  manufacturing  phenol  was  merely 
to  supply  yourself  with  a  high  grade  produdt  for  your  phono p-aph  records, 
whlohFpurpose.  of  course,  eliminates  any  idea  of  our  occupying  a  position  in 
competition  with  you  in  the  manufacture  of  phenol.  You  expressed  a  desire 
to  cooperate  with  us,  hut  hesitated  to  disclose  to  us  certain  da^B 
the  manufacture  of  phenol,  this  for  the  reason  as  stated  by  you  that  “  would 
not  he  fair  to  the  parties  from  whom  you  received  your  information  to  dlsolose 
a  secret  belonging  to  them  upon  which  they  counted  to  earn  their  bread  and 
butter,  ffe  then  suggested  that  we  were  quite  willing,  aa  *  t0V 

oomplete  cooperation,  to  protect  the  interest  of  these  parties  as  it  might 

You  thon  made  the  suggestion  to  us  that  you  would  manufacture  and 
deliver  to  us  phenol  if  we  would  deliver  to  you  benzol  on  the 
gallon  of  benzol  for  one  lb.  of  phenol.  This  proposition  was  not  attractive 
to  us,  and  we  made  the  suggestion  that  we  would  like  to  receive  from  ycrua 
proposition  which  would  contemplate  our  delivering  to  youall  the  raw  materials 
for  making  phenol  receiving  phenol  in  exohange.  you  indicated  a  dewire  to 
take  thle^ suggestion  under  consideration,  and  we  will  expect  to  hear  from  you 
at  your  earliest  convenience  • 

Boston,  Mass. 


May  19. 


11.  Mcadowcr of  t , 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  N .  J • 

Enclosed  find  copy  of  our  letter  sent  you  on  April 
>8th,  referring  to  carbolic  still.  We  believe  this  is  plan. 

Wp  tiers  onallv  cannot  see  the  advantage  in  using  silver 
connecting  piping  when  usins  an  iron  receiver. 

lngUcoil?  andni|ethKeL  O.K.,  iron’ connecting  piping  should  he. 

We  have  furnished  silver  connecting  piping  on  the  second 
.till  which  you  have  on  hand,  and  you  have  iron  piping  for  the 
first  still. 

Wo  are  sending  you  (under  separate  enclosure)  assembly 
as  assembly  plans. 

Silver  has  been  employed  for  the  condensers  whore  the 
vapors  are  hot  and  the  action  would-be *he™ost^  also  the  h<  - 
*ng  coil  : * J?  "00eiVerU  we  can  pro¬ 
to  be  attacked.  V-ime  Please  let  us  know  as 

cure  the  same  in  a  few  weeks  wigi,  slivcr  connecting 

piping^f  orUthoUstill^for°which  wfhLe  furnished  iron,  we  will 
make  this  up  for  you  as  soon  as  possible. 

wp  are  also  sending  (under  separate  cover)  duplicate 


-  2  - 

Mr.  VT.  H.  Meadowcroft 


shipping  memoranda  covering  tlie^wo ^stills 

74094  ia  for  the  x  xrsu  siiixx,  u.  m. 

^  .-SSi'UK  *»™“" 

immediately  hy  express  to  you. 

jiulson  co.^and^ill^not^rite'^thcm^f urther^awalting^adviccs1' 
from  you. 

yours  very  truly* 
E.  B.  BADGER? 





Hay  20th  .  1916. 

Miss  Frances  Patterson* 

1091  Drexel  Building, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 
ny  dear  iliaa  Patterson: 

I  received  your  favor  of  the  ISth  instant, 
with  specifications  on  Biphe nylanine .  I  do  not  Blame  you  for 
saying  that  they  are  all  Creep  to  you. 

v?e  are  expecting  to  make  some  Piphenylamine 
Before  long,  and  Hr.  Edison  wishes  me  to  say  that  he  can  meet 
the  opecif ioationB  that  you  enclosed  in  your  letter.  Before  we 
could  give  you  any  information  that  v'ould  he  of  use  to  you.  we 
should  have  to  know  how  large  a  contract  you  would  expect  to  place 
and  how  long  a  period  of  time  it  would  embrace . 

I7e  are  not  quite  sure  yet  whether  we  shall 
go  into  Beta  Paphthol,  and  cannot  say  anything  definitely  about 
that  at  this  present  moment. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ttr.  Edison. 

May  20th. 


2he  Heyften  Chemical  Works, 

135  S'  ill  iam  Street, 

'  r?ew  York  City  . 


£e plying  to  your  favor  of  the 
17th  instant,  T  beg  to  say  that  we  have 
had  a  drum  of  Carbolic  Void  ready  for  you 
two  dayg,  and  we  telephoned  your  office 
and  your  factory  that  it  was  ready  day  be¬ 
fore  yesterday,  b\rfc  your  truck  has  not  yet 
cad. led  for  it. 

I  think  -e  shall  be  able  to  give 
you  some  of  the  arrears  by  the  end  of  this 
week  or  the  beginning  of  next. 

Yours  very  truly. 

I.iay  20,  1915. 

'i'he  Seydel  iianuf  ac  turing  Co., 
BS-100  Forrest  St., 

jersey  City,  W.  J. 


V;e  must  ask  you  to  S^ae  e»uae  the^elay^tawri^ 
formal  aokiiowledgment  of  your  01  e  ^  memorandum  which  you 

SS  2  S«  Z  SisViSfi  r..  m.  ~  «• 

will  stand  as  follows: 

ton  in  December.* 

Crescent,  one-half 
October  and  November. 

ton  June,  July,  August,  September, 

-half  ton  in  June. 

Holston  Manufacturing  Co.,  twelve  tons  in 
ments  June,  July,  August,  September,  October,  ,oveu 

,U1  the  above,  except  the  f 13 t?n  Manufacturing  Co. 
are  at  forty-fire  (45)  cents  per  pound,  tfaa 

having  misunaerstood  ia. rf ^ B0Und.  In  all  the  above  cases 

£  *sms 1"  Serb's  rs*. 

Edison  has  oeen  unaei  in  e  ^  would  arrange  to  discount 

K^bfu^/tnTo'^  I3  this  agreeable? 

,:e  beg  to  remind  you  that  we  have  no  shipping 
address  for  anyone  of  your  above  customers. 

I  remain, 

s  that  you  will  favor  us  with  an  early  reply 

v«„«  mrv  truly. 



-  3  in  renly  to  your  inquiry  as  to  date  of 
ISiffo  LrTest  to  expedite  °a£  Shipments. 

shipment,  I  beg  to 
■few*  days  and  then 

/'Hdu.j  2-1 j 



jf'Cw  V? 1^.ccX^L 

^1  ^ 

C|-  M*.  fb# 



RECEIVED  AToa„  „  , 

97NY  JA  77N ORa|\|Q£^  S~r« 













la. ,  Hay  21st .  1915  . 

Thomas  A..  Edison. 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Referring  to  conversayon/^th  your  Hr.  Mason  wouia  appreciate  it 
if  you  would  wire  how  soon  ana  at  what  price  you  could 

replace  for  us  here  fVBenzol  Plant  now  being  erected.  V/e  to  fur¬ 
nish  all  foundat^ra  ana  make  necessary  conned  ion  . 


trouble  is  caused 
After  the  explosi 

replaced  it  wi' 

*j|r.cLina -ril^  in  good  cordition  and 

ire  took  the  excelcier  out  of  two  or  three  trays 
hut  the  bottom  tray  and  the  one  next  to^it 

far  as  could  be  told  from^  excelcier. 

)— accasl-on— f-or-drang-ing-1 

Af^ter— o-bs  e-rviTig— t-lieTe— r/ac— no— occasa-on— i-o  r  ™miri«s  “““  ' '  V, 

I  believe  now  that  this  excelcier  was  unduly  packed  by  the  explosion  and 
a  gage  test  shows  three  quarters  of  our  total  presure  is  due 

I  therefore,  have  arranged  to  shut  down  to-morrow  and  make  a  tliorpu^i  v=i 
examination  of  the  tanks,  Oil  destribution,  etc,  and  will  take  out  the  >,^ 
excelcier  if 'it  is  packed  too  tight,  as  I  expect.  This  has  no  doubts 

part  of  our  trouble,  but  I  do  not  believe  it  is  the  cause  of  all  ' 
jw  checking  up 

and  am 

.cords  etc,  with  the  hope  of  locating  someth^ 
^Tttg-YOU  ®v  ' 





ND  SUllPHlJl 



1915.  , 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orangey  N.  J. 

I  VV  (7 

Dear  Sir:-  O  CL"6 

Please  advise  me  just  how  soon  you  can  make  a  shipment 

of  the  2  drums  of  Aniline  Oil,  as  per  my  letter  to  you  of Jhe^ 
18th  inst.  v 

If  it  is  impossible  for  you  to  ship  these  2  drums  at  \ 


one  time,  I  would  appreciate  it  very  much  if  you  would  send  a^ 
least  one  drum,  as  soon  as  you  possibly  can,  as  my  customers  v 
are  urging  me  for  their  work,  f 

Kindly  let  me  know  how  Boon  I  oan  expect  the  drums, 

BO  that  I  oan  lay  my  plans  accordingly. 

If  you  will  mall  me  your  invoice  upon  shipment  of  the 
drum,  I  will  send  you  a  check  by  return  mail. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  prompt  attention, 
end  trusting  that  you  will  be  in  a  position  to  ship  me  at  least 
the  drum  at  once,  I  remain 

Very  truly  yours, 


Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 
Bear  Mr.  Edison, 

■  1 /r/>  -  /.  $?  May  21st  1916. 

X*  W- 

JriZZ  * 

We  have  a  contract 


Oil,  delivery  beginning  June  1st,  which  o£  oc 

QsyUJL*#***  1 

glad  is  in  fo: 

.  >  -t2T>vuU!u- 

'  fcliH*  r  1 

ybfu  for  Aniline 

However,  IV^inay.  be  of  . interest  to  you 

to  know  that  the  Genera: 
several  oontractB,  a 
terday,  whioh  states 

per  pound  nor  be  lowerct^~  _ —  » — T  ■  — -  ... 

J  U*nX&-  vuiw  1  CiK  ~ 

those  limitations  according  to  conditions.  Of  course^.! 

take  it  without  investigation  that  Oil  will  sell  prao$&E 
oally  at  25^,  bat  it  ooaurred  to  me  if  they  oould  make  a 
price  of  25^,  you  oould  do  likewise,  and  if  you  can  see 

-f”  '7~~ 

your  way  olear  to  meet  this  price^I  will  be  glad  to  do  so. 

I  can  get  the  oopy  of  contract  made  by  the  general  Chemical 
Co.  on  this  basis  and  send  you  if  you  desire  to  Bee  Bame. 
With  best  wisheB,  I  an. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Pre  aidant , 

r~)' L ■<>  •  /  ( a  ■ 

86-100  Forrest  St., 

Jersey  City,  i-I .  J. 

May  21,  1915. 

iir.  William  Meadoworoft, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  yours  of  the  20th 
and. find  all  item3  correct  except  that  of  the  Crescent  Kfg. 
Company,  who  you  will  remember  changed  from  half  yearly  to 
yearly  and  are  expecting  half  ton  June,  July,  August,  Sept. 
October  and  November  and  one  ton  January,  February,  March 
April  and  Kay,  thus  changing  the  price  on  tnat  order  to  oofi 
less  5yi. 

Regarding  payment  of  bills  at  1,0  in  ten  days  beg 
to  advise  that  thi3  will  be  agreeable. 

We  are  enclosing  herewith  freight  bills  for  the 
June  shipments. 

7/e  shall  be  glad  to  have  you  hold  up  the  Scotland 
Heck  Cotton  Kills  shipment  until  we  advise  you  further. 

7/e  thank  you  for  an  early  reply  and  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

the  seydel  kfg.  company. 

(signed)  H.  Seydel. 



j^t-fl-v-  |^VVa^  <^'A/' 

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7nyknl«am«3  Nigktlatter 
SYMntY,  NS  Way  22nd  1915 
Tkemaa  A  Idiaan. , 

•range,  NowJeraey. 

Yaur  letter  seventeantk  received  it  cannat  lie  praperly  said  tkat 
kenzal  plant  kas  fully  started  yet  we  are  atill  aeriaualy 
Hakind  oamplotian  will  ke  seeing  yau  next  week  ta  disauss 
tkis  meantime  we  are  skipping  ane  car  kenzal  manday  and 
•an  give  yau  at  rate  af  five  kundrad  gallans  daily 
until  we  are  fully  gaing  passikly  six  kundrad  will  ka 
in  Want  real  Tuesday. 

J  H  Plummer. 

Z-'YZX)///'  Zir/'iZsr, 

zjJZ, ,/,*■„ 

May  22nd, 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orage ,  New  Jersey 
Dear  Sir:— 


-TA^  inJ- 

Attention  _of  >[r  ^^ieadowcAhitt,.^.  jj 
VJe  have  your^etter  of  the  20th  inat.  and  beg  to  confirm 
the  understanding  that  we  will  pay  for  all  necessary  extra  ap- 
p„.tu.  y^  V» 

nectiori  with  our  Carbolic  Acid  Order V  y 

h  you,  if  you  sencl 
r  Carbolic  Acid  Order 

/ Regarding  pure  Benzol, for  eariy^delivery^ 
you  to  say  when  the  Writer  called  on 
/did  not  have  to  buy  any  Benzol  because  you  expected  tojurn  ^ 

/  out  Benzofitu^to  commence  delivery  of  Carbolic  id  by 
/  ^  <\(/'\  -V- 
/  the  15th  of  June.  V ^ \ 

j  /"A  we  understand  that  you  are  going  out  to  the  WggjJrtfard 
/  Plant  very  shortly  and  if  you  have  no  objectig^,fl»»HreTter 
V  wishes  to  go  down  there  at  the  same  time  in  order  to  be  fully 
/  informed  about  the  Plant.  Please  let  us  know  when  you  are 
\  going  down. 

\  &  Very  truly  yours. 

-  ogg  MAIN 

RECEIVED  AT  C iE.,  '■  ' 

»  NY  R  l4*ggU.  pA  MAY  23 



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L01irtni  <^  ^ , 

Hay  24  th.  1916. 

I'r .  John  Baoon,  Jr., 

Coke  Oven  Department, 

Cambria  cteel  Company, 

Johnstovm,  Pa. 

Dear  Fir: 

I  received  yonr  telegram  of  the  21st  in  regard  to  Folvent 
Paphfcha  and  also  statine  that  yon  would  have  da  hand  today  24  dmms 
of  Toluol,  and  that  lack  of  space  would  not  permit  storage  without 
extra  oost. 

This  Toluol  is  already  sold  under  contract,  hut  I  am  try¬ 
ing  to  expedite  the  arrangements  for  delivery.  It  is  possible  that 
Col.  Phipps,  or  someone  from  him  will  come  .and  wont  to  test  it  be¬ 
fore  allowing  its  shipment  on  the  contraot.  In  that  oase ,  please 
allow  them  to  make  their  inspection  and  test.  I  trust  you  will  do 
the  best  you  can  about  storing  this  for  a  few  days  until  I  o an  make 
the  necessary  arrangements  for  its  removal. 

I  would  like  to  know  how  you  stand  in  regard  to  drums. 

Me  have  sent  you  two  oarloads  altogether  and  I  shall  be  glad  to  have 
you  let  me  know  how  you  stand,  that  is  to  say  how  many  you  have  on 

Yours  very  truly. 

Woodward  Iron  Company 

"Your  telegram  about  duplicate  benzol  plant  received.  Mason 
will  soon  arrive  at  Woodward  and  make  satisfactory  arrangements  to  giva 
you  what  you  dssire." 

pleaee  accept  our  thanks  for  your  prompt  attention  in  this 

/C-  ■$%}///■■  '0$feMt*w 

Attention  of  Mr.  Wm.  Meadowcroft, 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: — 


( ^rn) 


From  your  previous  letter,  we  understand  that  you  wish  us  to 
ship  you  500  gallons  pure  Phenol  per  day  from  Woodward  to  your 
Plant  at  Silverlake,  IT.  J.  On  basis  of  6-3/4  pounds  Phenol  to 
one  gallon  of  Benzol,  you  will  require  all  together  45,359  gallons 
of  pure  BenzoJ.  to  manufacture  entire  300,000  pounds  of  pure  Phenol. 
But,  if  you  take  the  basis  at  S  pounds  Phenol  to  one  Gallon  of 
pure  Benzol,  you  will  require  all  together  50,000  gallons  to  make 
300,000  pounds  pure  Phenol. 

PurePhenol,  which  we  contracted  with  you  is  going  into  the 
hands  of  the  Japanese  Government  who  are  very  strict  in  enforcing 
their  contract  w ith  any  contractors  and  we  must  be  doubly  careful 
about  delivery  of  pure  Phenol.  Our  contract  with  you  calls  for 
Phenol  to  begin  to  be  delivered  from  June  15th  at  the  rate  of  1,660 
pounds  per  day  on  basis  of  twenty-eight  days  per  month.  We  presume 
that  you  must  have  pure  Benzol  to 

be  applied  for  the  above  a  few 

To  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison.., 

,5/34/ '15. 

days  before  June  15th  and  if  so  Woodward  Plant  must  begin  shipment 
of  Bensol  on  or  about  June  5th.  Do  you  feel  quite  sure  that  the 
Woodward  Plant  -ill  be  ready  to  ship  out  Bensol  on  the  above  men¬ 
tioned  date?  If  so,  do  you  not  thin*  that  we  must  have  fifty  or 
one  hundred  iron-drums  ready  at  Woodward  so  that  we  can  ship  less 
than  car  load  lots  from  time  to  time  in  drums?  If  so,  kindly  give 
us  the  name  of  your  drum  dealer  and  we  will  buy  them  and  have  them 
shipped  to  Woodward  at  the  earliest  opportunity. 

Of  course,  you  have  contracted  with  us  for  600  gallons  per 
day  of  pure  Bensol  for  one  year  commencing  the  first  day  tf  the 
operation  of  the  Plant  which  means  all  together  315,000  gallons. 

If  you  could  see  your  way  clear,  we  wish  you  would  let  us  make  use 
of  efirliest  delivery  of  pure  Benzol  to  take  place  of  Bensol  foi 
our  Phenol  contract  and  in  this  way  we  can  save  expense  of  buymtJ 
drums . 

This  matter  of  the  shipment  of  pure  bensol  must  be  arranged 
in  such  a  way  so  that  we  will  have  no  confusion  and  we  do  not 
want  to  fall  down  in  our  Pheonl  contract  with  the  Japanese  Govern¬ 
ment,  owing  to  our  dis-arrangement  in  regard  to  the  shipment  of 
Pure  Benzol  from  Woodward  to  your  Plant  at  Silverlake .  ^ 

If  we  have  to  take  oare  of  these  shipment,  vis.,  600  pounds^  ( 
per  day  for  yourselves  and  300,000  for  our  Phenol  contract,  we 
must  make  direct  arrangements  with  your  men  in  charge  of  the  Y/ood 
ward  Plant  but,  if  you  think  it  more  convenient  to  attend  to  these 
shipments  yourselves,  we  will  of  course  be  very  much  obliged  to 
you  for  doing  so. 

To  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  Page  3. . 5/34/*15. 

The  whole  point  is  that  we  do  not  want  to  place  ourselves 
in  a  position  to  he  held  responsible  for  delay  in  delivery  of 
Phenol,  owing  to  our  inability  in  furnishing  you  pure  Benzol. 

In  our  previous  letter,  we  asked  you  again  if  we  may  buy 
spot  Benzol  at  the  present  high  price  no  that  you  will  have 
enough  Benzol  in  time  to  begin  delivery  of  Phenol  from  June 
loth ,  and  we  ask  you  to  be  kind  enough  to  let  us  know  about 
this  point  immediately. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  close  attention  to  this 
matter  and  with  respect. 

Yours  very  truly. 

gtattbg'  Snggett 

ffllltmirala.  @ila  anil  Mineral  f  minute 

90  John  and  11-18  Ci.ur  Streets  speciai  corr“^|^"”a™d  A 


NEW  YOKE  5/24/ie 

Mr.  ‘i'homas  A  Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

I  am  pleased  to  note  from  your  favor  of  the  20th,  you 
expect  to  make  test  run  on  Aniline  Oil  Monday,  today,  when  1 
hope  results  will  he .satisfactory  and  that  from  resulting  product, 
you  will  commence  shipments  on  account  of  my  orders  hy  not  later 

than  the  middle  of  this  week.  ... 

Can  you  offer  mr  for  spot  Aash  or  near  future  delivery 
m  o<M*ol  or  Crloliotj/lf  oo.  lot  ».  hov.  portiool.r. 

as  to  quantity  and  prrce~and  oblige 

Yours  very  respectfully. 



J  3tel5J 

■■  + 

fa  ,  ,a  ,AxS. 

"ri“r"r-M‘*“:-  vi/i  /«.' 

I  have  sent  you,  ty  expresB,  small \i  I**' 

sample  of  the  first  Benzol  which  we  have  produced,  Jp 

It  is  my  request  that  you  advise  me  as  )^y  \j\  ^ 

promptly  as  you  conveniently  can,  whether  the  qual- 
ity  of  this  Benzol  meets  with  your  requirements^  p  P  U^l 

ate  with  your  requirements.^  y  v  JLF  *$£ 

yours  very  truly,  \  ^  '/ 

-  A*' 

Iucpaco^  niece,  ^{isr  4  i 

\  '  1  >  \ 

Ou\eUX  Sci-n^jiCc.  fa c\,v^o~£  J  .  \ 

cU-C  fiCej* 't  •  /Cc^c  *,u 

ao  urtie-ui, 

>wy  is>r»«.tvi.<>  csv\  tt-U-  hiA.ijvi&Ct’  '/~>- 

„  .jt/ 


.cji  a  < 


t,  ^foL^C- 

c&u.  \| 

Mf-  c 

IWL^  S>^^(ta  a^c’^" 

,  1|  tt-cv  (S>^  >-^a 

La  V&yc^  ^'■f  ^ 

$AUt»$  >tfL^Cu  ^*- 

d^ct'  K^  <s-ee^ 

Q/VLco-vG.  l^ir  t-'^M^1  "■' 

i.iay  25th. 


Hr.  Robert  Meyer, 

Lawrence ,  Luzerne  and  Pifth  Sts., 
Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Bear  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  21st  instant  ashing  how  soon  I  oan  mate 
shipment  of  the  two  drums  of  Aniline  Oil 
ordered  hy  yon. 

Let  me  say  in  reply  that  we  had  a 
preliminary  run  of  the  plant  yesterday,  and 
are  now  engaged  in  "tuning  up".  I  think  that 
we  shell  he  able  to  mate  shipment  of  your  two 
drums  before  the  middle  of  June .  Yen  may  de  - 
pend  upon  it  I  will  get  them  off  at  the  ear¬ 
liest  possible  moment,  as  X  f&ly  appreciate 
your  necessities. 


very  truly, 


Toronto  Chemical  Company,  Limited 

,o„.  td\l\  LvCUc  ^ 

Orange,  IT.  J^Uto  W  tU^U  | 

just  received,  that  both  Hirzel  Stills  have  been  shipped  \ 

V/ith  reference  to  Braided  Asbestos  Packing  j 
for  Iiiroel  Still  column  joints.  V/e  understand  you  supplied 
this  packing  for  the  Sydney  Stills,  and  'nopo  you  have  supplied 
it  in  our  case,  as  so  far  sk  we  have  been  unahlG  'to  get  jX 
on  this  side,  all  the  stocks  carried  being  rubberized  Stuff. 

If  you  have  not  sent  it,  will  you  kindly  do  so  now,  a 4  wire 

w-dX  A?®*  /rte 

^6^,.  c^tr  <?&*  e*** 

„  .  1|0  .  - .  Wjfet.  .  Ljrz.a 

Wf  3&K*  1-^1  ^JTZ.e 

^  <U-*-«ric  f£^ 

h-ft^'T^  k®&*  ui*>  o$m™£J.  k  @- 

t^v-  V^  ^ 

Ifc  ttfrt.  (<t  w1  f^. 

,;  «rr  <^'  <*  ***'[ 

Y--  dV'tj-teftC^  i>/'  /f  y, 

r .  i/L  fLA.eJ< 


May  Z  6  th .  1015. 

”r.  John  Bacon,  Jr., 

Coke  Oven  Department, 

Camhr  ia*  3te  el  Company, 

Johnstown,  Pa. 

Dear  3ir : 

In  regard  to  0.  P.  Toluol  that  you.  are  making,  we  are 
assuming  that  you  are  nutting  it  into  new  arums  that  have  teen 
thoroughly  cleaned.  Under  our  contract  vte  have  to  supply  Toluol 
of  very  high  quality,  that  would,  conform  to  the  Hotel  speoifica- 
ti ons  . 

If  you  have  not  already  teen  visited  ty  an  inspector 
from  Col.  Phipps  of  Bethlehem,  Pa.  he  will  oall  on  you  before  long 
to  inspect  the  pure  Toluol.  Will  you  please  give  him  the  proper 
facilities  for 'inspecting  it,  and  let  us  know  what  he  says  about  it. 

I  intended  to  write  you  ana  ask  you  to  have  memorandum  of 
drums  that  you  have  received,  that  you  have  shipped  and  that  you 
have  on  full,  partially  full  or  empty.  57111  you  kindly  send 

me  this  at  your  early  convenience. 

Tours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


We  wrote  you  on  the  Slat  inat .  call¬ 
ing  your  attention  to  the  fact  that  you  then 
owed  ua  3  druma  PHENOL,  and  requested  that  you 
kindly  telegraph  ua  what  PHENOL  we  might  expect 
from  you. 

Not  hearing  from  you  up  to  yeaterday, 
and  ae  we  are  now  entirely  out  of  PHENOL  and 
need  it  badly  in  our  plant,  we  telegraphed  you: 

"Laat  invoice  fifteenth  telegraph 
what  shipments  Phenol  now  enrouto"* 

We  now  have  your  reply  readings 

"One  drum  Phenol  was  ahipped  to  you 
laat  Monday". 

A a  we  have  made  sales  of  an  article 
we  manufacture  based  upon  our  contract  With  you 
for  PHENOL,  we  are  behind  in  delivery  of  our  or¬ 
ders  ,  and  would  kindly  urge  you  to  ship  us  3 
drums  additional  at  onoe,  the  balance  of  deliv¬ 
eries  due  ua  on  our  oontraot. 

We  sincerely  hope  you  will  give  this 
request  your  Immediate  attention,  and  now  awaiting 
your  further  advices,  we  remain. 

. MM. . 


n.vTB . ISay^ZA.- 

FILE  HO.  T.  6. 

Supply  for  Toluol  Contract  »B4. 

V.'ith  reference  tc  the  above  nontj  onofi  contract , 

I  bcrr  to  confirm  rny  telegram  despatched  to  you  today  as  follows: 

"2273  Please  cor, muni  cute  with  Hr.  Lyddon 
iniO  Union  Bant  Building  Pittsburgh 
reference  Toluol." 

Uo  dotibt  you  have  already  communicated  with  Hr.  Lyddon  in 
regard  to  the  inspection  of  the  Toluol, 

’.Vith  reference  to  your  letter  dated  I, lay  l<]th, 

I  have  forwarded  by  separate  post  a  supply  of  "Contractors 
Invoice  and  Inspection  Certificates"  which  should  be  taken  into 
uso  by  you  for  all  lots  of  Toluol  which  are.  submitted  to  me 
for  inspection.  Please  arrange  to  obtain  future  supplies  inde¬ 
pendently!  each  consignment  invoiced  separately. 

With  reference  to  the  nature  of  drums  to  be  suppli¬ 
ed;  please  obtain  similar  drums  to  those  mentioned  in  the  extract 
from  Messrs  J.  P.  Morgan’s  letter  quoted  by  you  and  arrange  that 
each  drum  be  stencilled  os  follows: - 

"hot  T.E.l."  indicating  your  first  lot  of  Toluol, 
conseciitive  numbers  (minimum  &  maximum) ,  net  weight  end  gross 

"T"  indicating  Toluol  (instead  of  the  word 
•■Toluol"  -being  embossed  as  mentioned  by  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Componj 
It  is  also  not  necessary  for  the  "broad  arrow"  to  be  embossed 

on  the  head  of  the  drums. 

I  suggest  that  you  obtain  these  drums  from  tin 

Barrett  Manufacturing  Company. 

Yours  truly, 


Hay  27th.  1915. 

Mr.  J.  C.  IIoMlllan ,  Asst.  Seo'y., 

Toronto  Chemical  Company,  Limited, 

18  Wellington  Street  Bast, 

Toronto,  Canada. 

Bear  Sir-. 

1  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  25th  Instant,  and 
would  say  in  reply  that  the  last  Hirzel  Still,  unlike  the  Sydney 
Stills,  had  wide  and  holted  flanges,  and  Bhould  he  packed  in  the 
usual  manner  'with  flat  sheet  asbestos  about  1/8"  thick,  cut  to 
make  a  perfeot  joint. 

Great  care  should  he  used  in  cutting  the  asbestos  rings 
and  in  getting  asbestos  sheets  of  even  thiokness.  After  fitting 
these  rings ,  they  should  be  cut  with  tapering  laps,  as  shown  in  Mr. 
Bdison’ a  3ketoh  on  page  one  of  the  yellow  sheets  herewith,  and  all 
the  hole s  out  in.  They  should  be  soaked  in  freshly  made  milk  of 
lime  and  then  rut  on  the  flange.  Before  the  next  is  put  on,  a  lot 
of  the  lime  should  be  rut  in  the  center df  the  way  around  as  shown 
in  Mr.  Edison’ b  sketohes  on  the  yellow  sheets. 

Tours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  EdiBon. 

Enclosure . 

Hay  27th.  1916 


Date  Received 


Pure  Crude 



NAQAWA  V  L*AD  t  V 

/<)  } 

I  ^ 

,.y\£wsMsr/i>f- - JJay-37-thj - 'tiW-fyr 

:eadov;croft ,  . 

?jL~  Cona-<vv^  '»+.***.  % 

Orange ,  Hew  Jersey.  V^vL  ^  ^ 

^  e^LrtwL 

nipamLAtgjB,,..  &ji\ 

VTe  received  a  cable  from  Pet  r~  grad,  reading  as  f ollov.-s : 

Attention  of  "r.  '.■.  :T-. 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esc. 



>/•/'/  ,y  > . 

>!/  ®*s if 

K.  J. 

(?x^i  CM-&  l^i— ‘ 


of  Private  Secretary  to  Ur.  Edison. 


Bear  Sir:  \  : Attention 

Ref  erring  to  my  visit  of  the  wWi  inst. ,  at  which  time, 
the  Pleasure  b£  meeting  Mr.  Edison  personally,  I  TOuld  thanhyou 
me  have  the  naies  and  addresses  of  the  ^C^ganies  handling jta ®~  <  — 

Edison  StoraseBetteries  for  use  in  automobile^.  the  ^i^onDictejDhon.. 
and  llso  thfnaESe  party.Uiom.I  understood  from  KrT^dliST^ 
terested  in  th^Pot^  which  is  now  being  produced  in  Spain. 

If  it  be  possible,  I  would  thank  you  to  send  me  introductions 
to  the  parties  referred  to  above.  As  I  intend  to  sail  for  Spain  on 
6th  of  June  your  prompt  attention  to  this  matter  will  be  greatly  app 

I  wish  to  thank  both  your  goodself  and  Ur.  Edison  for  the 
very  courteous  reception  accorded  me  and  awaiting  the  favor  of  your 
reply,  I  am, 

Yours  very  truly, 


p.  3  I  am  also  very  much  interested"!*  the  informationlSTjidison 

£ave  me  regarding  the  manufacture  of  Aniline  products  in  this  comitry, 
Sd  would  like  to  have  the  names  and  addresses  of  the  factories  vhich 
are  working  on  this  product  at  present. 

\<t4  tM. 


26  th.  1915. 

Ur.  Opayke. 

I  hand  you  herewith  letter  from 
the  Bnnnymede  Kills  Inc.,  ana  oarbon  oopy 
of  otir  reply.  I  send  this  to  you  merely 
that  yon  may  make  a  note  to  have  an  early 
shipment  made  to  these  people  if  possible. 

you  will  please  remember,  howl 
ever,  that  as  soon' as  we  are  ready  to  ship 
some  Aniline  Oil,  you  had  better  consult 
me  before  making  actual  shipments,  as  I  will 
be  able  to  tell  you  which  one  of  our  custo¬ 
mers  will  have  to  have  the  quickest  atten- 


day  setter. 


O  R./\  IM  C=»  t.,  N  .  J  , 
16  NY  R  38  BLUE 





•  •  W  H  MASON 

8  35  AM 

l*yk»41  NL  Ulw 

Montreal  iSjr'8 atk  1»15 

Orange  N.J. 

Hare  Wire*  eur  Skaaiat  Carter  »«  at  ITeAlpim  Hetel  NewYerk 
t,  Tieit  SeMlt  SelYay  Syraeuae  te  aseertai*  teat  metke*  ef 
aeeXiag  eur  all.  *leaae  ke  gee*  esaugh  te  vaa  ya«r  lan.u«a«« 
wltk  tkaae  n»epl*  «  «ur  tekalf  ta  Ikeilitate  kia  ^aalam 




May  28tl>,  1( 

r*~  u— i -  r 

i  very  glad  to  get  your  letter  of  May  17th, 

,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

and  to  know  that  the  first  shipment  of  Par anitr aniline  would  \ 
hurried  along  as  fast  as  possible.  j 

X  am  wondering  if  you  had  as  yet  arrived  at 
idea  of  the  probable  cost  per  pound.  This  information  will  \ 

goods  oost  before  we  can  sell  them.  I  think  there  is  no  doubt 
that  we  could  take  500  lbB.  a  week  right  along, for  awhile  at  least. 
Indeed  we  would  like  very  much  to  try  25  or  50  lbs,  in  a  practical  way 
if  you  can  ship  it  at  once  or  within  the  next  week.  You  will  remember 
that  all  we  have  tried  so  far  is  a  laboratory  sample.  We  should  be 
very  glad  to  hear  from  you  further. 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  U.  S. finishing 



May  28,  1915. 

VA  kxci*™*  -  ^ 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison;-  1 

Your  favor  of  the  25th  addressed  to  me  at  Scotland 
Hock  has  been  forwarded  to  mo  here  in  New  York. 

I  beg  to  advise  that  I  did  not  even  suggest  the  idea 
of  cancelling  the  contract;  on  the  contrary,  X  am  anxious  for 
you  to  begin  shipments  as  early  as  possible.  X  only  suggested 
that  the  General  Chemical  Company  were  offering  goods  only  at  a 
sliphly  lower  basis  and  did  not  know  that  you  were  aware  of  the 
nature  of  their  contract.  I  could  get  you  one  of  their  con¬ 
tracts,  if  you  desire  to  see  same.  I  made  my  contract  with 
you,  Mr.  Edison,  in  good  faith  and  expeot  to  live  up  to  same  to 
the  letter,  and  please  do  not  think  for  an  instant  that  I 
ever  had  any  other  idea.  If  oil  goes  to  five  cents,  I  shall 
still  take  what  I  bought  from  you  at  the  contract  price  unless 
you  see  fit  to  meet  the  competitive  pnoe  of  others. 

I  am  writing  you  this  merely  to  let  you  know  that 
I  am  aoting  entirely  in  good  faith,  and  you  need  give  yourself 
no  oonoern  whatever  regarding  same.  The  pXe  asure  of  meeting 
vou  in  person  has  been  one  of  tremendous  delight  to  me  ever 
sinoe  I  called  on  you,  and  had  I  failed  to  have  made  contract, 

I  still  should  have  felt  well  paid  for  my  visit  to  Orange. 

Trusting  this  letter  willolear  1 
and  with  best  wishes,  I  am. 

i  matter  thoroughly. 






XBWYonK.  May  28, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Bear  Sir:* 

Confirming  my  telephone  conversation  of  this  morn¬ 
ing  with  your  Mr.  Meadowcroft,  in  which  he  Btated  that  you  had 
ready  for  shipment  under  your  oontract  with  the  British  Govern¬ 
ment  about  three  thousand  (3000)  gallons  of  Toluol,  we  request 
that  any  such  completed  Toluol  he  stored  by  you  at  the  expense 
of  the  British  Government  until  Col,  Phipps  has  received  the 
report  from  his  chemists  with  respect  to  the  tests  of  your 
product.  If  you  are  unable  to  effect  satisfactory  arrange¬ 
ments  for  Btorage  at  your  plant,  please  advise  us  and  we  will 
give  you  instructions  to  have  the  Toluol  Bhipped  to  Hew  York, 
or  other  point  where  storage  facilities  can  be  obtained. 

If  you  feel  that  you  are  entitled,  under  your  contract, 
to  payment  for  the  Toluol  so  Btored  in  advance  of  inspection 
and  acoeptanoe,  this  might  be  arranged,  subject,  of  course,  to 
repayment  by  you  in  the  event  of  the  Toluol  being  found  vpon 
inspection  to  be  not  of  the  required  quality. 

Ur.  Meadoworoft  told  me  that  you  had  experienced 
some  difficulty  in  making  your  product  conform  exactly  to 
the  Toluol  specifications  of  the  British  Government,  which 
were  quoted  in  my  letter  to  you  dated  Behruary  8,  1915.  If 
you  continue  to  experience  difficulties  in  this  direction, 
will  you  not  kindly  adviBe  me  so  that  I  may  Bee  what  can 
he  done  in  the  way  of  procuring  the  consent  of  the  War 
Office  to  such  slight  modifications  of  the  specifications 

as  you  may  desire  made. 

Yours  very  truly, 



C.  H.  Meadowcroft ,  Esq., 

c/o  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  XT  -  J  - 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  my  conversation  v.lth  you  over  the  tele¬ 
phone  this  morning,  X  beg  to  advise  you  that  shortly  after  talk¬ 
ing  with  you  I  received  a  telegram  from  Colonel  Phipps,  stating 
that  his  inspecting  officer  had  telephoned  him  that  3,000  galloxis 
of  toluol  were  offered  for  immediate  sale,  etc.  I  told  Colonel 
fhipps  that  I  thought  there  must  he  some  mistake  as  the  output 
of  Iir.  Edison ' 3  plant  had  been  sold  to  the  British  Government, 
and  he  telegraphed  late  this  afternoon  that  there  are  apparently 
two  plants,  one  at  Cambria  Steel  Company,  Johnstown,  the  other 
at  Franklin ,  near  Johnstown,  and  that  the  former 
sale.  It  appears,  however,  that  the  incorrect  addresses  been 
given  his  inspector  and  thereby  much  trouble  and  confusion  has 
resulted.  I  hope  that  you  will  advise  Colonel  Phipps  fully  in 
regard  to  the  location  of  Hr.  Edison's  plant  so  that  there  will 
he  no  confusion  in  Ihe  future  in  regard  to  inspection,  etc. 

Yours  very  truly. 

XKW  York.  Hay  28,  1918. 





e  238  IVIAUM  ^  i  - 

RECEIVED  AT  Q  R  A  |sj  Q  El,  N  .  J , 

9  NY  GC  4-6  COLLECT  NL 




920  AM 

(Eolnra,  (Ebentirala,  ©Ua  anil  Mineral  $rniiurta 

99  John  and  11-18  Cijfk  Streets  spbciai.  corrrsfonobnto 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  ESq. 
Orange,  M  .J  • 

Dear  Sir;- 

The  enclosed  telegram  received  from  the  Firestone 
Tire  &  Rubber  c°  •  will  indicate  to  you  the  necessity  of 
making  delivery  of  some  Aniline  Oil  to  them  on  account  of 
my  order  with  all  possible  dispatch. 

Can  you  give  me  any  idea  as  to  when  you  will  be 
able  to  make  them  a  shipment? 

Kindly  advise  and  oblige 

Yours  very  respectfully, 



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1915.  Chemicals  (E-15-18) 


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JU3:  1st.  1915. 

J»Ck  uRC,  4,  £sCp.,  fWs.  Rortd  ^UosT'ZES, 

Carnegie  Institute  of  Technology, 

Pittsburgh,  ?a.  UtHDeNf^' 


I  want  to  call  your  attention  to  the  great  shortage  of 
men  o  siller  a  "lead  Burners".  These  men  line  the  interior  of  Iron 
ana  wooden  vats  with  sheet  lead  by  fusing  the  edges  with  a  hydro¬ 
gen  flame . 

“his  art  can  be  taught  In  less  than  a  month.  These  men 
are  very  soarce,  they  work ‘eight  hours  and  charge  £7.50  per  day, 
double  for  over  time.  They  are  very  unreliable;  do  scarcely  any 
work;  are  heavy  drinkers,  ana  a  great  worry  to  all  who  employ  them. 

Should  our  Country  need  ammunition  suddenly,  a  large 
number  of  these  men  would  be  necessary  in  the  Chemical  Industry. 

I  hope  you  can  see  your  way  to  establish  a  olass  of  husky  young 
men  ana  teach  them  the  art. 

Tours  very  truly. 


June  1,  1915 



Please  be  advised  that  X  was  successful  at  the  mooting 
of  the  Southeastern  Traffic  Association,  held  at  Hot  Springs, 
Virginia,  and  effective  earliest  legal  date,  a  rate  of 
38  cents  per  cwt.  will  bo  established  on  Benzol  in  tank  cars, 
Woodward,  Alabama  to  Silver  lake.  Hew  Jersey. 

The  above  rate  is  a  reduction  of  28  cents  per  cwt.  and 
based  on  your  anticipated  output  for  a  period  of  one  year 
the  minimum  saving  in  freight  charges  will  be  £10, 000.  This 
will  be  materially  increased  if  you  increase  your  production 
at  the-  Woodward  plant. 

Returning  home  from  the  meeting  I  stopped  off  at  'Washing¬ 
ton  and  took  up  with  the  Interstate  Commerce  Commission,  the 
matter  of  making  this  rate  effective  in  less  than  Statutory 
Ilotice  (30  days).  X  believe  I  have  impressed  the  Commission 
with  the  importance  of  this  matter,  explaining  in  detail  the 
deplorable  conditions  in^fextile  trade,  due  to  their  inability 
to  get  aniline  oils,  and  also  dwelt  on  the  fact  of  your  contract 
to  supply  the  Government  with  Carbolic  Acid. 

I  believe  this  rate. will  be  put  in  effect  during  the 
current  week. 


Copy  to  Hr.  V/ilson 

Semet-Solvay  Company 


Syraouss,  HkJ-Y.,  Juwa- 1,  1J15* 

Mr.  William  H,  Ueadoworoft, 

C/o  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  W< 

loe>o  c nv~ 


Dear  Ur.  Meadoworoft: 

--iu-c  ~~~ 

Replying  to  your  letter  of  May  29th,  -WwTia vt 

not  found  the  method  of  cooling  absorbing  oil  by  direct 
through  water  a  suooeae  under  all  oonditione.  The  method  works 
better  perhaps  with  petroleum  oil  than  with  tar  oil,  but,  even  with 
petroleum  oil  it  is  apt  to  give  serious  emulsion  troubles  unless 
the  oil  is  fresh  and  in  good  condition.  Sometimes  these  emulsion 
troubles  are  very  serious^  forming  a  liver-like  substance  whioh 
entirely  destroys  the  fluidity  of  the  oil* 

Ur,  W,  E.  barter,  of  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company, 
was  here  to-day,  ooll*ot£ng  data  regarding  the  operation  of  benzol 
Plante,  and  we  dseoribod  to  him  the  iron  pipe  cooler  that  we  have 
generally  adopted  for  oooling  our  oil.  We  inferred  that  Ur.  Carter 
le  to  be  in  charge  of  the  Sydney  benzol  plant. 

Yours  vary  truly,  )- 

V.vV  *v;7  v 

Consulting  Engineer. 


Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company, 

Sydney,  Hova  Scotia. 

Sorry  to  learn  tank  oar  Benzol  destroyed  in  railroad  oollisic 
stop  rush  another  oarload  quick.  Am  Badly  in  need  of  Benzol. 


cue  <5V\.  , 

(itrtic-  O-vt-n 

iMa^ot*  a-T'f  <rt-v\c|C  >•  a  ^-cc-j& 

^pjd>un.  vvAft.t-  t^£&T~Ci~Q'G  Q^cU^t^r 

uvv  &-{a^c*Sur>^  oJi-L  I ’(\<L  Ttl/wua.  °r 

d  *j  dX 


J-&3A  A,  Ha'3'Lvu^i'vf 

June  End .  1915 . 

Mr.  John  Paeon,  Jr., 

~'/0  coke  Oven  Perartment , 
Cambria  Steel  Company, 
Johnstown,  Pa. 

At  Mr.  Poison's  request  7  have  teleere-rhe today 
to  sena  on.  oil  the  pure  and  90#  Pen  sol  you  oon  as  we  have  use 
for  all  we  can  get. 

7  notioe  that  in  your  last  two  letters  you  asked  for 
drums.  Ml  the  drum  Manufacturers  are  very  busy  just  now,  one 
it  is  pretty  hard  to  get  prompt  shipment.  7  nave  or^red  another 
oarload  of  heavier  arums  from  Soaife  Si  .  ons  Ox  Pittsburgh ,  <-.nd 
they  will  not  he  able  to  ship  them  to  you  for  twelve  days. 

In  the  meantime,  we  cannot  stop.  Please  reserve  all 
the  new  drums  you  have  for  pure  Toluol . 

v?e  have  at  Silver  Lake  a  let  of-Senzol  drums  belongine 
to  othor  >»W»^f?.JL".,Sii*i5.ISSS,aJbStt0»S0^? 

T£o*!>le  we  ?ire  going  *fco  steal  them  for  a  sh —  — --  --  - 

one^hundred.  Please  note  what  ^  You  will 

receive  these  one  hundred  drums  in  one  carload  shipment.  he 
drums  will  be  marked  at  one  end  with  a  diamond.  This  is  to  identi¬ 
fy  them  vhen  they  are  returned  to  Silver  Take,  bo  please  do  not 
pain-  out  the  diamond.  Yon  can  use  these  utrums  to  ship  y- °nr  Ben: zol 
to  Silver  hake,  but  do  not  keep  any  of  them  up  their,  but  return  the 
whole  hundred  as  fast  as  yon  can  fill  them  with  Benzol. 

Perhaps  you  may  have  forgotten  that I  naked  you  to  mark 
-  - and  tare  in  pounds  ana  also  the  number  of 

on  the  drum,  net,  -rosB  and  ta: 
gallons  contained  in  the  drum. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Bdison. 


£>tanl?ij  iogg^tt 

(Halnw,  (ttljemicals,  ($tla  an&  mineral  fniiutrta 

Mr .  Thomas  A 
Orange,  H.J. 

,  Edison, 

NEW  YORK  6/p/1 

iau  y*x*>  ^c'  1v‘  <*\ 

'  1  A;ferrct.v;C/(^ 

^  i 

^  f  , 

i.  not  altogether  i**?*^®  — “ 
h..„  -MW  “jrhono  Oil  “Jje£i2ti” 

— - ■■•  -•-IwTgIssSr.o: 

which  distilation  I  underst^  you  commelcea  y 

from  now  on  he  producing  2,0%  pounds  oJ  more  of  An^  P- 
day  and  will  he  able  to  cogence  making  shipmeng^.  —stone 
Ilre  *  flatter  Co.  and  others, against  my  orders,  the  last  of  .hi. 
or  the  first  part  of  next  week.  Is  -*  understanding  correct? 

Please  advise,  noting  that  in  order  to  allay  the 
anxiety  of  the  Firestone  Tire  «  Rubber  Co.  and  in  order  that  they 
„  Z.  .hot  yet  ere  doing  1»  the  octree  .1  tilling  their  order. 
1  here  emitted  to  the.  for  peme.l  .»*  returh  yoer  letter 

Jesterday.  /7  • 

''  --» spec  t  fully. 



iL*.  3, 


OLo  T  lra-v-4.  cwtrs'-'Sfo-^ 

-j-J  dcL’ff  c^6-«rfic.  (kw<^  <►" 

-vm,  ^oxk  u-OC  brtrvn^.cm 

&<  fia«^  '{<*«*  w 

^  C^cuvo  usZXW  l4 

.  (&&  credit  cCcuXcj,  <sU|e^^Cj 

~\L  3cm  <W^ .  u^x  ^ 

June  3rd.  1915. 

Butterwo rth  <1  Juason;Co. , 

Newark ,  F .  J. 


Thin  te  to  confirm  the  arrangement  made  this  day  over  the 
telephone  between  your  ::r.  Timken  and  t-r.  T'eadowcroft  to  the  effect 
that  t  will  make  an  exchange  with  yon  of  some  of  my  Phenol  for  some 
of  your  90$5  Ben  sol  on  the  basis  of  one  pound  of  Phenol  for  one  gal¬ 
lon  of  Benzol.  7  therefore  confirm  this  and  agree  to  furnish  you 
with  three  thousand  (3,000)  pounds  of  my  Synthetic  Carbolic  Aoid  for 
three  thousand  (3,000)  gallons  of  your  Benzol,  90?*  Barrett  Standard, 
it  being  understood  that  T  shall  deliver  thin  Pbenol  to  you  within 
a  few  days  when  my  Phenol  Plant  goes  into  operation  which  I  expect 
will  be  about  the  18th  or  20th  of  this  month. 

You  oan  send  the  Benzol  over  to  me  at  Silver  Take,  IT.  J. 
consigned  to  Carbolic  Bivision,  Sdl  son  Chemioal  Forks,  Silver  bake, 
IT.  J. 

Yours  very  truly. 

k uvJXZ,  1  *<-«-<-<.  ■***  t "I  ““T  " — 
WU&.  c£*>~.‘(*e  k»' 


rp^j^rCj  4-1 

c+'  3" 

v.  ff.«  jg. 

SflfiftS/  June  s,  lfilS*-' 

k!  \JQ-1A. 
Thomas.  A.jEjIlson, 

u,^  &*&yutJ 

CtLuliA1^  t*a£f 

*+  vj&t*  * 

'^l  £l  %\,  frs  “"**a 

^  The  diW  of  phenol  shipped  us  on  May  ' 

.  was  received  some  days  ago  and  on  testing  jtras  ,  ,  — 1 
id ^tfs  contain  OreBol. 

As  we  thought  at  the  time  we  could  not 
the  Oresol  from  the  Phenol,  and  being  in 
leed  of  supplies  we  telegraphed  you; 

"Shipment  Phenol  May  twenty  fourth 
contains  Oresol  must  return  telegraph 
what  other  shipments  enroute". 

imptly  received  your  reply: 

J  "Return  drum  Phenol  if  unsatisfactory 
"‘ji—ehipped  you  another  drum  yesterday  dif- 
_s— Jioult  to  get  pure  Eenzol ". 

\  Since  then  we  have  conducted  some  experi- 

+  ments  in  the  factory  and  find  that  we  can  recover 
about  759?  of  Phenol  by  two  distillations.  We  are, 
therefore  proceeding  on  this  line  and  will  return  to 
'  J  you  such  quantity  as  wo  aro  unahlo  to  soparate. 

„  J  °  There  will,  of  course,  be  a  slight  loss 

i  *  ‘  i  -£1h  these  operations,  the  details  of  which  we  Jill 
J  ]  J  j  you  later,  and  we  trust  our  action  in  the  matter  will 
\  ^  ^  meet  with  your  approval. 

i  T  5  We  found  the  drum  shipped  May  15th  to  test 

’  36/39  and  we  were  obliged,  therefore,  to  alBO  re¬ 

distil  this  drum,  and  we  trust 

to  you  to  credit  us  with  the  lose^er] re-diBtilling 
this  drum,  the  same  as  the  previous  shipments,  and  if 
so  kindly  send  us  Credit  memo  covering  same. 

Messrs.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ind.  6/3/15  No.  5 
Awaiting  your  advices,  we  beg  to  remain. 


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GEORGE  W.  «■  ATKINS.  Q  =^01^5^ 

received  at  O R A NQE,  N .  J 

98  NY  H  70  COLLECT  NL  NL  COPY 






RECEIVED  AT  f4-  J' 

101  NY  H  ihoEBect  nl 






5th .  1915  • 

JL.  *  u*  v*  ‘^^4rJL  ; 

L5r.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Yo\ir  l€(^?v^f4^ne  18  reoeive<i>  1  ™ 

■be  disappointed  that  aifficnilieshave  arisen  th_i^vent  Jin  e 

<\CU-r$«  Ta  U. 

livers  of  Paranitraniline.  Even  if  yoW  coiad  fcnly  lAke  dell 

£-<>  VL*  <*«-«•  4 

100  lbs.  a  week  instead  of  100  lbs^  day  as  we.  talked  overl 


help.  If  yon  could  make  me  some  estimate  of\when  yoi 
would  actually  begin  it  would  be  of  great  service  to  i 

?  mills  are  keenly  interested  in  the  l 

Yours  very  truly. 

The  U.  S.  Finishing 

.  Agent. 

I  am  writing  to  inquire  when  we  may  expect 
our  first  shipment  of  Aniline  Oil.  We  are  in  urgent  need 
rinrht  now,  as  we  are  on  the  last  drum,  and  knowing  that 
we  had  a  supply  that  would  last  us  abundantly  until  after 
the  first  of  June,  we  have  made  no  effort  to  replace  this 
Oil,  and  therefore  trust  you  are  ready  to  begin  shipments 
at  once .  We  will  probably  be  out  by  time  shipment  oould 
arrive  were  it  made  promptly,  and  hence  the  urgency  of 
quick  shipment.  We  wrote  you  a  letter  from  New  York  recently 
explaining  that  our  recent  letter  had  been  misunderstood 
by  you,  which  we  trust  reeched  you  safely  and  was  thoroughly 
understood.  Certainly  the  one  which  prompted  your  repfcy 
was  not  eorreotly  interpreted  by  you.  If  you  knew  the  writer 
more  intimately  personally  you  would  have  known  that  you  had 
taken  the  wrong  view.  However,  this  matter  haB  been  explained 
and  is  now  ancient  history. 

Awaiting  your  Valued  favors,  ana  with  best 
wishes,  I  am,  Yours  truly. 

cay,  ^ ^  ^ 

Presia  ent. 

$Le.  aM<>~JudLL 

“\a  pick  e-pce-hort  x>cr  crn<.  f£\rr}  *jf <?& 

iuvx  W  u>  5o  &uM<Oj  'dr  *C<U^9i<A 

^  *  c3 — *1y 


.  Thomas  A.  3dison, 
Orange,  Now  Jersey. 

.$>  sSs> '  ,  y  'P'l 
yv  v  vp°*d**  M 

to  tur  J 

Dear  Ur.  Edison:  ^ 

X  look  back  with  great  pleasure  to  T>ur  intorvicj;  a  sh/rt  tim^f 
3GO  on  the  subject  of  the  coal-tar  chemical  industry  6?; o 
and  I  want  to  thank  you  most  warmly  for  all  ti 
g03tions  which  you  Gave  me  at  that  time.  I'hoy  have  all  b. 
pronounced  assistance. 

It  has  occurred  to 

-  ^  y 

possibly  in  connection  with  tVittJfnan^^*^ 
facturo  of  aniline  and  carbolic  acid  you  might  plan  to  extend  y^ljf 
f forts  into  other  fields  connected  with  the  coal-tar  prq^pS^  X 
avo  just  learned  of  tho  availability  of  a  very  oxperitmcffil  Sa iss  / 

■neraist  who  is  versed  in  the  manufacture  of  the  coal-tar-^irivati^s. 


and  I  talcs  pleasure  in  sending-  you  a  sheet  with  full  <3 
expe  rience. 

It  is  a  matter  of  considerable  importance  in  tho  -Department  to 
follow  closely  tho  evolution  of  our  domostic  dyestuff  industry,  and 
note  the  oxtont  to  which  it  i3  able  to  oxfjand  and  meet  the  threaten¬ 
ed  famine  in  coal-tar  colors. 

Could  you  in  this  coimection  furnish  me,  in  confidence,  with 
approximate  comparative  cl 

a  on  tho  extent  of  your  output  of  coal- 
,  3imply  the  total  amount  in  pounds 

ar  products  from  time  1 

„  _ ..-tail,  no Id  and  oaraphonylenodiamino . 

figures  fors 

exceedingly  glad  to  have  the 

May,  1915,  and 

prospectively  for  July,  1915 • 

^cco  data  will  be  entirely  confidential,  and  the  figures  will 
be  used  only  for  establishing  totals,  in  connection  with  those  fur¬ 
nished  us  already  by  the  other  firms  in  this  branch.  Your  cooper¬ 
ation  would  bo  warmly  appreciated. 

I  was  greatly  indebted  for  your  very  full  and  exhaustive  treat¬ 
ment  in  our  conversation,  of  all  the  factors  needed  for  the  success¬ 
ful  growth  of  the  coal-tar  chemical  industry  in  our  country. 

■fhc  whole  question  of  the  needed  protection  for  the  healthful 
evolution  of  the  industry  is  now  under  active  consideration  here, 
and  I  am  strongly  hopeful  that  means  will  soon  be  found  to  effectual- 
ly  combat  the  existing  dangers  from  unscrupulous  underselling  on  the 
part  of  foreign  competitors.  Your  opinions  on  the  subject  have  been 
c^ tod,  and  have  had  much  weight. 

...  —v  ™  '•  *“■ 

t  wishes,  I  am, 

Yours  very  cordially, 

Conmercial  Agent. 


Inclosure  14912. 

iiktwkkn  Spain  and  tiik  TJnitki.  Status  ok  Amkhica 

iT  YORK,  June  7th,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 



Dear  Sir: 

"  Reference  is  made  to  your  communication  of  the 
4th  inst. 

I  thank  you  for  the  information  contained  therein 
in  regard  to  Aniline,  and  -would  appreciate  your  advising 
should  you  he  able,  at  some  future  date,  to  offer  this  pro¬ 
duct  for  shipment  to  Spain. 

I  also  wish  to  thank  you  most  kindly  for  the  auto¬ 
graph  which  was  enclosed  in  your  communication. 

Mv  address  in  Spain  is  Oalle  Juan  de  Mena  #23, 
Madrid  and  immediately  upon  my  arrival  I  hope  to  be  in  a 
oosition  to  send  you  some  data  relative  to  the  Potash  which 
has  been  discovered  in  my  country. 

In  closing  I  wish  to  express  once  more  my  appre¬ 
ciation  of  your  kindness  extended  during  my  visit  to  Orange, 
and  for  the  communications  which  have  been  received  since 
that  date. 

Yours  very  truly, 


June  8>  191&- 

UTi  <m<-&  w4cU*s  <-r- 

«•  A.  .Edison,  ^  y  U-wVt.  L<f  ^ 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey^^ OavaX^v*  <**-&•  t'* 

Edison :-  ^  C.^  Ua4|i*  ^  ^  ^ 

I  have  kept  before  nejou: 

which  you  gave  me  come  in|or-nat ion  regard jjlg  the.  ^y.jCZ 
l^woW,  oJrtrvS  ©»••*.  **~V 

ituation,  and  recalling  that  you  thought  you  would  £ 

Cl  U1  awiwrf  U^Cf^*^  v) 

ting  before  7, lay  the  lCjfth,  X  amjhoping  that  you  may 

“■•  *•  “■“■““eu 

help  me  .very  greatly  just  at  thiD  tlTSj"  ^ 

;  up  to  Mo'ti**  ^toPAV^  help .  1 

I8  your  C(^ 

poeeible  for  you  to  XUuL  - 

X  should  also  be  very  much  interested  just  now  in 
obtaining  Ortho  Cresol .  Are  you  obtaining  an^^tnis  in 
your  coal  tar  distillates?  Ur.  King  will  un*j&fc«nd  the 
importance  of  this  to  us . 

Again  thanking  you  for  the  added  favor  requested, 

:d  Cablegram  Address,  “OBLIGATO**,  New  York. 

^S£T  WILLIAM  H.  SQfilEEL.  p — H 

Shellac,  yj\  T  I  K 

‘3s*"1  LLL 

Vamin^u7nd"udffce“rcrs  159  Maiden  Lane  and  37'Fletetier  Street.  - 

0'''  L'"\  ^Sk«.  3C+4  \IJ<  suyiGio. 

( vu4)  i  ,-v  ry: 

hrX^o^y'iidison,  Inc..  \  t  y  I  ^ 


>7e  have  your  puroyiose  order  /hltjlaU  dated  June  7tn  unu 
cover  In, ,  one  ton  of  TIT  Shellac  .1  l!i*f  pur  pound  Vilch  order  in  in  eon 
firiiu-tion  of  your  telephone  advices  of  June  Dth,  shipment  required  to 
Orar»i*e,  notify  hr.  el  Hoffman.  The  goods  ,«“ent  forward  yesterday.  In 
voice  is  enclosed.  You  will  note  thaiyvo  made  the  shipment  in  W;s, 

action  you  arc  i  t  liberty  to  deduct  from  the  invoice  when  rewitt 
lade  a  further  l$f  discount.  vVe  huve  marked  the  invoioes^cnord in.: 
,  is  a  ooncessiprf'raado  in  view  of  our  changing  the  packages  as  pr 
ad  from  ca L'.iys  to  hags.  We  hope  tiie  shipment  will  give  entire  sa . 

/Wostitutos  for  Shellac,  inciudin-,  our  Powdered  Red  Scheel-lac  Gum  at 
(  I?  per  pound,  which  by  the  way  is  being  used  in  enormous  quantities  u- 
broad  in  the  production  of  Picric  Acid?  Renovate  Spirit  Copal  Seeds  an< 
\  Chips  at  11-llisf  per  pound. 

X  Please  note  that  we  still  carry  a  quantity  of  Sandal’ac 

order  in  warehouse.  V/e  assume  that  this  hadnot  been  overlooked. 

your 3  truxy, 






New  York, _ 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  ^ 

QsmK&t  m  -J*  U;';' vO 

Geratl  ernen- 

«  ?- T1?  KXTi.f  tST 

d™sions  of  cach  drum  and  the  Kross  weight. 

As  we  understand  you  f;e®t0^eeaSonKside'the 

City,  we  nr e suae  that  you  mean  to  delive.  i 

Wi.  ,r,rs*  sx^l, 

afpossihle.  and  we  would  ask  you  to  keep  in  touch  with  us. 

Yours  very  truly, 

,  per  pro  imh^&^OOKE 



E. H.  B.Weatherall 

'•June  0,  1315  • 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange ,  IT.  J . 

Pear  Sir: 

Acting  upon  your  authority  X  aw  today 
sending  to  Thomas  A.  Edison,  25  Clorkonwell  Road, 
London,  B.  C.  the  following  cable: 

"Edi songran,  London . 

Cable  ore sent  status  carbolic  con¬ 
tracts  numbers  6776  and  7425  with  Gas 
and  Coke  Company.  Y/iil  they  deliver 
me  London  for  shipment  french  Govern¬ 
ment  back  quantities  due  and  balance 
as  per  contracts.  Have  them  confirm 
immediately  by  cable  to  me  direct. 

Thomas  A.  Edison." 

On  receipt  of  reply  to  this  cable,  kindly 
inform  me  and  I  will  at  once  come  to  Orange  with  a  view 
of  closing  a  firm  contract  along  the  lines  we  yesterday 

I  have  already  arranged  the  bank  credits 
and  the  government  guarantees  subject  to  confirmation 
by  your  London  Company  and  the  Gas  and  Coke  Company  of 
your  ability,  to  deliver. 

Yours  very  truly, 


June  9th. 


Hr.  fhoras  V..  Ilorton,  Commeroial  Agent, 
Department  of  Commerce, 

"Bureau  of  foreign  and  Domestic  Commerce, 
Washington,  D.  C. 

Dear  ctr: 

1  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  7th  instant,  which  has  been  read  with  a 
good  deal  of  interest. 

I  shall  he  very  glad  to  send  you  the 
data  you  ash  for  from  time  to  time.  We  are 
at  this  time  making  about  4,000  pounds  of  Phenol 
and  about  2500  pounds  of  Aniline  Oil  daily.  We 
are  also  making  just  now  about  /-0  pounds  of  Para- 
phenylenediamine  a  day. 

Yours  very  truly. 

<jDav,  ^ 


lArtif  u?  «Mjtv^  ^cun.4^. 


^  lU«u  xrtot 
r  :xE;aa^f  *t**  r^r» 


u*+f*&*$  IMZtL, 

&~(kt2>  *fc- 

.  ,  /jArUAC  «—  ‘ 

-~£Zi  / 

r:u“A  ">f-  TpT  °,B,M 

\  O  ^  y..__S^Mr/Z .  June  9th, -  /?/5^ 

Attention  of  *r>TH';  lieado.croft . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Beg.,  0,1 ^  ^ 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey.  ~j-^  ij\'Jk\ 

Orange,  New  Jersey.  ^ /*Jp*  ~ 

*e  beg  to  confirm 

Plants,  which  you  confidentially  ’ 

p.timet.d  Conatruotion  Co.^o  data  of  June 

— ligKna  Material  ... .840,605.83  -  450tpou»d.. 
f1”01  Pi:Sfe  and  Material  ....  63,064.84  -  6500  pop»/» 

Sf^rd^ggffel^tria!  ....  55,651.30  <£. - 1 

„.  .1.0  bee  to  oonflrm  your  proportion  to  tt.  effeot  that 
you  asre«  to  Slr.  «.  per.ia.lo.  to  build  either  an  UVim*™  ” 

Phenol  Pant  .ith  your  prooe.a,  in  lapanon^naideratlon  that  -0 
pay  a.  royalty  5*  of  the  a.ll.ns  P*«  •'  »T*  Pr°4“'’ 
plant,  for  ten  year.  county  fro.  the  flra.  day  of  operation. 

Mr  Ko«uro,  .ho  erpaote  to  here  for  Japan  at 
of  thl.  „ont;,  i.  6oi«S  to  tale  bach  .l.h  him  your  proportion 

.ith  information  .blob  ia  — «1  far  -  «>  -  «  °£  *** 

^'product,  and  .e  hereby  bag  you  to  hindly  fumi.h  «=  «»» 

following  information  and  figures. 

To  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Page  3 . 6/9/ '18. 

day  and 

day  and 

Ho .1... Aniline  Plant  with  capacity  of  4500  pounds  per 
otal  cost  of  construction  at  $40,605.33. 

».  tt.t  part  Of  S^thiflf 

will  he  the  amount  necessary  for  the  purchase  o 

.  i.  ■»«»«  f=o 

*•  E3HbTo^r4«M  St's 

e  C  -aft  price  of  ni trio-acid  of 

'  gJt*2S3rSf,SSLrio  .old  1.  rewired! 

6-  2iS£,,toI^£o5°«0OfpS«rS  pure^atiillne  oil! 

4500  pounds  per^day?  £_£££,  »»-  r 

fcrS-FM  ^rSTsIWe?00  E0un4'  p“ 

total  cost  of  construction  at  $63,064.84. 

-  KrT„i^j»c-  ;f£Eu 

will  he  the  amount  necessary  for  the  purchase 
o.  S£t1,ITo?“Slo-aold  1=  »eoe..a«y  for  thl. 

!'  l“t1f?”rSSlESrS  ^S^SSSUld  of 

6500  pounds  per  day?  C  &y  Ui*» ,  ^  ^  ^  w>  « 

^  -6  **•  J 

To  Thomas  i.  Edison,  page  3 . e/9/'ls. 

In  the  oaee  ol  Phenol,  of  oour.e  .e  understand  that  yon 
get  4.6  from  on.  gallon  of  pare  Benaol  b,  yonr  pre.e.t  prooee. 
1.  operation  and  6  pound,  fro.  on.  gallon  of  Benaol  by  the  ne.  pro¬ 
oee.  for  .hloh  yon  bay.  abont  flnl.hod  yonr  Plant. 

Pith  all  the  ah...  infor-ation  In  onr  hand.,  together  pith 
your  royalty  of  5*  of  ..m.g  prloe  for  ten  year.,  ~  .an  figure  out 
approximately  ho.  muoh  ..  ...  -she  by  building  the  plantiin  Japan 
Therefore.  .=  tm.t  that  yon  .ill  be  hind  enough  to  furni.h  u.  .1th 
thle  information  «hloh  .e  a.eur.  yon  to  heap  .triotly  to  ourselres. 

Pe  .1.0  understand  that  the  ooneideration  of  =4  of  .elllng 
price  for  ten  year,  include,  the  actual  instruction  of  onr  o»  engin¬ 
eer.  in  regard  to  the  conduction  of  th.  PlantSand  al.o  the  .orbing, 
of  your  prooesae-S, 

P.  tab.  this  opportunity  to  tbanh  you  for  your  hind....  In 

receiving  Mr.  Komura,  and  with  regards. 

Yours  very  truly , 


Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

«le  are  only  getting  about  1800  gallons  Benzol  daily 
and  taking  into  account  the  car  replacing  that  which  was 
destroyed  you  will  he  getting  ail  we  can  spare  in  June. 

It  is  extremely  disappointing  and  although  we  have  an  exoellent 
and  experienced  outside  man  at  Sydney  to  advise  with  our  people 
they  do  not  seem  to  make  rapid  headway.  I  have  been  trying  to 
get  a  line  on  the  situation,  and  will  advise  you  as  soon  as 
I  hear  from  them. 

We  are  not  hoarding  any  Benzol,-  I  wiBh  we  had  it 
to  hoard.  The  additional  Badger  still  when  it  comes,  will  help 
us;  we  cannot  muoh  increase  our  C.P.  Benzol,  even  with  better 
absorption,  until  we  get  that. 

I  expect  to  wire  you  tomorrow  about  increasing  your 
shipments.  I  should  be  glad  to  help  the  situation  in  that  way 
as  far  as  we  can;  but  a  contract  for  material  E.O.B.  Mew  Jersey 
pointed  serious  disadvantages;  we  do  not  know  what  we  can  re¬ 
cover  for  stuff  lost  in  transit. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Juce  10th.  1915. 

Mr.  T/ ill  lorn  H.  Soheel, 

159  Maiden  Lane, 

Few  York  City. 

Lear  Sir: 

1  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
8th  instant,  and  would  he  glad  if  you  will  kind¬ 
ly  send  me  samples 'of  your  substitute  for  Shellac, 
including  your  Powdered  Led  Scheel-lao  Gum  and 
P.e  novate  Spirit  Copal  Seeds  and  Chips.  Will  you 
kindly  address  these  to  my  Assistant,  Mr.  \7.  E. 
Meadow-croft,  so  that  they  will  he  brought  *6  my 
attention  immediately. 

T  have  not  overlooked  the  foot  that  yon 
are  still  carrying  a  quantity  of  Sandarao  on  my 
order  in  your  warehouse.  Shank  you, however,  for 
the  reminder. 

Yours  very  truly, 

June  11th  .  1915  . 

Ur.  Andrew  0.  Iiribrie ,  Purchasing  Agent, 

'  Phe  Unite  a  states  finishing  Company, 
320  Broadway , 

Sew  Yoifc  City. 

ay  dear  !'r.  Tmhrie: 

I  an  In  recei  pt  of  your  favor  of  the  5th  In¬ 
stant,  and  would  say  in  reply  that  r  have  put  all  my  efforts  on 
Oarholtc  Acid,  Aniline  Oil  ana  Pararhenylenc A i amine ,  and  have  only 
just  succeeded  in  getting  ny  Aniline  Plant  running.  It  is  getting 
more  ana  more  difficult  to  get  work  done ,  as  all  *6  f'hors  are  filled 
with  orders  on  account  of  the  war.  I  would  like  very  much  to  he 
able  to  give  you  some  sort  of  estimate  as  to  when  I  think  deliveries 
will  begin,  but  I  am  s imply  unable  to  do  so  at  this  time  .  As  soon 
as  my  Aniline  Plant  gets  running  steadily,  which  I  think  will  be  in 
the  near  future,  I  will,  be  able  to  plan  more  definitely. 

Yours  very  truly. 



June  11th,  1915. 

Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Vr-\  W 

Orange,  New  Jersey.  curmf 


Dear  5ir:- 

I  heg  to  acknowledge 
9th  and  shall  be  pleased  to 

,r  favon.  of  the 

r'A<Jti  oJrQis. 

iat  price  you  propop* 

3 S'  £a*vJ&  un-  u w-o-A--  fv^. 

offer  Aniline  Oil  for  the  year  1916  and  I  trust  that  you 

CtAVvXi-^C  OwAI rtltf&G  W  h'.fjmr' 
will  take  into  consideration  iK  prtce 

General  Chemical  Company, :  so  af^^o^nable (idxDale rjt  handling, 
your  product  to  retain  the  favorable  opinion  the  tr&de-.has 
of  him.  I  also  hope  that  your  answer  will  not  be  d^ayed 
too  long  as  I  have  some  friends  that  could  be  indifcygd^o  make 
their  purchase  elsewhere  if  I  am  not  in  a  position  to  give  them 
a  decided  answer  in  the  near  future. 

I  also  note  that  you  will  send  me  a  sample  of  Mtrobenzo: 
for  which  I  thank  you  in  advance. 

With  kind  regards  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

All  th.  mills  in  thl,  “”u;“fevrS«°65S'ps,=S? 
etc.,  have  closed  down,  ®xc*p*  1  _  their  living.  We  are 

who  are  absolutely  dependent  on  us  £°nc*ht*e  European  war  began, 
running  and  h&ve  been  runninfe  v  r°  We  have  not  closed 

&*£3>3 0  &«r.sjs  a"- 

t/g«  It  m  th.  .P.n  »rUt  irreapec- 
tive  of  price.  very  truly, 




June  12th .  1915 . 

Mr,  McDermott: 

I  have  shown  Mr.  Edison  the  daily 
Benzol  report  and  he  Is  quite  well  pleased  with 
it.  There  is  only  one  change  to  male,  and  that  is 
instead  of  using  the  word  Crude  say  9C $.  The  rea¬ 
son  is  that  we  may  he  obliged  to  get  some  crude  in 
some  time,  and  then  we  would  he  confused.  Please 
mkke  this  change  in  your  future  reports . 

I  hope  you  will  he  able  to  send  me 
the  corrected  reports  about  the  exchange  transac¬ 
tions  with  the  American  Oil  and  Supply  Company  with¬ 
in  the  next  few  days. 

w.  H.  MEAD0WCB0F5. 



^ZuMf^K 14 
'^rfwiT((  yux-  V-K-.^ 

V  T 

OylAit/V'  t /h-  ■  f% 


yP' -a 
r  \  ' 




June  IS,  1915- 

m9  have  your  esteemed  favor  of  the 
and  note  you  oannot  make  any  tetter 

_  _  i _ -Koovi  aonrHnrr  Un.  because 

?9th  Inst.,  and  note ' you  oannot  make  any  tettei 
.  j  -Jphenol  than  you  have  been  sending  us,  because 
5  Itof  your  inability  to  obtain  sufficiently  pure 
<*>  JTiehzol. 

ifi  4 

3  3  js  Now,  as  your  shipments  did  not  meet 

_£  4  0  |  *  ^these  requirements  we  called  your  attention  to 
Jl  .  3  .  saving  we  would  have  to  re-distil  it .  Yo 

r  *i~r  ^  Wnnmnt.Tv  instructed  us  to  do  this  and  to  chargi 

In  your  letter  of  February  3rd  you 
nquirsa  now  much  per  day  of  Phenol  (k.P. 

„1  white  crystals)  can  you  get  along  with,  and 
\j  in* your* letter  to  L  of  Lrch  12th  -  after  con¬ 
tract  was  made  -  you  advised  that  the  L.P. 
3'y’henol  you  would  send  us  is  about  40-41  • 

>  '•same ,  saying 
l  ^promptly  instructed 
4  Snau  with  oosts,  and 

lave  to  re-cij.»i>j.j.  j.».  You 
to  do  this  and  to  charge 
with  oosts,  and  on  April  22nd  you  advised  that 
rou  would  soon  have  your  va°uu?.  stlJ10?:?1°perat 
tnd  there  would  then  be  no  further  trouble . 

We  do  not  expect  the  impossible,  nor 
l  ?  will  we  ask  anything  unreasonable.particularly 
>  1  ^  times  such  as  are  now  prevailing.  We  Kept  you 

■T3  iS0asewe°presmerJouyw?shede to* ^°&or£|,“"4 

Ti  hy  re-d^?iUing°we1LtSr^iySthought  you  would 
"3"  be  able  to  do  likewise  when  your  vaouum  Btill  was 
in  operation. 

We  cannot  for  a  minute  think  of  trying 

to  exchange  the  Phenol  you  ship  UB/°Li?abla  aa 
<yP  a  hieher  M.P.,  even  if  such  were  available ,  as 
we  are^constant ly  waiting  for  supplies  tcputinto 
mornifacturs  for  a  medioinal  product,  and  quantities 

Messrs.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino«  6/12/15  No.  2. 

for  which  v/e  have  contracted  for,  for  delivery 
based  on  the  deliveries  of  Phenol  from  you  ao- 
oording  to  contraot,  and  our  oontraots  oover 
praotioally  the period  of  our  contraot  with  you. 

We  intended  going  into  the  manufacture 
of  Phenol  ourselves,  having  a  fair  lUMJfcity of 
Benzol  to  start  with  -  as  we  wrote  you  in  January 
last  -  but  as  you  generously  offered  to  supply 
us  with  a  part  of  your  output  at  a  reasonable  pric© 
under  existing  conditions,  we  discontinued  further 
work,  and  depended  on  you  for  the  quantities  you 
agreed  to  ship  us. 

We  simply  mention  the  foregoing  facts 
in  confirmation  of  our  statement,  that  we  i are  not 
disposed  to  be  unreasonable  and  we  believe  that  our 
reports  of  the  quality  of  the  different  shipments 
is  what  you  desired.  / 

You  now  say  that  you  shall  not  pay  any  L. 
overcharges  for  re-distilling.  We  do  not  propose  to 
insist  on  this,-  but  in  view  of  what  ia  stated  in  the 
foregoing,  do  you  not  think  it  would  be  fair  to 
ritand  these  colts,  or  to  supply  us  with  Phenol  of 
a  M.P.  40-41°? 

What  we  are  most  concerned  now  about  is 
shipments  from  you,  as  the  department  in  which  we 
use  the  Phenol  is  now  shut  down,  as  we  previously 
wrote  you,  because  of  insufficient  supplies. 

We  are  enclosing  herewith  our  check  for 
§529.20,  covering  the  amount  of  your  invoice  of 
the  2nd  inst. 

We  would  be  pleased  to  have  a  further  line 
from  you  on  the  subject ,  and  beg  to  remain, 

p  q  since  writing  the  above  the  superintendent  has 
but  it  contains  Creed.  We  must  therefore  treat  this 

kessrs .  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino.  6/12/15 

Ho*  3. 

drum  the  same  as  we  did  the  drum  previously,  and 
try  to  recover  all  the  Phenol  that  we  can  from  this 
drum,  as  we  are  hadly  in  need  of  supplies .  We 
trust  this  will  he  in  accordance  with  your  wishes. 


YS‘Frcd  «**«' 

Vai]nish  Gums, 


^  Driers, 

Chemicals,  and 
Supplies  for 

Vart^ u?„r “rs  1 59  Maiden  Lane  and  37  Fletcher  Street. 

June  12th,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  .h.  Kdison, 

Orange ,  if.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

ye  have  your  es teemed  favor  of  the  lotti  inst. ,  in  hnna 
today  ,.n.i  have  very  carefully  noted  your  advices.  VJe  will  he  pleased 
to  submit  promptly  samples  of  Powdered  Red  Scheel-lac  Gum,  which  comes 
packed  in  bn^n  of  160/170  pounds  at  7*T  per  pound.  Renovate  Spirit  Copal 
Seeds,  PKL,  in  bags  of  168  pounds  at  11  &  per  pound  and  Chips  I..CK,  in 
btt-s  of  168  pounds  at  lly^  per  pound,  ton  lots  of  each  at  11^  per  lu. 
These  samples  will  be  marked  for  trie  attention  of  your  Mr.  II. 

Meadov/croft  and  should  be  in  your  possession  on  Monday.  We  hope  that 
you  will  find  the  Gums  of  very  particular  interest. 

7/e  desire  to  call  your  attention  a^ain  to  the  fact  that 
particularly  in  Germany  Red  Gum  has  been  used  in  very  liberal  nun uti ties, 
Picric  acid  v.e  understand  bcin:.  extracted.  Wo  hope  for  a  generous  sup¬ 

Yours  truly. 

loir. , 

itunnyr.ede  rills,  Tnc., 
garb  or  o,  V.  0. 


T  receive  a  your  favor  of  the  11th  instant, 
aoft  .mite  arpreci  ate  your  condition  in  regard  to' Ani¬ 
line  Oil.  I,  too.  have  teen  having  ny  own  troubles 
with  imperfect  mechanism  and  the  difficulty  of  get¬ 
ting  machinery  and  apparatus  in  time  . 

YCu  will  he  ^lad  t  o  leam  that  i  have  been 
able  to  ship  you  a  full  drum  of  Aniline  Oil  today.  V.'e 
are  going  to  send  it  the  uiokest  -way,  that  is  to  say. 
by  express  to  Pew  York  and  then  by  Old  Dominion  Steamer 
to  Norfolk  and  so  on  to  you.  I  trust  that  it  will  come 

through  promptly. 

Yours  very  truly. 

June  14  th,  1915. 

Hr,  I'oDermott: 

Enclosed  T  hnna  you  hill  of 

lading  of  Chicago,’  rilTOtCsee  ■&  Ota^Paul  R.H. 

Company  showing  shipmentsof  SO  arm®  of  Hen- 
sol  o'-irped  to  ub  on  June  3rd.  Attache 0  to 
thin  you  will  find  a  memorandum  : 'hewing  the 
drum  numbers  and  ~G  lights . 

V'hen  this  Hensol  is  received 
it  ohonld  he  tested  by  Tir.  Zamnerhoff  at  once  . 

Tt  has  been  sold  to  us  as  jure  Bensffll,  ana  if 
yre  have  any  complaint  to  maite  it  should  he  made 
•-•ithin  five  day;  after  receipt  of  the  henaol. 

T  will  ,  therefore  ,  send  a  carbon  copy  of  this 
memorandum  to  ,'r.  xamerhoff . 

■hen  you  receive  the  Bensol,  please 
also  notify  xr.  K.  /.  3 tiller  here  at  the  Laboratory 
so  tii at  lie  can  ahecl  eh  tl’.e  bill. 

Yours  very  truly, 

C.  C.  to  ;:r.  Kammerhof. 

-June  14  th.  1915. 

i'r.  John  Bacon,  Jr., 

#  Coke  Oven  Department, 

Cambria  Steel  Company, 

Johnstown,  Pa. 

Pear  Sir: 

j'r.  Sdison  is  very  much  disturb  eel  on  reading  your  reports 
to  see  that  yon  do  not  work  the  Ho.  2  Badger  to  itr.  utmost  capacity. 
Por  instanoe,  on  June  12th  you  only  made  Sop  gallons  of  Toluol  and 
80  gallons  of  Solvent  naphtha.  The  Ho.  2  Badger  Still  has  a  capacity 
of  1600  gallons  a  day  even  at  a  alow  rate  of  distillation. 

Our  little  Badger  Still  at  Silver  hake  has  a  capacity  of 
500  gallons  a  day,  and  it  will  make  that  quantity  every  day  right 
along . 

IVe  need  all  the  products  from  Johnstown  hadly,  and  he  is 
very  anxious  to  see  you  run  the  Ho.  2  Badger  to  its  full  capacity. 

Of  course,  he  does  not  want  you  to  run  it  fast,  hut  even  at  a  slow 
distillation  rate  it  should  do  nearly  1600  gallons  a  day. 

Yours  veiy  truly , 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 

June  14  th.  1915. 

Hr.  Hiller: 

Will  you  please  send  Hr.  Hutchison 
a  duplicate  copy  of  oiir  Mil  against  Picatinny 
for  the  5,417  pounds  of  Carbolic  shipped  them 
on  Hay  29th.  I  think  you  had  better  send  these 
papers  to  Hr.  Hutchison  with  it.  He  will  attend 
to  getting  the  money  quickly. 


Cambria  Steel  Company 


Philadelphia  June  14,  1915. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

West  Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:  MARCH  &  APRIL  ACCOUNTS,  §29, 68 S'. 6? 

LESS  CREDITS.  _ 10.  179. 

We  would  much  appreciate  check  in  settlement  of 
balance  of  our  account  indicated  above  on  or  before  19th  inst. 
on  which  date  we  have  heavy  payments  to  make.  Thanking  you 
in  advance  for  some, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Vice  President, 

^ne  14  »  '1915* 

W  •  '  ~  ^ 

\j  v>" 

X  ' 

lir.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Ur.  Edison: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  June  the  10th 
and  X  am  again  obliged  to  you  for  the  information  it  contains. 

I  realize,  of  course,  that  the 'pinch  for  Benzol  products  is 
just  at  this  moment,  and  that  later  things  must  become  easier. 

The  requirements  here  at  Wood  are  not  very  heavy,  perhaps 
about  1000  p o unds^ per^day  at  the  maximum,  but  our  need  is 
very  urgent  just  now  and  if  1  could  at  the  end  of  two  weeks 
secure  a  small  drum  per  day.  until  a  few  tons  have  been  obtained, 

it  would  be  a  great  relief. 

I  have  no  doubt  that  your  work  is  progressing  satis¬ 
factorily  as  it  usually  does  and  that  your  output  of  Aniline 
Oil  will  very  soon  be  more  than  you  need. 

At  Haywood,  we  are  all  hoping  very  soon  to  learn  of 
the  development  of  the  storage  battery  to  the  extent  at  least 
that  you  will  be  able  to  restore  the  consumption  to  what  it 
was  last  year,  to  be  followed  before  very  long  with  orders 

which  will  press  ue  to  fill. 

I  am  dropping  a  note  to  Mr.  Aylsworth  and  also  to 
the  Barrett  Manufacturing  Company  along  the  line  of  your 
suggestion  for  Ortho-Cresol  and  1  hope^T^.ve  favorable  results 
vm+Vi  vindest  recarde,  1-fflSC?  / 

J  \for1 



L Q-t&t- 



l  Lj 








15  th.  1915. 

Ur.  "-'ill ism  F..  Soheel, 

'159  r.aiden  i.ane, 
new  York  City. 

Dear  Pir: 

-  Dave  received  your  note  of  yester¬ 
day  ao’-no-^r  dging  receipt  of  order  for  one  bag 
of  Pondered  Fed  Poheel-lao  Gum,  and  have  read 
your  comments  wi th  much  interest. 

Det  me  say  in  reply  that  I  know  about 
this  condensation  product  and  am  eivare  that  it  is 
impossible  to  get  a  sure  supply  continuously  at 
this  time  .  T.  will,  experiment  with  it  until  the 
war  is  over,  and  then  1  will  be  sure  of  a  regular 

Yours  very  truly. 

June  16th.  1916. 

X.unham  5:  Moore, 

Pro  Alice  Exchange, 

Mew  Yolk  City. 

Gentleme  n: 

Your  favor  of  the  8th  instant  was  reoeived  and  handed  to 
Mr.  Edison.  Please  let  us  draw  your  attention  to  the  fact,  in  the 
first  place,  that  this  Toluol  contract  is  with  Mr.  Edison  person¬ 
ally  and  not  with  our  Company. 

Cur  Bens ol  Plant ,  whe re  the  Toluol  is  trade,  is  at  Johns¬ 
town,  Pa.,  and  they  not/  have  on  hand  ready  for  shipment  twenty-seven 
(?.7)  drums  of  Toluol,  We  have  given  them  instructions  hy  nail  to¬ 
day  to  make  shipment,  consigning  the  same  to  you ,  so  you  will  prob¬ 
ably  receive  these  27  drums  within  a  week  or  ten  days.  The  outside 
dimensions  of  each  drum  is  approximately  29"  hy  45".  Winn  we  re¬ 
ceive  our  shipping  list  from  Johnstown,  we  will  3  end  you  a  li3t  show¬ 
ing  th"  gross  Y/eight  of  each  drum. 

Our  oontraot  is  T.  0.  B.  Hew  York,  hut  we  did  uot  agree  to 
deliver  free  alongside  the  steamer.  Our  agreement  was  to  Bring  goods 
to  Hew  York,  and  the  consignee  was  to  take  oare  of  the  rest. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

:  t  3  C 

-tjU  Cadku.  /Dmm^'  eottp****~*i4lX~M+  tO^Cc^A 
dxxU  OaU  Mu*  <tyM\  y,j£ 

£e.  dCtru*^ 

.  w 


Itr.  Miller: 

W-v  v  ‘  AA'  \Oi"'  in  accordance  with  my  telephone  conversa- 

\\\  vt^v  fV/P“ 

^  t ion  with  yon."' this  afternoon,  I  want  to  confirm  what 





I  then  told  yo\i,  namely,  that  Mr.  Edison  says  to  send 

-■'  c V  / 

1  ’j  X  .  all  Benzol  to  Carbolic  Division  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

f  Inc.,  Silver  I. alee  ,  and  let  them  act  as  a  depot  for  Ben¬ 
zol’.  Yfill  yon  please,  therefore,  hill  to  Thomas  A. 
Edison,  Inc.,  Carbolic  Division  the  Mayville  Benzol, 
also  the  Sydney  and  any  other  Benzol  that  we  buy,  bill- 
ins  it  at  the  same  price  that  we  pay,  plus  freight. 
When  any  Benzol  is  to  be  used  by  either  Carbolic  Plant 
#1  or  #2  or  the  Aniline  Plant,  the  Incorporated  will 
bill  out  the  Benzol  at  the  same  price  at  which  it  has 
been  billed  to  them „ac iodine  to  the  make  of  Benzol 
they  deliver;  .  •*  s 






86-100  FORREST  STREET  i 

(  y^  j 

June  15th,  1915. 

'  Mr.  Meddowcroft:  ■ 

„_cr  ^a.  *“■  W\ 

aJ-  0*****^  6  I  1^,,.  7JSC,  -  7 

%  ^  t*~  L  \  / 

311  to  be  delivered  during  1916  wijth  -the  v$  L. 

rJuJr  —  ■*  M 

twelve  tons  oi  «nu™  «HUu!  Z~  7« 

proviso  that  if  Mr.  Edison  madejf^j^10-#Tlt  b® 

„M„g,a  to  this 
**«  *»»  *»“la  U1“  *° 

I  also  have  a  request  fronrtthe  Anniston  Knitting  Mills  Cajtfpany 
et-»  Wajslu  4n-»w*  v*-* 

o,  Annis.ton,  Ai,h,„,  hut  J  “g 

Ssing  herewith  letter  from  the 

would  like  jrqu  to  return  at  your  ear 
\  0&.t3L»  J-<rl 

I  would  also  like  that  you  a^vi 

.ett^rtk  ^r^ieTf^ 

atyour  early  convenience.  SI 

Q*.xu  w  A 

[  thank  you  in  advance  and  ^emain^-gg 

you  advise  me  wnaT.  you  can  uu  i»r  U“°‘V 

<Jt  Jfe,  «**  3* 

'  iv.  #«ji.  N  /  . 

Very  .truly  .yours 

-**^T  J*'*  "v 

f^c*r*ZL  ~ 

pc&uo  ■#-+<*  - 


Sj-Ct^-6  *> 

kago-Kenosho  Hosiery  Company! 





June  15,  1915 

1  ~t~CU 

i  X}  tzz&r r: lc~ ^ , 

We  have  been  informed  that  you  r*Lj-tAV»*^i  VWw..M'& 
ire  now  making  Aniline  in  large  quantities , ^  '  \  , 

ina  inasmuch  as  we  are  large  ohom^eal  users , ^w^^tl***** 
re  shall  appreciate  full  information  that  \  I 

rill  enable  us  to  place  a -contract  coverings.  ^ 
lur  requirements  fora  year.  •'  - 

What  are  your  prices  and  terms  A  M  J  _ 
of  contract?  t.r  }(e^ 

TO ejuiDU  To4° 

Our  requirementsare  from  75,000j)=  W«r»»-  v,  ,  A 

to  100,000#  of  Aniline  Salt  annually,  but  j  Ct$>  -Y-**^* 

from  the  information  we  have  at  hand,  we  I  L 

do  not  understand  whether  you  a  re  making  the^t  SedL-f  <?»  J'T  y 
Aniline  Salt  or  Oil.  |  '  / 

Please  advise  us  by  return  mail.  S 

Yours  very  truly, 


-fUl/t  V-"'" 

kS  iM,  U  S~: 

CK  puMV  . 

^  j.= 

June  1 

Edison  Chemical  orks , 

Aniline  Plant, 

Silver  l  ake ,  H.  J. 

Gentle  men: 

pie  ape  pans*  'r .  V’.  P .  '  hoe  and  .  r. 
ronklins,  representatives  of  the 
One an  Accident  and  "uarantee  Corporation, 
limited,  or^n,  Pn-tond,  rho  v,- ish  to  MM 
an  inspection  of  the  plant  In  connection  with 
Employers*  liability  Insurance. 

Yours  veiy  truly. 

Dominion  Steel  Cob.pora.tion,  Limited 

Proaidont'a  Offiao 


Jane  16th,  1916 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

The  delay  in  getting  reasonable  returns  from  the  benzol 
plant  is  causing  us  a  good  deal  of  loss.  Every  effort  is  being 
made  and  we  have  had  the  advantage  of  a  viBit  from  an  expert  from 
the  Dupont  Powder  Company.  The  only  remedy,  however,  is  to  remove 
the  cause  of  the  t rouble , which  is,  in  short,  insufficient  equipment 
and  that  will  take  time. 

I  have  received  a  report  from  our  chief  chemist  which 
covers  the  matter  very  fully^and  I  enclose  copy  for  your  information. 
If  you  could  find  time  to  read  it  and  would  give  me  your  comments 
on  it,  I  should  esteem  it  a  favour.  Evidently  the  available  data 
on  absorption  and  distillation  have  been  extremely  defective. 

It  is  fortunate  that  we  did  not  make  contracts  for  a  larg¬ 
er.  part  of  the  expected  production.  We  did  not  go  very  far  in  that 
direction,  but  apparently  for  a  while  will  have  little  to  spare 
after  covering  these  contracts.  We  are  offered  a  year's  contract 
at  80  cents  E.O.B.  Sydney,  but  perhaps  when  we  are  ready  prices  will 
be  even  stronger.  There  is  every  appearance  of  it  now. 

Our  daily  product  of  C.  P.  benzol  haB  averaged  this  month 
so  far  not  more  than  600  Imperial  gallons  dally,  and  the  greater 
part  of  our  shipments  have  been  made  to  you.  This  1b  due  to  the 
fact  that  we  have  had  to  devote  the  Badger  stills  chiefly  to  the 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

finishing  of  the  toluol,  which  is  the  most  pressing  need,  and  to 
accumulate  henzol.  We  hope  to  have  a  large  additional  Badger 
still  at  work  shortly. 

I  expect  to  he  in  Hew  York  on  Friday  and  if  possible 
will  call  on  you. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  H.  J. 



June  10th,  1916 

Mr.  0.  3.  Martin, 

General  Superintendent 
Dear  Sir: - 

In  accordance  with  your  request  I  hereby  submit  a  statement 
of  my  present  opinion  with  regard  to  Benzol  and  Toluol  recovery  from 
our  gas. 

Por  the  past  two  weeks  or  more  the  laboratory  Dept,  has 
been  ihaking  tests  to  determine  what  rate  of  flow  of  oil  was  neces¬ 
sary  on  the  absorption  towers  and  what  temperature  was  needed  in  the 
absorbing  oil  to  ensure  a  satisfactory  degree  of  recovery.  It  was 
assumed  that  95%  recovery  should  be  aimed  at.  Our  experimental 
scrubbing  apparatus  was  set  up  at  #2  Condensing  house  and  various 
tests  made  on  the  raw  gas  before  going  to  the  large  absorption  tow¬ 
ers.  In  the  experimental  scrubbers,  absorbing  oil  was  supplied  in 
definite  quantities  for  cubio  feet  of  gas  treated,  and  temperatures 
were  .regulated  throughout  the  tests.  In  serieB  with  the  experimen¬ 
tal  scrubbers  were  several  additional  scrubbers  charged  with  fresh 
absorbing  oil  in  abundant  quantity  to  reoover  any  Benzol  or  Toluol 
that  was  not  caught  under  the  conditions  of  the  teBt  in  the  experi¬ 
mental  sorubbers. 

The  rate  at  which  oil  was  supplied  in  the  testB  per  ou. 
ft.  of  gas  treated  was  calculated  out  to  its  equivalent  rate  of 
flow  in  Imperial;  Gallons  per  minute  on  the  absorbing  towers  of  the 
#2  Coke  Oven  PJ.ant  which  is  coking  about  860  to  900  tons  per  24 


-  2  - 

hours,  The  results  are  given  below  in  tabular  form: 

I  cat,. 

Oil  supplied  eouiv'ljo 

Gal’s  per  Gal’s  oil 

minute  on  per  ton 

absorbing  Goal 


Temp  of 


'jh  recovery 
Benzol  & 

Quality  of 
oil  used  in 




1  Old 

Oil  as 


the  system 





















64  80 





2nd  " 


1st  " 






,  Fre 

ish  oil 

i  before. - 

The  reasons  for  choosing  the  above  conditions  in  the 
test  will  appear  below. 

The  amount  of  oil  that  can  be  circulated  through  our 
absorption  towers  at  the  present  time  is  limited  by  the  different 
parts  of  the  circulating  system. 

1.  The  pumps  which  deliver  oil  to  the  top  of  the  absor¬ 
bers  have  a  eapaoity  of  only  about  50  gallons  per  minute  when  work¬ 
ing  at  maximum  speed. 

2.  The  eapaoity  for  cooling  the  hot  effluent  or  spent 
oil  from  the  Hirzel  stills  is  limited,  not  being  nearly  sufficient 
to  oool  the  oil  from  the  four  Hlrzels  now  that  the  hot  summer  dayB 
have  raised  the  temperature  nf.  Grand  lake  water  to  about  68  degrees 
Fahr1  delivered  at  the  plant.  The  oil  should  be  sent  to  the  towers 
at  less  than  70  degrees  Fahr".  Instead  of  that  it  has  been  return- 


i„B  eo  to  as  dagr,..  for  •  *>ns  ««  >»*•  *“18  tt8  'el,,h" 

...  cool  or  col«  ana  the  gas  entering  th.  to»».  —  •»"»  «  60 
degreeB  ».  th.  oil  temper...,.  ar.p  on  th.  way  through  the 
throe  toners.  Suturing  the  flr.t  on.  at  80  It  night  go  to  th. 
second  at  IS  and  th.  third  at  TO  or  .ran  lesa.  since  the  hot  wea¬ 
ther  ha.  begun,  th.  oil  in.ta.a  of  cooling  m  th.  tower,  rather 
heatB  up  a  tew  degrees  more, 

3  the  amount  ot  enriched  oil  that  can  he  paced  through 
.  gir eel  atlll  P«r  minnt.  1.  Umltad.  At  Sdlaon's  Plant  the  figure, 
gathered  by  hr.  Otar  Indla.t.  that  each  .till  1.  tatting  •  fed  at 
Id  to  18  gallons  ,.r  minute,  the  four  Hired.  her.  are  averaging  80 
gallon.  ..oh,  or  80  gallon.  1.  all.  -Mob  might  PClbW  he  .lightly 
Increased.  Hr.  Luca.  1.  m,  authority  for  th,  latte,  «.««-»»•  » 

ahould  he  that  thin  80  gdlon.  per  minute  1.  all  the  oil 
available  lor  not  only  on  the  number  two  tear,  hut  on  th, 

number  on.  .id.  a.  -H,  ~  "1“t*  0,0  “,lr* 

1850  ton.  coal  being  ooh.d,  whl.h  1.  at  the  rate  of  74  gallon*  f* 

ton  of  coal . 

A  liberal  e.tlmat.  of  th.  average  amount  of  oil  pacing 
the  #8  did.  par  mlnut.  1.  40  gallon..  have  often 
been  time,  -hen  the  amen.  —  -oh  la-  ««■  •» 
of  oil  available  and  with  good  .team,  pr.a.ure  th.  pump.  «m  »»* 
daliv.r  more  than  50  gallon.,  -  «*!.«  than  worhing  barter  then 

they  should. 

Before  the' warm  weather  o.m.  th.  oondltion.  at  the  #8 
sorubbar.  were  often  .l.llar  to  th...  of  test  Ho.  5  in  th.  above. 

Some  times  the  temperature! 

B  better  than  t'hoBe  give: 

A-  V 


sa,e  .hen  .11  .eat  t.  the  et  70  Jegr.e.  I.  B» 

„,U  then  reeeoble  the.  In  t.rt  #«.  tee.  *6  1.  U.ntleel  .«* 

#E  except  th.t  freeh  ell  ...  «...  l™t~«  «  the  oil  «al  ••~rt*t 
thlehene.  oil.  .he  Ire.h  .11  go~  «  «*>«•>»  °*  «*  ”>  f" 

the  old  oil. 

Test  #1  represents  double  the  flow  of  oil  and  at  a  good 
temperature.  Ibis  we  gives  a  very  satisfaotory  result,  the 

recovery  being  94*.  She  same  flow  00  gallons  per  minute  in  test 
#4  at  a  very  poor  temperature,  00-85  Fahr.  gave  83*  recovery. 

An  intermediate  rate  of  flow  60  gallons  per  minute  in  test 
#3,  at  a  good  temperature  gave  a  recovery  of  86*.  The  increased  re¬ 
covery  with  increased  flow  of  the  same  kind  of  oil  and  at  the  same 
temperature  is  as  follows} 

Bate  of  flow  *  recovery 

gal«s  per  minute 

40  79 

60  86 

80  94 

The  results  of  the  experimental  scrubbing  seem  to  agree 

ol.eely  with  «»  t«t.  .«  the  (M  alter  pa»M  the 

large  absorption  towers,  comparing  similar  conditions. 

A  test  was  next  rade  on  the  large  towers  on  #2  side  in 
which  it  was  endeavored  to  pass  the  maximum  quantity  of  oil  that  the 
pumps  would  handle,  leaving  the  #1- side  short  of  oil  if  necessary. 

It  was  found  impossible  to  get-  more  than  about  120  revolutions,  or 

double  strokes,  on  the^first  oil  pump  at  the  towers.  This  meant  a 

flow  of  probably  nft  over '60  gallons  per  jninute.  The  coolers  were 
inadequate  to'  retail  this 'amount  at  a  proper.' temperature.  The  oil 
left  the  coolers  at  about  80  *ahr.  and  before  getting  through  the 


three  towers  had  heated  another  two  degrees.  The  results  show  the 
recovery  of  73%  under  these  conditions  which  is  about  what  would 
he  expected  from  the  experiments,  tests. 

The  conclusions  reached  as  a  result  of  these  and  other  tests 

are  as  follows: 

X.  j?or  95%  recovery  of  Benzol  and  Toluol  oil  should  he 
supplied  to  the  towers  at  a  rate  of  126  gallons  per  ton  of  coal,  or 
at  practically  200,000  gallons  per  24  hrs.  on  our  present  coke  pro¬ 
duction,  or  at  rate  of  approx*  140  gallons  per  minute.  If  another 
Blast  Furnace  is  put  on  and  the  coal  coked  per  day  amounts  to  2000 
tons,  the  oil  to  he  circulated  would  amount  to  266,000  gallons  per 
24  hours,  or  180  gal's  per  minute..  The  140  gallons  per  minute  re¬ 
quired  for  our  present  production  means  6  Hirzels  at  an  average  feed 
per  minute  per  still  of  23  l/s  gallons  instead  of  the  20  gallons  as 
now.  For  the  increased  coke  production  7  Hirzels  at  an  average  feed 
of  26  gallons,  or  8  at  an  average  of  22*  per  still  per  minute  would 

he  required,  or  their  equivalent. 

2.  This  increased  flow  of  oil  will  also  demand  a  larger 
ana  more  efficient  cooling  equipment.  It  is  only  hy  keeping  the  oil 
at  70  degrees  Fahr.  or  less  that  the  results  will  he  obtained.  If 
an  even  lower  temperature  could  he  secured  no  doubt  a  smaller  flow 
of  oil  would  suffice.  It  is  evident  that  later  in  the  Summer  the 
Grand  lake  water  will  he  70  degrees  Fahr.  or  higher.  It  will  he 
neoessary  to  resort  to  artificial  cooling  with  an  amonia  refriger¬ 
ator  system.  In  times  of  normal-  prices  for  Benzol  and  Toluol  it 
would  probably  he  decided  to  accept  the  later  yield  under  Summer 
weather  conditions  rather  than  install  an  expensive  cooling  system. 
At  present  prices  however  such  an  installation  would  pay  for  itself* 


in  a  short  time. 

3.  In  order  to  ciroulate  the  larger  volume  of  oil 
new  pumps  will  be  required  at  eaoh  set  of  towers  and  a  separate 
pump  for  the  return  oil  to  eaoh  Bide. 

4.  Pacts  seem  to  he  that  to  recover  70  to  75#  of  the 
Benzol  and  Toluol  is  comparatively  easy  and  demandB  a  relatively 
small  volume  of  oil  in  the  scrubbers.  Ibis  small  volume  will  tahe 
up  about  2.15#  of  its  own  volume  of  Benzol  and  Toluol.  Adding 
the  Naptha,  Uapthalene,  and  the  Wash  oil  which  distills  over  with 
the  Benzol  fromthe  Hirzel  -stills  this  would  correspond,  t  o  3.00# 
absorption,  or  3#  of  crude  benzol  from  the  wash  oil. 

To  recover  an  additional  20  to  25#  up  to  95#  of  the  total 
content  in  the  gas  requires  however  a  disproportionately  large  vol¬ 
ume  of  oil  so  thatthe  percentage  of  benzol  and  toluol  containedin 
the  enriched  oil  is  only  1.28#  of  its  volume.  That  such  should  be 
the  case  is  only  natural  as  the  removal  of  the  last  traces  of  im¬ 
purity  usually  requires  a  great  excess  of  reagent.  It  is  a  question 
of  equilibrium  between  oil  and  gas.  The  published  statement  as  to 
the  percentage  of  absorption  obtained  in  the  wash  oil  appear  to  be 
very  much  exaggerated.  So- far  as  can  be  seen  at  present  the  only 
escape  from  the  above  conclusions  as  to  the  needs  of  the  plant  would 
he  the  securing  of  a  wash  oil  which  would  absorb  benxol  and  toluol 
more  vigorously  than  our' present  oil  and  tahe  up  a  larger  percentage 
A  five  gallon  can  of  the  same  oil  as  used  by  the  Edison  Plant  at 
Johnstown  is  being  obtained  and.similar  tests  to  those  given  in  the 
table  will  *e  made  on  ibis',  oil."  It  is, not  at  all  lively  however, 
that  any  'different  'limit  util  be  'found.  •. 

il  addttiontt’t  should  be  stated  that  from  the  results,  so.; 


far  obtained  in  th,  l.rg.  »al.  la  th.  rnd  .till.  It 
appears  ta  Pa  a  last  that  the  a.oaat  of  tola.1  la  the  6*. 

„l.t  .red.  th.  .36  8.1'=  arlglaally  ..tlmt.d  mil.  th.  a.oaat  of 
Benzol  fall,  short  .»  .Cl  a.oaat  of  th.  1.  3d  S*U»» 
th.  total  of  th.  Wo  1.76  gall  on.  p.r  toa  .....  oorr.ot.  It  -a. 
considered  e.e.atl.l  at  th.  tla.  of  th.  not  to  err  ty  o,.r- 
estimating  the  toluol. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Chief  Chemist 

June  17th.  1915. 

I'r.  McDermott: 

In  regard  to  Carbolic  Aoia to  he  Bhipreft  to  Pio&tinny 
Arsenal  on  ovr  Government  oontraot,  purchase  order  #12491. 

Will  you  please  take  notice  that  we  have  been  advised 
by  the  Government  that  deliveries  do  not  count  as  deliveries  when 
they  are  made  to  the  railway  company.  The  government  counts  delivery 
when  the  goods  reach  them.  We  have  been,  therefore,  penalized  on 
the  last  shipment  to  the  extent  of  $6.07  for  delay  in  deliveiy.  That 
is  not ' your  fault,  however. 

Pin  you  please  take  notice  that  the  next  delivery  of 
5,417  pounds  is  due  at  Pioatinny  Arsenal  on  June  25th.  You  will, 
therefore,  have  to  make  shipment  of  this  quantity  on  Saturday,  June 
19th,  ns  we  must  reckon  6  days  for  transit. 

Under  our  contract  we  have  to  deliver  at  Pioatinny 
Arsenal  their  5,417  pounds  every  30  days.  You  will  notide  that  this 
is  not  once  a  month,  but  every  30  days. 

Will  you  please  be  sure  and  give  this  your  prompt 

and  careful  attention. 

V.  E.  !T?AD0\7C?.0FT  . 


25  Madison  AVenue, 
Hew  Yoik,  June  17th,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange ,  H .  J . 

Dear  Sir: — 

Attention  of  Mr.  W.  H.  Msadoworoft. 

Eeferrlng  to  our  telephone  conversation  in  regard  to  time 
of  delivery  of  Phenol  we  contracted  with  you  far  the  amount  of 
323,000  pounds,  we  request  you  to  kinflly  read  our  letter  of  June 
1st  and  vour  confirnation  of  the  same  dated  June  4th,  in  which 
you  confirms d° the  increase  of  our  order  from  300  000  pounds  to 
323,000  pounds,  to  he  delivered  In  equal  quantities  daily, 
ning  June  15th  and  ending  December  31st ,  1915  .  ..e  also  would 

ask  you  to  read  the  second  paragraph  of  ourletterofJunelst 
mentioning  the  total  quantity  of  pure  Benzol  to  manufacture  the 
entire  auant ity  of  323,000  pounds  Phenol  will  he  53,833  gallons, 
wMc*  mK  296  gfllons  per  day  for  a  period  of  182  days  oount- 
lng  from  June  15th  to  December  31 at  at  the  rate  of  28  daysto  a 
month,  on  the  basis  of  6  lbs.  Phenol  to  one  gallon  of  Benzol. 

When  wo  first  discussed  this  matter  with  you,  you  told  us 
thatvou  expected  to  get  6-1/4  pounds  from  one  gallon  of  pure 
Benzol,  but  at  the  last  meeting,  when  I  took  Mr.  Komuro  with  me  , 
you  stated  that  you  expected  to  get  6  poundsPhenolto  oragalion 
of  Benzol,  by  the  new  process  which  is  going  to  be  used  in 
factory  but  you  were  getting  only  4.6  pounds  Phenol  to  one  gallon 
of  Benzol  from  your  old  process. 

We  trust  that  you  will  give  us  the  benefit  of  your  new  process 
and  calculate  the  quantity  of  pure  Benzol  from  Woodward  at  the  rate 
of  6  pounds  or  more  Phenol  to  one  gallon  of  Benzol,  instead  of  4.6 
pounds  Phenol  to  one  gallon  of  pure  Benzol. 

Trusting  that  youwill  find  the  above  in  order  and  with  regards, 
Yours  very  truly, 



W,/#  •S)/r/r/*nU: 


W,  //fr/fant  f/ywr/r. 


2,j  fy/d/s//h‘M  ■■X-'/v/utr, 

_ June  lZth ,  /.9/ 5  . 

/fv* w 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange  >  ®ew  Jer8®y  • 

Dear  Sir: — 

Attention  of  Mr.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft. 

V/e  beg  to  confirm  your  offer  for  73,000  pounds  of  pure 
Phenol,  delivery  to  begin  in  January,  1915  and  to  end  June 
1915,  inclusive  at  the  rate  of  13,000  pounds  per  month,at 
the  price  of  70*  per  pound  net  to  you.  We  are  to  furnish 
you  galvanized  iron  drums  on  our  account.  The  above  price  of 
70*  per  pound  has  nothing  to  do  with  the  price  of  Benzol  to  you 
and  whatever  we  make  above  70*.  we  understand  is  to  be  our  pro¬ 


Tie  are  cabling  this  offer  to  Japan  to-night  and  hope  to 
be  able  to  accept  it  in  a  few  days. 

Yours  very  truly. 

manufacture  of  Para-pljenaienei-aiamine*^  At  that  time  you.  thought 
later  you  would  he. in  a  position  to  supply  this,  ana  we  would  like  t( 
know  if  you  are  in  a  position  to  supply  a  small  quantity  at  the 
present  time,  and  if  so,  the  prioe < 

Very  truly  yours, 

IiEE  TIRE  &  RUBBER  00. 


Mitsui  &  Company,  limited, 

25  Madison  Avenue  ,  _  ,  ,  . 

nevr  York  City.  Attention  -  Mr.  Takaki : 

Dear  Sir: 

Please  excuse  the  delay  in  reply  to  your  favor  of  the 
9th  instant,  oonfirmii®  the  confirmation  of  figures  about  Ani¬ 
line,  Phenol  ana  Benzol  Plants  which  I  gave  to  you  ana  Mr.Eomuro. 

I  shall  have  to  ask  you  to  excuse  me  if  I  leave  it  un¬ 
til  a  little  later  to  go  into  this  proposition  further.  Just  fur 
the  immediate  present  T  am  so  busy  in  getting  my  new  Carbolic  plant 
running  ana  getting  the  Aniline  Plant  thoroughly  under  way,  that  I 
cannot  find  time  to  go  into  the  details  at  the  moment. 

If  you  will  let  me  know  two  or  three  days  in  advance  of 
Ur.  vomuro's  leaving  time  T  will  try  ana  take  up  this  matter  so  fliat 
we  oan  all  go  over  together  "before  he  leaves  for  Japan. 

Tours  very  truly. 

June  10th. 


Hr.  Claude  Op  dyke  , 

'i  Woodward  Iron  Co., 

Woodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Mr.  Opdyke: 

You  will  receive  an  occasional  letter  from  me  in  re¬ 
gard  to  the  products  of  our  plant  at .Woodward. 

V.’e  liave  made  a  contrast  for  one  hundred  fifty  (150) 
gallons  per  day  of  pure  Toluol.  Shis  contract  has  been  made  with 
the  Hercules  Powder  Company.  They  are  going  to  furnish  their  own 
tank  oars,  and  we  have  been  taking  up  the  subject  of  cleaning  these 
tank  oars  with  them,  as  the  containers  tor  pure  Toluol  must  he  very 

The  contract  with  the  Hercules  people  was  made  direct 
with  Mitsui  &  Company  who  are  interested  with  Mr.  Edison  in  the  Wood¬ 
ward  Plant.  T  am  nov;  enclosing  for  your  information  copies  of  let¬ 
ters  exchanged  between  Mitsui  fi  Company  and  Hercules  Powder  Company 
in  regard  to  the  cleaning  of  the  tank  oars.  Please  keep  these  on 
your  file  for  further  reference. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Enclosures  ■ 

/Sy  /f/^ 

'  j 

rj£/^rs/j<e^l^€As€j  .' 

— ^IT  ^  ^  H 



Mr.  Edison: 


In  connection  with  my  visit  to  the  Interstate 
Commerce  Commission  at  Washington  yesterday,  I  am  pleased 
to  advise  that  the  Commission  have  granted  the  revest  to 
establish  a  special  rate^3£jl!  per  cwt.,  on  benzole  in  iron 
drums  from  Woodward,  Alabama,  to  Silver  Lake.  I  immediately 
wired  the  traffic  representatives  of  the  interested  lines 
so  that  the  tariff  protecting  this  rate  may  be  filed  with 
the  Commission.  I  believe  we  may  take  advantage  of  this  rate 
not  later  than  Monday  of  next  week. 

C.  0.  to  Mr.  Wilson. 

.  -I:-' 


-he  .iwiMI&>@8>£«W»  '  , , 




.../h*rMr/*  June  18th*  -/m-- 

Thomas  A.  Kdison,  Esq..  .  .»■>  "Wn  id**"  <?  *'  (  <?  r‘ • 

UiS.  CiCv^vx  v  .  /  *  £ '  .  k 

Orange,  Hew  Jereey.  /  r  >  *• 

L* U  Wl j  J  /  f  c* . v c  *> » ■-'A 

Dear  Sir:-  ^ ^  e* £  ■  i  y  ^ 

Attention  of  Mr.  YJ.  H.  Meadowcroft^  ^ei-f - \  ^  ‘" 

vre  just  received  the  Japane^Navy^Specifi^aUon^or^ 
Carbolic  Acid  which  is  as  follows:  ,i  iU  ^  |A( ,  g 

1.  Colorless  White  crystalline  malk  in*  no^^Werature . 

3.  The  crystallization  point  of  carbolic  ac: 
above  40°  Centigrade.  i .*>**  | 

3.  Carbolic  Aoid  should  contain  absolutely  no  inorganic 

admixture  or  Hydrocarbons  ajid  other  nigne^  ^ 

phenols,  etc.  t  vv  I  *1  j  / 

Our  contract  calls  for  U.  S.  PharmacopaUa 
the  same  time  we  would  like  very  much  if  your  phenol  will  meet 
with  the  above  mentioned  Japanese  Havy  Specification  or  better. 

Kindly  send  us  a  small  sample  of  your  phenol- so  that  we 
can  send  to  Japan  an  analytical  report-tobe  made  by  one  of  the 

licensed  chemists  in  New  Yojrk- City. 

Yours  very  truly. 

acid  should  be  at 

,  es^ov 

_  ,v<£  +**■*■*» 

'  ST/IiM’ 

,  ‘d-0  d-4-fij^ 

^  i &J 

jtjj  j^j 

■AS^)  ( 

dUoy  vSL  o-^W*J  <y-^-  <^  y-fc 

W-  L _ ^fto^j  to  /°-^. 

rdysu^.  ^UXo. 

u^,K^  ^PL-u-^  -i^  J^y~—j 

xPjJU^u  j^L  rw^JUU^  -ai 

Respectfully , 

June  23rd.  1916  . 

Mr.  Berggren: 

Will  you  please  tales  notice  that  on  our  oontraot  with 
United  States  Government  (their  purchase  order  #12,491)  for  sup¬ 
plying  Carbolic  Ao1.d  to  Picatinny  Arsenal,  Dover,  H.  J.,  the 
price  to  he  charged  is  fifty-six  (56)  cents  per  round,  and  Mr. 

R.  Hutchison  is  to  receive  a  commissi  on  of  five  (5)  cents  per 
pound,  to  he  paid  as  we  receive  payment  for  our  hills. 



lee  Sire  8>  Rubber  Company, 

Con6hohocken,  Pa. 


Replying  to  your  favor  of  the  17th 
instant,  T  leg  to  ? ay  that  At  this  moment  I 
oannot  give  you  a  definite  reply  as  to  how  soon 
I  shall  he  in  position  to  supply  you  with  Para- 
phenylenecti  amine ,  hut  erpeot  to  have  my  plant 
ready  for  operation  about  Inly  first  if  the 
manufacturers  of  apparatus  keep  faith  with  me  . 

Yours  very  truly, 


.  teuHram  te 


85  NY  H  32  -ORANOE-,  IN.  J. 

WA  NEW  YORK  NY  JUNE24-I5  855PM  x 





June  25th .  1915  . 

J.  P.  Morgan  &  Comrany, 

Export  Department, 

25  Wall  Street, 

Hew  YQjt  City.  _  Attention  of  Mr. 


I  am  in  receipt  of  yotrr  favor  of  the 
23ra  instant ,  ana  in  reply  heg  to  say  that  we 
ao  not  separate  the  Xylol,  hut  sell  the  whole 
of  the  fraction  as  Solvent  naphtha.  There  is 
ah  out  14$  of  the  Xylols  in  the  '  Solvent  Haphtha, 

.  j.; which  we  couia  aistill  it  if  the  selling  price 
were  large  enough  to  pay  a  fair  profit,  ana  if 
it  wouia  not  spo'l  the  Solvent  JJqwer  of  the  naph¬ 

Yours  very  t.ruly, 

Jane  25th .  1915 . 

Ur.  Claude  Opdyke, 

%  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

7,'aodward  Iron  Company, 

Woodward,  Ala. 

Pear  Mr.  Op  dyke : 

?hts  will  introduce  to  you  Mr. 
Takamiohi  Mitsui,  one  of  our  friends.  As  Hr. 
.Mason  has  probably  told  you,  Mitsui  &  Company, 
ltd.,  are  ass  oo  late  ft  with  me  in  the  Benzol 
Plant  at  "oodward. 

Mr.  Takamichi  Mitsui,  who  brings 
this  letter  to  you  wishes  to  acquire  some  prac¬ 
tical  knowledge  of  our  Benzol  Plant  and  business 
down  there.  He  will  stay  about  a  month  or  six 
weeks  with  you.  Pill  you  please  regard  him  as 
one  of  your  employees  for  the  time  being,  and 
show  him  everything  there  Is  to  leam  about  the 
business,  and  utilize  his  services  to  the  heBt 
advantaged  of  both  himself,  Mitsui  &  Company  and 
our  Plant . 

I  shall  be  glad  if  you  will  kind¬ 
ly  advise  h®n  also  as  to  making  his  arrangements 
for  living  down  there  while  he  is  with  yon. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Vt  \  "WvSJUk. 

<?  o-v^  1 — i^^T^Xov^ 

®«-o-v-yt  *V^. 


°~Ln^JL  o^r-^a-^/  X-^JL^K.  (yZSLJLsZ) 

^5"  lu-'-O-J!.  G—«_  ^-t-  / 

^  4oc  |xJc^ovU,  0 

j^J  o^./ 

'£•"*'•  U^Lv-A. 

g>iattUg  iogg^tt 

(ttolnra,  (Elmnirala,  ©Us  anil  ftoral  $rniutrts 

Thomas  A*  Edisoji,  Esq,*, 
Orange, .  H.J •  1 

‘'7  '  V 

'l&otti  ^T'"  6~““ . '' 

are  at) out  receiving  shipments  of  Aniline  Oil  against  their  £ 
contract  orders  placed  with  me,  I  enclose  herewith  telegram  re¬ 
ceived  yesterday  from  the  Firestone  fire  &  Rubber  Co.,  to  which 
I  have  replied  promising  further  shipment  of  Oil  tomorrow  and 
shipments  every  other  day  thereafter,  also  suggesting  if  they  would 
feel  better  satisfied,  1  had  no  objection  to  their  conferring  with 
you  to  ascertain  that  we  were  doing  everything  within  our  power 
to  keep  them  supplied  with  this  product. 

In  case  Mr.  Adams  or  any  one  else  from  the  Firestone  Tire 
&  Rubber  Co.  should  communicate  with  or  see  you  in  person,  please 
back  me  up  with  assurance  that  you  are  giving  me  the  major  portion 
of  your  production  of  Aniline  Oil  for  distribution  among  my  customers 
and  that  the  Firestone  Company  are  getting  the  larger  portion  of 
same,  if  anything  more  than  their  prorata  share. 

-Crusting  you  will  do  this  and  return  the  enclosed  telegram 

for  my  files,  I  am 

urs  very^espeotfsaiy-r^'-^y' — \ 

^  >  7  j 


Woodward  Iron  Company 

wooD^Rb^LA.  June  26,  19X5. 

JrIvala.  June  26,  1915.  *>?'  J- 

y  <ve'  vOv 
A  /. y  yV 

1  \A*  A  **  ^  * 

^  ^  %K.  r jy  * 

The  writer  ie  e  director  in  the  Seaboard  Air  Line  Railway.  The  ^  j 

Seaboard  neede  tonnage  about  aa  bed  as  any  reilro  ad  in  tide  country.  If  L 

you  can  consistently  favor  them  at  even  figure^  any  business jcu^ have,  l 
I  rill  personally  very  much  appreciate  it.  Onderstand  I  do  not  expect  you  j 
to  give  us  the  business  unless  we  can  handle  it  in  a  satlsfactc^yjnanner-  end 
on  as  cheap  a  rate  as  other  people.' 

1»  .arao  for  «»y«lf.|S  ,«  -•>  »•  ”<• 

^  ^  h?  l<  j/ 

>"V  >-1. 

°xy  y  y  s  „• 

y^yy v 

y*  >  •>.  '  n\vY 

y  \ 



St-’Uo/JjIjS;,  June  J5,  ^915 


^Orange,  H.  J.  da*  JU^  ^  ^ 

Dear  Sir: 

The  urgency  of  our  situation 

on  with  regard  to  Carb olio  Acid  constrains 

atezsKia.  A,,,  it.  -U*  ^  «*7  i 

•  r~  '» 

»«.  «»««  .1  ib.  artiolo  V  -U  lb. 
aacure  supplies  from  those  who  hare  e”Kr|f 

try  has  practically  exhausted  our  sntlreffipRlfeo  of  tn^articl|,  which  ^s 
ao  necessary  an  element  in  the  manufacWre^fSr^paWtTonB.  We  have  ^an 
restricting  the  distribution.  and^re 
ties  as  possible  with  all  of 

jobbers,  but 

„  MSs±^lS/^^k 

u.  ^4t  least  to  some  extent 


no  longer  able  to  naintain  even  th^se^i 
additional  supplies  of  the  acid, 
the  urgent  need  of  physicians  and  hospitals  whose  appeals  are  increasing  daily 
with  their  urgency,  and  we  are  impressed  with  the  inerting  necessity  of  secur¬ 
ing  supplies  to  enable  us  to  assist  in  relieving  the  Wien.  We  would  there¬ 
fore  appreciate  it  very  much  if  you  could  arrange  to  let  1  have  ir.  your  pro¬ 
duction  at  least  a  ton  of  the  acid  a  month  so  that  -e/uld  meet,  at  least  in  a 
small  way,  the  very  urgent  appeals  of  our  customers.  This  is  but  a  very  small 
proportion  of  our  requirement,  considering  the  very  large  number  of  products 
into  the  manufacture  of  which  the  article  enters,  and  we  hope,  therefore,  that 
you  can  see  your  way  clear  to  accommodate  us  and  through  us  the  legitimate  wants 
for  medicinal  Purposes. 

mi.,  i.  <«• *•  “*lt r”’11 

Mr.  Thoa. 

juris  28th.  1918. 

T-eaero.  XI.  ?.  Still**  and  Edgar  Opflyke: 

I  think  I  told,  yorx  that  we  hays  agreed  to  pay  a  com- 

..  W.  A.  L.  MW  -  —  -  «*  “iU“  -1*-  “ 

jin.  TO*-*.  9»  -r  «.t. ^ 

•pany  A.  Hollander  &  8ona  and  Aldrich  Bleaohery. 

'to.  tt.  «»  «»»«»  *>  1*»  »“  “  *”  a“° 

TO  to*  »  .»  «n»  «*  .MW  .*«•  *»  “■  *>*"  0t  " 

M.  All  A.  .....  »»*<».»  «»  »  01111 

“tom..  MM".  *"  ”rt  “ll  *  aMr*S"  my 

.  ^  „*Bnv  for  name  hat  ask  him  to  oall  here  when 

rent  of  oommiaaion  or  cheek  ror  oa  , 

the  time  arrive b. 




RECEIVED  AT  23  8  MAIN  ST.' 

63  NY  GC  36  -  38ORANGE,  N.  J. 

SOUTH  BETHLEHEM  PA  305PM. JUN  28  1915 




TELKPWOMftft  TOX.l444r 


St.  Louis.  Mo.  June  £8,  1915. 

Ur.  Vim.  H.  Meadowcroft , 

C/o  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

As  a  result  of  telegrams  passed  between  us  we  have  ar¬ 
ranged  to  have  our  Sharon  office  forward,  in  accordance  with  your 
instructions,  to  Thomas  A.  Edison,  care  Northwestern  Iron  Company, 
Mayville,  Wisconsin,  via  Erie  Dispatch  and  C.  II.  &  St.  £ . ,  one 
(1)  10,000  gallon  capacity  Pennsylvania  Tank  line  car,  and.  to 
Milwaukee  Coke  &  Gas  Co.,  Milwaukee,  T7is. ,  via  ane  Dispatch  & 

C.  H.  &  St.  P-.  one  (1)  10,000  gallon  capacity  Pennsylvania  lank 
Line  car,  both  cars  to  be  clean,  and  suitable  for  the  transporta¬ 
tion  of  pure  benzol. 

\7e  have  instructed  our  Car  Accountant  to  forward  these 
cars  empty,  free  to  return  Silver  Lake,  II.  J.,  by  the  same  route 

We  are  enclosing  herewith  our  Car  Service  Contract,  in 
triplicate,  covering  these  two  cars,  in  lease  for  a  period  of  one 
year,  at  a  monthly  rental  of  $87.50  per  car,  we  to  operate  and 
maintain  the  cars  and  credit  your  account  mileage  earnings.  We 
will  apnreciate  your  signing  two  copies  of  this  °0^ractandreti 
ing  same  to  us  promptly,  retaining  the  third  copy  for  your  files. 

Vie  would  be  pleased  to  hear  from  you,  if  you  are  now  in 
position  to  furnish  us  shipping  instructions  covering  the  third 
car  which  you  anticipated  having  use  for. 

business , 

Thanking  you  very 
and  trusting  we  c £ 

kindly  for  having  favored  us  with  this 
an  be  of  further  service  to  you,  we 

Yours  very  truly, 



President . 


vw  /SV  O'  C u  /-c 

,  <<Q /(\w|o-vv^  Krt'^yy  ._ 

uco-'^vvx-k.  (Last-  ^  xUjfi  jo  uhX  T&&yij  fr-f 
yWts  y  i  <|.  (D“  ^t>  tau/t  Ccmf"  &•/! 

1 6^5  C uk-t c  ts-uJ cl  ck -f 

O-tru  uSCU\w  %0  \ncdjl  . 

JO  U>t  -Su  n^tAx'jfrf  \n  cm> 

to  6^  oi wofk'^fc <&zt  &iliW 

J&M&  jt~  U  6& 

.  lcl^ 

l(J  ■  fj  •  hicui  i~vu 

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CfJr~  crM-  Q-C>-tr*J  -&'»•  es-t^r/u,  — ^ 

Ju  3  50th.-  19X5. 

Pennsylvania  "arik  '  ine, 

::t .  T.ouio,  !.'o . 


I  havo  received  ycur  favor  of  tho 
2Gth  instant,  together  with  theleaso  in  trip¬ 
licate  covering  the  cars  7/hich  ”r .  --.dison  has 
leased  from  yon  for  a  porio|  of  one  year. 

This  contract  is  made  with  "r.  Edison  personally, 
sn3  ha  ha:  signed  all  three  copies.  I  enclose 
thorn  herewith,  and  shall  he  glad  if  yen  ’-ill 
return  one  copy  signed  hy  your  company. 

Wo  are  much  ohi igod  for  ycur  prompt 
attention  in  getting  one  car  out  to  Eayvillo 
yesterday,  and  trust  that  the  other  will 
go  forward  quickly  to  t'.ihvaukee.  I  have  t  =19- 
graphed  to  ycur  Company  at  Sharon  today  asking 
whonthis  car  will  go  forward. 

fours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  lir.  Edison. 

Enclosures . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Dir:~ 

Attention  of  Hr.  V.'.  A,  Meadowcroft 

VThen  I  was  in  your  office  last  wee’;  accompanied  by 
Mr.  Komuro  and  my  Brother-in-law  T.  M.  Mitsui,  you  were  good 
enough  to  agree  to  take  all  remaining  quantity  of  pure  Benzol 
from  the  Hoodward  Plant  at  600  {o.  B.  Silverlake,  N.  J.  You 
were  to  confirm  it  in  writing  but  we  suppose  that  this  matter 
has  been  overlooked  owing  to  your  being  extremely  busy  and  have 
taken  the  liberty  to  confirm  it  ourselves. 

?.  M.  Mitsui  is  now  gathering  all  necessary  information 
at  the  office  and  will  leave  here  next  Tuesday  for  Woodward.  He 
is  showing  great  interest  in  this  trip  and  is  more  than  pleased 
with  his  weekly  allowance  of  $30.00  and  the  Writer  thanks  you 
sincerely  for  your  kindness  in  giving  him  permission  to  work  there, 
He  are  expecting  to  receive  figures  in  regard  to  pure 
Aniline  Oil  Plant  within  a  few  days  and  we  will  take  pleasure  in 
forwarding  them  to  Mr.  Komuro  at  San  Francisco  as  soon  as  we  re- 

To  Mr.  T.  h.  Edison,  Page  3. . . ,6/30/'lo. 


Op  &  #2*'* 

St;  sZi<~r ^ 

Attention  of  Mr.  V/.  A.  Meadpwcrgft^. 

The  Germania  Hosiery  Mills ,  whom  we  considered  to  be  < 
friends  just  because  they  were  introduced  to  me  by  one  of  our  s: 

1  in  the  Silk  Department,  have  turned  < 

be  crooks  and  1  am 

I  propose  to  worry  them  as  much  as  we  can  so  as  to  stop 
their  disturbing  your  friends  and  I  have  written  a  draft  of  a  let¬ 
ter  to  them,  which  I  herewith  enclose,  and  which  I  will  send  to 
them,  providing  you  agree  with  the  contents  therein.  Kindly  read 
this  draft  over  and  let  me  know  what  you  wish  us  to  do. 

•  j..  Yours-  very  truly. 

J.,  LIMITED^. _ 



Germania  Hosiery  Company, 

Kensington  &  Allegheny  Aves., 

Philadelphia,  Penna. 

Gentlemen: — 

Tfe  beg  to  advise  you  that  the  Edison  Laboratory  have 
intimated  to  us  that  they  might  be  unable  to  fulfill  their  con¬ 
tract  in  full  owing  to  the  fact  that  their  new  Aniline  Oil  Plant 
has  met  with  various  unexpected  accidents  entirely  beyond  their 
control  and  requested  us  to  be  ready  to  take  any  small  quantities 
they  can  possible  spare  and  not  to  insist  upon  fulfilling  the 
entire  contract. 

Our  contract  with  Hr.  Edison  has  the  same  clause  as 
that  in  our  contract  with  you,namely,  "In  case  of  Force  Majeure, 
Sellers  to  be  released  from  the  fulfilling  of  this  contract  or  a 
any  part  of  this  contract  actually  so  effected."  Under  these  cir¬ 
cumstances,  we  cannot  guarantee  to  deliver  you  entire  contracted 
cuantity  at  specified  times  and  want  you  to  give  us  full  discre¬ 
tion  to  do  our  beet  to  get  as  much  as  we  can  during  the  contract 
time.  Mr.  Edison  secretly  intimated  to  the  Writer  over  the  phone 
that  if  we. wanted  to  cancel  the  entire  contract  now,  Mr.  Edison 
will  be  pleased  to  entertain  such  a  proposition.  Kindly  advise  us 
what  you  wish  us  to  do.  Youra  very  truly, 



//firr/sm  /) 

:.AS.rr«:.*.-PM.o.«.  -  /? '-  /fo/rfSt/vr/ 

(  )  iyy/'  ^9/'X>'3uns  30 , 1915 . 


Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

c/o  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Incorporated, 
Orange,  Hew  -Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

You  will  rememher  that  when  I  called  on  yon 
last  Saturday  you  mentioned  the  fact  to  me  that  there 
is  something  in  shellac  .which  decomposes  when  shellac 
is  raised  to  a  high  temperature;  also  that  this 
substance  was  not  present  in  a  greater  amount  than 
something  like  l/ 2  of  1#  of  the  total  mass.  It  occurs 
to  be  that  this  substance  may  be  organic  matter  in  the 
shape  of  part  of  the  remains  of  the  Lac  Insects  themselves 
which  produce  the  lac.  It  is  my  opinion  that  practically 
all  of  your  previous  experiments  with  shellac  have  been 
conducted  with  Native  Hand-Made  Shellacs.  These  all 
contain  from  1  to  3$  of  insoluble  matter,  of  which  from 
1/4  to  1/2  is  this  same  organic  matter.  This  is  shown 
in  all  Waldie’s  Analyses  of  shellac,  as  shown  in  the 
enclosed  copy,  which  please  return  when  you  are  through 

The  presenoe  in  Native  Shellacs  of  this  organic 
matter,  and  other  insoluble  matter,  so  called,  is  of 
oourse  due  to  the  crude  way  in  which  the  Shellacs  are  manu¬ 
factured,  and  to  the  fact  that  they  are  submitted  to  no 
real  purifying  process.  Angelo's  Machine-Made  Shellacs, 
however,  of  which  you  have  purchased  two  parcels  from  us,  are 
practically  free  from  organic  matter,  and  other  insoluble 
matters;  Waldie's  Analyses  of  them  showing  on  the  average 
not  over  3/10  of  1 %  of  all  kinds  of  insoluble  matter. 

Yours  respectfully, 



I  ^  ‘k'Arc/u  O.ea-P'Mo  la-itaJl/U^ 

1  -  (JJ&  tav(l  ts^-JLn  OaaX^x 
\cO~t^CA  si %  t4(  -jar  ^«^CtLvw^ 

ciSlyo  C£~b<*&' 

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G-j£  d  tt-wua~  <C<-o 



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y,  '  ^  r  2- 

1°'  I  ,  if  pr  P 
A  f.,  f  /  f 

j  f  w  'a/ 

slightly  yellow,  fine  and  uniform, 
crystalline  powder.  It  must  be  of  such 
a  degree  of  fineness  that  at  least  90#  of 
it  will  pass  a  10  mesh  sieve. 

It  must  contain  not  less  than  IS. 00# 
nitrogen  determined  by  the  Dumas  Combus¬ 
tion  Method. 

There  must  be  no  acidity.  Determined  as 

/  >L-  f 

/  /  I  A'  •  rtf  37 

>•  ylf v  jit 

'  j  >  L 

.  j  *■  -■ 

■/!  ■ 

stoppered  100  cc  graduated  cylinder  and 
100  cc  of  distilled  water.  Shake  well  : 
one  minute,  then  add  blue  litmus  paper. 
Allow  to  stand  one-half  hour  with  occas 
fil  shaking.  The  paper  must  not  show  a: 

.  Ash  must  be  no  greater  than  0.1#.  Deter¬ 
mine  by  igniting  1  gram  trinitrotoluol  in 
a  platinum  crucible:  allow  to  burn  slowly. 
The  remaining  carbonaceous  matter  is  ig¬ 
nited,  precautions  being  taken  to  prevent 
loss  of  ash. 

-  Insoluble  matter  must  not  exceed  0.15#. 
Determined  by  boiling  10  grams  trinitro¬ 
toluol  in  150  cc  95#  alcohol.  Collect  on 
a  weighed  Gooch  crucible.  Wash  in  no 
more  than  150  cc  hot  95#  alcohol.  Dry  one 

hour  at  95  to  100°  C, 

The  moisture  must  not  exceed  0.10$. 

Determined  by  weighing  3  grams  trinitro¬ 
toluol  in  a  weighing  bottle  of  at  least 
2  in.  diameter,  and  desiccating  over  sul¬ 
phuric  acid  for  24  hours. 

The  material  must  contain  no  free  toluol 
or  products  which  will  give  a  reaction 
with  a  sulphuric  acid  solution  of  dipheny- 
lamine.  Determine  the  last  by  shaking  one 
gram  trinitrotoluol  with  50  cc  of  distilled 
water  in  a  graduated  glass  stoppered  cylinder, 
allow  to  stand  for  fifteen  minutes.  Filter 
and  test  a  few  drops  of  the  filtrate  by  add¬ 
ing  them'  to  a  sulphuric  acid  solution  of 
diphenylamine.  No  nitric  acid  reaction 
should  be  obtained. 


PHYSICAL  QUALITIES:  The  material  must  be  in  the  form  of  a 

slightly  yellow,  fine  and  uniform 
crystalline  powder.  It  must  be  of  such 
a  degree  of  fineness  as  to  pass  through 
a  13-mesh  sieve.  No  odor  of  any  by-prod¬ 
uct  or  crystallizing  agent  may  be  present. 

CHEMICAL  PROPERTIES:  1  -  -  It  must  contain  not  less  than  18.30* 

nitrogen,  determined  by  the  Dumas  Combus¬ 
tion  Method. 

3  -  -  There  must  be  no  acidity.  Determined  as 
follows : 

Place  5  grams  trinitrotoluol  in  a.  glass 
stoppered  100  cc  graduated  cylinder  and 
add  100  cc  distilled  water.  Shake  well 
for  one  minute,  then  test  with  blue  litmus 
paper.  Allow  to  stand  half  an  hour  with 
occasional  shaking  and  test  again  with 
litmus  paper.  The  paper  must  not  show 
any  acid  reaction  at  the  end  of  this  time. 
If  the  paper  remains  in  the  test  solution 
it  will  be  bleached;  bleaching  must  not  be 
mistaken  for  acid  reaction. 

3  -  -  Melting  point  must  not  be  less  than  80°  C. 

4  _  Ash  must  be  no  greater  than  0.1*  Determine 

by  igniting  1  gram  trinitrotoluol  in  a 
platinum  crucible;  allow  to  burn  slowly. 

The  remaining  carbonaceous  matter  1b  ig¬ 
nited,  precaution  being  taken  to  prevent 
loss  of  ash. 

5  _  Insoluble  matter  must  not  exceed  .15*. 

Determine  by  boiling  10  grams  trinitro¬ 
toluol  in  150  cc  95*  alcohol.  Collect  on 


a  weighed  Gooch  crucible.  Wash  with 
not  more  than  150  cc  of  hot  95$  al¬ 
cohol.  Dry  one  hour  at  95°  -  100°  C. 
Moisture  should  not  exceed  .10$. 
Determine  by  weighing  2  grams  trini¬ 
trotoluol  in  a  weighing  bottle  of  at 
least  2"  diameter,  and  desiccating 
over  sulphuric  acid  for  24  hours. 

The  material  must  contain  no  free 
toluol  or  products  which  will  give 
a  reaction  with  a  sulphuric  acid 
solution  of  diphenylamine.  Determine 
the  last  by  shaking  one  gram  trini¬ 
trotoluol  with  50  cc  of  distilled 
water  in  a  graduated  glass  stoppered 
cylinder,  allow  to  stand  for  fifteen 
minutes.  Filter  and  test  a  few  drops 
of  the  filtrate  by  adding  them  to  a 
sulphuric  acid  solution  of  dipheny¬ 
lamine.  No  nitric  acid  reaction 
should  be  obtained. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Chemicals  (E-15-18) 

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</  -  {aTH-ttio^,  ^ 

We  are  in  receipt  of  the  drum 
of  PHENOL  invoiced  on  the  15th  ult . ,  and 
find  on  examination  that  Cresol  was  pre¬ 
sent  . 

We  will  distil  this  drum  as 

heretofore  and  report  results  to  you  in 
due  course. 

July  2nd •  1315 • 

Ur.  Prod.  C.  Kersmfi 
is  3  on  r  i  -  Mnc  oln 
International  Life 
faint  Louis,  : ’.o . 

Ttust  Co . , 

Boar  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  .your  favor  of  the 
2Gth  ultimo,  giving  analysis  of  tho  eannol  coal 
in  which  you  are  interested.’ 

y,,  rnply  lot  me  say  that  in  my  opinion 
this  coal,  if  used  in  a  hy-y redact  echo  oven, 
should  give  a  vory  large  quantity  of  Banco!  hydro¬ 
carbons  . 

T  am  i rodeoing  from  Benzol,  Aniline  Oil, 
Anilino  Salt,  and  Carbolic  Acid.  Those  are  in 
vory  groat  demand  just  nee/  wing  to  tho  lack  of 
importations  from  upland  and  Germany.  Hot  only 
Bon sol,  hut  theso  other  products  are  bringing  high 
prices  at  tho  present  time,  but  these  should  not 
he  regarded  as  indicating  the  prices  in  normal 
tiraos,  as  they  are  voiy  greatly  and  unduly  exag¬ 
gerated  just  no.v . 

Yours  vory  truly. 

•i!r.  John  Bacon,  Jr., 

CoVe  Jven  1'epartmont , 

Cambria  J.tcel  Company, 

Ji  hnstown,  ?a. 

Bear  fir: 

TncloBeo  I  log  to  hand  you  copy  of 
a  report  made  hy  ”r.  Kammerhoff  to  Ur.  Bdison 
on  a  recent  shipment  of  - ure  Benzol  from  you. 

”r.  Bdlsor.  wishes  lao  to  say  to  you  that  you  must 
do  something  at  once  to  stop  sending  us  Bonzol 
lilto  this,  which  we  havo  to  redistill.  Ho  wants 
me  to  say  to  you  that  wo  have  not  the  capacity 
hero  to  distill  all  yur  pure  Benzol. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Assistant  to  Ur.  T.dison, 



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N _ > 

WooDimtD  Ir^»t  Company 

WO  Or»VAlj{l),AI 


July  2,  1915 


'•  M  A 

Tb0B.  A.  Edison ,  Ino. 

Orange,  Xt.J.  j  ^  £  Sd 

Gentlemen:-  j  £  V.  \  ^ 

We  presume  that/  in  aooordanoe  with  terms  of  4  J  -j 

contract  unCr  .blot  y>«  ««  oE«o«»«  »t  tM»  J  |  £ 

that  you  «ill  a,n4  u=  »  4t— *  a»^K  «»  ».»>«  <*  i  \ 

„,»»!  “•?»»“  01  J“*-  3  A'V 

yet  «.  bar.  tboa.  -P«*»  »  *“  ',1°Se  0*  1  Nf 

„.nt„  as  possible.  »  «4  «*«  "  «  ““  «•»“  -i  1  ^ 

our  accounts.  I  4=3  =  ' S 

Thantlng  you  jin  advance  for  your  attention .  ^  | 


Tre'asurer.  .  tv 

^  V- 

•*'*  M' 

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f-^y  . 

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,  ’"t^frctc-^fo>. 

Knowing  your  deep  Interest  In  the  cause  of  humanity,  we 
venture  to  asK  your  advice  as  to  the  best  method  of  humane J  de¬ 
stroying  animal  life. 

For  more  than  twenty  years  It  has  been  the  practice  of  this 

Society  to  destroy  the  small  animals  'oy- means  of  Illuminating  gas  in¬ 
troduced  Into  an  air-tight  compartment  or  tarOc.  Recently,  however, 
one  of  these  tanKs  exploded,  injuring  some  of  our  employees  and  caus¬ 
ing  considerable  damage  to  the  building.  Though,  as  above  stated, 
these  tanlcs  have  been  in  use  for  over  twenty  years,  during  which  time 
six  explosions  have  occurred,  we  are  now  told  by  experts  that  it  is 
impossible  to  guarantee  the  safety  of  this  system  and  that  explosions 
are  liKely  to  talce  place  a.t  any  time  and  with  even  more  disastrous 

now  important  this  subject  is  to  the  society  you  will  ap¬ 
preciate  when  we  tell  you  that  we  destroy  upwards  of  300,000  small 
animals  yearly.  Various  other  methods  are  in  usa,  —  charcoal  fumes , 
chloroform,  injecting  poison  by  the  hypodermic  needle,  and  the  electric 
cage.  We  do  not  consider  any  of  these  methods  satisfactory,  with  the 

^  ‘  \ 
gJUitf.^^  *1  ^  4-jtuo,.^,  ^.«i 

«  ■V’"'  ‘"f  ‘"“t  J^e-UtJ  -h^  ‘TTT' 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

July  2nd,  1915* 

possible  exception  of  the  electric  cage,  which  appears  to  be  humane, 
hut  is  Slav  in  operation  in  that  each  animal  must  be  handled  and  de¬ 
stroyed  separately.  We  enclose  a  booklet  illustrating  and  describ¬ 
ing  this  device. 

If  you  can  offer  any  suggestions  that  will  help  us  ouu  of 
our  present  difficulty  we  will  appreciate  it  very  much.  It  has  been 
suggested  to  us  that  you,  with  your  great  general  Knowledge,  may  be 
able  to  give  us  valuable  assistance  in  this  matter. 

Trusting  you  will  pardon  the  liberty  we  taKe  in  addressing 

you,  I  am, 

Very  truly 



July  3rd.  1915. 

Mr.  Claude  Ordyke, 

;!  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

V.’oodward  Iron  Company, 
iVoodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Mr.  Oi  ayke: 

I  wrote  you  a  few  days  ago  about  young  Mr.  Mitsui 
who  is  going  don  to  the  Plant  to  ar  ena  a  month  or  so  wi  th  you  . 

I  have  hean  informed  that  ho  wi'l  start  from  Sew  York  on  Tues¬ 
day  and  reaoh  Birmingham  alout  noon  on  Thursday,  July  8th.  I 
have  told  him  to  go  to  the  "otel  Tutwiler  and  get  lunch,  ond  then 
ho  oan  take  a  trolley  car  down  to  Woodward,  where  he  will  arrive 
sometime  in  the  afternoon. 

I  Buproso  that  loth  you  and  Mr.  Mason  will  he  too 
busy  to  go  up  and  meet  him  and  ta’-o  him  down,  although  it  would 
ho  very  nice  if  that  could  ho  done.  Mitsui  &  Company,  as  you  know 
are  financially  interested  with  Mr.  'disen  in  the  oodward  Plant. 
They  are  a  very  wealthy  concern,  -nd  our  relations  with  them  are 
of  a  very  cordial  naturo.  I  mention  these  points,  so  that  you  will 
ho  posted. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Mdiso 

~T~L^  o~  g  cTw\. 

V  73  m  <U2+-vu  ^  VsiA-c,tz?~v\  fjj  ytz*^- 

~Sa*^>  (L-  etJ&f  'T't-lPt  a^rti.  £T  -^j  rv\  CU,^W| 

"T^Ua^A  £-<>\  (^O-t^CiZ.  (rijzci,  (jH-Vjjv/ts.  jAv  ^-'— a 

b-ui  ^tc/".  fe>.^---  'y^  <ry—. 

A-u-'Vj  ^-/t<j4  «tm^v-  Co-nCT^r,  -  - 

jnUl'Jt  (m.  0.M  '-/l  f  / L't  jh  f|u4M, 

_Y5,.r-^  ,£?^W  'T*J,!&hh  M^&Lz. 

73^  Ww 


diamine : 



i _  A.  Ed.ifl on. .Esq, 

_ _ N*J- - 

JR* _ 

ion  FOLIO  No. 

Referring  again  to  the  subject  of  -  ,/  ^  f' /j  y _ 

paraphmylbhedialuhei  V 

would  eay,  our  poeition  1b  auoh  that  it  would  aestst-Us 
greatly  if  you  oould  quote  us  on  a  basis  of  a  maximum  and 
mi n < mum  price,  you  to  give  us  these  figures  for  purposes 
of  calculation,  with  the  understanding  that  you  will  quote 
the  aotual  price  falling  within  this  range  as  soon  as  you 
can  do  so. 

Xt  is  also  very  important  tfyat  we  should  know 
the  quant^&y  y»u  oould  furnish  and  the  date  or  dates  of 

Yours  very  truly, 

I  i 

“I  /dtaJL 

I  Vice  Preefc 


(ciT-tfc**  * 


...  .  /t.,Q  A 

*  .Ltt£r 




j jVM?*' 



Chemical  Company 

w'f3!?  (sr  CoaU  Tar  Products 

.  a-IZA&TH,  N.  J. 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Laboratory, 
Valley  Hoad, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

For  Hr.  Iieadoworoft : 

r<g>J£J-  July  3, 


■•v, "  v’.-„ 

'W  p  ’?{ 

-O-’v  - 

i  as  yoa  have  a  oar load 


Confirming  our  telephone  conversation  of  yesterday, 
v?e  aooept  your  offer  for  the  production  at  Woodward,  Ala., 
estimated  to  he  about  170  gallons  per  day,  for  one  year  from 
date,  of  Solvent  llaphtha,  like  that  in  the  8  drum  lot  you 
recently  sold  us;  shipment  to  be  made  in  carload  lots  as 
directed  by  us.  PleaBe  advise  us  as  soor  °°  ™"  1,nWR  n  nr 
ready  for  shipment. 

Price,  25^  per  gallon,  f.  o.  b.  Woodward,  in  your  iron 
drums,  or  if  our  iron  drums  are  used  a  price  slightly  less  than 
this  is  to  be  arranged  between  us.  If  your  drums  are  used  they 
are  returnable  freight  prepaid  to  Woodward  for  credit  at  the 
prioo  invoioed  to  us.  Terms  60  days  net. 

If  this  is  all  in  order  we  shall  be  pleased  to  have 
your  formal  word,  and  also  to  hear  from  you  in  regard  to  the 
use  of  our  drums. 

Y/e  trust  that  this  business  may  be  mutually  advantageous, 
and  appreciate  continuing  our  pleasant  business  relations  with  you. 

_ ,p 

(  $$(>?) 

,  <t<r 

Very  truly  yours, 





,  -  y')j 

uf  y 

y  yyy 

July  7th.  1915 . 

Bayway  Chemical  Company, 

Bayway,  Elizabeth,  H.  J .  Attention  -  Mr.  York. 


Your  favor  of  tho  third  instant  in  rogara  to  Solvent 
liaphtha  from  our  f/oodwarO  Plant  has  been  received.  I  think  you 
muat  have  misunderstood  me,  as  I  aid  not  mate  any  definite  offer. 
.My  recollection  is' that  I  told  you  wo  expect  to  have  about  170 
gallons  of  Solvent  liaphtha  a  day  and  asked  you  ,  if  such  should 
turn  out  to  ho  tho  fact,  whether  you  wanted  it  at  25^  per  gallon 
?.  0.  B.  ffoodward,  Ala.,  hut  T  did  not  make  a  firm  offer.  You 
said  you  would  let  us  know. 

I  did  not  close  tho  matter.  I  said  to  you  that  I  had 
not  yet  received  a  sample  of  the  Solvent  liaphtha  from  my  Vi oo award 
Plant,  1  ala  in  some  doubt  as  to 'whether  I  could  doliver  the  same 
quality  of  Solvent  liaphtha  as  that  contained  in  the  8  drums  sent 
to  you  from  ray  Johnstown  Plant,  aa  the  Solvent  liaphtha  from  tho 
two  plants  is  quite  different Until  I" know  more  about  it  I  can 
do  nothing  towards  closing  a  contract. 

Yours  very  truly. 

•7"7  ( 

l  ^>74^ 

tve££-  A*-**X  yt^*<y. 

fn*Obn^Oe.ct.  -/o  ^-'l^e.  "foi/lCtO.  S?-($°  ftl&7 

<h«.  C*xy£  <r£  **4-ji.t  a^tSh 

<*«2>  <Ur*4  f 

<4*o  f&M+j  €*>(jtJLcC  -^c^cc^gi  <r+%. 


^tc  4» 

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4  :.  stM^JiC  (<w&  Am<e 

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2M.izyZz*j2gY ,  ^  <«.  «  ^ 

urcx-w£  <*. 


.Jr.  nf  '- 

July  6th.  1915. 

Hr.  Claudo  Opdylio, 
fo  7.  din  on  Dansol,  Plant , 
tioodward  Iron  Company, 
woodward,  Ma. 

roar  :  lr: . 

I  want  yon  to  savo,  if  p.osaihlo,  tho 
tar  thnt  oonoa  from  wash  Inf;  tho  Solvent  naphtha. 

"hero  tn  In  it  a  valuable  rant  oriel ,  called  "Cn- 
norono".  You  can  put  thin  tar  in  barrels . 

Pioaco  none!,  oo  by  oKproeo  a  ton  pound 
a  sapid  of  thin  tar,  and  ad  drone  it  to  C.  H. 
Poadovroroft,  v'd5 non  laboratory,  flranen,  I!.  J. 

It  is  only  tho  tar  frer.  solvent  Hophtha 
that  J.o  any  pood,  and  what  I  want. 

Yours  very  truly, 

c.c.  to  .  Mison  and  John  Bv.oon,  Ji. 


5  IcCJU,  s<  C 

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<  '  July  7th.  1915. 


July  7th.  1915. 

Mr.  Edison:  ^  )  V 

,aat  ..  yon  left  Sliver  M»  .  “'■  OP****  call8d  " 
.p  ead  .aid  that  be  ^  •»  *“*  SM,<"  “tet“6  ““* 

h.  a...  par.  ...1  Cl.tb  a.**  M  •«•«•  f  r“  *'  B"1 

*  company ,  220  Parehaae  street.  Bo.ton,  Maaa. 

saxlVar  nay.  that  a  .at  !««  thra.  to  loan  m.atM 


o«  a  filtering  praa^t  “ 

1.  aaad.  ^  T 

gfTSj Hg£.t»stt»  '•  32  “  31  d”01"8  *lto  “4 

be  paya  $1.W>  toC$2.00  a  yard.  ^|s2=^«^' 

E.  a  aye  tint  many  of  bi.  oaatomer.  bare  triad  balr 
olotb  bat  It  did  mot  ,lva  the  earn,  degree  at  a.tlafaatloa  that 

the  Pure  Wool  Cloth  gives. 

„  MBADOWCBOFT ,  r-L^gCljC  “ _ .... 

lfe  ^ 

Mr.  McDermott: 

Herewith  I  hand  you  three  invoices  of  the  Eorthwestem 
Iron  Company  for  three  shipments  of  Ben sol,  dated  June  3rd,  June 
15th,  and  June  18th. 

7h-;  Benzol  from  the  northwestern  Iron  Company  is  to  he 
taken  on  the  hooks  of  Thomas  4.  Edison,  Inc.  and  then  charged  out 
to  the  Old  and  Eew  Carholic  plants  and  the  Aniline  Plant  at  65j i 
per  gallon,  as  it  is  delivered  to  those  plants. 

Those  are  Mr,  Edison’s  instructions,  and  the  same  instruc-j 
tions  will  also  apply  to  any  Bon  sol  shipped  to  us  from  Milwaukee 
Coke  &  Gas  Company.  Whenever  you  havo  received  a  lot  of  Benzol 
covered  hy  any  of  these  hills,  please  check  the  hill  as  material 
having  ha  on  received,  sign  it  and  send  it  tc  Mr.  Borggron  for  pay¬ 
ment.  Tho  price  of  the  Milwaukee  Benzol  will  also  he  6Sff  per  gallon. 

I  shall  send  a  copy  of  this  memorandum  to  Mr.  Bergeron. 

The  contracts  for  this  Benzol  was  mad!  hy  Mr.  Edison  per¬ 
sonally  and  he  wants  the  material  itself  handled  in  this  way. 


July  7,  1915 

Messrs.  Hudson,  Hamrnerhoi'x ,  Hing,  Opdylce,  John  Killer, 
Hoffman,  Cheshire: 

Haw  materials  are  being  delivered  daily  to  the  various 
ooerutions  at  Silver  Lake  and  great  care  should  he  exorcised 
in  accepting  delivery,  and  particularly  consuming  any  of 
these  materials,  until  you  are  absolutely  satisfied  that 
they  are  intended  for  your  Division  or  operation. 

V,*e  have  been  holding  since  June  7,  invoice  covering  a 
car  of  Sulphuric  Acid  (Car  CSX  6516)  that  was  inuenaou  ,or 
the  Carbolic  manufacturing  Division  (mr.  mMimerho^i)  and 
at  this  late  date,  find  that  the  car  was  delivered  to  mi. 
Edison's  personal  plant  and  consumed  there  without  any  ad¬ 
vice  whatever  being  given  anybody  regarding  tne  some. 

mr.  Fudson.-also  advises  that  in  a  number  of  instances, 
materials  intended  for  his  plant  have  been  aceepuoa  and 
used  in  some  other  Division  without  advice  oi  sucn  action 
and  he  was  only  able  to  trace  it  through  his  Receiving  De¬ 
partment  endeavoring  to  check  up  the  bill. 

■jhis  whole  situation  presents  such  u  serious  aspect 

sn?  s  srjsssi  aw  v  WH 

Sr  all  of  the  Spirals  ions  so  that  no  error  of  this  character 
oan  occur. 


H.  2.  Looming 

Copies  to  tiessrs.' Bdiss^n,  meadoworoft,  Harry  Killer,  Wilson 

July  7th.  1915. 

Tha  Pddystono  '.Tanufaoturing  Co., 

15th  and  Chesnut  Streets, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

G  on  t  lorn  on: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  1st  instant, 
in  regard  to  Paraphmylenediainine .  As  I  previously  informed 
yon,  T  am  making  a  small  quantity  day  hy  day  for  my  own  con¬ 
sumption,  hut  the  largor  Plant  is  getting  along  well  and  will 
ho  finished  in  the  near  future.  The  total  capacity  of  this 
plant  will  he  about  four  hundred  pounds  daily,  of  which  1  shall 
use  about  sixty-five  pounds  myself . 

The  price  will  he  not  moro  than  ?*2.00  per  pound,  noi 
Iobs  than  vl.75  per  pound.  I  would  not  sell  tha  whole  product 
to  any  ono  person  or  concern,  as  thero  are  a  numbor  of  small 
fur  dyor3  who  have  applied  to  mo,  and  each  will  want  a  little. 
Yours  very  truly, 


nFi  m  M.  'IPI  S®  IE 







Ly  7th,  1915,  CITIES 

^0_JLA  t/tA  ci  iXrvCuv^l  TtvC 


,  i  ^  *  ussJu  <\h*u***y» 

bin it--"1  * 

V.o  have  received  anil  Loiter  til e  one  rnllon  sm  nk 

, .  ,  t  4^**^  *■*  ^  |  v’ 

solvent  naptna  waici-  you  ae-it  iio.^  *  | 

**  ~r  f™"”1  ”* 

to  replace  90^  Bon  sol.  |  fhoic  ar$,  however 
it-  to  udvantafflc  ai 

a  oecassionally 

90 ,.j  i 


slow  fu 
when  v.e  could 

call  for  a  vor;/  slow  ary inf 
present  time  a  considerable  stool:  of  ti 
do  no th inf  further  with  the  solvent  naptha  i'o 
,,'e  have  roceivod  a  few  drums  of  Anil 
sill vorlake ,  f.  .7.  plant.  '-’hi  a  oil  has  a  very 
Ifitrohensol.  It  apparently  works  as  well  in  ■'■r  oroooes  as 
foroipn  oil.  Is  this  odor  duo  to  incomplete  reduction  or  to 
the  oil  ho  inf  froohly  made?  -e  note  that  this  odor  disappea: 
after  tiio  oil  has  stood  in  open  vessels  a  few  days. 

Ohankinr  von  for  votir  courtesy  in  the  matter  of  tne 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edia'on, 

July  7,  1915 

You  have  probably  heard  the  slang  phrase 
"Nobody  Home".  Well,  that  was  exemplified  in  Maple¬ 
wood,  H. J.  last  evening.  Everybody,  -  men,  women  anc 
children,  -  was  at  our  Field  Club  to  see  how  they 
looked  in  the  "movies."  Shat  they  were  able  to  do 


entirely  due  to  your  courtesy  and  abundant 

generosity . 

Maplewood  people  express  their  thanks  to 
you  and  Messrs.  Medowcroft  and  MoChesney  for  taking 
their  pictures  on  Independence  Day.  The  pictures, 
considering  the  gray  day,  are  all  that  could  be 

Please  oonvey  our  good  thoughts  as  well  to 
your  studio  people  for  the  despatoh  in  letting  me 
have  the  films. 

If  I,  personally,  can  at  any  time  show  by 
action  and  not  words,  how  much  I  appreciate  this  film, 
please  command  me .  , 

Sincerely  and  gratefully. 


■  ////.I",.  -  I.  •'/ 

.  K/ijlAwr  //M/M  /4h&/w  '//""r>  \ 

]>IIT  SliiC'liiW')-  £pjJy&A' 


.  [r/r^/rr/-.  July  8th,  /*/  5. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Six: — 

Attention  of  Mr,  ’’j ,A^_  — 

Kindly  make  sure  that  we  get  as  much  pure  Phenol  as  you  can 
possibly  spare  before  the  15th  of  July  so  that  we  can  ship  it  out  to 
oatoh  steamer  sailing  from  Seattle  during  the  early  part  of  August. 

We  are  expecting  to  receive  affidavits  from  you  to  cover 
delay  of  Phenol  under  our  contract  which  should  have  started  on  the 
15th  of  June.  These  affidavits  may  spare  us  from  paying  penalty  of 
li  per  day  to  the  Japanese  Government.  We  are  also  expeoting  to 
receive  from  you  sample  of  pure  Phenol  which  we  want  to  send  to  Dr. 
Takamine'e  Laboratory  for  analysis. 

Yours  very  truly, 

J,  S.  TYREE, 

July  8th  -  1915 

The  Thomas  A.  Edison  Laboratory 
Orange,  N.  J« 


In  furtherance  to  our  correspondence  of  April 
21  and  your  answer  April  24-1915. 

We  can  use  monthly  shipments  of  150  pounds 
U.  S.  P.  Phenol  either  liquid  or  crystalled  and  will  give 
contract  for  same  to  cover  the  balance  of  this  year. 

Also  can  you  furnish  Salicyci  Acid,  we  can  use  58  pounds 
of  this  monthly. 

Adviee  at  an  early  date  whether  you  could 
deliver  immediately,  also  price. 

yours  truly 



CJmcm®®®  Failils,  Mass. 

ilr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange , 

Hew  Jersey. 


July  8,  1915.  x  \x  ^ 

,  yy  y .  'i  y 

„  Cj  r .  '  t.‘  £V*  _  ■>- 


£v  y 

D<Bar  aiX:"  we  bought  a  few  arms  of  Aniline  Oil  from  broke 

here  in  Hew  York,  and  find  that  the  same  originally  came  from  your 

PlQnt‘  As  v/e  would  like  very  much  to  return  those  drums 

and  receive  credit,  wo  would  ask  if  wo  might  do  so. 

We  would  also  kindly  ask  you  to  quote  us  price 
one  or  two  drums  of  Aniline  Oil  for  immediate  shipment. 

Your  prompt  attention  will  greatly  oblige 

_ _ McKAY 


Very  truly  yours, 

TEiJ  i’lSiC  liUiibHR  GOl.IPAIIY . 


.  ■ - «v 

J  j 

~tU  fm/Mima  .mt/rc!  / 

fflolars,  (admirals,  ©Us  mb  feral  $  rniiurts 

09  John  and  11-18  Cu 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Bdisi 
Orange,  H *J  • 

Please  let  me  have  at  your  earliest  convenience 
a  gallon  sample  of  the  Solvent  Saptha,  lihe  the  small  sample 
the  undersigned  secured  from  you  when  last  at  your  office. 

I  have  interested  one  of  my  clients  in  this  materxal 
to  the  extent  of  mahing  a  test  of  this  sample  with  a  view  to 
displacing  the  use  of  90%  or  Pure  Benzol.  Believe  with  you, 
the  Solvent  Haptha  will  Till  the  hill,  hence  my  anxiety  o 
secure  and  have  tested  at  the  earliest  possible  moment  the  ga 

the  next  day  or  two.  ' 

ttonMM,  so.  for  —H*  *»a  v’m>t  " 

to  this  request,  X  « 

eh  Yours  very  respectfully, 

>-  v  ^  -r  &  VV// 

h  “  y  „  o''V  /  \Vd>-  (/\/ 

Ur  h.  *.«. ft  ^  ^ 

July  9th.  1915. 

Mitsui  &  Company,  limited, 

25  Madison  Avenue , 

Ilew  York  City. 

Attention  of  Mr.  Shunzo  Takaki. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  enclose  herewith  on  affidavit  which 
I  lave  made  ,  showing  the  reasons  why  1  have  lean 
prevented  from  making  the  earliest  shipments  on 
my  contraotwith  you  for  323.000  pounfls  of  Phenol. 

I  trust  it  will  he  satisfactory  to  you  and  your 

I  expect  to  make  you  a  shipment  of  six  drums 
of  Phenol  on  July  15th,  and  shall  expect  to  he 
able  to  follow  this  with  other  and  larger  shipments 
regularly  and  soon  afterward,  as  I  am  getting  my 
manufacturing  facilities  in  good  order.  I  feel  no 
douht  of  my  ability  ot  complete  the  whole  order  with¬ 
in  the  contract  time  unless  prevented  hy  matters  ab¬ 
solutely  beyond  my  oontrol. 

You:  5  very  truly. 

July  9th.  1915. 

Ur.  Op dyke : 

I  hand  y°ut ?!rqu2tl tiesSduefeadi  on^f  a?*  Jufy^hipment a . 
SfKo'tfc  qufnt^ies  tLs  far  shipped  to  eaoh. 

As  you  know.  Stanley  Mgt  output ’ 

S  ?hfs3^' Sfsr 

oration^ ^°^g®agll^(a^t^younoan °n  Of°ooarso' ^th  e^will^all^he 

siSiSs  ff L£^HfA%f£  «5P 

gT1gffg.'Sn,i^»^  ^en^Wing^  all  of  them. 

I  send  you  herewith  Stanley  ^^ett^^list^of  ^tho^ship 
monts  ho  would  like  to  have  made  ’f  o^anyone  else.  Givo  him  a  fair 
calls  for  or  you  fnd  “ed  some  out  to  the  others. 

«OHs!  ar  ara&rE. «  ss.  -W  8422  Bootor. 

.  ni,.  nn  nt  all  to  Germania  Hosiery 

»»r°  — 0 f"“ 

Bn.  i.  j  rsp&.’XL  fftis  sr& 

SKtSiW SLc.°afit  "  «.h^r« 

If  ,o.  =1.0.14  ..n  ..  oom.l..t«  .ltb  ..  my  addraaa  will 

he  y:  .  t.  Meadoworaft, 

loveitts  Field , 

Willard,  Maine . 

Via  South  Portland. 

You  oan  address  your  ^°^®7 ° them1  to*3 Mr!  Edison  and 
S9?uS  them^vef  to°^  young  man,  Budolph  Tulloch.  who  will 
ontir  them  on  my  sheet. 






Quantity  *''' 

•  Tduo _ shinned 

Hiller  Rubber  Company,  Akron,  Ohio. 

Stanley  Bo-gott ' a  orders: (6) 

(1)  Risk  Rubber  Company  C'nioopoe  PallB ,  Hass  . 

(2)  Morgan  &  Wright 

(3)  Rirestone  f.  &.  R.  C 

(4)  Millville  Mfg.  Co. 

(5)  Belaware  Hosiery  Co 

(6)  Stanley  Boggott 
Robert  Moyer, 

Waldrioh  Bleaohary 
Runnymedo  Mills, 

Scotland  Reck  Mills, 

Merrimack  Mfg.  Co. 

Soydel  Mfg.  Co.'s  orders (3) 

Jl)  Davis  Hosiery  Mills,  H.  Chattanooga , Penn . 

(2)  Crescent  Mfg.  Co.  Spartanburg,  S.C. 

(3)  Holston  Mfg.  Co.  Lenoir  Citv,  Bonn. 

GormaniaHosiery  Co.fAcet.  Mitsui  &  Co)  Phila.Pa. 

Detroit,  Mich. 

.  Akron,  Ohio. 
Millville,  H.  J. 
Wilmington,  Bel. 

Hew  York. 
Philadelphia,  Pa. 
Delawanna ,  r; .  J . 
Tarboro  ,  IT .  C . 
Scotland  Took,  K.C. 
Lowell,  Mass . 




























Amorioan  Printing  Co.  'all  River,  Hass.  6300 

Hollander  &  Son  Row ark ,  H .  J.  4000 

A3  wo  wore  not  ready  On  Salt,  \morioan  Printing  Co.  said  they  wonld 
taka  Oil  for  first  shipments. 

g’tattleg  Inggrtt 

ffiolora,  (tthemirals,  Oils  anti  jMintral  $rDimrts 

,ON  NEW  YORK  j 

7/9/15  __  “ 

.  Ito„s  A.  «.»».  /l ' 
Confirming  *'*"  . 

m.  ..rni„g.«il/r±if  {syrsissn.  ^ 

\  meadoneroft  tils  ...ning ,  Angmt  ^ 

\  a„e iprojstjstu^  » 

;  ^  Phi&lpMa,  oi»4laininS  ^ 

J  jVou*. 

J  &“°1-  tto  maHS^ri  # 


d  ^ 
o&dplaining  at  out  Aniline 
Recount ,  containing  5%.  Hi&;i°  / 


you»  producing  at  the  present 
.nilL-onoW.  matter.  Ho. pa  you 

^  ,,  Understand  th«  material  you  y»i » 

J  i  tiinXis^toJilutely  free  from  taw  lS*Ki'T 

tZWHZL.  - .«  — —»•  t’;"' 

tl„,  to  .«...g «•  ‘.'to.  —  “  ■“»* 

\  S,J|ttot  .to  material  to  tree  fro.  ««•  B.ntol  ••  «*” 

5  ihe  4  repetition  of  this  complaint. 

«  h“f-  Hoping  pen  -111  tone  year  to.,  .ffor.a,  a.  I  »«■  *« 

(  i  iJ  go.  .ill,  to  «P  .iin  tool  order,  and  «to  -or.  —a 
!  lliZt.  of  this  malerial  in  fntnr.  tton  in  tto, 
§  J  Ca.tototo  of  dtoi-rtos  -  totter  of  tto  .aeon.,  tor-toted 

pursuant  to  your  nr.  regue.t.ym 

Yours^ery  respectfully. 


United  States  of  America) 

State  of  How  Jersey  j  as: 

County  of  Essex  ) 

Thomas  Alva  Edison  being  duly  sworn  deposes  and  Bays  as 
follows  •• 

I  have  entered  into  a  oontraot  with  Mitsui  &  Company, 
limited,  of  Japan  and  Hew  York  by  which  X  agreed  to  furnish 
them  with  323,000  pounds  of  Phenol,  to  be  delivered  in  equal 
dally  quantities  beginning  about  June  15th,  1915,  the  total 
quantity  to  bo  delivered  not  later  than  Eocomber  31,  1915, 
unless  prevented  by  Force  Ttajeure ,  or  circumstances  over 
which  I  have  no  control.  I  have  built  my  plant  for  manufac¬ 
turing  suoh  Phenol,  made  all  my  contracts  for  the  raw  mater¬ 
ials  therefor,  but  have  been  prevented  from  making  the  first 
deliveries  as  early  as  the  contract  demanded,  because  the 

I  manufacturers  of  certain  parts  of  the  apparatus  absolutely 
necessary  failed  to  deliver  and  complete  their  apparatus  in 
accordance  with  their  contracts  with  me.  I  have  also  been 
prevented  from  commencing  my  manufacture  of  Phenol  because 
of  my  inability  to  obtain  in  good  time  the  services  of  the 
class  of  artisans  called  "lead  burners".  The  reason  of  thes< 
delays  may  be  explained  by  the  fact  that  the  manufacturers  of 
explosives  in  the  United  States  have  been  working  night  and 
day  on  account  of  the  War  in  Europe ,  and  they  employ  the  men 
and  manufacturers  I  have  been  obliged  to  depend  upon  ibr  my 
apparatus  for  manufacturing  Phenol.  These  are  all  circum¬ 
stances  over  which  I  have  had  no  control,  and  I  must  ask  for 
the  consideration  of  Mitsui  &  Company,  Limited  and  those 
whom  they  represent . 

Subscribed  and  sworn  to  )  (Slgned) 

this  Ifflth  day  of  July,  1915.) 

(signed)  Frederick  Bachman 


July  10th.  1915. 

Mr.  McDermott: 

Aa  I  am  going  away  tonight  for  a  vacation  I  am  send¬ 
ing  you  this  little  memorandum  ao  that  you  will  know  what  to  do 
about  shipments  of  Carbolic.  We  are  obliged  to  mate  an  extra  ship¬ 
ment  on  July  15th  of  six  drums  ofl  account  of  a  contract  we  have 
with  Mitsui  &  Company.  T  have  explained  to  Mr.  Kammerhoff  that 
this  part i cularllot  of  six  drums  must  bo  put  in  some  galvanized 
steel  drums  which  we  bought  for  this  purpose,  and  which  he  will  obtain 
from  Mr.  Opdyke  at  the  now  Carbolic  Plant.  Mr.  Harry  Miller,  who. 
will  occupy  ray  dost  while  I  am  away  will  probably  telephone  to  you 
V.'e  dues  day  July  14th  and  ask  if  it  will  b  :  ready  and  he  will  3end 
you  shipping  instructions.  Of  course,  I  know  this  IMinx  will 
bring  us  down  pretty  well  on  stock,  but  wo  cannot  help  it. 

I  have  explained  to  American  Oil  &  Supply  Co.  that 
wo  will  only  bo  able  to  1st  them  have  about  4,OCOpounds  next  week 
end,  that  is  to  say,  on  Saturday  the  17th  on  th’  exchange  plan, 
and  possibly  one  drum  for  billing. 

The  weak  following,  that  is  to  say  tho  week  commenc¬ 
ing  July  19th  you  will  have  to  make  a  shipment  of  5417  pounds  to 
Pioatinny  Arsenal,  so  we  will  only  be  able  to  lot  American  Oil 
&  Supply  Company  have  a  similar  amount  at  the  end  of  that  week. 

I  do  not  want  to  run  below  about  7,000  pounds  at 
any  ono  time,  so  please  look  out  for  that.  If  you  can  let  Dr. 
Woiller  and  Hoyden  each  have  one  drum  a  week  and  still  keep  not 
loos  than  7,000  poundn  on  hand,  please  do  so.  IVe  are  not  going 
to  bo  particular  about  shipping  to  l.'bndanto  unless  Mr..  Edison  says 

Hereafter,  I  think  we  shell  have  to  bill  any  direct 
shipments  to  Hayden  Chemical  Works  at  50rf  par  pound,  but  you  will 
get  a  memorandum  ibout  that,  Monday  or  Tuesday  from  Mr.  H.  F. 

If  you  arc  in  doubt  about  anything  on  this -subject , 
please  sec  Mr.  Edison  sometime  when  he  comes  over  to  the  Aniline 
Plant.  He  is  there  every  day. 


Ur.  Hiller: 

There  will  probably  be  a  letter  in  the  mail  on  Monday 
from  Mitsui  &  Company  giving  shipping  instructions  for  six  drums 
of  Phenol  to  Japan.  These  are  to  be  shipped  on  Thursday,  July 
15th,  and  I  have  given  Mr.  Kammerhoff  instructions  about  getting 
it  ready,  and  have  asked  Hr.  McDermott  to  attend  to  the  shipment 
upon  your  instructions.  Will  you  please,  therefore,  send  him 
full  instructions  about  this  shipment.  1  think  you  ted  better 
inquire  over  the  telephone  on  Wednesday  afternoon  from  Mr.  Kammer¬ 
hoff  whether  he  will  have  the  six  drums  ready. 


July  10th.  1915 

Willian  E.  Sohoel, 

159  '.laidon  lano, 

Now  York  City.  Attention  -  Mr.  linoks. 

Dear  Mr.  lincka: 

Just  a  lino  for  your  information 
to  say  that  if  we  want  ' o  ordar  any  farther  sup¬ 
plies  of  Chloride  of  Magnesia  we  will  order  it 
under  the  nemo  of  "Vfhite  Shell  Salt".  Share  is 
a  huBineDS  reason  for  this,  which  I  am  sure  yon 
will  appreciate,  and  regard  as  confidential. 
Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Kdison. 

July  10th.  1915. 

Mr.  A.  1.  Mullaly , 

fo  national  Aniline  &  Chemical  Co., 

100  Kill  lam  Street,  II 
How  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the  8th  instant  in 
regard  to  l-araphenylenediamine  has  been  re¬ 
ceived,  and  Mr.  ?di9on  says  that  ha  will 
squeeze  you  ten  pounds  out  of  his  own  supply. 
V.’o  will  ship  this  to  you  on  Monday  hy  express. 
•She  prioe  will  "be  £1.76  per  pound. 

Years  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Ydison. 



?dui  Cr~n- 

3  hu 

li.LdJ'Yl.t.c-h.  en  is) 

&ca  ft* 


ci  6-03 1 

i  L  e*C'b  /«W 

^cilC-o-Cc  e  'S/c.CCo 

-dc^  C'^ccCM 
^ )\C 'Ir' / 

3(.tXj  tajj 



r  iftcru^r  <p  <vm  ,^&JlL'cfc~' 

U v-cnrk  &  -<3  aJ^(f'~e£<*+'l 

t.  ^ 



boston,  Mass. 

Tfu  **SA 'rjw 

vAtkfVU  attfo't  \<^^t  iXcSifioF&.j 

-  ^  W^v\  7  |^u-W 

urange.ii.  J..  _ _ ...  ,  . 

tx/v*-o  k 

Thomas  S  Edison, 

Dear  SirP 

Your  wire  of  July  8th  with  regard  to  iron 
condenser  for  Silver  Lake  Phenol  Plant  was  received, 
and  we  have  not  replied  because  we  have  been  malting 
every  effort  to  get  this  coil  out  for  you  as  soon 
as  possible* 


We  note  that  you  are  very  much  dissatisfied. 
There  has  evidently  been  a  considerable  misunderstand¬ 
ing  in  the  transmission  of  this  matter  from  you  to  us, 
for  we  were  not  informed  in  any  way  that  you  were  in 
such  a  great  hurry  for  this  condenser.  If  we  had, 
we  would  not  have  made  a  condenser  of  the  design  which 
we  are  making.  We  could  have  gotten  this  Condenser  out, 
if  we  had  known  how  urgent  your  need  of  it  was,  in  three 
days,  without  trouble. 

Mr.  Lunt  met  the  writer  in  New  York  last  Thurs¬ 
day  eveing,  after  being  at  plant  at  Silver  Lake,  and  he 
stated  that  you  had  inquired  of  him  as  to  how  the  stills 
might  be  arranged  to  turn  out  more  material}  that  he  had 
stated  this  could  be  done  by  Increasing  the  condenser 
oapacity,  the  rest  of  the  apparatus  being  considerably 
above  rated  capacity.  He  stated  that  be  had  suggested 
that  the  two  silver  coils  oould  be  placed  one  over  the 
other  and  connected,  and  used  for  one  still,  and  that 
a  new  iron  oondenser  could  bo  made  for  the  second  still. 
He  did  not  state,  nor  give  us  the  impression,  that  you 
Intended  to  make  this  ohange  immediately,  and  made  a 
sketch  showing  a  condenser  with  a  cast  iron  shell,  steel 
tube  plates,  charcoal  iron  tubes  expanded  into  the  tube 


u^  -  f  -  U‘ 

— JL" 

J  c^^~ 

„  JU,o>  (Pk&&-* 

Thomas  A.  Edison 

July  10,  1910. 

plates,  eto.,  that  is,  condenser  to  answer  the  con¬ 
struction  used  on  hensol  still,  on,  for  instance, 
the  40"  oast  iron  unit  supplied  you  for  the  Woodward, 
Alabama,  Plant.  You  will  realize  that  a  con¬ 

denser  such  as  this  cannot  he  gotten  out  in  three  days. 
While  the  writer  put  through  the  order  immediately  on 
return,  we  would  consider  shipment  on  Saturday  of  this 
week  as  very  good  time.  Even  at  that  there  has  been 
the  usual  delay  and  the  failure  of  the  foundry  to  deliv¬ 
er  the  castings  as  promised,  but  we  have  kept  after 
them  from  morning  til  night  on  this  particular  matter, 
since  receiving  your  wire,  and  will  have  all  material 
here,  on  Monday,  and  expeot  we  can  assemble  the  con¬ 
denser  complete  and  ship  it  on  that  date  by  express. 

We  regret  very  much  causing  you  delay,  but  in 
this  case  it  was  certainly  because  we  had  not  realized 
the  fact  that  you  wore  in  such  haste  to  make  this  change. 

Yours  very  truly, 




July  12  til .  19115. 

!.‘r.  J.  3.  I'yreo, 

■ashington,  D.  C. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
8th  instant  in  regard  to  Carbolic  Acid,  an d  would 
say  in  reply  that  at  present  my  manufacturing 
capacity  i3  only  about  equal  to  tho  contracts  I 
have  made,  hut  in  about  a  month  from  now  it  is 
possible  that  I  may  have  increased  my  eajaoity  so 
as  to  talro  care  of  a  fow  more  orders. 

If  y-'u  will  eommunicato  with  me  again 
by  that  time  I  shall  hope  to  be  able  to  give  you 
a  more  definito  answor. 

Tours  very  truly, 

Mr.  Ott: 

/  July  12th.  1915. 

A-f^t  “«•  rl  e- 

pZiuJi.  v 

3  friends,  Mitsui  &( Cbmpany  of  New  York  and 

.  6 

Mr.  Edison' i 

Japan,  wish  to  have  a  drum  of  the  Woodward  Benzol  shipped  to  a 
friend  of  theirs  in  Japan. 

We  have  received  at  Silver  lake  from  Woodward,  42  drums 
of  what  they  have  called  pure  Benzol.  Mr.  Edison  wants  to  make 
sure  it  is  good  Benzol  before  we  ship  this  drum. 

I  have  asked  Mr.  McDermott  of  the  Carbolic  Division 
at  Silver  lake  to  send  up  a  gallon  can  taken  from  one  of  the  drums. 
He  will  send  this  up  on  Monday  to  you.  Will  you  please  test  it 
and  show  the  report  to  Mr.  Edison.  If  Mr.  Edison  says  it  is  all 
right  to  ship,  please  give  a  memorandum  to  that  effect  to  my  sten¬ 
ographer,  Rudolph  Tullooh ,  and  he  will  telephone  to  Mr.  MoDexmott 
to  make  the  shipment. 


July  12th.  1915. 

Mr.  Miller: 

By  the  distillation  of  a  lot  of  odds  and  ends  that  we 
had  at  Sliver  lake ,  including  five  drums  of  90$  Benzol  whloh  we 
•bought  from  the  American  Oil  &  Supply  Company,  we  obtained  245 
gallons  of  Toluol. 

Of  thiB  quantity  there  Is  due  to  American  Oil  &  Supply 
Company  50  gallons  free  of  charge,  as  it  was  part  of  the  basis 
for  exchange  of  the  Benzol  for  Carbolic.  There  is  also  due  to 

>  gallons*  of  Toluol  aut  of  this  lot,  for  which 

iJitsui  &  Company^ 
re  have  already  receive  ^payment . 

The  other  163  gallons  belongs  to  the  Incorporated,  Car¬ 

bolic  Division. 

Mr.  Hofflnan  of  the  American  Oil  &  Supply  Company  is  go¬ 
ing  to  Bell  this  whole  lot  of  245  gallons.  He  will  let  you  knew 
when  he  hffl  sold  it,  and  then  you  can  issue  an  order  on  the  Carbolic 
Division  to  ship  it.  You  had  better  send  this  order  to  Mr.  Kammer- 
hoff  as  he  understands  all  about  it.  Then  instruct  Mr.  McDermott 
to  bill  American  Oil  &  Supply  Company  with  50  gallons,  no  charge, 
in  accordance  with  the  terms  of  our  first  exchange  agreement. 

Then  bill  Mitsui  &  Company  with  32  gallons  of  Toluol,  no  charge. 

this  being  the  quantity  due  to  them  on  previous  distillations. 
Then  bill  American  Oil  &  Supply  Company  with  163  gallons  at  the 
price  at  whloh  Mr.  Hoffman  sells  it,  which  will  be  somewheres 
~aboui(^47so^er  gallon.  Mr.  Hoffman  will  tell  you  what  he  has 
sold  it  for,  and  he  is  not  going  to  charge  us  any  commission. 


<£ove^h  3-ee4ot 

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/*.  /JtS-. 

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&<*2>  /t£a^,  -«i*oAu<^  Tvi* 

J  y~~  «~~  ~«~y 

>t  ^  ^  /tAoeU^Jj  *7  I/O**,—  * 



..  jm 


^ /v/w; 

u  Vaji  S?  .  f£  ^  -L 


u  v  v>V  r 

v  \  if*  yWSj^o  much,  tut 

f  *  #ry 
00  A-  U 

;  we  are  today  facing  a  shutdown 
for  the  laok  of  aniline  oil.  We  ^ 

>f  this  material  to  keep  us  running  J) 

haven't  enough  of  this  material  to  keep  us  running  ^ 
through  the  balanoe  of  this  week,  and  while  wo 
have  no  invoice  or  hill  of  lading  from  you  showing^ 


was  already  made  before  you  r( 
»  hope  that  you  can  soon  make  i 

i  the  verge  of  running  out 

Thanking  you  very  rauoh  in  advance  for 

prompt  attention. 

Yours  truly. 

W.  H.  Mason.  "5  1  o' 

AnT  receiving  telegrams  from  Woodward  regarding  revised  drawings 
for  Hlttzel  Stills  and  changes  in  patterns.  Come  to  Laboratory 

when  yon  can  to  take  up  this  matter  and  change  of  plans. 

THOS  .  A .  EDI SOH . 

July  13th.  1915. 

Mr.  Christenson: 

Mr.  Edison  requests  mo  to  say  to 
you  to  watch  your  hoy,  as  comrlaints  are  ooing  in 
as  late  aB  July  1st,  that  our  ‘niline  Oil  contains 

II  it  r  oh  on  sol. 

A#  J>/£.  AA 

hi'-  fk,: 

■  Ss  w 

Cf  ScLcL  /o  {tift-t 

/3  a  co,l.j  A.e.jien-(-a  OA.C.  dilotv-Lfj  <'/' 

-<v~f.cti  /ic-  't/j  A^eUCt,!  d-o/,i£,  ,  Jt/c 

Ae^^l  ei-o/’t 
,a  it ta  L  ebc.c^  coct-  S 
3  l~(ii-n/i,  a- 

/  ' 

't  c-a'tl  <J  /■<<  > 

a.  rjiLtct/  iny'ii  <-tye‘nt„/ 
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238  maIN  STt 
RECEIVED  AT  A  N  Q  El,  N .  J  - 

79  NY  H  35  NL 
EASTON  PA  JULY  14-15 








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£c*-^yt~C^  ]£cL^Lc*~t. —  ^£> 



Three  Killed,  Eix  Injured,  in 

;e  Explosion  at  the  Franklin 
Benzol  Plant  of  Cambria 


J-t'cn  ry  Saurr-  f.  &rrMmP. 
y/fo"  <y>.yUvcrt/!cr>ir;,  '’fAeS'rriutcnt- 
r3ca.JL  tfi&vrt/lcnn, 

Of  which 
like  to  I 
facture  ( 

We  saw  a  copy  in  the  Chicago  Examiner  this  morning,  0 
a  attached. If  there  is  any  truth  in  this,  we  would, 
ve  you  give  us  a  list  of  the  dyer  stuffs  which  you  J”*1 
propose  to  manufacture,  or  if  pos3ihl;e,  sendus  type 



*°PSE  W.  E.  ATKINS.  .  ..  h 

RECEIVED  AT  23  8.MAIN  ST.  ,  fijr  » 

2  NY  H  63  COLQcPl^ fNl  G  E’7  N‘  J' 

PORTLAND  MAINE  JULY  16-15  .  i  ^  \ 


ORANGE  NJ  ^  j 


*A£f86r/$?. —  July  16th. _ /#/  5 . 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: — 

Attention  of  Mr.  H.  F.  Miller. 

We  have  a  letter  signed  by  your  Secretary,  Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 
under  date  of  July  15th,  stating  that  you  will  be  unable  to  guarantee 
Phenol  equal  to  U.  S.  Pharmaoopaeia,  but  that  it  will  be  nearly  that 
and  you  oan  furnish  us  with  a  sample  if  we  so  desire. 

We  beg  to  oall  your  attention  to  various  letters  exohanged 
between  you  and  us,  regarding  previous  contract  for  333,000  pounds  of 
pure  Phenol,  U.  S.  Pharmaoopaeia.  For  Instance,  your  letter  dated 
May  30th,  signed  by  your  good  self,  clearly  states  that  what  we  order¬ 
ed  from  you  under  that  contract  is  pure  Phenol,  United  States  Pharma- 
copaela.  Naturally,  we  sold  this  Phenol  to  the  Japanese  Government 
as  such  and  now  we  have  again  sold  a  further  quantity  to  the  Japanese 
Government  of  73,000  pounds  as  pure  Phenol,  U.  S.  P. 

Under  these  circumstances,  we  fully  expeot  to  get  pure 
Phenol  to  meet  with  U.  S.  P.  under  our  oontraot  with  you  for  333,000 
pounds  and  also  expeot  to  reoeive  the  same  quality  of  pure  Phenol 
under  our  new  oontraot  for  73,000  pounds. 

'  As&- 


To  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.... Page 


We  take  the  liberty  to  oall  your  attention  to  the  fact  that 
some  time  ago  we  sent  you  an  English  translation  of  the  Japanese  Navy 
Speoifioation  for  Phenol  and  you  informed  us  that  one  of  the  olauses 
in  the  said  specification  could  not  be  met  with  by  anybody  and  all 
you  would  guarantee  about  the  quality  was  to  meet  with  speoifioation 
of  United  States  Pharmaoopaeia  for  pure  Phenol. 

Kindly  enlighten  us  on  this  point  at  once  because  it  is  very 

important . 

Yours  very  truly. 


_ r'TA/trfd' 7 .  juntas*-*. 

t-foo  o  cM^y  tfhutyju^y 

facrvy  $aa*{  J!Ly  • 

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f^itUj  AinnsJLJ  £uh&-  A>  'Am^>-uj  sJoo-kj  /Icrtfa 
AAoas  Coi/JlA  ^jVi'  (2&So6-o-&-*-  o-is t 

Jhv  (£/n* 

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‘JfjlA^X'Xn^y tttw  /Uct/fuL^j  “Ao  A&k  oJrv-iMy  ~~  ■i&J-y  • 

tyjA^oLy.  n&*rr4,  <£^*4/ 

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yfc  ytAy<^ynu? 

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Al  j** ^ 

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?i  9^  <-^ce' 

.'  (  ‘'//t.yS^y- — -p  ~y* 

2_  c&ez&o  ’ 


Newark, N..J. 

July  20th,  1915. 

Dear  Sir:- 

A.  Edison,  <A*I  ^  ^ 

’■  N’  J‘ 

[  Xj2~cl  ^ — b  zr^ 



s  being  of  the  follow-  . 

v^tOwU  2. 

Confirming  the  arrangement  mado  tViis  morning  for  the  /  *5$****.# 
exchange  of  benzol  for  phenol  on  the  basis  of  one  pound  of  ^  lY  ’ 
phenol  for  one  gallon  of  benzol,  wo  would  say  that  we  will  ship  \J 
immediately  to  you  at  Silver  lake,  IT.  J. ,  a  oar  of  benzol,  c~ 
taining  2700  gallons,  which  we  purchased  a 

ins  specification:  _ 

"100£  of  the  benzol  shall  distill  between  80 
and  82  dogroos  centigrade.  '.Then  throe  parts  of  the^l 
benzol  are  shaken  with  one  part  of  C.P.  sulphuric  / 

acid  and  allowed  to  stand  15  minutes,  the  benzol  / 

shall  remain  white  and  the  acid  slightly  colorod." 

Will  you  please  write  us  by  return  nail  to  the  offec 
that  you  will  within  two  days  after  receipt  of  the  above  ben: 
notify  us  as  to  the  result  of  your  toot  so  that  wo  nay  know 
that  it  is  all  right. 

Wo  understand  that  you  are  to  ship  us  the  phenol  not 
later  than  two  weeks  from  receipt  of  the  benzol,  and  that  you 
will  try  to  ship  it  sooner. 

Yours  very  truly, 

buhtekworsh-judsoit  coiipahy, 

Asst.  Secretary. 

Dominion  Steel  Corporation, Limited 

The  Benzol  Plant  has  given  us  a  good  deal  of 
anxiety,  and.  is  not  yet  "out  of  the  weeds".  Our  yield  of 
0.  P.  Benzol  has  teen  very  small  end  while  we  have  in  the  crude 
and  washed  forms  a  good  deal  awaiting  treatment  the  recovery 
has  been  very  unsatisfactory. 

The  oil  used  is,  we  telieve,  insufficient 
in  quantity  and  the  coolers  have  not  taken  care  of  the  temper¬ 
ature.  We  are  installing  a  Refrigerating  Plant  capable  of 
oocling  250,000  gallons  of  oil  from  130  degrees  to  60  degrees, 
or  150,000  gallons  down  t o  45  degrees,  or  120,000  gallons 
down  to  40  degrees.  This,  we  expect,  will  largely  reduce 

our  losses  tut  we  think  additional  absorbing  towers  are  needed; 
say  two  more  on  the  larger  side  end  one  more  on  the  new  ovens. 
At  present  our  recoveries  are  too  lew. 

We  have  been  embarrassed  by  the  contracts  we 
made,  moderate  in  quantity  as  they  fortunately  were,  end  have 
had  to  buy  in  a  considerable  Bmount  to  cover  our  obligations. 
The  shipments  'to  you,  including  the  car  that  was  lost,  have 
taken  a  large  proportion  of  our  output. 

Things  are, at  the  moment , mire  promising  on 
the  finishing  end.  The  new  large  3adgor  Still  is  now  in 
active  operation  end  helping  out  the  results  substantially. 

We  had  not  been  making  even  500  gallons  O.P. Benzol  daily  before 
that  was  at  work. 

A  s  soon  as  we  can  see  our  way  clearly  I  will 
advise  you  definitely  os  to  prospeots.  The  car  going  to 
you  today  is  the  first  shipment  we  have  made  for  many  weeks. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  U.S.A. 


vLjl-i  t-  i-\^i  'T 

- ---x  •  ,  . p 

•  '  _  >K.  I  £  -hoJ.c^X 

Q^».  /<'.<-«  v..^  .  WJC?0  <“0  £  1  •fe'..  l'1'  ^■V' 

,  p  /O... •<?...,  (P(i  r, ,a4-  i^x/a  <ae 

-  >r 

^  r  ,  ^ 
vj^  vo  .  “I^(  4  ?  '-■ 

. v^'xf' TK. 


____$&« . o,ik  • 

***£-&**  A-'- 
„.  _./au,.vPi^  e*rh*~ 

.jttrv?__.^jC'-v-tcw^-^.-..*?  ^-°-  0  ^  ^  ‘ . 

July  SI,  1915. 


\  l  i'lWV 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Eeq.. , 

Care  Edison* s  Laboratory, 
Orange,  ITevJ  Jersey. 

jjy  dear  Edis( 

I  sent 

u-i-r <.<*  <&* 


ivzXb  ^  a'  V'M 

copy  of  your  letter  to  J 

•*»*  «“  “  “•  M 

SSve^a  letter  from  hi 



Minister  of  Munitions, 

Private  Seoretary  stating  tha„  h3 a  irt*- 
Thomas  (who  ie,  as  you  are  no  dou^are,  inquiring 
into  the  output  of  mnitions 


Vv  w|V«-r.t  M 
n®  ' 

get  at  you  with  relation  to  picrio  acid.  1  &1* 

wondering  whether  you  have  heard  from  Mr.  Thomas. 

Yours  truly, 



...j.  unci,  -p 

.t  It  o- 

i>tatti£g  Baggett 

Colors,  (EljPttttrals,  ©Us  aui>  dHuwral  $Unlmrts 

E'VV0,,K  >6  / 

j  7/21/15 

7>\  18-^. 

\  Mr.  ThWas  A .  \Euison,  ]  ^  b  <~C  t'C^  |  ^  I 

Orange,  H.J.  ,  //  L<-0*4 

Sear  Sir;-  \  <VU4'f  ^‘W'v  1 

ReplyiW  to  your  fuvor  of  *&*%'% 

X  have  Inquiries  in  Rand  Xor^o^tely  ,^tons  o^An^ 
Oil  per  month,  January. 

next  year  and  wiuld  thank  yotfetase  to_  advise  me  whether  or 
not  you  ard  preyed  to  accept^defs  *Tr  all  or  any  portion 

3  quantity,  and  at  what 

it  price  to  me  bearing  JU 

$kfa£C&  a^ensive^ 

the  General  Ch final  Co's  ~ 

plant  will  be  toming  into  the  //  jM^*”^**  ' 

the  Chemical  C  °* 

tl.J.  will  then!  be  producing  three  tpns  njvfw  "1  ' 

Midvale  Che.ieUrha.  *“«  ‘l“  “  H”*** 

3  000  pounds  per^ay. 

The  f  o r  mer'~concern  is  quoting  delivery  balance  of 
this  year,  60 /  per  pound,  the  latter  concern  35/  par  pound 
and  for  delivery  next  year  a  minimum  of  12/  per  pound.. 

Believe  at  this  time  if  you  can  name  me  a  price 
over  the  months  mentioned  in  the  fore  part  of  this  letter 
of  somewhere  between  25  and  30/  per  pound.  I  could  close 
SOme  contracts  at  this  time  before  these  new  products  come 
into  the  market. 


Olnlnra,  QU^mirala,  QDUa  anil  mineral  flrniutris 

99  John  and  11-18  Cun-  Stukkth  sprciat.  « 


■'s  5 

J  4?  1 
>3  -H 


4~4  5 

Please  let  me  hear  from  you  promptly  regarding 
this  question,  as  I  feel  now  is  the  opportune  time  to 
secure  contracts  for  your  product  for  delivery  over  the 
early  months  of  next  year  at  profitable  figures. 

Doubtless  you  will  be  glad  to  learn  that  I  received 
a  letter  this  morning  from  the  Liilville  wfg.  Co., who  com¬ 
plained  about  first  drum  of  Aniline  Oil  you  sent  them  for  my 
account  being  unsatisfactory,  to  the  effect  that  the  last 
drum  furnished  on  their  order  was  perfectly  satisfactory 
and  urging  me  to  have  further  shipments  made  of  the  same 
product,  accordingly  would  ask_£OU  please  to  bend  your  best 
^ this  direction^also  please  arrange  to  send  me 
at  your  earliest  possible  moment  one  drum  of  Aniline  Oil 

As  address  and  let  me  know  when  you  will  have  your  additional 
part^worTcTHg"and— be  able  to  make  shipments  as  per  schedule 
in  my  letter  of  the  2nd  furnished  at  request  of  your  Mr. 
Meadowcroft . 

Awaiting  your  early  response,  I  am 

Xours  very  respectfully, 


i>tanWg  ioggett 

Qlnlnra,  (Eljmtrala,  ©tla  mb  Htttfral  pntmcta 

99  John  and  11-18  Clive  Streets  spkciai.  co> 

....  jTi u- 

Orange,  K.  J-.  n.  ^  ^Ooa  ^  , 

ar  Sir;  ^ uxlt^tr 


e  of  your  rep»tativ,s 
a  four  ouneeEHmvple*  of  litFjB.9™01  and  quote  me 
,ir  lowest  price  slme  time  will 

,u  kindly  advise  me  when  W  will  he^osition 

Respectfully  yours. 

„  ,  Ai.„  let  .  MM  «l»i  W»»«»  °f  W  “l"“1 

B*  S*  Jon  are  prepared  to  furnish. 



Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  It.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

Enclosed  please  find  a  copy  of  Dr. 

Rasohig’s  patent  for  continuous  distillation. 

I  have  not  the  blue  prints  here,  but  if  you 
think  the  patent  is  worth  your  consideration,  I  shall 
write  at  once  to  Dr.  Rasohig  requesting  him  to  send  me 
the  necessary  blue  prints. 

With  kindest  regards,  I  remain 



«,  ,  '  r  >  ImJ*  Oj  ^  he 

3U  tu»xaL  of  -  e-y  J 

1  ',iA  V„ «• ,v“" ‘*w*' 

VwiT'  *y=t«=3!^ 

\  ^ 

Wood'WARD  Iron  Company; 
■Woodward,  Alabama. 

i  j  ft,  6^^  cC',  f° 


ui \\®<t 


?a.v,v-.  .#  ( **-4a 

&-V*.  'S  / 


“• ■*%  -  ■  A  r  ,  «,  g*, 

«■*••> ‘•Is.  4 „  .  <3/.wa*  J  -  1 

V  a  ^ 

Referring  to  our  letter  oT  #£& el£}%£, 

VTC  J^tosyierein  specifications  f»r  aborting  oil  rhich  we 

,iu  w~t^»  “/“  i^OKXSr 

•tetS-ffi-ySSr^oTui.  *s  tljfis  i|jh£|l«lity  oT^*^ 

„ at  tncy  ineot'Tfffi'T'our  opprov 
the  Ptnndnrd  ri  1  ~  " 


.«  7-  <«  «*  M»a  •«,k"  v*“”  jt 

>i*«.  <Wjr*&.£r,"~ 


paraffine  Bose  gravity  26°  Re1  to  36°  Be’  at  15-5°  C 
Viscosity  9227  at  100®  F  (SayBolt) 

Cloudy  3*°  F 

Fractionating  0°  to  300°  C  nil 

300°  to  350°  C  6£ 

350°  to  420®  C  91ji 
420°  C  not  above  ¥ 

Hr.  Charles  3.  Brown,  Hows  'editor, 

'"he  .journal  of  Commerce, 

38  Broadway , 

Vorlr  City. 

Bear  Sir: 

I  am  in  roeeijt  of  your  favor  of 
the  19th  instant,  ana  would  say  in  reply  that 
I  do  not  intend  to  maho  the  dyes  themselves . 

I  nave  orocted  five  different  plants  in  the 
last  three  months  in  which  I  obtain  Benzol, 
toluol.  Aniline  Oil,  !Ti  tno  "benzol ,  Acetanilid, 
Paraphenyloned "amine  and  Carbolic  Aoid. 

Host  all  of  ”'h ioh  are  the  Iasi  materi¬ 
als  for  dyes. 

I  will  be  glad  to  see  you  at  anytime, 
if  you  want  further  information. 

Yours  very  truly,  • 

32  B  G  32  Via  Portland  11am 
Br  New  York  July  22nd,  1915 
W  H  Ueadoworoft 

Loveitta  Bield  ,  South  Portland  Me  . ^ 

Young  Mitsui  reports  from  Woodward  that  on  aooount  of  trouble 
with  water  supply  only  four  thousand  gallons  toluol  can  he 
delivered  to  Hercules  on  August  fifteenth  I  am  communicative  with 
Mr  Miller 

Shunzo  Takakli 

ll\Jx  cciu-im  ; 



h\  t>Uo  rv  ( cj  • 

It-c.  &c(c( 

"til  i  tr-r~  ci.'i.ij  .  ( 1 1  v  /  <-  C  t  (ix 

Yj/  '/<w  -->7' -  .  /rtf- 

/5  HlA.Cll.Cc4 
fc  iitdfkc  if~ 


if  tut.Cc  Ztt-u 



W'v'  -•«/7 

7 a-fticctd  t^cCc  <ict,.c.  fe 

r /4.= 

'  /' 


iy,  Co/c-s  mfn/. 

If,  S  4tyy,«-J. 

J Ct.fcet.Ct.4.  tt-tCc  Ci  n  *-<c  H> 

7  ^ 

4>  CCic  6c  jj  ,  (ft  '  /‘o/u  film  cti( 

V  i  i  <iy  di;  /  «i  t-CCe  t  t.  , 
fiVj  dr-,.;  -Imaf/i  (•. 


7-^  %3j,r 

July  26th.  1915. 

Samuel  Insull,  "'sq .  , 

120  '.Vest  Adams  Street, 
Chicago,  Ill- 

I.Ty  dear  Insull: 

T  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  ,21st  instant,  and  v/ould  say  that  Thomas 
came  over  to  see  me.  He  1b  in  He"’  York  City, 
and  is  overloaded  with  work.  Ho  asked  mo  to 
help  him,  and  I  assured  him  I  would.  His 
family  came  over  to  the  Laboratory  this  week. 

Thomas  is  a  very  high  type  nan , 
John  Bright  type ,  a  man  you  w  ould  taka  to  go 
on  a  fishing  trip  with. 

Youro  very  truly. 

July  27th.  1915. 

Mr.  B.  H.  Bsni3ter,  V.  Proa., 

Woodward  Iron  Company, 

'.V oo award ,  Ala. 

Boar  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
2i at  Instant,  and  ho?  to  say  in  reply  that  we 
huy  from  tho  Standard  Oil  Company  what  Is  called 
Straw  Oil,  the  same  oil  they  have  furnished  to  the 
3emet-Solvay  Benzol  Plants  for  yoars.  Ask  for 
the  grade  of  Benzol  absorbing  oil  used  by  the  Semot- 
Solvay  and  Kdison  and  you  will  get  it. 

The  Standard  Oil  Company  in  my  experience 
oan  be  absolutely  depended  upon. 

Any  further  information  you  can  get  from 
oar  Mr.  Mason  at  your  plant. 

Yours  very  truly. 

[C  "Vom-u  zLh.  >-f-e*-t*9 

*  ‘-j-c 

0^|— &*■  c*h*j^  <=c — (LfL^C^Ce^ 

_  r— TV L^tS~Cr-i^-^_, 

7/W  ■  ■ 

_  A./"'  ' 

^  ^  ^  - u 

J±J  .LyJ Ay  4<i. 

/[_<l..  CLi,<u^A  '  .  — - 

x-/!  ‘^>^*1 


s  ^  A-'"  -_/  , 

"7<  )  f  *• 

JUBX*~**~r*r  1  ' 



n.  ^.^assaSOZSSmm 

TE,-„  *EN». - _ 

-  -  23b  MAIN~a  I  . 

Received  at  0RANGE,N.J. 

♦2  NY  GC  92  BLUE 

BIRMINGHAM  ALA  JUL  27  1915  1228PM 

T  A  EOI80N  , 

ORANGE  NJ  cfiowfcRDED 



fractions  SOIL  within  ten  DEO  .  absorb ing  different 



.  YOU  CAN  8 END  AN8WER, 

W  H  MA8QN  * 


tnis  will  not  happen  again,  anii  we  will  appreciate  it  very 

much  if  you  will  let  U3  have  the  balance  of  the  oil  clue  us  under 
our  contract  for  June  and  July  and  see  that  prompt  deliver;/ 
of  the  August  shipment  is  made. 

Very  truly, 

The  Bribgeport  Wood  Fbmbsmbn©  C®. 


July  28th/.  l915* 

Llewellyn  Park, 

paet  few  months,  relative  to  your  Benzol  product,  aj 
etood  at  the  time,  that  you  had  not  fully  completed 
paratlons,  but  would  advise  ue  as' soon  as  you  were  . 
receive  contracts. 

Will  you  kindly  advise  if  this  moment  has 
your  prices  for  90  Per  Cent,  and  greatly  oblige, 

Very  truly  yours, 

Per.  t 

T &&**(  ^  *  ,t-  fei,«  "H... 

tr“-  <r~>  J*?t\ 





ORAKQE,  N.  J. 

10  NY  R  36  COLLECT  BLUE 





W  H  MASON  7  55  AM 

^  «-k‘ 


v?  3 


WSS^fS&^^ssm.  **“" 

V„  /a w/fjr/f  f/ywr/r: 


29th« - ^5- 

|M  OU<m  —  lio-u  -we-c-c  U#-Vi.  ii^' 

Z  kuL  oXXti  f«-  yuf^\  -vr 
/  ,  rT  ju  U*<  «&  lfw  1  ®u<*  • 

Attenti&^H'/.  H\  F.JHiller.  ,  ,( 

“  r  1  °'d 
With  reference  to.  ou*  le'tter  of  the  23najjis±smt 
.  PnwAer  Co 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 
Orange,  K.  J. 

Ka-u^fct'G'vM-*  x 1  <• ' 

regarding  the  shipment  of  Toluol  to^the^erc^e^  Po^er  Co..^. 
we  are  in  receipt  of  a  letter  fro^t^  part '  of  which  rjsadu 

"We  have  noted  very  °aref]}ll*/_your  k  {.rt.  tCv 



letter”of  the  S3nd  instailt  on  the  V3 
suhiect  of  Toluol,  in  which  you  ad-  .  ....  »y  if. 

vise  that  there  is  a  possibility  of  dUUM>«  ^ 
your  not  being  able  to  get  off  the  ut.fvv J-- 

first  car  of  toluol  on  August  17th  ^  -  \J 
as  per  schedule,  and  it  will  not  be  .  (vtM/'i* 
our  desire  under  any  circumstances 
to  have  this  tank 'car  forwarded  un-  P 
til  it  has  been  filled  to  capacity,  Vu^ *>■  *e 
and  would,  therefore,  request  that  ^ 

the  oar  be  held  until  you  have  pro¬ 
duced  sufficient  toluol  to  fill  it 
to  this  extent.  We  do  hope,  however, 
that  efforts  will  be  made  to  have  the 
toluol  shipped  just  as  early  after 
the  scheduled  shipping  date  aB  is  possi¬ 
ble,  and  furthermore  trust  this  will  be 
before  the  last  day  of  August . 

re  request  you  to  kindly  let  us  have  the  necessary 



information  to  reply  to  this  Inquiry.  <e-  ^ 

cl£6l  A  <*<  ^aZ~ eas^  Very  truly  yours,  " 


Regarding  the  sample  of  Phenol  which  you  sent  us 
soflie  time  ago,  we  are  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from  the 
Takamine  Laboratory,  Inc.  in  co-operation  with  whom  we  Bold 
to  Japan,  to  the  fact  that  the  report  of  their  chemist  is 
very  favorable  and  they  trust  that  the  quality  of  phenol 
whloh  you  are  sending  will  meet  with  the  requirement  of  the 
Japanese  Navy. 

This  is  just  for  your  information. 

Very  truly  yours, 

HewYoRK:,  July  30th,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Slrs- 

_e  have  not  heard  from  you  since  your  letter  of  July  9th  In  which 
you  state  that  you  are  still  contending  with  difficulties  contemplated  by 
that  clause  in  your  contract  with  us  which  would  excuse  you  for  non-deliv¬ 
ery  in  case  they  are  beyond  your  control.  Whether  or  not  they  are  within 
the  contemplation  of  the  contract  of  course  depends  upon  the  exact  nature 
of  the  difficulties. 

The  loss  which  we  are  sustaining  by  reason  of  your  failure  to 
deliver  has  now  reached  such  serious  proportions  that  we  feel  that  we 
are  entitled  to  a  specific  statement  of  the  reasons  why  you  do  not  begin 
delivery.  Will  you  therefore  please  be  good  enough  to  advise  us  of  the 
difficulties  with  which  you  are  still  contending  and  which  you  claim  are 
within  the  contemplation  of  our  contract  of  May  15th,  1915. 



tarboro.  n.  c. 

’.•i.tory  of  Thos 
Orange , 

,  J. 


July  31st,  191p. 


&WK*  4 

V/e  find  that  you  have  shipped  us  on  oui 
for  aniline  oil  for  the  months  of  July  as  follows!*: 

June  8th,  235  pounds 
"  14th,  800  " 

"  28th,  300  " 

July  7th  400  " 

"  13th  900  " 

"  22nd,  900  " 

o.|5  <rwi  l 

rw c  aeX*  < 




As  our  contract  for  these  months  called  for 
2,000  pounds  each,  you  are  behind  on  these  two  months  46? 
pounds.  Won't  you  please  send  U3  at  once  this  and  also 
ma'ce  us  prom  t  shipment  of  the  2,000  pounds  due  us  in 

Very  truly, 




Curia",' 'Spain, and  we  shall  be 
your  valuable  opinion, 
ire  now  sounding  Jso  calcu- 

In  accordance  with  what  I  promised  you, when  I  had  the  honour  to  be  received 
by  you  on  May  last, I  send  you  through  Mr  Ramon  Boera  58  gark  Rgw,new  xork, a 
box  with  samples  of  potasic  salts  discovered  in  cat?  nb-m 
verv  clad  if  you  kindly  examine  them  and  you  give  ui 
There  is  not  yet  any  bed  on  explotation,for  there 
late  the  importance  of  the  discovery. 

There  is  a  new  regulation  in  which  the  Spanish  Government  obliges  every  con¬ 
cessionary  of  potasic  salts  mines  to  keep  them  in  constant  explotation  till 
the  products  cover  the  expenses.  Besides, the  Spanish  Government  has  the  right 
to  fix  the  quantity  that  has  to  be  reserved  for  the  national  uses. 

Together  with  the  box  of  samples  you  will  receive  a  volume  ol  Boletin  Ofi- 
cial  del  Instituto  Geologico  de  Espana"  in  which  you  wall  find  a  short  study 
about  those  mineral  beds  newly  discovered .which  will  holp  you  to  judge  the  im- 

P°Herewith  please  find  a  comunication  of'the  hirector  of  our  Institute  offe- 

r^Any^other  details  you  may  need  about  this, or  any  other  matter  dont  fail  to 
write  to  me, for  I  shall  feel  most  honoured  to  be  of  any  use  to  you* 

you  already  know  I  am  very  interested  in  all  your  Inventions, mostly  in  the 
aniline  affair.  As  soon  as  your  factories  are  ready  to  export  this  products 
please  wlrte  to  me  and  I  will  work  for  commands.  I  make  you  same  offers  ior 
anv  of  vour  inventions, and  if  any  society  who  takes  interest  in  your  inven- 
tions  will  extend  the  business  in  Spain, I  will  have  great  pleasure  to  take  . 
their  agency  here  and  I  will  most  surely  do  everything  within  my  power  in  the 
afair.  I  feel  confident  I  can  do  what  I  premise  because  I  know  well  the  Spa¬ 
nish  trade .where  I  have  been  working  longtime  and  that  is  why  my  Government 
sent  me  to  study  the  way  to  increase  tho  mercantile  relations  between  opain 
and  the  United  States.  In  this  voyage  to  New  York  I  had  the  honour  to  make 

Very  sincerely  yours 


•>£/.  i  /i/utif  &tWm/  u\r 


Our  engineer  t'.r  Jose  de  Gorostiza- 
ga,told  us  that  in  the  interview' he 
had  the  honour  to  have  with  you, you 
indicated  the  wish  to  hnow  some  sam¬ 
ples  of  mineral  ore  of  potasic  salts 
lately  discovered  in  Cardona  and 
other  places  of  Cataluna, Spain. 

Glad  to  have  an  opportunity  to  pi® 
se  you, we  are  sending  you, through 
said  !.Jr  Gorostizaga  a  box  with  said 

We  shall  feel  very  honoured  if 
such  a  high  personality  as  yours  ta¬ 
kes  any  interets  in  things  of  our 

The  "Institute  Geologico  de  Espa- 
fia"  has  the  honour  to  offer  you  its 
services  and  shall  be  pleased  to  do 
in  your  behalf  evrything  po^.blo;  not 
only  in  this  matter  but  in  any  affaij 
you  may  take  interest. 

■  In  doing  so,  I  have  the  honour  to 


put  myself  at  your  orders  as  clirec 
tor  of  this  Institute  and  privatly 
for  whatever  you  may  desire, 
yours  admiring  and  respecting 

Madrid  July  1915 



Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Chemicals  (E-15-18) 


,  Thomas  A .Edison,  Inc . ,  . 
Orange,  H .  J • 

tmM-ZOlCM  August  3,  J.9J.5 .  I 

(Jjc^U,  l^CMXf^r vn^)lcxvn*^ 
{dtfL  opol&|  *|tfe  ^6M 

your  telegram  of  yesterday  reading: 

"Contractors  furnishing  still 

ha t^u)WR  Y'“ 

•■uontractors  i  urnisning  b&ixi  xia.vw-i  —  i  ^v- 

not  finished  it  yet.  they  promisaj  J*. 
this  week  sure " .  Lt>«-  tjfr* 

We  can  only  a  a  L^fea  s  is  a  I  A,  f&etJS/fHJf 

new  still  which  you  are  having  installed,  as  v*4*-'  I 

you  have  previously  made  no  reference  to  a  rv» 

delay  in  shipment,  and  the  result  is  that  we  .  _ 

are  now  very  much  upset  for  the  want  of  Phenolic  *  *f"T” T 

I'M-  lLWJ!- 

According  to  our  records  you  were,  f) 

at  the  end  of  last  week,  about  2100  lbs.  uT  MW*”* 

short  on  deliveries,  and  with  this  week's  \  * 

quantity  it  will  make  2800  lbs.  you  are  sh^r^.^T'^ 

As  we  have  repeatedly  mentioned  to  £ 

you,  we  contracted  for  the  delivery  of  one  of  C 
our  products  based  o.n  weekly  shipments  of  Phenol  Uaurt.f' 

we  contracted  with  you  for,  and  unless  you  make*'  Ij®*- 
us  some  shipments  promptly,  we  are  afraid  we_h---j-,|s^<AArtC 
will  be  up  against  it.  As  matters  stand  now,  »*  ^ 

- *  6  -  -  — - * - -  *  rt/  bojdo 

LI  oe  up  agamsu  iu.  as  y.  I 

will  have  to  shut  down  the  departme^t^^£^  cj/ 

We  trust,  therefore,  you  will  do  your  %  , 
utmost  to  get  shipments  on  the  way  to  us  as 
promptly  as  possible,  and  we  hope  to  have  ad- .  ^ 
vices  of  shipment  from  you  before  the  epd  of  tr-fc.  »uu*  j 

the  week.^^^.  Ui*-4ut  J? 


Ffft  * 



August  3,  1915. 

Condenslte  Company  of  Amerioa, 
Ur.  Kirk  Brown,  President, 
Bloomfield,  H.  J. 


I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  July  17th,  addressed  to  the 
Department  of  Commerce,  and  asking  for  information  in  regard  to  myrhane 
oil  and  aniline  oil  poisoning  as  occupational  diseases,  which  has  Been 
referred  to  this  Bureau  for  reply. 

Bulletin  100,  list  of  industrial  poisons,  published  by  this 
Bureau,  a  copy  of  which  is  mailed  you  under  separate  cover,  gives  in 
summary  form  the  mode  of  entrance  into  the  body,  the  symptoms  of  poisoning, 
and  the  measures  of  relief  for  aniline  and  nitrobenzol  (myrbane  oil) . 

The  information  contained  in  this  list  of  industrial  poisons  was  prepared 
by  an  international  committee  of  medioal  and  technical  experts  appointed  for 
this  special  purpose. 

Dr.  Sir  Thomas  Oliver  in  his  work  entitled  "Diseases  of  Occupa¬ 
tion"  says  in  regard  to  aniline  poisoning: 

"The  symptoms  of  aniline  poisoning  are  headaohe,  drowsiness,  a 
feeling  of  sickness  with  loss  of  appetite,  shortness  of  breath,  palpitation, 
and  a  tingling  sensation  in  the  feet  and  legs.  Dr.  Walter  Malden  (The 

Condonsite  Company  of  Jlmerioa - 2 - 

Journal  of  Hygiene,  Ootober,  1907)  on  examining  the  blood  of  aniline  workers 
did  not  find  that  it  gave  the  spectrum  of  methaemoglobin,  but  this  is  not 
surprising,  as  the  band  of  met-haemoglobln  can  hardly  be  detected  unless 
this  substance  is  present  in  at  least  the  proportion  of  1  to  10  of  oxy- 
haemoglobin.  Nor  was  there  evidence  of  blood  destruction  to  any  extent, 
judging  from  the  fact  that  the  blood  counts  showed  a  normal  average  of  red 
corpuscles.  The  coloring  matter  was  reduced  in  amount,  but  the  proportion 
of  white  corpuscles  was  not  excessive.  Iialden  is  of  the  opinion  that  if 
there  is  a  destruction  of  red  corpuscles  in  aniline  poisoning  it  is  counter¬ 
balanced  by  a  renovation  of  corpuscles,  which,  as  it  proceeds  more  rapidly 
than  the  formation  of  haemoglobin,  causes  the  color  index  to  be  lower  than  in 
health,  while  the  presence  of  basophil  granulations  in  the  red  corpuscles 
points  to  imperfect  formation  of  those  cells  or  suggests  that  they  are 
undergoing  degeneration. 

The  health  of  workers  in  aniline  has  of  late  years  much  improved. 
During  the  summer  months  the  workmen  are  apt  to  suffer  most.  The  severe 
headache,  vertigo,  and  slokness  may  not  come  on  until  they  have  left  the 
factory  and  reached  home. 

Helm  (Berliner  Klinische  Wochenschrift ,  vol.  li.  No.  19),  a 
German  surgeon,  has  drawn  attention  to  the  occurrence  of  twenty-one  cases 
of  tumor  in  the  bladder  among  men  employed  in  aniline  workB.  Some  of  the 
men  had  worked  29  years— others  only  5  years.  The  tumors  were  of  a 

Condensite  Company  of  Americt 

Hygiene,  October,  1907)  found,  dinitrobenzene  to  be  more  toxio  to  the  work¬ 
men  than  aniline  and  that  the  first  recognizable  sign  in  the  blood  of 
poisoning  by  dinitrobenzol  is  the  presence  of  basophil  granulations  in 
the  red  blood  corpuscles  followed  by  a  diminution  in  the  number  of  the 
oorpusoleB  by  1  to  ljt  millions  per  of  blood.  He  found  in  ohronio 
oases  an  increase  in  the  number  of  white  corpuscles,  especially  lymphooytes, 
also  in  the  more  severe  forms  of  poisoning  a  few  nucleated  red  corpuscles 
and  a  trace  of  methaemoglobin  as  revealed  by  the  spectroscope. 

Benzene  is  converted  into  nitro  and  dinitrobenzene,  or  myrbane, 
by  the  aotlon  of  sulphuric  and  nitric  acid.  liyrbane  is  reduced  to  aniline 
by  hydroohlorio  acid  and  iron. 

In  the  manufacture  of  some  of  the  high  explosives,  naphthalene 
and  the  aromatio  nuclei,  benzene  and  toluene,  are  made  use  of.  The  higher 
the  nitration  of  the  aromatio  bodies  is  carried,  the  more  dangerous  becomes 
the  manipulation  of  these  substances.  Dinitrobenzene  is  a  powerful  poison, 
whether  inhaled,  swallowed,  or  injeoted  into  the  circulation. 

Dr.  Prosser  White,  of  Wigan,  in  '^Dangerous  Trades"  gives  a  very 
full  aooount  of  poisoning  by  dinitrobenzene.  When  ordinary  precautions 
are  taken  by  the  workmen,  there  is  little  risk  to  health.  The  workrooms 
must  be  well  ventilated.  It  is  desirable  that  the  factory  Bhould  be 
situated  in  the  country.  Cleanliness  of  the  workroom  and  personal  clean¬ 
liness  of  the  men  are  requisites.  Handling  of  the  compounds  should  be 
avoided  as  far  as  possible,  and  everything  done  automatically  and  in  closed- 


Bondensite  Company 

of  America  -  6  - 

,  „ohln«rj.  J..MW  appUan...  t<~W  ««.  ■“*  "1  ”■  “®1’- 

M  .f  ■»"■»*  “  W*  “■  "»■  ,1°” 

.  followed  U  I..™.*  «  “  “*  "  “ 

..tic*  ,h.  ■h“U  .l.tMn*  an*  -...  -  ~  “  “«  “  U*‘“  “  “  ‘m*~ 
on  t»  hair  «  *»•  “»  “  *“  ””  ”  " 

ol.„  an*  tor  «.  -i.  ••  •>.  -*•  -1"11  “  *  “““1 

.no.  *  ™*.  .11  »»  ■>“'*  *» 

..lag  All  «  •o«t.  «  »  “  “*  “** 

annemle  .MU  »•  »*—  «  “—MW  *  ■“1”  "**"  “ 

propiancy.  *»  -*«*-  «  ««”•  ”*  "“11  “ 

«.  0,  «•  <•««  ■»“  «  «“  “*•  “*  “  *“  °3m°’U  “ 

nan**,  1,  -y  ».  ........  *•  »■«"  “  «*  °f  “Se“’  *“ 

application  ..  — h  «  «■»  -  “«  «»““  “  ““ 

drinks  ty  tho  month  or  rectum." 

».  Ml.  in  W*  *•  “■«”»—  “  Ir' 

.nia  pr.  oiiy.r  ~  “  •*“**"”  ‘ 

.,  ....  HOP  pag«.  Mi  *»  »•  “*  M‘ 

pr„..„  «t...  Mid.  U  M  «*  -  ““  “  ” 

.t  „  ., .  u*»  ..Mid  m~~-  «  w-1"1”  "  “  “**“*  “ 

an,  y™  .ill  «.!  «a.  «»*  *»  la  «  !»**  “  “  “  * 

Condensite  Company  of  America  — -  6  — 

standard  work  upon  the  subject.  Dr.  Prosser  White  is  described  in  the 
work  in  question  as  Surgeon,  Hoburite  Explosives  Company,  Wigan,  England. 

In  Great  Britain,  under  the  factory  and  workshops  act,  special 
regulations  have  been  put  in  force  for  certain  so-oalled  dangerous  trades, 
among  which  one  group  is  described  as  the  manufacture  of  nitro  and  amido 
derivatives  of  benzene  and  the  manufacture  of  explosives  with  the  use  of 
nitrobenzol  or  dinitrotoluol.  As  the  regulations  for  this  industry  may 
be  of  special  interest  to  you,  I  am  enclosing  a  copy  in  order  that  you  may 
see  in  detail  the  nature  of  the  regulations  which  have  been  put  in  force. 

I  am,  very  truly  yours. 

Acting  Chief  Clerk. 



For  the  manufacture  of  nitro-and  amido-derivatives  of  benzene,  and  the  manu¬ 
facture  of  explosives  with  use  of  dinitrobenzol  or  dinitrotoluol. 

1908.  Ho.  1310. 

Whereas  the  manufacture  of  nitro-  and  amido-derivatives  of  benzene, 
and  the  manufacture  of  explosives  with  use  of  dinitrobenzol  or  dinitrotoluol, 
have  been  certified  in  pursuance  of  section  79  of  the  Factory  and  Workshop 
Act,  1901,  to  be  dangerous; 

I  hereby,  in  pursuance  of  the  powers  conferred  on  me  by  that  act, 
mafrp  the  following  regulations,  and  direct  that  they  shall  apply  to  all 
factories  and  workshops  in  which  the  said  manufactures  are  carried  on. 

Provided  that  regulations  1  (a),  2,  3,  4,  and  14  (c)  shall  not 
apply  to  any  process  in  the  manufacture  of  explosives  in  which  dinitrobenzol 
is  not  used. 


"Employed"  means  employed  in  any  process  mentioned  in  the  schedules. 

"Surgeon"  means  the  certifying  factory  surgeon  of  the  district  or 
a  duly  qualified  medical  practitioner  appointed  by  written  certificate  of 
the  chief  inspector  of  factories,  which  appointment  shall  be  subject  to  such 
conditions  as  may  be  specified  in  that  certificate. 

"Suspension"  means  suspension  by  written  certificate  in  the  health 
register,  signed  by  the  surgeon,  from  employment  in  any  process  mentioned 
in  the  schedules. 





It  shall  be  the  duty  of  the  occupier  to  observe  Part  I  of  these 

It  shall  be  the  duty  of  all  persons  employed  to  observe  Part  II 
of  these  regulations. 

Part  I. 

Duties  of  occupiers. 

1.  — (a)  Every  vessel  containing  any  substance  named  in  Schedules 
A  or  B  shall,  if  steam  is  passed  into  or  around  it,  or  if  the  temperature 
of  the  contents  be  at  or  above  the  temperature  of  boiling  water,  be  covered 
in  such  a  way  that  no  steam  or  vapor  shall  be  discharged  into  the  open  air 
at  a  less  height  than  twenty  feet  above  the  heads  of  the  workers. 

(b)  In  every  room  in  which  fumes  from  any  substanoe  named  in 
Schedules  A  or  B  are  evolved  in  the  process  of  manufacture  and  are  not  re¬ 
moved  as  above,  adequate  through  ventilation  shall  be  maintained  by  a  fan 
or  other  efficient  means. 

2.  Ho  substanoe  named  in  Schedule  A  shall  be  broken  by  hand  in  a 
crystallizing  pan,  nor  shall  any  liquor  containing  it  be  agitated  by  hand, 
except  by  means  of  an  implement  at  least  6  feet  long. 

3.  Ho  substance  named  in  Schedule  A  shall  be  crushed,  ground,  or 
mixed  in  the  crystalline  condition,  and  no  oartridge  filling  shall  be  done, 
except  with  an  efficient  exhaust  draught  so  arranged  aB  to  carry  away  the 
dust  as  near  as  possible  to  the  point  of  origin. 

4.  Cartridges  shall  not  be  filled  by  hand  except  by  means  of  a 
suitable  scoop. 



5.  Every  drying  stove  shall  ho  efficiently  ventilated  to  the  out¬ 
side  air  in  suoh  manner  that  hot  air  from  the  stove  shall  not  he  drawn 
into  any  workroom. 

Ho  person  shall  he  allowed  to  enter  a  stove  to  remove  the  contents 
until  a  free  current  of  air  has  been  passed  through  it. 

6.  A  health  register,  containing  the  names  of  all  persons  employed, 
shall  he  kept  in  a  form  approved  hy  the  ohief  inspector  of  factories. 

7.  Ho  person  shall  he  newly  employed  for  more  than  a  fortnight 
without  a  certificate  of  fitness  granted  after  examination  hy  the  surgeon 
hy  signed  entry  in  the  health  register. 

8.  Every  person  employed  shall  he  examined  hy  the  surgeon  once  in 
each  calendar  month  (or  at  such  other  intervals  as  may  he  prescribed  in 
writing  hy  the  chief  inspector  of  factories)  on  a  date  of  which  due  notice 
shall  he  given  to  all  concerned. 

9.  The  surgeon  shall  have  power  of  suspension  as  regards  all 
persona  employed,  and  no  person  after  suspension  shall  he  employed  without 
written  sanction  from  the  surgeon  entered  in  the  health  register. 

10.  There  shall  he  provided  and  maintained  for  the  use  of  all 
persons  employed— 

(a)  Suitable  overalls  or  suits  of  working  clothes  whioh  shall  he 
collected  at  the  end  of  every  day's  work,  and  (in  the  case  of  overalls) 
washed  or  renewed  at  least  onoe  every  week;  and 

(b)  A  suitable  meal  room,  separate  from  any  room  in  which  a  pro¬ 
cess  mentioned  in  the  schedules  is  carried  on,  unless  the  works  are  olOBed 

during  meal  hours;  and 


(o)  A  suitable  cloakroom  for  clothing  ^t  off  during  working 

hours;  and 

(d)  A  suitable  place,  separate  from  the  cloakroom  and  meal  r< 

for  the  storage  of  the  overalls; 

For  the  use  of  all  persons  handling  substances  named  in  the 

schedules — 

(e)  india-rubber  gloves,  which  shall  be  collected,  examined,  and 
cleansed,  at  the  close  of  the  day-s  work  and  shall  be  repaired  or  renewed 
when  defective,  or  other  equivalent  protection  for  the  hands  against  contact; 

For  the  use  of  all  persons  employed  in  processes  mentioned  in 
Schedule  A — 

(f)  Clogs  or  other  suitable  protective  footwear. 

11.  There  shall  be  provided  and  maintained  in  a  cleanly  state  and 
in  good  repair  for  the  use  of  all  persons  employed: 

A  lavatory  under  cover,  with  a  sufficient  supply  of  clean  towels, 
renewed  daily,  and  of  soap  and  nail  brushes,  and  with  either: 

(a)  A  trough  with  a  smooth  impervious  surface,  fitted  with  a  waste 
pipe  without  plug,  and  of  such  length  as  to  allow  at  least  two  feet  for  every 
five  such  persons,  and  having  a  constant  supply  of  warm  water  from  taps  or 
jets  above  the  trough  at  intervals  of  not  more  than  two  feet;  or 

(b)  At  least  one  lavatory  basin  for  every  five  such  persons, 

m,«  .i«„ .  ...»  n,.  ■»  *  ‘ 

and  having  either  a  eonatant  oupply  of  hot  and  cold  rater  or  nano  rater  laid 
..  or  (If  a  eon.tant  oupply  of  Ml  rater  he  net  r.aoo.oWj  ,r.etl..hle> 
a  oonatant  a.pply  of  -tor  laid  on  and  a  of  »  -*«  ^  “ 


when  required  for  use  by  persona  employed; 

For  the  use  of  all  persons  employed  in  processes  mentit 

Schedules  A  and  B — 

(o)  Sufficient  and  suitable  bath  accommodation. (douche  or  other), 
with  hot  and  cold  water  laid  on  and  a  sufficient  supply  of  soap  and  towels. 
Provided  that  the  chief  inspector  may  in  any  particular  case  approve  of 
the  use  of  public  baths,  if  conveniently  near,  under  the  conditions  (if 

any)  named  in  such  approval* 

12.  Ho  person  shall  he  allowed  to  introduce,  keep,  prepare,  or 
partake  of  any  food,  drink,  or  tobacco  in  any  room  in  which  a  process  men¬ 
tioned  in  the  sohedules  is  oarrled  on. 

Part  IX. 

Duties  of  persons  employed. 

13.  Every  person  employed  shall: 

(a)  Present  himself  at  the  appointed  time  for  examination  by  the 
surgeon  as  provided  in  regulation  8; 

(b)  Wear  the  overalls  or  suit  of  working  clothes  provided  under 
regulation  10  (a) ,  and  deposit  them,  and  clothing  put  off  during  working 
hours,  in  the  places  provided  under  regulation  10  (c)  and  (d); 

(o)  Use  the  protective  appliances  supplied  in  reBpect  of  any 
process  in  which  he  is  engaged; 

(d)  Carefully  clean  the  hands  before  partaking  of  any  food  or 

leaving  the  premises; 


week,  and.  when  the  materials  n 

tioned  in  the  schedules  have  been  spilt  ( 

t  (e)  shall  not  apply  to  peri 

is  exempted  by  signed  entry  of  the 

surgeon  in  the  health  register 

suspension,  work  in  any  process  mentioned  in 

ules  without  written  sanction  from  the  surgeon  entered  in  the  health  register 
(b)  introduce,  keep,  prepare,  or  partake  of  any  food,  drink,  or 

n  in  which  a  process  mentioned  in  the  schedules  is 

(o)  Break  by  hand  in  a  crystallizing  pan  any  substance  named  in 
Schedule  A,  or  agitate  any  liquor  containing  it  by  hand,  except  by  means 
of  an  implement  at  least  6  feet  long; 

(d)  interfere  in  any  way,  without  the  concurrence  of  the  occupies 
or  manager,  with  the  means  and  appliances  provided  for  the  removal  of  the 
fumes  and  dust,  and  for  the  carrying  out  of  these  regulations. 

H.  J.  Gladstone, 

One  of  His  Majesty's  Principal  Secretariat 
of  State. 

Home  Office,  Whitehall, 
30th  December,  1908. 



Processes  in  the  manufacture  of; 
Paranitrochlorbenzol . 


Processes  in  the  manufacture  of: 

Anilin  oil. 

Anilin  hydrochloride. 


Any  process  in  the  manufacture  of  explosives  with  use  of  dinitro- 
benzol  or  dinitrotoluol. 

whether  or  not  you  expect  to  have  the  toluol  product  of 
your  Johnotown  Plant  pn  the  market  for  delivery  over  the 
twelve  month  of  next  year.  If  this  is  the  case  we  ehould 
he  very  pleaaed  to  get.  in  touch  with  you  with  the  view  of 


Knitting  Mills  Op. 

■  (HOSIER  YJ  ■ 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller,  Secretary, 
Thomas  A.  Edison, 

receipt  of  your  favor  of  July  26th. 

what  we  want  to  get  at  is  your  price. 

Recently  the  writer  wasUn  Hn  haHn°en- 

and  called  up  your  Oil  for  future  delivery  the 

gagement  to  see  Mr.  Edison  aoouu  the  especial  purpose 

following  Monday  and  stayed  over  i  1  t  t  t  your  orange  of- 

of  seeing  Mr.  Edison  and  on  Mo 5ut  of  the  City  for  the 
fice  only  to  he  informed  that  ur.  naibon  it  ou  wouia  write  us 

day  hut  was  told  that  upon  k?;?  re^ir?,  .  to  haa~  from  you  we  wrote 

and  give  us  price  onAnilineOil^  ^iiing  t  ^  &  SQCOnd  request  for 
you  for  a  price  and  our  letter  of  J  y  rsa  We  can  huy  Aniline 

a  price.  So  far.  we  have  not  gotten  it.  Of  course^  e  aaked  ara 
Oil  from  other  sources  hut  hlFll  that  we  cannot  afford 

absolutely  absurd  made  lome  contracts  at  a  cheap- 

to  use  the  goods.  We  know  that  you  and  the  information  we 

Yours  very  truly, 

Anniston  Knitting  Mills  Co. 

AC-C.  lA 

d  u>  i 



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^  ^rrr^r  X.^.  u. 

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0/  r  jsP-'Uw.o-w  lvw* 


jStKWA1^K,N.J.  August.  5%;  191 



,  <° 

V  / 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Silver  lake,  '  fife  ^  ,/ 

».ur.  /  />, 
s?2uf  ass  ssrj-ss 

1915  to  he  delivered  in  tank  oars  at  your  siding  at^  j?  C 
Silver  Lake,  H.  J.  v/^CA 

On  June  26th  we  shipped  to  you  tank  oar  J 
d\vx  1020  loaded  with  Mixed  Acid  to  Silver  Lake  H.  J.  ^  a 

St  on  July  16th,  a  period  for  the  round  trip  from  \  j, 
our  plant  of  twenty  days.  y 

On  June  30th  we  shipped  tank  oar  GAT* 

aa«awwa  s». 

V/e  understand  from  your  Mr.  Opdyke 
that  you  have  no  storage  oapacity  at  your 
Ko°s^,^alireIchULy“nly  such  quantity  of 
Aoid  as  you  oonsume. 

We  have  arranged with  your  Mr.  Opdyke 
that  he  inform  us  when  he  has  unloaded  the  g««ent 

£S%Hrijipp.«  *>  y.« .. »«. 

the  one  is  empty  whioh  you  have. 



As  we  have  made  arrangements  for  supplying  you 
with  the  full  amount  of  your  contract,  160  tons  per 
\  month  which  is  about  five  cars  of  aoid  per  month  we 
’  must  draw  your  attention  to  the  faot  that  we  are  being 
somewhat  embarrassed  in  this  matter  by  your  lack  of 
storage  as  we  have  a  considerable  quantity  of  this 
aoid  on  hand -taking  up  storage  room  in  our  Plant 
and  would  request  you  thereiore  to  relieve  the  situa¬ 
tion  so  that  we  may  supply  you  promptly  with  the 
contracted  amount  each  months 

Yours  very  truly. 


Thomas  A.  31130H,  Bag. 

the  crude  Benzol. 

Our  real  deficiency  at  the  moraont  is  in  retard  to  recovery.  V/e  are 
today  putting  in  larger  pumps;  wo  are  also  erecting  a  powerful  refrigerating 
plant  to  supplement  the  cooling  arrangement 3,  now  entirely  inadequate,  and  are 
making  other  improvements.  These  things  take  time,  hut  I  hope  hy  the  beginning 
of  September  to  soo  our  plant  balanced  up  and  a  nropor  recovery  made.  Meantime 
we  expect  to  got  1,200  to  1,!>00  gallons  daily  and  to  ship  you  say  BOO  gallons. 

I  think  our  arrangement  with  yon  should  be  put  into  formal  shape  in 
accordance  with  our  usual  selling  arrangements,  and  the  Sales  hemrtment  will 
send  you  a  contract  for  your  approval.  The  destruction  of  the  car  of  Benzol 
involved  a  severe  los3  and  raises  tho  question  whothor  wo  should  bo  expected  to 
replace  any  oars  lost  in  transit.  Tho  price  covers  freight  and  duty,  but  I  did 
not  regard  it  as  a  guaranteed  delivery. 

You  will,  r  know,  take  a  just  and  reasonable  view  in  all  these  matters, 
and  I  liave  no  doubt  v/e  can  get  our  arrsngonents  working  on  a  fair  basis. 

yours  very  t  inly , 

}hr~  •  j 

J  txr^lrtz^  7J<W^| 

r)  7 ^hluJv  ^  ^  <u^^4 

/7^w<  JJk  *f— -  A  ^  l*J«  iU£tx. 

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^4  lb  (Jib  yb 

lO-*-*S  (jO-o^^  0-»A_  Im-uaa^  (~*-<^^-*\  L^~  OAA-J! 

(jxt^-tf-  (Tj  V— , 

(jiA^U.  S'fo^t  (UY$~b  0  0  o.o  0  A 

6r^>  ^4^j*Xrooo  .fe» 

<a*^  >rx  d~  ^  || 

{ J  yb^a  lAH>JZZ  U3-4aX  (bA~  -^-^~A  G>  Q°~,b. 

5,0  _i^  vL~4.e$  ta.  ^ 

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q  a*  ab*'^  br  Jo4^o  Ur-Si*  (yub  ko^  /: 

U^s  (J^&T  i&UUt  fit /z  kb  P*jst 

(AX~v-o~cS(  L0-*-~-  </ 


^  U~*Jl  /-5  0  0  0  ^  C<— ^ 

(yV-O-O-Jl  (A)TL^t^  OaJlJ}  (?CM-C.S-/U^  fcS-A  <-/  t^\ 

j-tj-ti  W-tL-^^nt^a  ~T ^L'tA-'fC^Q  y-iTv^  bk\.  lA^nsf~  ^  p£c*^o  &~*1  d*s.'  , 
[4K Ai.  Ia/^j-^a.  J-  &b.  o^-  ^  c*~^  — ’-"^ 

l/(T ’jfchr7l  ^>7 



»KW  YORK.  Aug.  9,  1915, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 


Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir : 

It  affords  me  pleasure  to  transmit  to  you  an  original 
letter  from  Lord  I.Ioulton  congratulating  you  upon  the  successful 
manufacture  of  toluol. 

I.U&-  we  take  this  opportunity  of  inquiring  whether  you 
are  disposed  to  submit  a  tender  to  furnish  the  British  Government 
with  further  supplies  of  toluol,  and  if  so,  at  what  prices  and 
for  what  deliveries?  Or  'would  you  he  vdlliug  to  make  some 
arrangement  with  the  British  Government  by  which  the  use  of  your 
process  in  England  could  be  made  available  to  the  British  Govern¬ 

Permit  me,  in  this  connection,  to  thank  you  for  the  very 
broad  attitude  that  you  have  assumed  in  your  dealings  with  us,  and 
to  express  the  hope  that  you  will  call  upon  us  whenever  we  cai 
serve  you  in  any  way. 

Enclosure . 


on  this  subject  should  be 
addressed  to  this  Department 

Storej/a  Gate, 

n'mlmimler,  S.W. 



Ministry  op  Munitions  op  War, 

Explosives  Department, 

Institution  of  Mechanical  Engineers, 

R  Rr'  p  f - . St0rey’s  Gate’ 

RVi>{[  jW  !  ’  Westminster,  S.W. 

ALifc-  :• 

l" . •  27th  July  1915. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

With  reference  to  the  Contract  you  have 
with  my  Department  for  Pure  Toluol,  I  thought 
you  might  like  to  know  that  the  first  delivery 
has  arrived  per  the  s.s.  "Auchencraig. " 

This  Toluol  has  been  found  equal  to  the 
very  best  makes  in  this  country.  Furthermore 
it  has  arrived  in  good  condition  having  been  most 
carefully  packed  and  looked  after. 

I  wish  to  express  the  appreciation  of 
this  Department  as  to  the  way  in  which  this  first 
delivery  has  been  made  and  to  hope  that  the  re¬ 
mainder  of  the  Contract  will  be  fulfilled  equally 

Thomas  Edison  Esq., 

C/o  Messrs.  Morgan  Grenfell  &  Co., 
22  Old  Broad  Street,  E.C. 







August  9th,  1915. 

Ur.  Thomas  A,  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

You  will  see  that  I  have  not  forgotten  about  the 
Earanltranlline .  A  couple  of  mouths  ago— June  11th— you  expressed 
the  hope  that  your  aniline  plant  would  soon  he  running  steadily,  so 
that  you  would  he  in  a  position  to  tell  me  something  shout  the  prospects 
about  delivering  the  Paranltraniline.  I  should  like  very  much  to  mate 
a  practical  trial  of  the  100  lbs.  ordered  of  you,  and  am  keenly  inter¬ 
ested  in  hearing  what  progress  has  been  made  since  your  last  report. 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  U.  3.  Finishing  Co. 


MumzMi&iM*  Sms-MisrlUjiaiHmn,  HLS> 

2Tn.  d-l-'i  CiMtMiKarmrmr  STitmuir. 

^SSmrVi»mt r,  JKS51 

To:  Edison  Laboratories, 

V/ost  Orange,  11.  J. 

Subject:  Carbolic  acid  crystals. 

1.  I  understand  from  current  press  reports  that  you  are 
in  a  position  to  supply,  or  have  supplied.  Government  depart¬ 
ments  with  carbolic  acid. 

2.  This  office  is  now  in  the  market  for  the  Panama 
Canal  for  100  pound  bottles  of  carbolic  acid  crystals  of  U.  S. 
Pharmacopoeia  quality. 

3.  X  shall  be  very  glad  to  hoar  from  you  if  you  can 
furnish  this  article  either  in  the  containers  specified,  or 
other  sizes,  and  should  like  to  have  your  prices  thereon. 

Colonel,  Medical  Coins . 




makers  of 



,  1915. 


1  EAST  42nd  STREET 

The  Edison  Laboratories, 
West  Orange,  IT. 


August  10th, 


We  delivered  to  you  yWttrd^  Sy^JJoSfhaS"8 

;s  trr  *-****» 

This  type  of  instrument  is  Partioularl|  “f/^SSSt^Iof 
rhodium  thermocouples  for  '^s^J?“P^ermocouples  deliver  a  very  much 
very  high  sensitivity  Base  the  base  metalWe  is 

Mr.  Edison  expired  *«t“”!!“ifc~i1.ToinsSr 

Friday,  that  he  wished  “ost  open  a^ae  Wstru.^  offloe>  ^  v;e 

and  it  occurred  to  the  writer  aftei  forSyou  by  using  this  single 

could  turn  out  a  particularly  °P®  .  le  0f  any  we  malce,  and  which 

pivot  indicator  which  has  the  longest  -  q  for  fuii  scale  da¬ 
is  sensitive  enough  for  such  a  low  range  a  <VWCt-<- j 


In  order  to  enahle  yon 

desired,  we  Prided' couple,  so 'enlbling  ydu%o  disregard 

&%£££?;  ° v9  »  rls  «  Sife  s  SSL 

ss.'>wdan«”S\rnSLrSd  - 

Tilth  the  pyrometer  M  ^lled  vou^lll^to^eajore^only 
the  temperature  at  the  instrumen  »  that" it  stands  at  the  at- 

S3££TS3SS.*S  ofntiSrS^d  neon  the  Inetr-ent.. 

„  epeel^hlJS 

it  will  be  found  entirely  satisfactory. 

As  we  did  not  suggest  the  compensator  leads  in  place  of  copper 
leads,  „e  prSo“  to  fnrngh  tho.e  .l.hont  ohare,  for  them,  although 



those  leads  which  are 
fully  prepared  alloys 

covered  with  real 
are  ordinarily  35 

If,  as  we  hope,  you  decide  to 
pyrometers  for  use  on  the  other  tanks,  v, 
least  ten  days  to  make  delivery. 

asbestos  and  composed  of  care- 
cents  per  foot, 

purchaoe  two  more  of  these 
we  trust  you  can  give  us  at 

v-e  pnriose  herewith  two  copies  of  blue  print  #3  which  re- 
system  is  to  be  moved. 

re  send  you  this  letter  in  duplicate  believing  that  you  wish 
+  n  r  =t'i  in  one  copy7 in  your  files  at  west  Orange  and  refer  me  otln.* 
copy  Vo  the  men  in  charge  of  the  operations  at  Silver  Lake. 

Yours,  very  truly, 

V;iLS01I-rJ.EULEi!  CO. 


August  11th.  1915. 

Mrs.  Robert  S.  Cameron, 

Cion  Alpine, 

Antigon'ish  County, 

.llova  Soot  la,  Canada. 

Dear  I.iadam: 

Your  favor  of  the  14th  ultimo  to  "r.  r.dison  has  been 
rooalved,  and  he  ’wishes  U3  to  thank  you  for  your  kind  intentions 
in  sending  him  the  printer  pages  about  the  dyeing  of  textile  fab¬ 
rics.  She  Information  In  these  pages  would  bo  of  absolutely  no 
uso  whatever  at  the  prosent  day,  as  all  the  methods  of  dyeing  de¬ 
scribed  therein  have  passed  away  many  years  ago.  Jlearly  all  dyes 
are  made  from  Aniline,  which  Is  a  coal  tar  product,  and  these 
products  have  entirely  supercedod  the  old  fashion  methods.  7/e,  | 

therefore,  return  the  prlntod  pagos  to  you  herewith. 

In  reply  to  your  riu  nation,  as  to  whether  alcohol  can 
bo  rendered  tinf it  for  consumption  In  the  form  of  liquor,  we  bog 
to  say  that  It  Is  a  .regular  article  in  the  trade,  and  It  Is  callod 
."denatured".  A  substance  Is  added  which  makes  the  alcohol  ob¬ 
noxious  to  the  smell  and  unfit  for  consumption. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laborat ory. 


Attention  of  Mr.  7Z.H.  Meadowcroft. 

As  we  telephoned  your  Mr.  Meadowcroft,  we  had  two 
gentlemen  from  the  Hercules  Powder  Co.  call  on  uo  and  they 
asked  us  to  find  out  by  telegram  exactly  when  the  first 
8100  gallons  of  CP  Toluol  can  be  shipped  from  Woodward,  and 
we  trust  that  you  will  let  us  know  of  the  reply  you  receive 
from ''Woodward  as  soon  as  you  get  it. 

They  also  asked  us  to  make  sure  of  the  following 
arrangements  which  we  already  made  with  them:- 

1. -  To  send  sample  as  per  their  pre¬ 
vious  request  to  DuPont  Eastern 
Laboratory,  Chester,  Pa.  in  the 
way  they  requested  us. 

2. -  The  post  card  notice  about  the 
shipment  to  be  mailed  to  Hercules 
Powder  Co,,  Wilmington,  at  the 
oame  time  when  each  shipment  in 
made . 

3. -  Mitsui  &  Co.,  Ltd.,  New  York  are 

to  send  the  Hercules  Powder  Co. 
the  bill,  accompanied  bv  .Edison 
Plant's  chemical  analysis  and 
"raTlway  B/L.  '  ' 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Inc. 
To  W.  H.  Meadowcroft 


These  two  gentlemen  who  are  in  their  Traffic 
Department  asked  us  to  give  them  the  priviledge  to  telegraph 
direct  to  the  Edison  Benzol  Absorbing  Plant,  Woodward,  ALA. 
in  case  they  want  to  find  out  if  their  tank  car  reaches  there 
from  time  to  time,  and  in  case  they  do  so  they  wish  your 
Woodward  people  to  wire  reply  direct  to  their  office  in 
Wilmington.  Such  telegrams  from  Hercules  to  Woodward  will 
be  signed  by  H.  J.  Taggart,  Hercules  Powder  Company. 

Trusting  that  you  will  arrange  the  matter  as  men¬ 
tioned  above,  and  with  kind  regards. 

Very  truly  yours. 

ST/KN . 

^  0“ 

Y  r' 

August  11. 

i*  , 


/  X 


Messrs.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

We  are  just  in  receipt  of  your  tel¬ 
egram  reading: 

"We  have  made  express  shipment 
Phenol  this  afternoon". 

We  are  pleased  indeed  to  have  this 
information,  and  we  hope  this  shipment  will  he 
followed  immediately  hy  further  shipments  by 
freight,  until  the  quantity  already  due  us  on 
contract  is  completed. 

It  was  only  this  morning  we  reoeived 
your  esteemed  favor  of  the  6th  inst.,  andweare 
glad  indeed  that  you  were  able  to  make  good  the 
fromise  made  in  this  letter,  which  was  that  your 

7  st ill  would  be  running  this  week. 

As  regards  quality,  we  are  not  prone 
to  complain  unnecessarily,  nor  to  unreasonable 
in  our  demands,  but  as  we  have  already  stated  to 
you,  we  use  the  Phenol  in  the  manufacture  of  a 
medicinal  chemical  product,  end  the  Phenol  we  u 

ing  of  you. 

■  it  is  qfcite  different  from  that  of  other 
'‘chemical  houses,  who  job  the  artiole  out  in  more  or 
less  smallcontainer s ,  and  a  slightly  less  pure 
artiole  really  does  not  make  much  difference  in  such 

we  hope  that  you  will  ^o^81" 

tion,  and  that  all  we  desire  is  to  ben_fa|£  in  our 
dealings  with  you,  and  not  to  be  unnecessarily 


Messrs.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino« 

8/11/15  No.  S. 

«  „  .iff.rMiasnsia.SSjKs’ 

S-«t*S£S: ‘SS&TPi.rSl  “JTimiJ  «**. 

us  best  price  possible. 

Very  truly  yours, 


August  18th.  1915 

Col.  1.  Brechenien, 

Uodioal  Supply  Bap.ot ,  U.  S.  Armjr , 
543  Greenwich  Street, 

I!ow  York  City. 

Daar  Sir: 

I  am  in  racoipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  9th  in3tant  in  regard  to  Carbolic  Acid 
Crystals,  and  would  say  that  T  have  already 
supplied  the  Army  Dopartmont  of  our  Govern¬ 
ment  with  sonr.  of  these  crystals. 

The  Carbolic  that  I  am  now  making 
is  in  white  oyystals,  milting  point  about 
40,  and  is  vary  close  to  U.  S.  Pharmacopoeia 
quality.  The  entire  production  of  my  plant 
is  contracted  for  up  to  the  and  of  the  present 
year,  but  if  it  would  bo  any  accommodation 
to  the  Yedical  Supply  Bopot  to  havo  one  hundred 
(100)  pounds,  I  could  furnish  it  in  galvanised 
iron  containers  containing  about  twenty-five 
pounds  each,  at  seventy-five  (75)  cents  per 
pound . 

Yours  very  truly, 

August  12th.  1915. 

Mr.  Andrew  Mir la ,  Pur.  Agent, 

She  Unitad  State 3  finishing  Co., 

320  Broadway, 

Iiow  York  City. 

Bear  ”r.  Imhrie: 

T  rocoivod  your  favor  of  the  ninth 
instant,  and  it  is  with  a  good  deal  of  rogrot 
that  I  am  ohligod  to  write  and  say  that  i  can¬ 
not  so's  any  immediate  prospect  of  making  up 
some  Parahitranilino..  I  have  contracted  all 
my  Aniline  Oil  up  to  tho  ond  of  the  year,  and 
the  necessities  of  tho  Trade  are  so  groat  that 
I  am  importuned  for  overy  pound  that  I  can  turn 
out  for  the  immediate  present.  This  leaves 
me  without  any  Aniline  Oil  for  making  Para- 
nitraniline.  However,  I  am  hoping  that  the  tr- 
mendous  rush  will  he  over  in  five  or  six  weeks, 
and  trust  that  I  may  he  able  to  take  up  this 
matter  again  later  on. 


Yours  very  truly, 


August  12th.  1915. 

Ur.  V? .  C.  Andrews, 

200  ?ifth  Avonuo, 

How  York  City. 

Soar  Sir: 

iVa  are  in  receipt  of  a  latter  from 
tho  York  Knitting.  Mills  Company  asking  us  to 
supply  them  with  five  hundred  pounds  more  of 
Aniline  Oil.  I  writs  to  ask  whether  this  is 
for  you.  Ycu  will  remember  that  on  account  of 
your  friendly  relations  with  Ur.  Hutchison  wd 
made  an  exception  of  your  ca30  and  letyyou  have 
two  lots,  which  I  had  to.  "steal"  in  order  to 
accommodate  you. 

Please  let  mo  know  about  this  other 


Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ur.  lalson. 

3  Uc  J  ^  •  *'*"'* 

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Mr.  Herter: 

I  want  right  away  another  hlower  11* 
the  two  we  use  on  the  new  dryers.  foot 

Buffalo.  We  got  the  two  I  thin*  from  Wicolal. 
See  If  he  has  another.  Show  this  to  Ueadowcroft 
and  tell  him  to  go  for  the  second  hand  man. 

r.  Caum  says  that  Mr.  Mi  son 

has  reference 

to  an  exhauster. 

'  '//Air  , 


tr>1'  ,\ugu 



*  .  * 

>  ** 

Deferring  to  my  personal  contracts  with  you  for 
Caustic  Soda,  one  contract  -being  dated  April  15th  and  the 
other  June  24th.  1915,  covering  1500  and  1,000  tons  of  Can- 
otic  Soda  respectively,  let  me  say  that  up  to  this  time  1 
have  not  called  on  you  for  any  of  the  Caustic  Soda  under 
those  contracts,  and  have  none  on  hand  or  stocked  up,  a8  I 
thought  you  could  dispose  cT  it  to  groat  advantage  to  your¬ 

However,  my  second  plant  is  nav  ready  for  opera¬ 
tion,  and  I  will  take  the  Caustic  Soda  in  deliveries  as  per 
I  contract,  commencing  at  once.  Will  you  please,  theroforo,  ba- 
1  gin  to  make  regular  shipments  at  your  earliest  convenience. 

^  Lot  me  say  in  addition,  I  hope  you  can  promise  mo 
.  urmt  around  December  or  January  next  you  can  let  me  have  a 
VlittiS"  beyond  my  oontradt  requirements. 

Yours  very  truly. 

William  H.  Head owcr oft.  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Valley  Itond, 

Went  Orange,  H.  J. 

XSy  dear  Meadowcroft:- 

X  see  by  the  newspapers  that  your  establishment^!/ 
are  charged  with  complicity  in  the  transmission  of  war  material 
to  Europe.  While  you  deny  that  this  is  the  case  (as  reposed) 

I  should  think  it  would  be  very  good  business  and  I  nm  writing 
you  to  ask  you  if  you  can  eive  me  the  names  of  likely  purchasers 
of  picric  and  sulphuric  acid.  Personally  I  have  no  scruples 
about  dealing  in  war  munitions  snd  am  in  a  position  to  handle 
a  large  output  of  both  these  products  if  I  can  get  the  price. 

Can  you  tell  me  the  best  people  to  tackle  here,  and 
greatly  oblige , 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

F.  W.  Myers  &  Co. 


Forwarding  and  IiiHuranr.f 


U.  S.  llON»BI>  CAHRI1SHS 

Vf,  enclose  you  nn  owner'n  declaration  for  th«  benzol 
that  was  imp or tea  In  oar  020,  the  involoe  value  #lr«»  *bb 

®t  now  appears  that  the  question  of  value  has  arisen 
with  the  customs  at  this  port,  and  we  understand  they  elaim 
it  is  a  case  of  undervaluation,  that  the  prioe  as  stateq  in 
the  enclosed  is  not  the  aotual  Canadian  marlcet  value. 

Any  information  that  you  ean  furnish  us  with  at  onoe, 
that  is  either  the  original  or  copies  of  the  invoices  you  are 
receiving  from  the  Dominion  iron  &  Steel  Co.,  would  assist  ub 
in  establishing,  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  customs  at  this  port 
that  the  price  as  shown  on  the  enclosed  is  the  aotual  prioe 
that  your  company  paid  for  seme,  and  endeavor  to  avoid  any 
delay  or  the  oar  at  this  port. 

your  attention  by  return  Ball  will  oblige, 

1  Sears,  Roebuck  and  Co. 

llKl'AHTMKNT  273 

ik'moi'.vtino  lOlfi'lOSG  SOUTH  SPAULDING  AVENUE 


August  17  th,  191^ 
"Tuesday"  ^  * . 

,/V V*' 

V/e  have  been  advised  that  you 
are  making  or  are  about  to  make  certain’ 
anilineB  and  v/e  v/ill  he  glad  to  have  you 
advise  us  what  you  have  to  offer.  We 
use  large  quantities  anually  in  the  man¬ 
ufacture  of  colors  for  our  wall  PaPe]; 
printing  and  the  mills  that  furnish  us 
with  certain  of  our  products  are  ..Iso 
large  consumers  for  our  account. 

We  would  he  willing  to  contract, 
over  a  reasonable  period  of  time,  for  any 
of  your  products  that  v/e  could  use  ana  v/e 
would  like  to  have  the  opportunity  of 
sending  our  chemist,  who  is  thoroughly 
conversant  with  our  needs,  to  go  over  the 
matter  with  you  at  your  earliest  comen-, 
ience.  In  any  event,  v/e  will  appreciate 
a  reply  from  you  giving  the  situation  at 
the  present  time. 

Very  t: 



'NValA.Kkau  .t  Co. 

August  17,  1915. 


•v.«f  go  ~  -Kn-ff-j”’'  "(•"‘T^  '  1  . 

“•  !i~a°"“rf%Ln-K~  ;Jr-\  c°"' 

ly  Telephone  conversatijon  with  ...  ^ 

Bear  l.Ir 

Confirming  my  Tele  pi 

you  this  morning,  I ‘ 
!*«««.  in  JnMition.1  .■ 

quantity  of  from  600  to  650  gall«Ws  of  pure  benzol  C-~p 
per  day  for  sale.  This  benzol  is  of  the  same  quality  \ 
as  that  which  we  have  sold  you  formerly. 

I  am  offering  this  benzol  for  Mr .  Edison*  s 
consideration  before  I  do  anything  further  about  sell¬ 
ing  it. 

Please  call  me  on  the  telephone  if  Mr.  Edison 
is  interested,  and  I  shall  be  guided  by  his  advice,  as  X 
have  been  in  the  past. 

With  kind  personal  regards,  I  am, 

Yours  very  truly, 


Wm.  H.  Meadowcraft,  Esq.,  **" 

Assistant  to  l’homas  A.  Edison,  r,sq.. 
Orange,  H.  J. 



^  w  !*■»** 

Aug.  17,  1915. 

U'  s*r. 

*Xi:h  t^ 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  the  16th  inet.  *y  *  fr  \ 

We  are  pleased  to  learn  that  you  are  readyv|o  tjake 
deliveriee  of  Cauetio  Soda  on  the  contracts  mention^  in  ^ 

letter.  — 

Thoee  oontraote,  ae  you  Know,  cover  monthly  deliveriee 

of  125  tone,  and  100  tone  reepeotively.  and  ae  there  ie  only  about 

of  the  month  of  Auguet  left  we  preeume  for  ehipment  between  now 
and  Sept,  let  you  would  retire  eay  63  tone,  on  aooount  of  oontraot 
dated  Apr.  16,  and  50  tone  on  aooount  of  oontraot  dated  June  24th. 
and  thereafter  fill  shipments  each  month  of  125  tone  and  100  tone 

lf  this  he  your  decree,  and  you  will  kindly  eend  ue  by 
return  mail  full  ehipping  inetruotione  we  will  begin  deliveriee  at 
the  earlieet  opportunity,  but  ae  our  obligation  Hot  le  eo  heavy 
jfor  the  current  month,  it  would  be  «*«'  an  accommodation  if  you 
Luld  permit  ue  to  etart  making  ehipmente  the  beginning  of  September, 
kowever,  whatever  your  recrements  may  be  we  will  endeavor  to 

Lm>  OVt  uk* 

j  Yours  truly,  «£***  navi'*#'*  ^ 

I  WING  &  B7ANS^C<  tn^w^  Atrurt* 


Itith.  1015. 

Hr.  C.  ?.  Poth , Manager , 

National  '^position  of  Chemical  Industries, 

II 271  Orand  Central  Palace, 

Hew  York  City . 

Dear  Sir: 

Your’  favor  of  the  12th  instant  to 
Sir.  Edison  has  teen  received,  and  ho  requests 
mo  to  say  that  hev.ou.ld  like  to  make  an  ex¬ 
hibit.  i7ill  you  kindly  favor- me  with  full 
particulars  how  to  arrange  for  this. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Edison. 

August  10th.  1915 

Wilson-I-'.aeulen  Company, 

1  Oast  42nd  Street, 

Kaw  York  City. 


I  am  in  receipt  of  ycur  favor  of 
the  tenth  instant,  which  has  had  my  careful 

I  will  trust  entirely  to  your  Judg¬ 
ment  to  give  us  the  best  and  most  reliable 
Pyods  for  our  work.  Will  you  please  go  ahead 
and  make  two  more  for  our  second  kettle.  Wo 
may  require  them  in  fifteen  days. 

Yours  ver;-  truly, 

August  IS  til.  1915. 

ding  &  ’’.vans., 

22  IV 1111am  Street, 

IJow  York  City. 


I  am  In  reeoipt  of  your  favor  of  thel7th  Instant,  con¬ 
tents  of  which  have  hion  carefully  noted. 

I  would  vary  muoh  like  to  aocommodato  you  hy  permit¬ 
ting  yon  to  commoner  shipments  at.  the  beginning  of  September, 
hut  I  am  ohligad  to  leave  about  eighty-five  (85)  tons  ho  two  an  now 
and  Soptarabor  first,  as  wo  wars  ohligad  to  borrow  some  from  our 
other  plant .  I  shall  be  vary  much  obliged  If  you  will  kindly  tako 
oara  of  mo  by  shipping  this  eighty- five  (85)  tons  at  your  earliest 
possible  convenience. 

Commencing  Sept  amber  first,  1  will  ask  you  to  kindly 
commence  shipments  of  the  full  quantity  of  125  and  100  tons  par 
month  respectively  on  my  two  contracts  with  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 

'^U~  Ut°n  “*  .  .  .  r>.  E».  ^^U^^UVW&«.<cJr 


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■Replying  to  your  favor_o<Fi 

shipping  you  about  85  tone  pri  artAjjggfi 
shipments  with  the  full  mon thly^tiartil'ti ■ 

VLe>rtll.- instruct  f 

jjftW5«rCW>  d-C.  «-n^n  <*-* 

e  shipments  of  Causti’o  Sada-'SS^qn^'aB'ptaa^^a^. 

kftfcta  «>  ** 

5  tone  o r i Q r  t . \  1  ‘ '  a  n  dvhhen~- -entiMn iT -f ri  ir:,1: 

£SS**“ —  r  — - 

; ,  ^.1  st:1'  ahaVbhen-  ■  continuing-^ 
b~,  f^-vt 

shipments  with  the  full  monthly 
respectively  on  your  two  contract 

You  gave  us  no  special  shi^tij^-^-nstructions 
simply  have  the  goods  consigned  toTTK^^^liw'e on",  Orange,  H.  J. , 
and  in  shipping  will  send  the  quaYi^^bf^^at.^,^J?apr«eentgd-"-by^the;| 
/Sample  lot  of  10  drums  which  were  forwarded -in-^ar^Ro^  34,841 
D.L.  &  W.*  marked  Special  76%,  and  oonsigne^to  Thos.  AHyZilgony  Ino,, 
as  we  understand  not  having  heard  from  yo/'t oTtfie^Sontr th^  this 
Speoial  76%  artiole  will  meet  with  your  /re  quit  emente,/  and/if  this  be 

J*  ft  V 

I  &  BVAHS,  ISC,  0^ 

VvX»  ^=^xz 

'V.G-'f  CvwAnG  l/twbXv^.  /-U  cLo^j o  cw<j  o  l^v'cwt  (vr.‘"(“\ 

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t^btlu  uv.A-\*s  jzj-c  <*-£<*-&- 

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UXt-iwH"  -UJ-iz-v^  -jorr  <v  •Q-^-a-CC  Jbwvwi .._ 

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w^-ttcu  ^Wv-J.i3|j coJr^^b  •VK.  <— ■ 
°t/C/Vvww.(<.  tr«i.|a'T4*  /VVw<riwt(v0  p«<t_«w  T^-wj 

.  Lo-t-tL  tt rc*-vwf  dr  CH^Z&C^sJ  Jr  t-ii-'JiCL  6*£j 

•"•  tl-zCtt.  i^Ct  an<.  S'jri-wj 

to"  ^cJlT  <^U,|t-¥-«'jX(‘w-1--1- — «| «..#  ) 

August  20th.  1915. 

Mr.  3.  H.  Plummer, 

King's  P.oad, 

Sydney,  Capo  Breton, 

Canada . 

Boar  tlr.  Plummer: 

I  have  received  your  favor  of  the 
12th  inBtant,  also  one  from  the  Toronto 
Chemical  Company,  and  into  samples  of  the 
C.  P.  Benzol  therein  referred  to.  I  havo 
had  these  samples  t-'stad  and  find  that  they 
are  both  first  class  .  -  C.  P.  Benzol. 

I  am  not  prepared  to  make  you  an 
offer  for  the  6,000  gallons  for  the  reason  that 
I  can  just  nicely  pull  through  with  the  Benzol 
X  an  receiving  from  you  together  with  that 
coming  from  my  own  plants.  Of  course,  I  shall 
appreciate your  getting  back  to  the  full  contract 
shipments  to  me  from  Sydney  as  early  as  possible. 

I  have  taken  thci  liberty  of  oalling 
the  attention  of  some  friends  of  ours  to  this 
6,000  gallons  of  Benzol  at  Sault  Ste.  .v.arie. 

I  refer  to  the  American  Oil  &  Supply  Company  of 
H iwark,  H.  J.,  who* will  probably  communicate  with 
you  in  regard  to  it,  as  they  are  in  the  market 
for  pure  Benzol. 

Yours  very  truly, 

America  1'ai*i:h  .VMiPiiu'AssocLmoN 

JtarYom^  August  SO,  1915 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

New  Jersey- 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  April  12th,  copy 
attached,  will  you  kindly  advise  v;hat  further,  if  anything, 
has  been  accomplished  with  regard  to  the  dye  situation. 

2  ^  iff**  4  J 

°V V*"“ 

C,  U^,J-  t[  SaLefXM  ^ 

H  ^^5ba~S#f 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Orange,  N.  .T. 

April  13th,  1915 

American  Paper  and  Pulp  Association, 

18  East  41s  St, 

New  York  City 

Gentlemen :~ 

O'  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  8th  inst  and 
beg  to  say  in  reply  that  I  am  building  a  plant  to  make  the  basic 
materials  for  dyes  such  as,  for  instance,  Nitrobenzol,  Aniline 
Oil,  Paranitraniline,  Par aphenylenedi amine,  Acetanilid,  Dipheny- 
lamine  and  Carbolic  Acid. 

Hany  of  these  materials,  in  conjunction  with  others, 
are  used  by  Dyers  to  produce  colors  in  their  vats.  Blacks  and 
browns  are  made  with  Aniline  Oil,  Chlorate  of  Soda  or  Chorate 
of  Potash  and  an  Acid.  Fast  reds  are  made  with  Beta  Naphthol 
and  Paranitraniline.  7.  may  fix  up  apparatus  to  make  a  blue. 

X  think  there  are  a  number  of  people  intending  to  start 
soon  to  use  these  basic  materials  to  make  a  line  of  dyes. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Thoa.  A.  Edison 





dominion  Iron  &  Stool  Co., 

Sydney,  N.  S. 

We  mailed  last  night  to  I.  I.  Myers  &  Co.  Bouses  Point, 
copy  invoice  and  also  copy  of  our  contract  with  yop  show¬ 
ing  price  is  based  on  three  year  arrangement.  I  hope  thi 
will  fix  the  matter. 




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The  Sutro  Bros.  Braid  Company 

Hudson  County  Boulevard  and  9th  Street — — 

o™.r „„  „„„ West  New  York,  N.  J MgSBuOzl. I ' 


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•  C.H.  La  FLAM  BOY,  Treas. 

Commercial  Acid  Company 

Chemical  Manufactn  re  rs . 


,f)ms,tr,7,s.  SuTiOms.Mo.  li£Xi«uc.v>rA,ltoc. 
A  V/ VR13  HO  USE : 






Mr.  Wm.  H.  Meadowcraft, 

o/o  laboratory  of  fhos.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  B.J. 

Dear  Sir: — 

We  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  19th  inst., 
and  in  reply  to  same  will  say  that  we  have  no  Acid  to  offer  at  the 
present  time,  as  our  entire  output  is  sold. 

We  shall  have  additional  oapacity  after  the  first  of  Janu¬ 
ary,  but  presume  that  will  be  too  late  for  your  pusposes. 

Regretting  our  inability  to  make  you  an  offer  and  thanking 
you  for  the  inquiry,  we  beg  to  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 



.-e-  IV  ^ 



Gentlemen: -your  favor  of  the  19th  Inst*  received* 
Wecaean  furnish  you  with  several  tank  care;  of.'  Chamber  aulnhuric; 
Acid  during  the  remainder  of  this-,  year  and  take  pleasure  in 
naming  you  a  price  of  §10*00  per  ton  of  2000  lbs*  f.O.b.  our 
tank  cars,  at  Perryville,.  lid.  We  cannot  give  you  the  freight.  rat« 
to  Silver  Lake  N.J.  but  will  secure  it.  from  the  agent  at  Perry- 
villa  and  advise  you  if  our  quotation  is  interesting.  We  have  a 
rate  of  §1*26.  Per  2000  lbs*  to  Camden,  N.J. 

Awaiting  your  reply  we  remain 


Per  Aw$7'f','£'(/S  PreB, 

The  above  price  is  basis  50Degrees  Bau^s 
to55I)egree  strength. 

4  ^  3 

.  P*&r%C 

^  e* 

^yXLui  k> 

QS&,<y»jr  f  (V/  ‘~r Ctf'*-^ 

(^3'^  ^  -3i-r  ^ 

^^ItrS  c^-xcX^rL  ££>$* 

,ok,  «,* trO'W 


Y  -M  ‘2v.*r-)  y?,\-;s 
SVHOtt  1?0>iV?vo  VOSIQ3 

•SI6i*p;:  anv 

Uk,  i 


p.  m  a  tjEwc°.nrf»B1-' 



27  NY  e  23  COLLECT  COLLECT 




‘AA  n  . .  jfi£  CfoScM 

F  W  MYERS  AND  CO  _ _ 

e|—  <Qjj£-  1 

6-{t-  cfi-etv-A — i 




win*  Tclc*ram,  .ubject  lotto  term.  AUgUSt  23,  1915. 

Birmingham,  Ala. 

T.  A.  Bdison 

MitBui  wants  information  about  oost  and  operation 
your  Benzol  Jgi&nt  an/  ours./  Is  agrej^fele  to  you. 


'  T&x&'W'j  . 

(_ku*v  C-eraK' 

zUfo  , 

^  WWij  {5 


■  ;  y  ^.4~%y 

yjrmS,dfo/V'}</,,y.  iiisust  23rd,  1918. 

Themes  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  I!.  J.,  U.  S. 

Beer  Sir:- 

\Te  heg  to  confirm  or 
the  detention  of  tank  cer  #520, 
Houses  Point . 


ir  telegram  to 
containing  Ben 



:cnnect  ion 
you,  at 


i7e  ere  at  a  loss  to  understand  why  there  should  have 
been  any  change  in  the  regulations  which  results  in  this  cer  being 
entered  for  duty  at  Houses  point  instead  of  going  through  as  in  case 
of  past  shipments.  Immediately  we  were  notified  that  this  car 
hod  been  heia  up  at  Houses  Point  we  sent  one  of  our  representatives 
from  Montreal  and  we  have  advice  from  him  now  that  the  car  has  been 
formally  seized  and  will  be  held  pending  payment  on  our  pert  in 
ezeess  of  £10,000.00.  This  amount  is  arrived  at  by  the  Benzol 
being  valued  for  duty  at  59&  cents  a  gallon,  and  the  Customs  demands 
a  deposit  of  the  full  value  of  the  car,  roughly  $5700.00,  plus  the 
duty  at  5  por  cent  and  plii3  the  penalty  of  7 5$  of  the  assessed  value 
of  the  oar.  Fortunately  Ur.  Plummer,  who  left  here  Friday  evening, 
is  in  Montreal  this  morning  and  we  have  transmitted  the  various 
messages  we  have  received  in  connection  with  thiB  car  to  him. 

',7e  now  have  your  telegram  to  the  effect  that  you  have 
forwarded  to  the  Collector  at  Houses  Point  copy  of  invoices  and 
contract  showing  the  same  to  be  for  three  years  end  that  you  hope  this 
will  fix  up  the  whole  matter.  I  sincerely  hope  so,  end  can  only 

T.  A.  Edison.  Esq, 

Aug.  23.1915. 


soy  thst  v/e  hove  already  represented  tc  the  Collector  ot  Rouses 
Point  this  information. 

'.7hen  some  of  the  earlier  shipments  of  Benzol  were  mode  to 
you  the  .American  Consul  here  raised  the  question  of  the  difference 
in  price  between  our  invoice  tc  you  snd  our  invoices  tc  other  concerns 
in  the  United  States.  In  one  esse  your  invoice  was  25  cents  per 
gallon  and  in  another  case  the  price  was  75  cents,  hut  we  showed  the 
American  Consul  the  documents  constituting  the  contract  end  he 
reported  to  the  Collector  at  new  fork,  who  was  evidently  quite 
satisfied  until  this  lest  shipment  which  is  now  held  up. 

In  the  meantime  we  are  not  shipping  any  further  Benzol 
to  you  until  this  matter  is  adjusted. 

Yours  faithfully. 



X  AMHERST,  OHIO  3/on/15 

"Z2 -^r^f 

Thomas  A.  Ellison,  A  \^Ti  \ 

„„nK.,  «•  *•  ^ 

Dear  Sir:  qJU*> 

ffe  are  in  receipt  of  your  esteemed 
favor  of  the  IBth .  and  in  o«£^o--f 

ZoTlT ^iSi-ii^fS’^r  -cn^ypi^  which 
you  state  you  do  not  **TC  Tj% 

Wothoughtl  perhaps  y«Ajl>«d  "'V  ^ 

*»■  mr“S°OT..iwe?‘“  ^nSg’crM,™ 

toJhave  you^aUej.s^oPricCaOn  th^^  ^  &  gmnple,  if^ 

!  • 

nulntitv^which  vou  produce  and  sending 
q^nSS  to  disposed  your  Naphthalene 

attention  in  this  matt* 

very  kindly  for  your 
remain , 

yours  truly. 


1 \  v>  p>  &  Gen.  Mgr. 

<)' ' 


efcZG.  WV  <v^3E— ,  “f» 


Commcroial  Acid  Company, 

39-43  Duncan  Avenue, 

St.  Louis,  Missouri. 


Your  favor  of  the  21st 

inst.  has  been  received  and  laid  before  Hr.  Edison. 

He  regrets  to  learn  you 

have  no  chamber  acid  to  offer  at  the  present  tine. 

As  to  next  year,  he  wishes 
me  to  say  that bewill  want  mixed  acids,  98$  acid  and 
oleum.  He  is  now  using  350  tons  of  mixed  acids, 

200  tons  of  oleum  and  400  tons  of  98$  monthly. 

■fours  very  truly. 

Asst,  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Will  arrive  in  .-last on  Thursday  night.  Will 

come' to  Orango  Fri«day. 

W.H.  Mason. 

JcUzccU  U*uf  cc*t±c'i.^  <fc  7*'**- 

I  tWf^  /<U  h-Uj^h  cm-  (t*  M-tUn*  y«€ttoC  *<  tv*<3)ton w. 

;  ^H^-  cUcLmL  ^  fac'Ucc  Hilfau.  "*•**-  ■ 

&>*i  ^  jw*  o.  0<.^<v,;.cA  p  ««..*>,  ^  “•.  ?«M . hunf^‘^u 

i>tattl?g  inggett 

(Ealm-0,  (Eljinnicala,  (Oils  auft  JRitttral  |lniimrta 

OO  John  and  11-18  Cijkk  Streets  sit.ciai,  co> 

NEW  YOllK  8/25/l5> 




x  / 

\  jh  / 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Confirming  phone  conversation  had  with  your  Mr. 
Meadowcroft  this  A.  M.  tomorrow  morning  I  expect  to  he 
in  position  to  make  you  a  firm  proposition  on  200  tons  of 
66°  Sulphuric  Acid  per  month  February ,  1916  to  February, 
1917  inclusive  and  probably  a  like  quantity  of  42°  Hitric 

Please  inform  me  in  event  of  my  seouring  you 

a  supply  of  these  Acids  if  you  will  furnish  me  with  Aniline 
Oil  on  the  basiB  talked  about  this  morning  or  better. 




LANCASTER,  PA..  August  25 ,  1915* 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison* 
Orange,  N.J. 

Bear  Sir:— 

Tour  favor  of  the  24-th  inot.,  reoeived.  We  have 
made  a  number  of  determination  recently  for  arsenic  with  the 
result,  that  regular  chamber  Acid  contained  .005  per-cent  of 
Arsenic.  At  the  time  these  analysis  were  made,  we  were  burn¬ 
ing  Pyrites,  that  contained  .19  per-cent  of  Arsenic.  We 
are  now  burning  Pyrites,  that  contain  .1  per-cent.  So 
nur  present  analysis  should  show  about  one-half  as  much  arsenic. . 
We  have  not  recently  made  a  determination  of  Nitrous;  Acid,  as 
neither  our  customers  nor  our  own  use  was  influenced  by  an 
excess  of  it.  We  are  operating  at  a  minimum  of  Nitrate  of 
Soda,  as  a  result  of  which  theynshould  excess  of 
Nitrous  Acid.  Should  you  deem  it  advisable,,  we  can  forward 

you  a  sample  for  your  own  determination. 

Awaiting  your  reply,  we  beg  to  remain, 

Bict  ABH/BE 

Tours  very  truly, 

The  Laneast^ptjhemip’al  Co., 


^  CL 
*W-  **•'*'■ 



tl xdt'^r 


JL.  Pierre  laUtgn^^ 

■€£S  i 



Zenith  Coke  Works.  ^  J 

Duluth,  Minn.  u^oiu. 

Gentlemen!  / 

Prom  a  report  on  theUituatidn  of  dyestuffs  issued  from  the 
Department  of  Commerce  at  Wash.  D.  C.  I  hav^'learned  that  you  are  manuf¬ 
acturing  coal  tar^and  I  wish  to  ask  you  if  ,<you  axe.  in  a  position  to 
supply  me  with  the  following,  and  if  so  please  state  prio'e. 

Pafaphenile^pjtaxido^enel  Chlorate,  Hethol, 
Monoamdphenylomine . 

I  will  appreciate  as  a  favor  to  get  a  sample  from  you,  and 

an  answer  hy  return.  .. 

•  Respectfully  yours,  ' 




a«'  "tnU  I  , 


^  yU~C*nr-£*  c 
d  UtS^J-xs^ 


lJ£  r\\jzJL^o  — 


Sears,  Roebuck  ana  Co., 

'■•'all  Paper  Mill ,  Dept.  273, 

South  Spaulding  Avenue, 

Chioago,  Illinois. 


Your  favor  of  the  17th 

mat.  has  been  forwarded  to  the  Laboratory  and 
,ve  beg  to  say  in  reply  that  we  are  not  manufactur¬ 
ing  any  colors  at  all.  All  we  manufacture  in  this 
line  is  aniline  oil  and  aniline  salt,  out  as  to 
these  we  are  contracted  up  to  the  limits  of  our 
plant  for  the  present  year. 

Thanking  you  for  the  in¬ 
quiry,  we  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laboratory. 


August  27th, 


iSessrs.  Headoyicroff ,  Harry  Killer, 

Gallagher,  Hs&mott  SSTStanbert  in  conversation 
agreed  as  follows: 

That  Mr.  Keadowcroft  would  write  a 

letter  to  too  »™S£,“t;faSSfe'lo  and 

Carbolic  and  Aniline. 

That  the  present  pracUceofpaasing 
Mils  directly  to  «.  Mte  ”St.St“^S..s 
and  that  in  future  ^^^^fentering  into  the 
of  Benzole  oroto  ^Aniline  would  be  directed 

manufacture  of  the  Purchasing  Department, 

hy  whomsoever  received  1.0  ^ne  £  bagis  0f  the 

-^‘“SfS'SK  JStffJK.  Plante  concerned 

in  same. 

It  is  felt  by  all  those  Present  at  thi s 
discussion  that  the  delays  which  ! 

occurred  in^connection^with  duly  bills  will  be  remedied  ■ 
in  the  future.  > 

Iff^^pagineer  , 
Forbhe  Meeting. 

1  ? 


O.C.  for  Messrs.  Learning,  Cheshire,  opaylM  and  1  — e 

L  w  CydJ'*  '*'  j;£  ^  -  k>  •  y 

SBM/MH  e>f'^  Jt'  <S&^  JpS  (S#  .P 

.  «/  •>  a  -'S  t” 

W  ^  ■  *  V  l  **■ "  ,r 

1  '  d  X  . 

cvb  tyj*'  '  Yo 

£>tanleg  SoggiFff  “* 

QInlora,  (Eljmirala,  ©tla  nnb  Htuu'ral  § rnimcta 

NEW  YORK  8/27/15. 

v — ^  ^  _ 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  3d  is  on,  n  ^CA  ^ 

‘  V>viW/ 

Confirming  phone  chat  had  with  your  Mr.  Headers  ft 
one  of  my  friends  have  2000  carboys  of  66°  SulphiJi^tcid  /  ^ 

spot  and  near  future  deliveries  whicfc  they  are  aeSirous  / 

of  trading  on  the  basis  of  $80. 00  per  ton  f.o.b.  shipping 
point  for  Phenol.  Does  this  interest  you  and  what  price 

figure  mentioned? 

1  Also  have  for  sale  four  carLoadsof  42°  Nitric 
Acid  in  carboys  which  I  can  offer  you  spot  delivery,  if 
unsold,  at  10 4  per  pound  f.o.b.  Springfield,  H.  J-  Would 
you  care  to  take  advantage  of  this  offer  and  oblige 

Re speot fully  yours. 




York, August  27,  1915. 

C.  H.  Meadoworoft,  Esq., 

care  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

ORANGE,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft: 

Will  yon  he  kind  enough  to  ad¬ 
vise  me  at  your  convenience  of  the  situation 
of  the  contract  for  TOLUOL? 

We  should  like  to  have  such 
information  as  you  can  give  indicating  the 
amount  which  you  will  be  in  position  to 
deliver  from  now  on. 


Boston,  Mass. 

August  27,  1915. 

5 oJr  'k  s » #£-cCZa2 

Thomas  A*  Edison,  -fne* ,  r  ^ 

Laboratory#  U/4*  **  .  .  4 _ -n.  L  L* 

Orange,  N.  J./  <£eW,£*W' 

^  ^.(s  auwtj L  -r  w  a. 

_ ,  i  when  we,  may  oxpect-/ — ’ 

ex  toA^-fejeV 

remittance  to  cover  the  Phefql  and  Benzol  lappa r a-  f  t  ( 

'—( 1  - 

Gontlemcn:-  '  \^L^V. 

Will  you  kindly  advise  when 

tus  shipped  in  May  and  June; 

As  you  will  note,  these  arc  noi 
erahly  past  due,  and  if  you  could  arrange 
us  have  a  check  within  the  next  few  days, 
he  greatly  appreciated.  _/ 

Yours  very  truly. 

F.  W.  Myers  &  Co. 


Jr.  'S^.-Aug.  2 V,  191b 

Hr.  Ihonua  A.  Edisc 

enclosing  declarations  of  purchaser  in  connection  v;ith  two 
importations  of  toenaalj  these  declarations  are  required  to 
to,  filed  with  the  Collector  at  thin  port  to  cancel  a  bond 
which  <va  cava  for  -avoir  production,  and  the  filing  of  name 
will,  in  no  way,  prejudice  the  reappraisement  case  now  pending. 

in  order  that  you  may  understand  the  lav;  with  regard 
to  dutiable  value,  we  ore  sending  you,  under  separate  coyer, 
a  copy  of  tJ.  6.  Customs  tariff  and  call  your  attention  to 
Section  111  page  124,  which  contains  the  administrative  pro¬ 
visions  of  the  tariff  Aot,  and  if  you  v/ill  read  carefully 
par.  X,  -you  will  understand  that  you  have  a  perfect  right  to 
import  nerohandioe  at  the  price  actually  paid  for  same,  and 
that  at  the  time  entry  in  wade  additions  to  the  cost,  or 
purchase  prie*,  Riven  in  the  invoice,  may  toe  made  to  raise 
the  value  to  the  actual  market  value,  or  wholesale  price. 

When  v/o  ruvke  any  future  entries  for  you,  we  will 
certify  that  the  entered  value  is  higher  than  the  foreign 
market  value,  anu  that  the  goods  are  so  enterKd  in  order 

a1.  A.  E.  #2 

to  meet  advances  by  the  Appraiser  in  a  similar  case  nov?  pending 
on  appeal  for  reappruineuont,  and  if  our  contentions  shall 
subsequently  be  sustained  on  reappraisement,  and  it  shall 
appear  tliat  our  action  on  entry  was  token  in  good  faith, 
after  due  diligence  and  inquiry,  the  Secretary  of  the  Treasury 
may  direct  a  reliquidution  of  the  entry,  assessing  duty  on 
the  original  invoice  value,  but  if  our  contention  is  not 
sustained  in  full,  it  is  the  practice  of  the  Department  to 
decline  co  reliquidute  such  entries  and  duty  is  assessed  on 
the  entered  value,  but  no  penalties  are  assessed. 

prom  the  foregoing,  you  will  see  there  is  no  reason 
why  you  should  nos  continue  to  import  benzol,  and  you  may 
direct  she  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co.  to  continue  to  invoice 
the  shipments  according  tu  your  contract,  and  when  the  ship¬ 
ments  reach  us,  you  nay  depend  upon  our  giving  the  natter  our 
particular  attention  mid  see  that  the  entries  are  properly 
filed,  mailing  the  necessary  additions  to  meet  the  advance 
by  the  Laaal  Appraiser. 

It  might  be  well  for  you  to  communicate  with  the 
Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co.  and  instruct  them  to  see  that  all 
future  shipments  are  routed  via  Rouses  Point  so  that  they 
will  be  :iandl«d  by  us,  and  should  you  have  occasion  to  route 
your  shipments  via  another  port,  you  should  take  the  matter 
up  with  the  Custom  Agent  at  such  port  and  inBtruot  him  to 
make  additions  on  entry  to  the  invoioe  value  to  meet  advances 
by  the  Local  Appraiser  on  a  case  now  pending. 

It  night  also  be  well  for  you  to  keep  in  close 
touch  with  die  narfliet  value  of  benzol,  and  should  there  be 
any  advance  in  the  selling  price  of  benzol  in  the  United  States 
immediately  advise  us  ho  that  we  may  make  our  additions 

T.  A.  E.  #3 


Commercial  Aero  Company 

Ghexnic  ol  Manuf octu  re  rs . 

ISast  ST.Loms,Ii.r 

i<  St.Louis.Mo.  Tijxahic. 






ST.LOUIS.JIO.  8/28/15 

The  Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  K.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Replying  to  Hr.  Headowcroft ' a  letter  of  the 
24th  inBt.  we  beg  to  advise  that  v:e  have  r.o  Sulphuric 
Aoid  to  offer  for  delivery  over  next  year. 

If  you  will  kindly  give  us  the  percentages  of  nitric 
and  Sulphuric  Acid  and  other  specifications  covering  the 
Mixed  Acids  that  yon  require  we  shall  be  very  glad  to  advise 
you  relative  to  our  ability  to  furnish  the  same,  and  our  price 
if  we  can  do  so. 

Very  truly  yours, 



August  30th,  1915, 

Commercial  Acid  Co. 
39  Duncan  Avenue, 
St.  Louis,  Mo. 

Gentleman-.  - 

I  am  In  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  28th  instant  and  hog  to  say  that  the  pro¬ 
portions  of  my  mixed  aoids  are  - 

59.00  <f>  H2  S04 

26.27  %  HKO3 

I  expect  to  use  275  tons  a  month 
throughout  next  year. 

I  should  he  glad  to  have  you  wire 
me  a  proposition. 

Yours  very  truly, 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co.,  covering 
our  requirements  tip  to  December  31,1915,  at  71j/i  per  100  lbs., 
delivery  at  the  rate  of  four  cars  per  month,-  delivery  not  to 
exceed  250  tons  per  month  except  at  seller's  option.  Delivery 
P.O.E.  Silver  lake. 

Grasselli  Chemical  Co.,  4,000  tons,  de¬ 
livery  commencing  I.Iay,1915  and  ending  December ,1916.  Delivery 
at  the  rate  of  four  cars  nor  month,  not  to  exceed  200  tons. 
Price  v  1.50  per  100  lbs.~P.0.B.  Grasselli,  H.J. 

v;  Iheskxhe 



/**-  ,. — 

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^  T-VO-p 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Chemicals  (E-15-18) 

September  1 


Pasquotank  Hosiery  Company, 

Elizabeth  City, 

S.  C. 


I  am  in  receipt  of  year  favor  of  the 
26th  ultimo  in  rs.3r.rS  to  Aniline  Oil.  Sot  mo  nay  in 
reply  that  X  am  nil  contracted  up  to  the  limit  of  my 
production  until  the.  end  of  the  present  year,  and  there¬ 
fore  an  unable  to  make  you  any  quotations. 

A3  to  dying  black  with  Aniline  Oil,  I 
do  not  know  the  formula.  If  you  take  the  Oil  ana  add 
Hydraohlorio  Aoia,  this  turns  the  oil  into  salt,  tnen 
hy  adding  an  exoess  of  acid  anS  Chlorate  of  Potash  or 
Soda  you  mate  Aniline  Black. 

If  you  write  to  J5.  Van  Noftrr.nd  8.  Co. , 
Booksellers,  New  York  ana  ask  for  latest  work  on  dying, 
especially  containing  instructions  for  dying  blaok  with 
Aniline  Oil.  I  think  they  would  likely  send  you  a  hook 
that  would  have  the  formula. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

JiP%*  .  . . . 

Sept.  1.  ISIS-  \ 



We  are  in  receipt  letter  of  theSnhult.and4-  ^ 

Ssrszszs  srss  m  a 

^monthly.  your8  very  truly 










Sept.  1,  1915 

jJL  ^ 


Qi^b- fi-= 

;rccting  n  plant  for 

Thomas  Edison,  Inc. 


We  understand  you  ^intend  < 
the  manufacture  or  dyes.  If  you  would  he  so  kind  as  to 
furnish  ns  with  full  details  concerning  this  matter  it 

loUvU  GrvwvWv'  f  ..  t" 

w  on  Id  he  appreciated.  ^ fWn-O.'i-S  ««■>»•*■ 

f\.  1 

We  would  especially  lilg, tojhav 

'  ioptr^  nn(  regard-^. 

LI  he  mala,  af  ter  • 

Irlvwcj  t-rrur*^  A-d  ^  '0  (5>lC-l  ( 
is  over  to  prevent,  the  American  market  from  he-  s  ft 

LUtwrl  t  w?  -6  ^ 

ing  again  flooded  hy  material  so  cheap  as  t<p  prohibit 
L O-o-V  (iiwl  (Luxi  <••«*  lu> 

home  competition  with  ll^n  J&JJSESp  ^ 

that  this  subject  has  a  direct  bfcaring^on  the  proposed 

fO-Q'G*  ” 

erection  of  your  dye  plant.  ^  71  v 

Trusting  that  you  will  he  J?ind  ertough  to  favor  ufe  with 
the  .reiluired  information,  ire’ remain  l. 

v  .  ' .•  •  ^o\yS^vcry  truly, 

?  V/  '  '  |VOME^*S'AND  infants'  furnisher 

! .  -  ^'T,er 

Editorial  Department 

September  2nd  19X5 . 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft: 

bails:  report 

KEC  467  On  Hand  empty  at  Joimstown,  Pa. 

KTX  468  On  Hand  at  Silver  Lake 

KEX  519  At  Sydney,  H.S. 

"  520  En  Houte 

"  521  Forwarded  empty  to  Sydney ,11. S. 

"  522  On  Hand  at  Sydney,  H.S. 

"  655  Forwarded  empty  to  Woodward ,  Ala. 

"  654  On  hand  at  Silver  Lake 

"  655  On  hand  at  Silver  Lake 

GATX  8060  On  hand  at  Silver  Lake 
"  8061  On  hand  at  Silver  Lake 

»  8062  Enroute  from  Hichols,  Cal. 

"  0063  Forwarded  empty  to  Undercliff, 

"  8064  On  hand  at  Silver  lake 

"  8065  On  hand  at  Silver  Lake 

vpi  X  1427  At  Milwaukee,  Wisconsin 
;  "  1456  Arrived  at  Silver  lake,  Aug. 31st 

Waiting  for  load. 
Loaded  with  benzole 
Waiting  for  load 
Loaded  with  benzole 
August  27th. 

Waiting  for  load 
August  27th 
Loaded  with  benzole 
Loaded  with  benzole 
Loaded  with  acid 
loaded  with  acid 
loaded  with  acid 
.J.,  August  26th 
loaded  with  acid 
loaded  with  acid 
For  load 

loaded  with  benzole 

J.  T J^R,OGERS . 

^  j  <■ 

tot  Q**  *■ 

hlA  -deiMo  1/Lc.Lf  Alx.  Vcfl  - r^f 


'  .  - 
c"~c'  ' 

-p  •/- 

ceiA  <U 

4ft  f. 



I  N  D  EP  E  N  O  E  N  T- 

24  NY  N  940PM,. 44  NL.NL. 

ST  LOUIS  MO. SEPT  2ND-1915,. 



from  you,  as  to  when  you- will  ship  the  balance 
due  us. 

We  have  explained  our  position  as 
regards  this  article  in  numerous  letters,  and 
you  must  admit  we  have  been  very  lenient  in  our 

We  have  reason  to  believe  that  you 
have  shipped  to  others,  letting  ue  hold  the  tag 
here  and  try  to  satisfy  our  customers  the  best 
we  know  how.  This  condition  cannot  continue  in¬ 
definitely,  and  we  are,  therefore,  telegraphing 

’you  are  short  in  shipments  of  Phenol  to 
us  under  our  contract  with  you  about 
five  thousand  pounds.  We  have  orders  wait¬ 
ing  and  unless  you  make  shipments  prompt¬ 
ly  we  will  feel  compelled  to  buy  on  open 
market  against  contraot  and  charge  you  with 
difference.  Telegraph  quickly  what  you  will 

If  we  do  not  hear  from  you  in  due  oourse, 

Messrs.  Thomas  A.  EdiBon,  Inc. 

9/2/15  No.  2. 

we  will  go  ahead  and  try  to  buy  such  quantities 
as. .we  actually  require  up  to  the  quantity  you  owt 
us  under  our  contract. 

We  would  much  regret  to  be  compelled 
to  do  this,  but  your  ignoring  of  our  letters  on 
short  deliveries  leaves  us  no  alternative. 

Yours  very  truly, 



pres't . 

September  3, 


Mr.  Stanley  Doggett, 

99  John  and  11-13  Cliff  St a. , 
New  York. 

Dear  Slr:- 

I  omitted  to  tell  you  in  our  tele¬ 
phone  conversation  that  Mr.  Edison  said  in  reply  to 
your  favor  of  the  27th  ultimo  that  he  haa  no  Carbolio 
Aoid  that  he  is  free  to  trade  for  Sulphurio  Aoid.  Every 
pound  is  oontraoted  far  up  to  Deoember  31st ,  and  some 
beyond  that. 

As  to  spot  Nitrio  Aoid,  Mr.  Edison 
said  that  he  was  not  interested  as  his  requirements  were 
all  provided  for  up  to  the  end  of  the  year. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

September  3,  19X5 

Mr.  Edward  E.  Stettinlus, 

%  J.  P.  Morgan  &  Company, 

, ;  23  Wall  Street, 

Mew  York. 

'  My  dear  Mr.  Stettinins; 

I  must  ask  you  to  kinaly  pardon  the 
delay  in  replying  to  your  favor  of  the  27th  ultimo. 

X  have  taken  time  to  investigate  the  matter,  and  beg 
i  to  advise  you  that  our  Plant  at  Cambria  Steel  Company 

i,  produo es  from  90  to  110  gallons  of  Solnol  per  day. 

j  Inasmuch  as  you  rocoive  all  we  make  at 

{  this  Plant,  this  will  give  you  some  indioation  as  to 

I  what  to  eacpeot. 

Yours  vexy  truly. 

Assistant  to  Kr.  Edison 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  telegram 


"^our  wire  received.  We  have  not 
yet  received  your  check  for  tal- 
anoe  referred  to  in  my  letter  of 
August  twenty  third". 

We  must  confess  our  surprise  at  this 
reply  to  our  urgent  telegram,  always  Relieving 
that  there  is  no  trouble  whatever  in  adjusting 
any  honest  differences  between  two  responsible 
houses . 

Op  to  this  writing  we  are  without  any 
,  .  r,™  letter  of  June  12th  and  August  27th 

onPthis  subject*  and  which  we  naturally  «** 

Mct  to  come  along  in  due  course,  when  any  dif- 

ferences  or  misunderstandings  can  adjusted^ 

via  nm  therefore,  in  order  that  there  may  ue 
no  reasoA  Whatever  for  your  refusal  to  promptly 

V  remittance  of  August  21st,  i.e.  fcio 
^telegraphing  you: 

$/  /  "Remitting  today  one  hundred  thirty 
//  /  one  forty  three  any  differences  can 

7/  be  adjusted  later.  Will  you  ship  1*1- 

//  anoe  Phenol  due  us  promptly  telegraph 

f  answer  tt « 

We  now  await  your  further  early  advices 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  ^  ^  {^u£(*-c«.U*>.  •/ 

East  Orange,  '(  ^ 


Dear  Hr.  Edison:  •  /t*(  £t>(,«.«JJ'  *’  J  f  ’ 

•I  i  have  your  favor  of  the  26# nit.  respecting  oar 
of  Benzol  held  up  at  House's  point,  and  am  glad  to  toon  that 
you  have  taken  the  matter  of  the  duty  in  hand. 

a  difficult  Custom  questions  arising 

under  war  oonditions  and  it  seems  to  me  the  Board  of  Appraisal 
should  he  urged  to  take  into  consideration  the  differences  due 
to  war  time  demands.  For  instance,  contracts  are,  or  were, 
being  made  daily  for  Spot  Toluol  at  $5.00  per  gallon  and  for 
one  year  at  #3.00.  The  material  is  entering  under  these 
contracts,  side  ty  side,  at  two  different  prices.  The  price 
for  "Spot"  Benzol  is  higher  than  for  contract  material,  and 
of  course  a  three  year  oontraot  such  as  yours  is  entirely 
different  from  a  twelve  months  oontraot. 

Y/e  will  he  shipping  your  Benzol  in  due  course.  We 
expect  very  soon  now  to  get  up  to  a  reasonable  output  as  our 
various  additions  are  all  reaohing  completion.  ° 

We  are  being  ashed  frequently  for  Aniline  Oil.  Is 
the  plant  to  ma he  this  expensive  or  difficult  to  ereot? 


X  should  he  much  obliged  if  you  would  give  me  some  information 

on  this  point. 

Yours  faithfully. 


(Ealora,  ©tta  anil  ^tm'ral  f  roiuttta 

■ON  NEW  YOlllv 


iir.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  N  .J . 

^ear  Sir; 

Hosultlng  from  Intimation  given  »•  «“  your  le  " 
of  July  E3rd  flat  you  -1*  contracting  l0'  tolli” 

Odd  over  newt  year  in  the  nelghtorhood  of  55/  per  Pound,  lathe 
fee.  of  It  terns  known  generally  that  the  G.a.ral 
Co.  and  others  are  taking  e»  order,  at  a...  fibres,  I  have 
worked  hard  to  Interest  parties  1»  future  eontr.ots  aad  as 
advised  yoa  das.  .e.k  •««  again  ‘hi.  week,  have  two  parties 
in  hand  one  wanting  5  to  7000  poand.  per  month.  the  other 
6  000  poands  per  month  for  twelve  month.. 

I  have  tee.  putting  these  people  off  fro.  day  to 
day  hoping  to  r.o.lve  authority  to  take  this 
on  understanding  you  were  negotiating  for  suppdle.  of  Aold 
and  enpeoted  to  contras,  tor  ....  «.  *»  W  “  “* 
later  than  the  middle  of  this  week. 

Ih.  parties  referred  to  are  getting  Impatient  and 

i  fear  will  ...A  *•  «»*  el"'h0”'  U 

they  do  my  efforts  sill  have  teen  spent  for  nothing. 

Cannot  you  at  lea«  authorise  me  to  take  on  thi 

baalness.  which  1  -  do  on  the  of  p—  *°  -  °f  "* 
per  poand.  which  a.  !  regard  it.  is  »  ektraordlnarUy  good 
figure  considering  so  many  people  -  111  «“  ““ 

@tanb8  Inggstt 

fflolora,  ffltettiitalB,  ®il«  an&  fflinreal  IJrofmttn 

Oil  MU*...,  *««»  ““ 

and.  lower  values  in  future. 

PlBRSe  give  this  matter  your  immediate  attention 


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25nyhnl31pm  99 

StLouis  Mo.  i  September  4th  1915 

Wo  did  not  ontor  into  contract  with  you  on  aceommoda-cinc 
lines  hut  on  a  ■business  basis  to  which  you  ceuld 
held  us  if  we  refused  deliveries  or  refused  payment  wo 
depended  on  you  to  live  up  to  your  aereement  for’ 
deliveries  this  you  have  not  dene  we  will  aocept  immediate 
shipment  balanoe  due' us  of  suoh  quality  as  you  can 
supply  reserving  the  ri*ht  to  file  olaim  later  for  cresol 
found  in  phenol  and  cost  of  separation  or  we  will 
aocept  entire  balanoe  of  contract  of  your  quality  if  shipped 
within  thirty  days  to  close  the  whole  transaction  answer. 

Monsanto  Chemical  Worlcs 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals 

52-54-56  Lafayette  Street 

"NewarK,!*.  J. 

September  4th,  1916 

Subject:  Aniline  Oil. 

Ur.  Th08.  A. Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Uy  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

„  „  M  g.’s.nsss^-  stKA1- 

is  this:- 

manufacture^of^Dimethyl^Anil^net^Of^cours^  a^the^raanuf acture6 

of  this  material  i e  new  to  them  it  will  until 

plant  investment  and  they  will  in  hand>  -mey  expect  to 

they  have  contracts  for _?*  neoDie  three  of  whom  they 


??  practically  your  output  for  the  coning  year. 

I  write  you  thus  fully  to  show  you  *»*«“*•_ ^ 
more  than  a  prospective  !v  oi  two 

before* di eposing^of *y our* output^  »  ioohs  to  me 

very  much  as  though  they  shall  want  your  oil. 

_and  oblige, 

Mr.  Thos.  A. Edison, 

Orange,  N.J.  Subject::  Glacial  Acetic  Acid. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

I  left  with  Mr.  Meadowcroft  this  morning  a  contract 
for  your  Glacial  Acetic  Acid  for  the  balance  of  the  year. 

I  felt  very  cheaply  indeed  when  X  discovered  the 
other  day  that  Meadowcroft  had  a  price  lower  than  this  and 
while  I  was  not  in  any  way  guilty  at  all  of, putting  one  over 
on  you,  or  trying  to,  the  thought  occurred  to  me  as  to  whether 
one  had  not  been  put  over  on  me.  I  started  in  to  investigate 
and  find  the  facts  to  be  about  as  follows 

The  largest  manufacturers  of  Glacial  Acetic  Acid 
are  the  Cleveland  Cliff  people  of  Cleveland.  Eor  many  months 
past  they  have  stopped  the  manufacture  of  Glacial  Acetic 
entirely"  and  have  taken  on  large  war  contracts.  This  has 
thrown  the  entire  demand  for  Glacial  on  three  manufacturers 
in  this  country,  of  whom  the  General  are  the  largest. 

The  people  from  whom  Mr.  Meadowcroft  bought,  I  find 
bought  a  carload  from  the  General  at  15£.  They  have  since 
tried  to  buy  more  and  cannot  get  any  because  of  the  terrific 
shortage  and  the  General  has  hardly  enough  to  go  round  to 
take  care  of  their  own  interests. 

I  write  you  on  this  subject  for  the  reason  that 
I  felt  very  meanly  about  it,  and  I  do  not  want  you  to  think 
that  I  am  trying  to  put  one  over  on  you  and  above  everything 
else,  I  want  your  good  will  and  your  confidence. 

Yours  sincerely, 

September  7,  1915. 

Mr.  Edison: 

The  Monsanto  Chemical  Works  is  in  a  strong  position  legally 
and  we  should  do  well  to  avoid  litigation  with  them.  I  suggest  sending 
the  following  telegram  in  order  to  shut  them  off  from  any  claims  for 
redistillation  or  separation: 

"Monsanto  Chemical  Works, 

St.  Louis,  Missouri. 

if  l£~ 

T/e  are  willing  to  resume  shipments  at  once  of  material 
specified  in  our  contraot  hut  will  not  allow  any 
claim  for  cost  of  redistillation  or  separation.  We 
use  best  benzol  procurable  and  our  product  now  comes 
close  to  melting  point  40. 

CL Jr  x|  <ha>i  G-aMAnmfc'  J\aau&of‘.,m.arf‘  J  Lt  eCp  'ifd  u.  auf 

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l  vrj.  pU-Kp/J?^  ^  Xd-feL  Xj<m.  )‘ 

:  tl/CtKA-^f  "fC-e  yn  afcCuVio  pd'trvf*  Of’crtJlaK  &'6~ 
CL-P'O^  tfO,.  O-vnol  M&Mnvrta  tO Ci-J  <Jdlc( 

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!  V 

Sept.  7 Mi.  1915. 


You x  favor  of  the  fourth  Instant  has  been  received. 
}.!r.  Edison  assumes  that  the  settlement  you  speah  of  is  in  re¬ 
gard  to  the  two  Carbolic  Acid  Stills.  He  wishes  me  to  say  to 
you  that  this  matter  will  require  some  adjustment  before  final 
sottlomont  can  be  arrived  at.  She  Stills  wore  all  wrong  and  a 
great  deal  of  work  had  to  bo  done,  parts  taken  away  and  new 
parts  inserted  before  we  could  *o*  with  them.  We  were  veey 
greatly  delayed  in  getting- them  into  service. 

We  are  ready  at  anytime  to  take  this  matter  up  with 
you  and  arrive  at  some  adjustment  of  the  account . 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

September  7,  1915 

Swiss  Colours  Company, 

15  East  Twelfth  Street, 

Hew  York. 

Sent  la  men: 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  the 
23rd  ultimo,  in  regard  to  Paraphynelenediamine ,  we 
beg  to  say  that  our  new  Plant  for  making  this  materiel 
is  pretty  near  ready  to  go  into  operation.  We  have 
had  some  trouble  It  getting  certain  special  machinery 
that  we  needed,  but  we  hope  before  long  to  be  in  posi¬ 
tion  to  put  a  moderate  quantity  of  this  material  on  the 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  laboratory. 

cp^'  New  York,  September  7,  1915.  ^ 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc. 
Orange ,  N .  J . 

We  beg  to  confirm  the  conversation 
over  the  phone  to-day  with  the  undersigned  And 
Mr.  Meadowcroft,  in  which  he  repeated  a 
telegram  sent  to  St.  Louis  to-day  as  follows: 

"We  are  willing  to  resume  shipments  at 
onoe  of  materials  specified  in  our  contract 
hut  will  not  allow  any  claims  for  cost  of 
redistillation  or  separation.  Will  use  best 
Benzol  procurable  and  our  product  now  comes 
close  to  forty" . 

We  agree  to  accept  Phenol  of  above 
description  on  terms  indicated  and  with  an 
additional  cost  of  X/Zi  per  pound  to  cover 
cost  of  galvanized  iron  drums,  which  you 
propose  using  hereafter  in  shipments  to  us 
which  are  not  returnable. 

We  understand  that  you  will  ship  us 
to  St.  Louis  2000  lbs.  to-morrow  and  an  additional 
1000  or  2000  rbse  at  the  end  of  this  week  ana  ■mvimTi+'i  v 

we  presume  that  you  will  follow  up  these  shipments  prompt  y 
with  further  quantities  until  you  have  shipped 
us  the  quantity  due  us  on  our  contract. 

We  are  glad  indeed  that 

has  been  amicably  adjusted  and  we  hope  there  will 
be  no  cause  for  further  complain  by  either  oi  us. 

Very//Kriily  yours, 


200  1IOOMS  17.*%  U ATI  IS 

h^y  ‘LcU^  ! 

(y£AM  IL**.  dit^Y> 


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cu,  c^d-  d,  Un.  e«"  *•  ^  ^ 

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(Wt  .cA^-r™*—  *** 
jjox^y  e~“d 
^  :>  JLi  vn.0^  M  **~1- 

c^Jl  Kup^f*' 
frj t**l  T4-'*" 

t%,Z  VJfi  7" t^CA<^ 


“T~!**  -  i^UK- 

b  /i^  ^  -*-y_ 

-ToU&t*  *^3*~ 


LOL  **  *  ,  ,  ' 

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0  (jrhtrM^^ 

to  45,000  pounds  of  this,  delivery  minimum  about  1,000 
pounds  per  week. 

BHA/H-.  / 

Sept .  3.0th.  1915. 

Mr.  J.  H.  Plummer,  Pres., 

Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co., 

Sydney,  IT.  S. 

Dear  Mr.  Plummer: 

I  duly  recoived  your  favor 
of  the  third  instant,  contents  of  which  were 
noted  wi th  interest.  I  have  forwarded  a  copy 
to  F.  'll.  Myers  ?c  Co.,  at  Rouses  Point  for 
their  consideration.  1  do  not  anticipate  any 
more  trouble  on  future  shipments  of  Benzol  if 
they  are  routed  via  Bouses  Point.  Please  have- 
your  pooplo  lose  no  time  in  making  my  regular 
shipment  s . 

In  reply  to  your  quostion  I 
would  say  that  an  Aniline  Plant  is  not  an  ex¬ 
pensive  matter,  nor  difficult  to  ereot. 

Youtb  very  truly. 

Sept.  10th.  1915. 

Woman's  and  Infants'  Pun. i she r. 

375  fourth  Avenue , 

Haw  York  City. 


I  am  in  receipt  ctf  your  favpr  of 
the  first  instant,  ana  hog  to  say  in  reply 
that  I  make  only  Aniline  Oil,  Aniline  Salt, 
Hitrohonzol,  Taraphenylene a lamina ,  ana  pure 
Carbolic  Acid. 

I  think  that  Congress  may  pass  a 
hill  giving  special  protection  to  American 
Dye  works  now  erected  or  contemplated  so  aB 
to  prevent  their  bankruptcy  at  the  end  of  the 
War,  hut  there  is  no  certainty  of  this,  hence 
the  shortage  of  dyes. 

Yours  very  truly. 

CM1CAG0  September  loth,  1915 

i ,  /^_y  fcstv-«*A»  6  11  /  ✓ 

tuLv  ^@c,^v^r 

orange,  '  \  ‘'A  }  0  c+ 

New  Jersey.  ^  \J  ft! J  /  k(c£  te*  <3Mr  *•  a  C 

near  sir:  u ''' L  * 

‘'fate  are  In  a  position  Ito  flanufapture 
U.  S.  p\  Gtarbolio  Acid  in  crystalevas  we)  are  now 
producing  Benzol  in  large  quant it iesand  could 
make  it  into  Carbolic  Acid  by-  installing  the  nec 
essary  tankage  and  equipment.  We  could  not  do 

this  immediately,  but  if  we  find  sufficient  en¬ 
couragement  in  the  demand  and  in  the  price,  we 
could  probably  commence  to  furnish  this  material 
•by  about  the  first  of  the  year. 

We  are  only  interested  in  a  comparatively 
large  demand  as  it  would  not  be  worth  our  while  to 
make  the  investment  unless  we  were  assured  of  an 
output  to  the  extent  of,  we  will  say,  from  300  to 
400  tons  per  month. 

If  vou  are  interested  in  securing  a  supply, 
we  shall  be  pleased  to  be  advised  of  your  approxi¬ 
mate  monthly  requirements  and  at  about  vhat  price 
basis  you  would  be  willing  to  consider  arranging 
for  yoS  requirements  for  the  whole  of  next  year. 
Shipment  could  be  made  in  bulk  or  in  drums. 

Awaiting  your  prompt  answer, 


Yours  very  truly, 


Vice  president 


Sop' .  11th.  1915. 

G  anti  omen: 

Itaforriug  to  tho  call  which  your  Mr.  Hollander  made 
on  me  on  Friday  of'last  week,  he  asked  during  our  conversation 
"nether  wo  v/ould  supply  yor  "'r  +v-’  m,'"r'1r'C!  rann 

!  do  not  have 

a  v/1  th  one  of  the  muscles  such 

our  men  use.  "i  have  asked  Mr.  "dinon  about  this,  and  ha  says 
there  will  ho  no  objection.  The  nr  dinar; 

sponges,  hilt  v/o  add  sponges  and  have  them  stitcned  m,  and  tnoso 
sponges  are  to  he  kept  moist  when  the  mus3lo_ is  worn,  lx  you 
wish  to  havo  one  or  two  of  those  1  willhave  then  made  up  by 
the  same  man  who  nukes  them  u;;  for  Mr.  di  -on.  1  do  not  know 
just  what  they  cost,  cut  it  certainly  cannot  he-  very  much. 

I  am  sorry  to  ho  obliged  to  report  to  you  that  there 
does  not  s.iom  to  he  any  probability  of  our  being  able  to  let  you 
have  any  more  Parap ho nyl am d.  i am  in e  for  tho  irnm- 

Chore  iB  one  part  of  c 

idiato  present, 
iratus  that  broke  down,  as  I  told 

3  cannot  obtain 

you,  and  we  immediately  ordered  a  new  maohine. 
dolivory -of  this  for  tv/o  weeks  more,  but  as  soon  as  that  is  re- 
ooivod  we  expect  to  go  right  along  and  manufactur  regularly, 
shall  lot  you  know.  inns d lately  when  can  supply  you. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr,  i'.dison. 

(ftalara,  (Elmnirals,  ©Uh  mb  ftittentl  ^roiutris 

99  John  and  11-18  Ci.tvt  Streets  spscai.  c< 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  II.  J. 

NEW  YORK  9/u/16i 

,  S  {/  r 

Please  note  in  connection  with  contract  made  with 
the  Firestone  Tire  «  Rubber  Co.  for  Aniline  Oil  that  ex¬ 
clusive  of  shipment  made  yesterday  yon  are  20,000  pounds  be¬ 
hind  in  scheduled  deliveries  and  in  connection  with  Millville 
Mfg.  company  18,000  poundB  behind.  In  connection  with  Fiske 
contract  1520  pounds  behind  and  on  Morgan  ?:  Wright's  1284 
pounds  behind. 

The  Firestone  Tire  a  Rubber  Co.  and  the  Millville 
Mfg.  co.  are  seriously  explaining  about  not  receiving  sufficient 
material  to  keep  their  plant, or  department  in  connection  with 
which  Aniline  Oiftfc.used.  in  full  operation  causing  laying  off 
of  help,  loss  of  money 'and  considerable  annoyance  and  inconven- 

ience.  .... 

I  wish  you  would  make  a  speciai'-Wfort  to  catch  up  u&G 
scheduled  deliveries  to  Millville  Co.  and  Fifestone  Tire  *  Rubber 
Company,  also  clean  up  the  Fiske  &  Morgan  &  Wright  orders. 

Awaiting  to  learn  from  you  what  relief  I  can  promise 

(ttolors,  (Eljemicala,  ©ila  atti>  UJmaral  pn&nrta 

99  John  and  11-18  Ci.ut  Stkeets 
NEW  YORIv9/11/15> 

customers  referred  to  in  the  way  of  better  deliveries,  I 



S£*l5th.  1915. 

It  seam3  to  ms  that 
car  capacity  unless  wa  malse  s 
at  Silver  Late . 

..  *L _ _ 4-n  !>•  fit  tied  up  on  tank 

a  are  going  to  get  tied  up  on  tank 
a  arrangement  for  storage  of  Benzpl' 

:eceiving  Benzol  from  five 

Y/e  have  twelve  Benzol  tank  cars.  One  of  these  is.  H®d  Up 

co  1  onial.S Bai lway . ^ ive ° c a r s  Bake  with  loads 

of  Benzol  waiting  to  he  ais charged. 

You  will  see.  therefore,  it  is  very  clear  that  these 

for  us  to  send  a  taak 

car  (  see  attach  letter) . 

I  ,0  »ot  ln«  whether  ln  profOO^B  tie  foil.'. 

“I,®0 gS‘i  SStSTS^W. 

is*.  £*ivx  »:r- ujT^v.%\r:Kr— oH 

.intermediate  storage  and  put  them  up  at  Silver  Lake? 

"*s«-  >2^  -  «  “»ia  tl“ 

moving  actively. 

’.V.  H.  imDOVYCEOFT . 

September  13th.  1915. 

Mr.  Edison:  . 

Mr.  T aleak i  has  been  n/gotiat ing  with  the  Hercules  Pow- 

aas  r.\ KL'SSB*- - 

the  Woodward  Plant.  I 

for  Ha  has  onlv  Keen  able  to  get  them  to  consent  to 

a  day^^H^trie^very^har^to  get^thhm^o^eave^the  ^t^ST 


ssa  yffi'&is  be 

sol  Plant  at  Woodward. 

Takaki  thought  at  first  that  he  would  hold  up  shipment 

Bk,s  ffwa  «. 

“p.SoS  ao  ttot  w  quantity  .unit  to  <*.»• 

He  therefore,  asked  me  to  telegraph  Woodward  to  ship 
the  car,  which  matter  I  promptly  attended  to. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

c - Saptembex-13,- 

Dear  Sirs!- 

attention  of  Mr  Mejdowo^t__u,r.  „  T  *** 

We  heg  to  confirm  our  oonveraatiofa  over 
the  'phone  this  morning  requesting  you  to  shJp.  t“*  • , 

car  of  toluol  for  the  Hercules  Powder  Compaq  Immediately. 

We  also  requested  you  to  kindly  find  out  i af ' the 
when  your  Woodward  plant  expeot  to  be  able  /to  Bhip  the 
second  oar.  / 

any  „a„„  a  ss 

make  up  the  total  of  130  gallons  per^day. 

We  deoided  that  regarding/ this  point ,  we  ’ wouid  not 
agree  at  the  present  moment,  but  will,  let  this  po  t  t  J 

jsrss  ayas.* Pffiss  sr 

way  or  the  other.  / 

We  also  beg^'to  confirm  that  we  requested  you  to 
wire  Woodward  planted  ask  the  latter  to  telegraph  dire  t^ 
to  Hercules  Powder  Company,  Wilmington,  Del.,  as 
oar  leaves  Woodward. 

Tours  very  truly. 


/  ",  -&LJ  W  *«*  1***  ~t*l 

C.^c  uy-*-** 


A  S' 

Kr.  Thomas  A.  Edison _ 

(  laboratory  ) 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Ey  dear  lir  Edison: 


'f  « 

Sept.,  13,  1915 

4  ttd 

“2-  K* 

ah  vv . .  •  r  "S 

.Lxt  a-#:  **  i 

Some  months"  ago ,  ,you  kindly  answered  my  inquiry 
UJ-OT^.  'v 

as  to  the  possibility  of  our  doing  som§  progressive  wort  in  the  storage 

battery  together,  -  in  the  negative;  but  you  did  suggest  thattlj,ere 
3  'W.toO  >C«u<r'-c4>  otv 

was  a  lot  of  room  in  the  field  of  "dye  Stuffs",  etc.  / 

I  have  been  thinking  of  that,  and  would  like  to  ask  yo/ whether 
you  would  like  to  have  me  help  you  in  this  last  successful  new  venture 
of  yours?  / 

I  will  say  that  I  think  that  there  is  most  t o/6e  made  at  present 
in  making  two  or  three  of  the  early  intermediated,  like  aniline,  phenol, 
and  the  like;  and  present  prices  seem  to  justify  this. 

Also,  are  you  interested  in  one  or  two/hew  reactions?  or  do  you 
stick  to  the  old  ones?  / 

I  know  thatyou  want  good  workers  ,to  help  you,  and  that  you  pay 
theta  well  ,  and  right  r 
May  I  have  s 

i  is  the  tijde  to  get  busy. 
i  line  from  you?  " 


/  Very  truly,  s — n. 

CsLcU  .  <5  Sr 

s  — 1 4 

—i  J 

S  pt.  14th. 


Hr.  M  H.  Jones,  Vice  President, 

Inland  steel  Company, 

.  !'irst  national  Bank  Bldg., 

Chicago,  Ill. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  must  confess  that  your  favor  of 
the  10th  instant  is  one  of  the  most  astonish¬ 
ing  things  that  has  lately  come  into  my  mail. 

■Vo  were  the  first  in  this  country 
to  make  carbolic  Acid,  and  with  our  two  plants 
s;  have  teen  furnishing  the  public  with  most 
of  the  Carbolic  Acid  they  havo  gotten  for  many 
monthB,  besidoe  supplying  ourselves  with  the 
large  quantity  that  wo  consume. 

Yours  very  truly. 

September  14th,  l-l5 

Swiss  Colours  Company, 

15  East  12th  Street, 
Sew  York. 

your  favor  of  the  9th  instant  in 

regard  to  Paraphynelenediamine  has  been  reaeived.  In 

reply  let  me  say  that  my  Plant  is  too  small  to  supply 
the  quantity  you  name.  We  could  only  supply  the 
material  in  very  moderate  quantities. 

Yours  very  truly. 

September  14th,  1915. 

Mr.  Hammerhoff: 

We  ore  oalled  upon  now  to  make  a 
settlement  with  E.  B.  Badger  &  Sons  Company  for  the 
Carbolio  Stills.  We  hare  told  than  that  they 
will  have  to  adjust  the  account  before  we  oan  make 
settlement ,  as  there  was  a  great  deal  of  ohange  and 
alterations  necessary  before  we  could  use  the  stills. 

Mr.  Htlison  wishes  you  to  make  a 
report  to  him  and  snggest  what  we  Bhould  allow  after 
paying  for  the  ohangos  necessary. 

W.  H.  Meadowcroft. 

Z47  ¥/<rrW 

Sept  •  l$th.  1915 . 

Lancaster  Chemical  Company, 

Lancaster,  ?a. 


I  received  your  favor  of  the  llsr  ultimo,  and  also 
thi  quart  sample  of  chamber  Acid  which  you  kindly  forwarded  to 
mo.  I  find  this  can  to  used  formy  work,  and  am  now  writing 
to  ask  whether  you  can  supply  me  1th  tan  ilO)  tons  a  day  for 
the  remainder  of  this  yaar  and  at  what  price .  If  you  cannot 
nupply  as  much  as  tan  tons;  pleas?  say  how  much  you  oonld  lot 
i:u  have. 

Do  yon  have  load  lined  tanks  for  shipment,  fleas o  i  1- 
bo  let  me  know  how  quickly  you  could  commence  shipment. 

Yours  v  ery  t  ruly. 

Sept.  15th.  1916. 

Mr.  Edison:- 

arccs.  ss  J2Tfi.sK  .r 

SKKSI.&  tSrS;  »»5oh  ».  m.  «...  oi...t, 

and  arms. 

The  man  ran  from  the  fester  Room  to  the 
almost  immediately. 

The  Digester  had  been  under  way  about  an  hour, 
and  had  between  10  and  2°^Lhs.  prohiMts 

governing  the  adjustmen  n r!i ns tment* while  pressure  is  on,  and 
any  Employee  making  any  a  j  t  ith  this  ruie,  having 

S2SS“.««'SS^,fS^S.»  ^ 

employ  over  I*  years. 


he  would  view  it  this  A.M. 

Deceased  was  married.  55  Years  age,  a«d  lived 
at  45  So.  Orange  Avenue.  Newark,  and  is  survived  by  Wife 
and  grown  up  family. 

C.c  Messrs.  Wilson.  Erost.  Hoffman. 

September  16th.  1916. 

You  will  probably  remember  that  at  Takaki's  request 
wo  furnished  Mitsui  &  Company  w ith  a  drum  of  pure  Benzol  from 
Woodward.  They  sent  it  to  Japan. 

'i'akaki  telephoned  this  morning  saying  that  their 
friends  in  Japan  had  evidently  received  this  drum  of  pure  Ben- 
zol  and  had  found  it  satisfactory  and  have  cabled  to  find  out 
whether  they  could  get  10,000  gallons  and  at  what  price. 

Takaki  says  that  if  Woodward  is  producing  more  Ben¬ 
zol  than  you  can  use  he  might  sell  10,000  gallons  at  a  better 
price  than  60?!.  The  trouble  is,  however,  that  the  whole 
10,000  gallons  might  be  required  as  spot  stuff,  but  he  thinks 
that  he  could  - so  arrange  the  natter  with  their  Japanese  people 
that  they  might  take  it  in  lots  of  3,000  or  4,000  gallons  at  a 
time . 

He  wishes  to  know  what  you  think  of  the  proposition. 

7  *2 


'  FALL  RIVER,  MASS.  9/2. 



,v;-  ,*•’ 

^  iu 


6‘ '  v‘c 

&> '  ^v<<' 

•«j'?hOE.''NA.J-;E.Vlj;n ,  ?■■'  <  v 

*\  v<  t  *  A.  .  f •*  _  f.«‘‘ 

^“Tr  ' 

trust  that  you  will  'near  us  in  rdnd  when 
\  csrisidering  contrac*4  for  next  year  on  Aniline  Oil. 
^Our  present  contract,  us  you  hnow,  expires  in  Booetr.- 

•ye  also  want  to  say  that  we  are  very  &P~  reoiat-ivo 
at  what  you  are  now  doing  for  us  in  the  way  of  dcliv- 
e,i0S  ou  our  present  contrast .  If  you  think  the  time 
Ts'novT  opportune  for  setting  our  requirements  for  next 
year ,  we  would  like  tft  have  your  representative  call 
on  us  at  his  earliest  convenience. 

fours  very  truly, 

American  Printing  Co. 


Purchasing  Agont . 

i®founta!ngit>e  ^ogpttal 





Swiss  Colours  CodV 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison* 
Orangs,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirl 

In  reply  to  your 
advise  what  quantity  you 

y  // 

tr  y  & 


favor  of  the  14th  instant,  we  will  request  you  to  kindly 
offer  of  Paraphynelenedi amine  for  immediate 



September  16*..  *15*  , 

v  *¥‘-STcA 

received.  I  note,  \r?'  . 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N..T. 

Dear.  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  15 til  inst. 
that  you  received  the  Quart  sample  of  Chamber  Sulphuric  Acid  ■it 
and  I  alao  note,  that  it  can  be  sued  for  your  work..  ^r\ 

Yes,  we  can  supply  you  ten  tons  per-day  for  the  re-  tl\‘. 
maindor  of  this  month,  all  of  October  and  all  of  November  and 
possibly  all  of  December  and  we  take  pleasure  in  again  con¬ 
firming  the  price  named  you  On  August  20,  that  is;  §10.00 
per-ton  of  2,000  pounds,  basis  50  degree  Baaume,.  f.o.b.  our 
tank  cars  at  Perryville,  Maryland.  V/e  could  ship  the 
strength  from  50  degree  to  56  degree,  but  the  price  ib- basis 
50  degree* 

V/e  have  onetank  car,  that  carrier  thrity— five  tonsT^ 
that  we  could  immediately  divert  to  this  business,  but  we  ! 

would  have  to  secure:  another  tank  c  ar  in  order  to  deliver 
ten  tons  per— d  ay*  However,  wo  think,:  we  can  do  so  wit.  out  j 
difficulty  and  if  you  place  your  business',  with  us,,  we  will  J 
make  an  effort  to  do  so  at  onoe. 

V/e  have  a  freight  rate  of  §1*26)  to  Camden,  N.J  and 
§2.50  per-ton  to  Perth  Amboy,,  N.J.  This  will,  give  you  some  idea 
of  the  rata  to  Silver  Lake* 

Awaiting  your  reply  and  trusting  you  will  favor  us. 
with  this  business,  which  will,  have  our  prompt  and  careful  atten- 






tion,  are  \>og  to  remain. 

Yours  -very  truly, 

Diet  AB^/BE 



B  L  O  O  M  FI  E  LDtNtcJ-^ 

'•  sfept  .16,19X5. 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Inc. , 

Orange,  1I.J. 


Hr.  Aylsworth  advises  us  that  you  are  having  some 
phenol  product  come  through  that  does  not  completely 
crystalize.  How  we  believe  we  might  he  able  to  use 
some  of  this  if  you  care  to  sell  it. 

Will  you  kindly  advise  us  if  you  can  supply  us 
with  one-half  a  tofl,'  or  so,  and  at  what  price  ? 

Yours  very  truly, 




Charles  Lennig  &  Company,  Inc.  ^ 

Manufacturing  Chemists  7'7u^f  ad,lph" 

IVlAINUr  AL- 1  UKHNU  v^nnivnoio  /  »  omEc  p 

=s::::  mgzr 

/  Philadelphia.  Sep^ens^r  do,  ^$15. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  \  /  r.V  J*  J*  /y* 

0I““’  “-1-  V - *V  &' 1  > 

We  have  your  letter  of  the  15th  inst.  in  regards  to  Chamber  A&afd. 
We  note  that  you  desire  about  ten  tons  per  day  for  the  balance  of 
the  present  year.  We  regret  that  we  oannot  offer  you  thiB  quantity  as  our 
output  is  praotically  sold  up,  however,  we  oould  offer  you  two  tank  oars  of 
Chamber  Acid,  eaoh  tank  holding  about  thirty  tons,  for  delivery  during  the 
last  three  months  of  the  year,  goods  similar  to  the  carboy  shipped  you,  at 
$16.50  per  ton  (2000  lbs.)  f.  0.  b.  our  work3,  Bridesburg,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

The  tanks  we  ship  Chamber  Aoid  in  is  the  ordinary  tank  oar,  and 

The  above  quotation  is  subject  to  prompt  e 
unsold  at  time  of  reoeiving  your  order.  ; 

Charles  Lennig  &  Co.,  Inc. 

Sort.  17th.  1015. 

Mr.  0.  Parker,  Purchasing  Agent, 

Amerioan  Printing  Company, 

Sail  Elver,  Mass. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  yonr  favor  of  the  15th  instant  in  re¬ 
gard  to  contract  for  Aniline  Oil  for  next  year.  It  has  been  a 
mat  tor  of  groat  difficulty  to  make  my  contracts  for  acids  for  next- 
year.  Conditions  are  unprecedented  on  account  of  the  war.  -he 
munition  people  have  apparently  corn '-rod  almost  everything  in  sight, 
and  the  priooa  of  acids  and  other  raw  material  have  advanced  enor¬ 

However,  as  I  am  now  reasonably  sure  of  obtaining  my  acids 
and  othor  supplies  for  next  year,  I  am  willing  to  make  a  few  con¬ 
tracts  extending  over  the  whole  of  next  year,  commenc  ing  w  ith  January 
1st,  I  find  that  I  shall  have  to  charge  Bixty  (60)  cents  per  pound 
on  tho  year's  contract. 

If  you  wish  to  contract  with  me  for  your  next  year's  sup¬ 
ply,  I  would  suggest  that  you  advise  ire  immediately,  as  I  am  fairly 
overwhelmed  with  apjlioations  for.  Aniline  Oil,  and  I  have  written 
to  you  within  a  few  hours  after  being  able  to  make  definite  state¬ 
ment  . 

Yours  very  truly. 


Kir.  Headoworoft  and  file:- 
tith  reference 

the  Pulmotor  and  Lungmotor,  I  am  sending  you  j 

made  on  these  t"0  machines.  I 

».  sr" ns 

device  hy  the  American  Hedical  Aa,  United  States  Bureau  of  Hines, 

light  Association  and  aS“£ea  hy  three  bodies 

A  report  was  prepared  hy  a  commission  abaolutoly  condemned 

to  investigate  the  Puimotor  and  this  o  injuring  the  lungs  due  to 

the  Pulmotor  on  account  of  the  liability  ■> 

its  suction  affect. 


VSAS  ";  ?|”*s;s0ri»t  jSrt»d’ha“"a2 

fe,-»K-“ ssr.'&ns 

confidential  information 

T  cirn  011  closing  for  j  ^ .->>»«  t  vj  Poul  y.tTio 

i s*1  in° charge" of 6 the SMinf  lesc^e  SFSaSt,  Department  of  the 
Bureau  of  Hines. 


SfSS%0«  “;™«Sd  St“5.  bS..J  .f  Kim..  *» » s°°4  ”™ 


I  »«d.  an  investigation  of  these  » 
tine  ago  and  this  is  the  ^information  entirely  aathontio  and 
Mr.  Do  ike  and  I  consider  it  1“ioV*  .  +  n,nv_  the  report  and 
reliable.  I  would  after  yon  are  through  with 

literature  returned  to  mo  for  al,'e  * 


Enclosures  - 



.  The  Pulmotor  has  gained  wide  publicity  as  a  mechan¬ 
ical  device  which  will  pull  bach  to  life  a  person  who  has 
lost  the  ability  to  breathe  through  the  inhalation  of  ir- 
respirable  gases  or  by  contact  with  an  electric  current. 

,  When  properly  adjusted  to  a  patient  it  is  supposed, 

to  automatically  force  into  and  such  out  of  the  lungs,  air 
which  has  been  enriched  with  oxygen.  The  process  being  thafct 
of  inflation  and  deflation  of  the  lungs  with  a  tytbm  de¬ 
pendent  upon  the  relative  capacity  of  the  lungs  and 
volume  of  oxygen  enriched  air  furnished  by  the  apparatus. 

The  Pulmotor  has  a  reducing  valve  and  a  nozzle 
which  admit  of  a  flow  of  about  4  liters  (244  cu.  in)  or 
oxygen  per  minute.  The  flow  of  the  oxygen  through  the  noz¬ 
zle  produces  an  injector  effect,  on  the  intahe'side  pro¬ 
ducing  a  suction  and  on  the  outlet  side  a  pressure  which 
in  turn  aids  in  deflating  and  inflating  the  lungs  respectively. 

When  the  face  mask  is  closed  or  made  air  tight  and 
the  machine  set  in  motion,  the  air  will  continue  to  accumu¬ 
late  until  the  pressure  is  e4ual  to  about  3  inches  of  water 
gage  pressure.'  A*  this  pressure  the  accordion  bellows  is 
elongated  sufficiently  to  overcome  the  tension  of  the 
spiral  spring  and  the  controlling  lever  is  thrown  over, 
which  reverses  the  direction- of the  air  in  the  tubes  lead¬ 
ing  to  the  face  mask  and  deflation  begins  and  continues 
until  the  partial  vacuum  in  the  face  mask  is  reduced  to 
about  8  inches  of  water  column.  If,  for  4ny  reason  the 
'  contraol  lever  is  held .in  either  one  of  its  two  positions 
the  d res sure  or  vacuum 'will  increase  to  12-1/2  to  14-1/2. 

;  V  '  1  '  :  •  u . 


inches  of  water. column. 

The  operation  of  the  pulmotor  with  a  hag  attached 
to  the  face  mask  to  represent  the  lungs,  or  when  used  by 
a  person  who  has  the  ability  to  breathe ,  is  most  fascinat¬ 
ing  to  the  layman,  sinStun'der  these  conditions  it  is  able 
to  perform  its  functions  and.  furnish  full  inspiration  and 
expirations.  . 

Y/hen  applied  to  a  person  who  has  lost  the  ability 
to  breathe,  it  has  been  found,  that  the  suction  of  the  ap¬ 
paratus  is, such  that  the  cells. of'  the  lungs  are  collapsed 
and  the  tissue  injured  to  the  extent  that  death  may  be  a 

;*■  '  por  the  above  reason  the  physiologists  have  con¬ 
demned  the  pulmotor  as  an  efficient,  arid  safe  device  for 
giving  artificial  respiration. 

Since  the  automatic  mechanism  of  the  pulmotor, 
affords  air.  with  only  27  to  2?  percent  of  oxygen,  it  is 
not  adapted  for  giving  pure  oxygen  to  persons  who  have  been 
overooae  with  carbon  monoxide,  however,  the  apparatus  is 
equipped -with  an  inhalator  which  will  furnish  pure  oxygen 
and  this  should  be  used  when  it  is  desired  to  administer 
oxygen  in. manual  artificial  respiration. 


The  Lungmotor  “he  Need  of  It 

Here  it  is!  <H  There  were  over  forty  thousand  (40,000)  cases  in  the  United 

States  last  year  where  the  Lungmotor  could  have  been  used  if 
available,  aside  from  Asphyxia  of  the  new-born,  Dispelling  the 
effects  of  Anaesthesia,  and  testing  death. 

«K  This  is  certainly  a  startling  statement,  but  a  true  one. 

Many  Lives  Lost  from  the  Following 
Causes  Could  Have  Been  Saved 
by  Using  the  Lungmotor 

Poisoning  from  Gases  and  Fumes  Smoke 
Mining  Accidents  Strangulation 

Electric  Shock  Collapse  after  Anaesthesia 

Apparently  Drowned  Asphyxia  of  New-born,  Etc. 


<||  Either  buy  a  Lungmotor  yourself— or  kindly  use 
your  influence  toward  the  establishment  of  Lungmotor 
protection  in  your  community.  You  will  ever  be 
pleased  with  your  action. 

NEW  YORK  CITY  1008  Times  Bldg. 

BOSTON,  MASS.  53  Devonshire  St. 

Save  Human  Life — It  Pays — Pays  Big 



-Also  Oxygen 

Cities,  Towns,  Hospitals,  Industrial  Corporations,  Mines,  Bathing 
Beaches,  Parks,  Drug  Stores,  Physicians,  Ambulances, 

Etc.,  that  are  equipped  to  save  human  life 
are  repaid  a  thousand  fold. 


The  Highest  Awards 

Panama  Pacific  International 
Exposition,  1915 
Gold  Medal  of  Honor 
Mining  Jury 
Gold  Medal 


Liberal  Arts  Jury 

American  Exposition  of  Safety 
and  Sanitation 
New  York  City,  1914 
Grand  Prize  and  Gold  Medal 

fcsrara  ftaan  of  Softty 


TkccSjy  remoter 


New  York  City,  New  York 

Has  Bought  Eight  (8)  Lungmotors 


actual,  practical  experience,  they  01 

# _  .  _.-|c  City,  “on  trial.”  After  30  Bellevue  Hospital  knew  wliat  in 

days’  use  the  Allied  Hospitals  (Gouv-  chanical  respirators  were  before  tl 
ernettr,  I'ordham  and  the  Bronx)  were  Lungmotor  was  shown  them, 
supplied  one  each  “on  trial”  and  Belle-  They  were  in  the  best  possible  p 
vue  requested  auothc 
No  effort  was  mad 
cnee  the  purchase  of 

s  delivered  to  Bellevue  Hospital, 

actually  used  they  would  I 
licicticy  justify  voluntary  ai 
Hospital  Superintendents  t 
mal  orders. 

"other  kind."  They  did  judge— they 
bought  Lungmotors  when  they  needed 
additional  respirators. 

Begin  saving  lives  with  the  Lung- 
motor  in  your  hospital  in  cases  of:— 

Collapse  ^  during  anaesthesia:  as- 

Apparcnt  drowning,  mining  acci- 

Suffocation,  pneumonia,  diphtheria. 

We  send  Lungmotors  on  iuspcci 
Vc  long  ago  got  beyond  the 

il  come  ( !  )ece tuber, 

Now  comes  further  proof  of  Lung- 
March  19,  1915,  Bellevue  Hospital 

motors — making  seven  (7)  in  all. 

April  15  another  order  came  for  the 
Drug  Dept. — making  eight  (8)  in  all. 

not  simply  buying  "anything  that 

looks  good.”  They  tried  out  Lung-  us  scuu  ju»  »..«  " 

motors  for  months  before  placing  keep  it  a  week — get  acquainted  vv 
their  order  and  then,  justified  by  it— you’ll  not  send  it  back. 

Procrastination  the  Thief  of  Life 

The  Lungmotor 
Outfit  Complete 

The  entire  outfit  for  every  emergency 
consists  of  the  following  securely  packed 
in  a  special  strong  carrying  case: 

The  Lungmotor  with  pressure  and  sue- 

They  Bought  Lungmotors 

kind”  were  shown  side  by  side.  The'  Mayor 

buy  what  the  Meeting  thinks  is  the  best." 
They  bought  Lungmotors. 

The  Police  Department  of  one  the  larg¬ 
est  cities  in  the  world  wanted  eleven  me¬ 
chanical  resuscitating  devices.  The  other 
kind  and  the  Lungmotor  were  brought  be¬ 
fore  the  Surgeons  and  officials.  They  could 
have  had  four  of  “the  other  kind”  for 
nothing,  but  they  bought  eleven  Lung¬ 
motors,  and  Lungmotors  arc  the  only  ones 
they  use.  They  wanted  the  kind  that  didn’t 

could  use  and  the  kind  that  can  always  sup¬ 
ply  air  at  a  safe  pressure. 

More  Lungmotors  have  been  bought  by 
the  hospitals  of  New  York,  Chicago.  Pitts¬ 
burg  and  Washington,  D.  C.,  during  the 
past  few  months  than  "the  other  kind”  has 

>  *.  -rg-  «A««^  -=*/  ^A<a 

h.  ^  I rr^s.s  ,  /a. 

t  t  wL\  tVa<vw  «*•*' 


wJ3  K® 




V,e  noticed  a  small  clipping  in  one  of  the  Hew  York  Pap/r i 
latelr  on  the  death  of  a  nan  in  yonr  Synthetic  Ph.nol  plant  from  in¬ 
haling  MM  and  abeorling  the  «»  P~"  01  ,1”/‘“’ 

Ao  „  have  a  plant  of  the  o.tldnpferj^fi.  !“**•  "  '“/'^  ’“" 
to  too.  th.  exact  .....  of  »  -  “?  “"14“‘ 

prevention  work. 

Yours  very  truly. 

U-«-*  k' 






<*~tt«**  ccjy'&v 



Sept.  17,  1916y  ^ 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  ^  4  ** 

/  i  Ciak<  4-iCfej^M  tXQ  mn#**+*  w» 

o—  ”• J-  4*n  *£«  «c 

Dear  Sir:-  V  <>.  j 

Your  favor  of  18  ult. 
merits  in  regard  to  your  flakejj^^  { 

heard  that  your  flake  nickel  hadtfeen^jised  fi|r  "this  purpose",  but  (understood 
that  the  matter  was  not  out  of  t^experliyntg.  ^ge^anc^n^ 

5  not  out  of  the 

r*'*- 1.  * 

i  experiments  with  metalj.i 

nickel  (which  was  not 

;h ^ 

and  on  account  of  m'y 

however,  in  the  flake  form) I  did  not  think  the  matter  promising  enouj 
justify  an  investigation  at  that  time. 

I  would  however  like  to  have  further  information  on  this  mat 
present  time,  along  the  lines  indicated  below;  and  if  a  process  for  fat  hard¬ 
ening  with  the  flake  nickel  has  been  successfully  workt  out,  I  could  probably 
place  such  a  process  with  some  of  my  friends  in  the  soap  and  oil  business 
with  whom  I  am  now  working  on  thi  subject. 

The  important  points  on  which  I  would  like  information  are  the  following: - 

If  a  fat  hardening  process  with  your  flake  Ml  is  on  the  market,  or  ready  for 

the  market,  what  are  the  terms  and  conditions  for  use  of  same? 


’.'.'ill  the  user  of  the  process  be  guaranteed  against  damages/ patent  infringe¬ 
ment  in  the  TJ.  S.? 

Details  in  regard  to  the  process;  such  as,  cost  of  plant,  cost  of  operation, 
kinds  of  oils  which  can  be  hardened,  and  the  degree  of  hardening  (complete  cr 
partial) . 

I  might  state  that  the  process  of  fat  hardening  which  is  in  pretty  general 
use  in  Europe,  and  which  uses  a  catalyzer  consisting  of  metallic  Ni  deposited 
on  an  inert,  powdered  substance,  which  acts  as  a  carrier  for  the  Hi,  is  quite 

■  "  ■  nr.  Thomas  4.  Edison.  2.  F'E-<"  9/lFAS 

satisfactory,  both  in  regard  to  it.  technical  an.,  co-rcll  op.ratio.i  Out 
ln  vl„  .f  the  claims  mad.  by  parties  in  this  country  holding  f.t 
hardening  patents,  «-  »  »*»  the  fact  that  this  *“  "°l  ^  ^ 

decided  by  the  court.,  it  1.  difficult  to  sot  anyone  «  go  with  this 

process.  ,  ,  , 

It  would  ther.ioro  be  important  if  a  pro—  could  »c  round,  union  0,  tn. 

„f  metallic  »i  alone,  •»«  P«—  “  ««*  “  ““  ”1"8 

a  consisting  of  Hi  dopo.ltod  upon  •  Peered  curler,  a.  auon  a  pro- 
o...  .ould  probably  be  by  tne  trade  a.  eurriol.ntly  ..cure  from  tne 

*  ♦»,„  riuiM  of  others,  so  that  they  would  go  ahead 

danger  of  Infringement  on  the  claims  of  otne  , 

with  it. 

However,  .  long  period  of  experimentation  by  me,  .1th  metallic  Hi  .lone, 
prepared  and  u.ed  in  v.biou.  .ay.,  fro.  tn.  oxide.,  but  al.ay.  in  a 
finely  powdered  and  not  in  a  flake  for.,  failed  to  give  re.ult.  «K»1  to  tne 
results  obtained  by  a  catalyzer  consisting  of  metallic  M  on  a 
carrier.  11  tn  such  a  catalyzer  tn.  following  result.  ~»  -“7  «»  »bW1”e‘‘- 
,  pure  commercial  oil,  suo»  ..  refined  cotton  or  corn  oils,  can  be  completely 
hardened  in  from  1  to  1  1/2  hours,  at  a  temperature  not  exceeding  300  F„  at 
almost  any  pressure  (  but  3  or  4  atmosphere,  is  «  convenient  pros.ur.  which 
give,  rapid  action,  with  a  catalyzer  containing  .  quantity  of  ill  ecuival.nt 
to  1/2  of  if  Xi  on  the  oil  used,  at  a  cost  of  1/4  f  a  lb.  or  less  (  1*  '•!  0011 
i.  404  a  lb.  and  H  cost  $1/30  per  1000  ou.  ft.,,  and  several  additional  run. 
can  be  mad.  with  the  same  charge  of  catalyzer,  with  dual  success,  but  at  a 
little  lower  speed. 

If  a  flake  21.  process  would  equal,  or  approximate,  the.,  result.  would 
he  important. 

Yours  very  truly, 


September  18th,  1916. 

Monsanto  Chemical  Works, 
St.  Louis , 


Your  favor  of  the  16th  instant  has 
been  received,  and  wo  beg  to  oonfirm  our  Telegram  to 
the  effect  that  we  have  been  delayed  in  making  ship¬ 
ment  ho  you  as  expected.  We  have  been  having  Borne 
trouble,  resulting  in  a  strike,  but  fortunately  that 
is  now  at  an  end  and  there  is  a  thousand  pounds  of 
Carbolio  on  the  way  to  you.  We  will  make  another  ship¬ 
ment  of  one  thousand  pounds  early  next  week,  and  expect 
soon  to  oatoh  up. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laboratory. 

tt,  ^  ^  *fi  .A\J^ 

'*i**~**S,  ^  ~ 

AJL  6~c't~'eiL*^~7 

-4_^  **y  7/r/  ^y  . 

c W.W  ^  ^  7? 

£**  #  ^  *jUi?'r*' 

,,,  <_2~, 

4,  d  <tcr,a>^ 

7S^  °*~»**.  i  Y  /~TZ7~~ 

^  Y  ^ 

tsiLA^'  uL— 

^  p.  ^ 




18th  septr. 


T.  A.  "Edison,  "Esq., 


Dear  Sir, 


*J>£&  V'VV 

^To  tfa* 

■  fr&t 


ms-,  ^r^rs. 


we  are  advised  $  the  Commercial  iatelll- 

?Sf^oxfot‘S?=plrjt  a.  e  gel 
ru!l.s  rit  .  l  '“  '  “  a  posit  Ion  to  offer  us 

•pvio  suirit  we  have  "been  using  until 

recently  (wiien  TOppUes  nero  tlten  o™''^  2SJ*2Stii, 

S7«vrias  t^s^jjg*  ^.rAnuSuSir 

SaffiaHs'SBS  S5WWK  S 

have  In  view. 

n.,_  h„,lMr8  are  The  Ulster  Bamc  Ltd., 
waring  «»?^^^a&g.r«S5&SS5^Sl  ”  °“ 
shlppers^ln^th^ltoited^states0 for^whom  we  act  in  Ireland. 

Dear  sir*, 

Trusting  to  hear  from  you,  we  are, 

Vmirfl  truly. 

\p-(SlL  ^  .  lf^' 

V.  iU'***f‘~  tc. 
iJiM  W-  x 

:'  %h  2  22u  ..  -  -7> : 

nr*-  o  ■,••'■•  ■  ■■  qjc-v^^ 

,.  .  O® .V^W;  '■  >:.  A 

•  ■  "6 

I  l  -  c4^t<ULg-*^<^''V  /Cm.WC«A-\w 

~~  !\S  -  -  ■’  A  tt\ 

IV  ^2222^,^22  -  l<wx“ 

\u  *****&  ft 

Sept.  20th. 1915. 

Sr.  Charlos  S.  Palmar, 

Nowtonville ,  Maas. 

Boar  Mr.  Palmer: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  13th  instant, 
ana  in  reply  would  say  that  I  already  have  two  Phenol  Plants  and 
ona  Aniline  factory  in  full  blast.  One  of  the  Phenol  Plants  is 
working  on  a  new  reaction. 

Can  you  f  ind  some  way  to  denitrato  nitrating  acid, 
and  romove,  for  instance,  the  traces  of  Bitrobensol  without  furn¬ 
aces  and  concentrating  apparatus .  About  a  thousand  tors  a  day  is 
throv7n  away  in  this- oountiy .  I  my3blf  throw  away  ten  tons  daily, 
yet  the  strength  is  62°  to  63°  Baums. 

If  attempts  are  made  to  use  it  for  other  reactions, 
the  2  1/2^  of  Hitric  interference,  as  well  as  the  Bit io benzol. 

Ycurs  very  truly, 

Sept.  20th.  1915. 

Dr.  T.  J.  Parker, 

$  General  Chemical  Co., 

25  Broad  Street, 

How  York  City. 

Dear  Dr.  Parker: 

ahlo  mountain  of  work  piled  <ir.  h^df th'  details  of  the 

“SKTSvAKS rrSAT-SS . .*  — ««. »- 1  *“ 

name  a  few  of  thenw 

with  a  solution  of  Hydrate  lime  listened  paper  was 

ono  polo  of  the  battery  an^  ^  ‘battery  When  contact  was  made 

oonneoted  with  the  other  aide  of  the  hatt eT; ?teiiurlum  touched  the  paper. 
Hydrogen  was  evolved  at  the  point  where  the  max  q  Tellliri0  Aolft, 

WS£i£  polnt^d^oiat! 

Si.^^«,srs.,^,!.,s,SM?iiS1»«*u. v„e ». 


.  „«  -ujs  sns^^sTH^SSS. 

«„^,rar»r^i;rs?»f. a  s..**.*.  <*  ™»i“ 

Blue . 

3.  In  Automatlo  Telegraphy  he  ^bo  used  a  reoordlr^olution 
of  Platinum,  or  the  metal  not  ox? dl zed  by  the  ^^^nlphc-cyanide 
was  moistened  tn  a  solut  10^0^ gdPa t^ho  Platinum  point,  thus  raising 
tho^prot oxide  to  a  seequioxldo  or  when  with  the 

da  SuU.  ».  —  -** 

Pago  two  - 

-“g-sv&ss  itF&s&a  Brasses. 

ton  to  Dew  York  in  22  l/2  minutes. 

4  In  connection  with  Automatic  Telegraphy,  to  also  made ns 

gjzzrrsris.:  stsa-’S  ssfjsArss&ss.  ■ 
Sk:S™S2  *;•, 

?S4*S?4S  mSS 

oSSsi«!i'S”*sstnJoK  o®  »?2u ;£.$;«£  • »« ...  Pn»oipi. 

SasCe  d^y  Mr!  Hdi  so  “i£  devising  the  loud  speaking  telephone. 

6.  Ho  also  conducted  an  enormous  number 

aS£J2£r^v=s^wnJ=sr "  •“■ 
SlfSSSgHEisf  Sr 

,Hth  eohl  Mr  etc.  Ho  also  did  an  en omens  amount  of  work  in  per- 

filament  which  was  made  from  cellulose. 

8.  Just  the  precise  nature  of  the  ohemistiy  involved  to  Mr. 

fy^JSrSS^S  oont act^'-vith  tto^detaTs.'T h^ever!* 
that  "he  made  use  of  the  ohemioal  principles  and  appUad  thorn  in  new  way 
that  have  resulted  in  a  production  of  high  grade  oement. 

9.  Mr.  Kdison’s  Alkaline  Storage  Battery  was  an  absolute  in- 


Pago  three - 

and  the  sulphatoo  of  Hiokol  ana  Cohalt . 

9.  Coming  down  to  the  last  ten  month a  I  guess  you  are  quite 
familiar  with  what  ho  has  done  ,  hut  to  specify  in  detail,  let  mo  say  as 

(A) .  Ho  has  designed,  huilt  and  operated  Benzol 

Absorbing  Plants  at  the  Cohe  OvnnB  at  tha  C™^ta 
Stool  Company,  John3tovm,  and  ^  ^  ' 

at  tho  oodward  Iron  Company,  V/oodward,^Ala . , 
whero  ho  is  producing  Benzol,  Toluol,  Solvent 
naphtha,  and  naphthaline. 

(B) .  Ho  has  designed, Benzol  Absorb ing 

tho  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company,  Sydney,  Hova 

Scotia,  also  for  a  Stool  Company  at  Sault  Sto. 

\  •  Mario. 

(C) .  Ho  designed,  built  and  operated  his  first 
Carbolic  Acid  Plant  at  Silver  bake,  II.  J.  in  18 
days.  This  plant  has  been  in  conuinuou3  opera¬ 
tion  moat  of  the  present  year  and  ls  no.v  produc¬ 
ing  about  5,000  rounds  of  Phnnol  ror  day. 

(D)  .  Ho  has  d -signed,  huilt  and  is  operating  a 
second  and  larger  Carbolic  Acia  Plant  at  silver 
Lake ,  H.  3. 

fvl  He  has  aosignod,  huilt  and  operated  a  plsa* 
for  the  manufacture  ’o£  Aniline  Oil  at  Silver  J«k« , 

K.  o. 

(P).  Ho  has  desifued,  huilt  and  operated  a  plant 

for  mannfao taring  Paraphenylonediamlnowhiehi 

now  in  continuous  operation  at  oilvor  Lake,  " •  ” 

With  kind  regards  t 
soon,  I  remain. 

i  hoping  to  have  tho  pleasure  of  snol  ng  you 

fours  very  truly. 

V/e  «ish  to  confi^S^SWt-ptte^osVJo^^  ^ <*/ 

"  ,  .vtom+v  veenlvei.  V/ill  need  one  ton  aniliiB  *¥■%, 

"letter  eighteenth  received.  *  asainst  decline? 

first  each  month  over  next  ™ly7couian' t  you^ive  us  one 

Yours  very  truly. 

Lancaster  Chemical  Company 




Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.J. 

September  20,  ''15*- 



Your  telegram  of  the  18th  inst.,  ashing  us  to  enter, 
your  order  for  ten  tons  per-day  of  Chamber  Sulphuric  Acid  for 
the  remainder,  of  this  year  on  quotation  our  letter  to  you  Sept- 
16th,.  received.  We  have  entered  your  order*  as  per  your 

We  have  also  received  your  telegram,  reading  as 


«ln  order  to  provide:  for  manufacturing  process,  it  will 
help  me  out  to  know  whether  you  can  make  shipment  of  the  35'  tons 
at  once.  Also  how  quickly  and  how  regularly  you  can  make  ship¬ 
ment  on  account  of  the  ten  ton  per-day.  Please  advise  me 

In  reply  to  this  telegram,  we:  wired  you  as  follow®: 

“Immediately  upon  return,  estimated  two  days,,  #8  tank 
car  will  be  used  in  your  oerv£e  continuously.  We  will  provide 
another  car  soon  as  possible,,  estimated  ten  days.* 

Immediat  a  y  upon  receipt  of  your  order-,  we  took  up  the 
matter  of  securing^dditional  tank  car*  and  it  is  possible, 
that  we’  can  have  one  in  operation  inside  of  ten  days.  Our 
Tank  Car- #8  is  now  in  Hew  York  State.-  and  immediately  upon  its, 
return  to  our  Plant  at  Perryville,.  Md-,  it  placed  in 





continuous  service  between  Perryville,  Mi*  and  Silver  Lake*  N*J» 
V/e  are  endeavoring  to  secure  another  tank  car,  which  will  carry 
about  .55,00$  Gallons;  or  about  40  tons*  These  two  cars  will 
carry  JO  tons  per-week*  if  we  can  keep  them  moving  at  the  rate- 
of  one  round  trip  per-week,-.  which  v/e  should  easily  be  able  to 
do.  We  are  in  position  to  load  promptly  and  if  you  can  un¬ 
load  equally  prompt  there  should  be  no  difficulty  in  doing 
this.  <~ 

Shall  we  understand  ten  tons  per-day  to  mean  sixty  t 
per— week  or  seventy  tons  per— week. 

Thanking  you  for  the  order  and  awaiting  your 
further  favors-,  we  beg  to  remain,. 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  Lancaster  Chemical  C 


Diet  ABI^/BE 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 

Oils,  Greases,  Acids,  Chemicals 

52-54-56  Lafayette  Street 

Newark, 1ST.  J. 

Mr.  W.  T.  Meadowcroft, 

0T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  never  had  full  analysis  ( 
details  on  Aniline  Oil  or  Oil  Myrbane. 

Will  you  kindly  give  us  the  necessary 
particulars  on  both  of  these  items  so  that  we 
may  he  able  to  advise  prospective  buyers,  and 

Yours  very  truly, 

American  Oil  &  Supply  Co., 



K/lotC  - 


(R>.  ft,  3o yc 




*  c.  l-  '  tf-> 

i /n-tn'd 

/  . 

American  Printing  Company 

Fall  Hxvku,  Massachusetts 

September  20,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  17th  on  the  subject  of  Aniline 
Oil  contract  for  next  year  came  to  hand  this  morning,  and  I 
immediately  telegraphed  you  that  we  wished  to  continue  our  con¬ 
tract  of  2000  lbs.  per  week  for  the  year  commencing  January  1st, 
1916  at  60 $  per  pound.  V/e  await  receipt  of  your  contract  which 
will  be  executed  in  due  form. 

Thanking  yon  for  pro  toot  log  »»  Tor  onr  n.xt',  oon- 


sumption,  we  are, 

Sept.  20th,  I9ib, 

American  Printing  Company,  a  corporation  having  its 
place  of  business  at  Pall  River,  Mass.,  hereby  purchases,  and 
agrees  to  receive  from  Thomas  A.  Edison,  and  the  Quid  Thomas 
A.  Edison  hereby  sells  to  said  American  Printing  Company,  Ani¬ 
line  Oil  required  by  said  American  Printing  Company  for  it3  -\vn 
use  and  consumption  in  mills  located  at  Pali  River,  Mass.,  dur¬ 
ing  the  period  from  January  1st,  1916,  to  December  31st,  1916, 
inclusively,  and  as  follows: 





To  be  of  as  go.d  quality  ao  is  now  be¬ 
ing  supplied  by  Edison  to  American  Print¬ 
ing  Company. 

To  be  Bixty  (60)  cent3  per  pound,  P.  0.  B. 
Silver  Lake,  II.  J.:  drums  extra  at  §10.00 
each,  to  be  credited  if  returned  in  good 
condition,  freight  prepaid,  within  ninety 
(90)  days  from  date  of  original  shipment. 

To  be  made  and  taken  at  the  rate  of  two 
thousand  (2,000)  pounds  per  7/eek. 

Thirty  (30)  days,  or  less  i;5  within  ten 
days  from  date  of  each  shipment,  payable 
in  Hew  York  City  funds,  in  united  states 
gold  or  its  equivalent  iri  united  States 

In  the  event  of  war,  fire,  flood,  strike, 
lockout,  accident,  or  other  lixe  causes 
beyond  the  control  oi  said  Edison,  inter¬ 
fering  with  the  production  of  Transportation 
of  the  goods  herein  described,  deliveries 
under  this  contract  may  be  suspended 
during  the  period  required  to  remove 
the  cause  and  repair  the  damage. 




aU  s 

September  21at.  1915. 

Mr.  Edison: 

The  nitrating  pot  on  the  Para  la  atill  leaking 
and  we  have  sent  for  McCahe  Boiler  people  to  come  and  caulk 
it.  Then  we  will  txy  it  again.  If  we  can  oaulk  it  well 
enough  to  make  it  laat  for  aeveral  runa  we  will  do  so . 
Meantime  Caum  has  got  some  data  from  J.  L.  Mott  Iron  Works 
as  to  how  soon  they  can  get  a  180  gallon  steam  jacketed 
cast  iron  kettle.  Christensen  suggests  that  you  have  an 
order  put  in  for  this  so  tlat  we  can  get  it  in  ten  days 
time.  Price  F.  0.  B.  Trenton,  $143.20. 


apr  it**-'. 

21,  1915 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
The  Laboratory 

Orange ,  H . J . 


Dear  Ur.  Ed i non:  .  ,  , 

I  am  much  interested  in  your  reply,  in  regard  to 

the  opportunity  to  recover  the  waste  nitro-benzole;  and  think  that 
you  may  like  to  have  me  tackle  that  for  you  as  a  starter.  Moreover, 
it  is  quite  possible  that  it  may  v/ork  in  with  one  of  my  new  reactions. 

Perhaps  you  might  send  me  a  pound  sample  of  the  liquor  under  con¬ 
sideration;  and  meanwhile  consider  the  possibility  of  my  assisting  you 
in  this  and  allied  problems.  I  had  no  idea  that  there  is  so  much 
waste  in  this  one  line. 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  ,  and  to  keep  in  touch  with  you, 

Very  truly, 

_Se.ptemb.ex_  3k, —  — 

1  ^  . _ . 

^qwcroft  _„ 


Attention  of  Mr.  W*. 

De«  Mrs-  S-etk***-  *****  ■ 

regard  to  c 

,  in3 

The  Hercules  people  are  no  longer  complaining 
about  the  delay  of  the  first  tank  car  which  left  Woodward 
on  the  14th  inet.  What  they  are  trying  to  make  us  agree  to 
ie  that  we  guarantee  130  gallons  per  day  hereafter.  They 
also  insist  that  in  case  we  cannot  deliver  to  them  as  much 
as  130  gallons  per  day  from  now  on,  that  we  buy  in  the  market 
enough  to  make  up  the  130  gallons. 

We  refused to  accept  their  point  of  view,  and 
have  finally  agreed  on  both  sides,  not  to  disousB  the  above 
point  any  further  until  we  find  it  absolutely  necessary  to 
do  so. 

Under  these  circumstances,  we  would  certainly 
like  very  much  to  get  130  gallons  per  day  hereafter,  and 
therefore  have  asked  your  Mr,  Meadowcroft  to  telegraph  wood¬ 
ward,  to  ascertain  when  the  next  tank  oar  will  be  ready  for 
shipment.  We  ask  you  to  be  kind  enough  to  impress  upon  Mr. 

Mason  or  Mr.  Opdyke,  that  we  are  obligated  to  turn  out  130 
gallons  per  day  at  least,  and  trust  you  will  let  us  hear  from 
you  as  soon  as  you  receive  such  information. 

We  understand  that  the  duPont  deNemours  Powder 
Company  wish  to  buy  your  Johnstown  Toluol  for  next  year,  after 
the  expiration  of  your  contract  with  the  British,  and  we  feel 
that  you  ought  to  get  more  than  $3.  per  gallon  for  such  contract. 

We  would  like  to  know  if  you  will  give  us  a  chance 
to  sell  same,  and  if  so  kindly  send  us  the  data. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Sept.  22nd.  1915. 

Corelensite  Company  of  America, 

Bloomfield,  N.  J. 


Replying  to  yonr  favor  of  the  16th 
instant,  which  has  received  Mr.  F.dison' s 
attontion,  he  rorruests  us  to  say  that  he  thinks 
he  oan  rodistill  all  of  his  product.  Ha  wishes 
me  further  to  say  to  you  that  we  are  obliged 
to  use  every  pound  of  Carbolic  we  m'lte  to  meet 
our  oontraots,  or  he  would  he  glad  to  lot  you 
have  some. 

Yours  vory truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Kdison. 


einlora,  (Elfpmirala,  Otis  anil  ifltm'rtd  ^rnhurta 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange ,  N . J . 

Bear  Sir;- 

Confirming  results  of  conference  had  with  you 
this  morning,  please  hook  my  order  for  Prime  quality  Aniline 

Oil  the  same  as  heretofore  furnished  as  follows; 

QUANTITY.  One  Jl,)  drum  900  or  1000  pounds  net  weight  each, 

‘  per£«6rking  day  of  next  year,  1916. 

PRICE  AND  CONTAINERS.  Fifty  (.50)  cents  per  pound  f.o.b.  Silver 

- lake,  N.J.,  drums  extra  at  5,-10.00  and  returnable 

within  ninety  days  at  same  price  freight  paid  to 
Silver  Lake ,  H  .<J . 

TERMS.  30  days  net  cash  or  less  Vft  cash  disoount  if 

-  payments  are  made  ten  days  from  date  of  each  invoice. 

In  placing  this  order,  it  is  understood  you  are 
not  to  offer  for  sale  or  sell  to  anyone  else  below 
$0 /  per  pound,  and  in  event  of  decline  or  any 
necessity  of  your  selling  below  60/  per  pound  you 
are  to  proportionately  reduce  your  price  on  my  order 
•  confirmed  above. 

In  short,  it  is  mutually  understood  that  your  price 
to  other  purchasers  will  always  show  a  differential  or  profit 

on  my  order  of  10/  per  pound. 

Ht  is  also  mutually  understood  after  going  over 
your  records  of  sales  and  production  with  your  Mr.  Meadowcroft 
today,  if  you  find  it  possible  to  furnish  me  with  additional 
quantity  of  Aniline  Oil  or  more  than  one  drum  per  day  as  provided 

for  above,  you  will  let  me  have  whatever  additional  quantity  you 

j^fattUg  loggptt 

Glalara,  (Hlfstittrala,  ©ila  anb  iMtttml  Probitrta 

find  it  possible  to' spare  up  to  two  drums  per  aay,  or  ii  you 
cannot  do  any  better ( two  or  three  additional  drums  weekly. 

It  is  also  mutually  understood  i  am  to  acquaint 

you  with  my  customers  as  sales  are  mode,  and  that  you  are  to 
make  shipments  for  my  account  direct  to  such  customers  where 
there  is  any  advantage  in  so  doing,  direct  from  your  plant,  and 
that  in  consideration  of  my  disclosing  the  identity  of  my  custoi 
you  are  not  to  interfere  with  my  trade  or  knowingly  suffer  same 
to  be  interfered  with  by  others. 

llease  confirm  this  understanding,  advising  me  at  the 
same  time  as  to  additional  quantity  of  Aniline  Oil  you  will  agr 
to  let  me  have  on  the  same  terms  and  conditions  as  above,  And 

"very  respectfully, 

Ianufacturers  of  Soaps 

)7/5~  _  ^ 

*'/  i,il\ 

a  ^ 1 ; 

1  * A*  «*  *UM- 


,  _  f  ^  |/bi  U^-«  ^ 

Ur.  Ueadoworoft ,  .  f  U?tf  (x*^ 

Edison  Laboratories ,  ^  v.^ ,.,  ^.j 



Dear  Sir-  J  ^  U+ 

We  notioed  at  the  Industrial  Exposition  in  Hew  York^C^t^  ’p 
that  you  are  now  producing  a  Solvent  Naphtha.  Please  lei 
know  whether  this  is  being  produced  on  a  commercial  basis.  . 

If  so,  let  us  have  whatever  information  you  have  as  to  itsJS^*'**  yj  ^ 
properties,  flash  point,  eto.,  and  its  approximate  price  I 

quantities,  and  if  convenient,  send  us  a  gallon  sample.  ,  ^  ^  g  ^\‘Cj 

Vory  truly  yours,  "j*  _ _ ^ 

/(  c  f- TA.^f  ^'lA  w  ^  J* 

1W  r*r’ , 


O-'tX  <s^t< 

‘Vg  ’-XZT&frM-Ufkr 

Sof  t .  24  th  .  1915  . 

Charles  lenr.ig  &  Corny  any, 

112  South  Front  Street, 
Philadelphia,  Pa. 


I  hag  tc  confirm  tny  telegram  of  yesterday,  as  follows: 
.  T.  npt .  £F>,  1915. 

Charles  Lertnig  ft  Co., 
112  South  Front  Street, 
Philadelphia,  Pa. 

t  aceert  offer  one  tar*  oar 
Chamber  Acid  in  October,  llov- 
embor  and  December  as  per  your 
lottar  of  yesterday.  I  under¬ 
stand  this  is  on  haul  •  of  ,  ifty 
degree .acid. 

Thomas  A.  Fd la  on . " 

I  rrotild  thank  you  to  inform  me  aa  to  has  soon  in  lot- 
obor  you  can  ship  the  carload  of  Acid,  so  that  X  can  arrange  to 

sond  a  tank  car  for  same. 

Yours  very  truly, 




Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange ,  H .  J • 

,  Dear  Sir:- 

In  reply 


-  >  •  [  r 

£rtA.  &&&■£>■<•**>*% 

cU  et;}' 


your  letter  of  the  21st.  inst.  wpuldj 
that  I  could  use  3  drums  ^niliiie  011.(^000  Lbs.  )  monthly 
cents  more  than 


during  1616  @  35  cents  per  pound,  this  ia^ 

I  am  now  paying,  and  am  covered  for  someti^to  come. 

If  it  were  pebble  to  obtain  the  price  for^my 
customers,  I  would  not  besitiate  a  moment,  but  as  the  Aniline 
Oil  is  only  used  in  quantities  on  cheaper  grade  of  hosiery, 
such  as  retail  for  25  cents  and  less. 

Therefore,  it  is  inpossible  for  them  to  pay  the 
price,  I  would  be  compelled  to  ask  accordingly  to  your 
quotations.  In  conjunction  to  the  above  I  would  say  your  oil 
is  A#I  in  every  respect,  and  I  regret  exceedingly  that  the 
price  is  not  right  so  to  enable  me  to  use  same. 

Trusting  you  will  reconsider  this  price 
which  will  be  greatly  apprecited  by  my  customers  as  well 
as  by  rnyself. 

Awaiting  your  prompt  reply,  I  cm, 

Very  trulS  yours, 

f«n  i  i  tv... i  f  ^  /  Utr+'i  ct  c,  ' 

i*  ns.  :-r7  ,  ^ 

.  J</  WecCC  J-t  /  htia-C/.-.ti.  -  ,  ate 

■£<«.  Ill'  9h«u*y  _  //)  ,Ll 

XJtP'C*-  'V.  edic-£-  ^  \WiL  31  edt—Q-y 

u  V\  iSi-o  ,  °0  A 

Lc.  | a><uCA£.^  «*>cfe  !-»«..*  <&*  <£•  e 

Ste***.~CLt  fcct&fa  r^C.  n-  lfu< 

<*  *  1C 

^«,.,  T?  i>  j  '  v (<.' 




-fr-tf  1-i' 

LO  CCc 

ct-  |yC.Clt 


tet  <».  S^MiVwLmsi 



=-«.C£.V*  ,  4U  <?C< 

-C^tC,  ce.,1  «.** 




QCcsiu  y  'ii.-t-cf 

~tt>  ^LLct-Ccc  ^e, 



-  O-CXrt^, 

uvv-'-aCy/ctAdf  ^CCe^  *-<-f-  ^ 

ZebfL*  KaC^  ff^-e.e'f6  Cftc. 

Sept .  25th.  1915 

Mr.  Stanley  Dcggatt, 

99  John  Street, 

He*?  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  your  favor  of  the  22nd 
Instant  in  which  you  place  an  order  for  one  drum 
ol  Aniline  Oil  per  each  working  day  of  next  year, 
1916,  lot  me  say  that  I  am  -.Tilling  to  hook  this 
order,  except  that  I  cannot  consent  to  the  con¬ 
ditions  you  mention.  I  am  not  making  to  anyone 
any  suoh  conditions,  and  regret  that  I  cannot  make 
any  exception  in  your  case.  Please  let  ire  knew 
immediately  if  you  wish  to  enter  the  order  in 
accordance  with  your  letter  except  the  special 
conditions  yon  mention. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Sept.  25th.  19X5. 

Dr.  Charles  S.  Palmar, 

Iiawtonville,  Mass. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  yonr  favor 
of  the  Clot  instant,  and  in  reply  would 
say  that  it  is  too  lato,  as  far  as  I  am 
concerned  to  work  on  the  was  to  riitrohenzol . 
I  made  a  contract  to  sell  all  the  waste 
acid  to  the  party  who  furnished  ms  with 
tho  original  acid.  However,  it  is  still 
a  good  problem,  as  there  are  thousands  of 
tons  going  to  waste. 

Xonr9  very  truly. 

2bth.  laib. 

Sept  . 

High  Point  Hosiery  Hills  , 

High  Point ,  K.  C. 


X  an  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  2nth  instant,  and 
in  reply  would  say  that  I  cannot  undertake  to  givo  in  my  contracts 
for  Aniline  Oil  any  clause  pro!  icting  against  a  dooline  in  prices 
for  tha  reason  that  tho  ranufacturors  of  Acids  and  tho  concornB 
who  furnish  tlw  other  suprli  is  of  raw  material  refuse  all  promo¬ 
tion  clauses  with  mo.  I  am,  therefore,  obliged  to  make  my  contracts 
in  advanoo  for  an  entire  year's  axivyly,  without  any  protection  clause, 
for  this  reason  it  is  impossible  for  mo  to  make  any  hut  straight 
contracts  with  customers  for  Aniline  Oil  on  tha  basis  of  a  year’s 
supply  at  a  stated  prico.  It  is  hard.  1  knew  .  but  you  will  sac  how 
impossible  it  would  bo  for  me  to  deal  with  you  on  any  other  basis. 

As  to  delivery,  let  mo  say  that  i  have  been  delivering 
Aniline  Oil  since  June,  and  my  plant  is  working  rogularly.  Of  course, 
I  fully  expect  to  make  all  deliveries  next  year,  but  all  my  contracts 
contain  the  usual  clause  about  war,  firo,  strikes  or  any  other  con¬ 
tingencies  beyond  toy  control. 

I  regret  to  say  that  I  could  not  make  any  deliveries  at 
all  until  January  1st,  as  ovoiy  pound  of  my  present  output  is  con¬ 
tracted  for.  Yours  very  truly. 

Sept.  26,  1916. 

Dr.  2.  J.  Parker, 

C/o  General  Chemical  Company, 

26  Broad  street.  Dew  York. 

Dear  Dr.  Parker : 

In  oonneotlon  with  your  lettor  of  September  21et,  for 
aorao  of  the  details  of  Mr.  Edison’ 3  work  in  applied  ohomistry,  I  bog 
to  submit  tho  following  in  addition  to  what  you  have  previously  re¬ 
ceived  from  Hr.  Moadoworoft: 

During  tho  time  I  have  been  with  Mr.  Edison  his  big  achieve¬ 
ments  have  boon  tiio  Phonograph,  Hagnotio  Iron  Ore  Soparation,  Portland 
Comont  and  the  Storage  Battery.  Mr.,  Ueado-,voroft  has  already  men¬ 
tioned  a  number  of  his  accomplishments  in  oonneotlon  with  the  eleotrlo 
inoandesoont  lamp. 

In  tho  Phonograph  art  there  was  considerable  applied  chemistry 
used  and  much  chemical,  research  needed  in  the  production  of  recording 
compositions  ,  moulded  cylinder  and  Also  records  and  in  tho  produc¬ 
tion  of  record  matrices-  Details  of  this  work  are  not  all  made 
publio,  but  I  know  that  they  represent  a  vast  amount  of  o'nemioal 
resoaroh  by  Mr.  Edison  personally  as  well  as  by  a  number  of  his 
assistants  to  obtain  and  produoe  tho ^materials  suited  to  tho  require¬ 
ments  of  those  produots.  One  accomplishment  in  particular  in  this 
line  has  been  recently  made,  and  that  is  tho  production  of  an  oloo- 
trolytlo  ooppor  film  whloh  has  tho  toughnesB  and  elaotloity  of  steel 
and  is  almost  entirely  non-crystalline  and  froe  from  porosity.  fhie 


accomplishment  lias  vastly  improved  the  reoord  matrices  end  the  reoords 
made  therefrom.  The  wax  cylinder  reoords  have  also  been  an  important 
industry,  and  the  disc  reoords,  whioh  are  more  recent,  involved consider¬ 
able  applied  chemistry  and  much  fine  technical  chemical  work  to  reach 
the  high  state  of  perfection  whioh  is  found  in  the  Edison  disc  reoords 
being  manufactured  to-day. 

Magnotio  Ore  separation:-  This  enabled  low-grade  iron  ores 
to  be  utilized  by  oonoentrating  the  ore  by  magnetic  separators.  This 
operation  necessitated  the  invention  of  grinding  and  screening  devices  ■ 
whioh  have  also  proved  of  great  value  in  the  treatment  of  other  ores 
in  the  Portland  oemont  manufacture.  The  grinding  rolls,  whioh  have 
contributed  a  groat  advanoe  in  the  orushlng  of  refraotory  oreB,  are 
constructed  with  replaceable  oast  steel  surfaces.  They  are  rotated 
at  a  velocity  equal  to  that  of  a  falling  mass  of  ore  whioh  has  dropped 
from  a  given  height,  and  instead  of  rolling  about  on  the  top  of  the 
rolls,  whioh  causes  great  wear  on  the  rolls,  the  ore  drops  through 
the  rolls,  contributing  the  energy  of  the  falling  mass  to  that  of 
the  power  of  the  rolls,  whioh  orushos  it  instantly,  without  muoh 
grinding  aotion  on  the  rollB  themselves.  When  ores  are  crushed  by 
rolls  in  the  ordinary  method  -  that  is,  by  dumping  thorn  on  the  rolls  - 
they  have  to  he  brought  to  the  velocity  neoessary  to  paBB  through  the 
rolls  by  friction  with  the  rolls.  Shis  Boon  wears  out  the  steel 
rolls.  These  rolls  are  now  being  used  in  other  industries  than 


those  under  the  control  of  Mr.  Edison. 

Soreoning:-  A  valuable  Improvement  to  the  art  of  screen¬ 
ing  was  also  developed  by  Mr.  Edison  in  oonneotion  with  his  ore-milling 
work.  ibis  consists  of  slotted  steel  plates,  the  slots  of  which  are 
placed  at  right  angles  to  the  flow  of  the  comminuted  material,  and  the 
soreen  plate  set  at  such  an  angle  of  inoline  to  separate,  Bay  20-mesh 
particles  and  at  another  steeper  angle  to  separate,  say  100-mosh  parti- 
oies.  The  principle  here  involved  is  that  the  particles,  booause  of 
their  inertia,  cannot  flow  through  a  slot  several  times  the  diameter 
of  the  partioles  when  the  slotted  plate  is  placed  at  an  incline,  con¬ 
sequently,  these  partioles  paBB  over  the  slot,  and  the  Bmall  partioles, 
having  muoh  less  momentum,  fall  through.  ThiB  allows  of  a  great 
saving  in  the  cost  of  screening  and  of  quit©  aoourato  screening  as 

Cement ;-  In  the  oement  industry  he  was  the  first  to 

successfully  build  and  operate  rotary  clinker  furnaces.  He  recog¬ 
nized  that  the  success  of  the  rotary  kiln  was  dependent  on  its  length, 
which  would  allow  ample  time  for  the  proper  clinker  reaotion  during 
its  continuous  passage  through  the  rotary  kiln.  He  also  reoognized 
the  importance  of  fine  grinding  of  the  clinker  -  not  merely  that  a 
large  proportion  ehould  pase  through  a  200-mesh  screen,  but  that  what 
did  pass  through  the  200-mesh  soreen  should  he  in  great  proportion 
made  up  of  very  muoh  finer  partioles. 


Storage  Battery:  4  I  think  his  greatest  achievement  involving 
applied  ohemistry  was  in  the  alkaline  storage  battery.  Here  we  have 
a  product  which  is  absolutely  dependent  for  its  suooess  on  the  purity 
of  the  chemicals  used  in  it  and.  to  manufacture  its  various  elomentB. 

He  lias  succeeded  in  installing  processes  for  the  manufacture  of  niokol 
hydrate  in  the  state  of  highest  purity  as  regards  substances  which  act 
as  "poisons"  in  its  use  as  an  elootrolytio  depolarizer.  This  also 
involved  making  a  naturally  very  colloidal  precipitate  dry  in  such 
state  as  to  have  the  proper  inter-molecular  porosity  of  the  partioleB 
to  attain  the  maximum  oapaoity  and  efficiency  aB  a  depolarizer.  All 
this  he  has  accomplished  so  that  it  is  done  commercially  and  on  a 
very  largo  scale.  The  same  importance  of  purity  was  found  to  bo 
necessary  in  the  iron  element  of  the  battery.  This  involves  the 
manufacture  of  a  highly  pure  ferrous  sulphate  from  which  is  produced 
ferric  oxide,  free  from  the  last  traces  of  SO3  and  other  impurities, 
and  subsequently  the  reduction  of  the  ferric  oxide  to  iron  by  pure 
hydrogen.  She  ordinary  hydrogen  produced  by  dissolving  iron  in 
diluted  sylphurio  acid  generally  contains  traces  of  sulphur,  arsenic, 
solenium,  phosphorus,  etc.  This  neoeSBitated  the  purification  and 
removal  of  all  these  substances.  The  iron  by  hydrogen,  like  the 
niokel  hydrate,  must  also  oonform  to  a  standard  porosity.  He  has 
found  that  there  is  iron  and  iron  which  is  almost  as  indifferent  to 
one  metal  is  from  another.  He  has  found  that 

electrJio  chemistry  as 


Fa2  iron  is  very  different  from  ?e  iron,  or  at  leasts  that  iron  reduced 
from  ferric  salts  aots  entirely  different  in  the  battery  from  iron 
reduo ed  from  ferrous  salts.  The  proper  temperature  of  reduction 
also  had  to  be  found,  end  thousands  of  experiments  were  performed  in 
order  to  find  the  proceso  which  would  produoe  the  most  active-  product. 
When  this  most  e  product  was  produced  it  was  so  aotive  that 
exposure  to  air  would  cause  it  to  spontaneously  take  fire  and  bum. 
Methods  of  treating  this  iron  so  as  to  prevent  its  taking  fire  while 
going  through  the  operation  of  manufacture  for  use  in  the  battery 
and  yet  not  to  take  away  any  of  its  aotivity  had  to  be  devised,  and 
this  was  all  successfully  aoooraplishod  bp  him.  Nature  had  not 
produced  a  flake-like  conductor  which  could  be  suooessfully  used  to 
oonduot  and  distribute  the  eleotrioity  to  and  from  the  active  material 
in  the  nickel  pockets  of  the  battery.  This  aotive  material  is  at 
first  a  non-conductor,  and  later  -  that  is,  after  oharglng  it  is  a 
relatively  poor  conductor.  Graphite  was  first  used  for  this  purpose 
but  was  found  to  develop  serious  dofects  which  caused  the  battery 
to  deteriorate  in  capacity  and  effioieniy  after  long  use.  This 
involved  much  financial  loss  as  it  was  not  found  out  until  after 
they  were  being  manufactured  on  a  large  soale.  It  was  raoBt  dis¬ 
couraging,  and  the  manufacture  had  to  be  stopped  and  the  work  begun 
over  again.  This,  however,  did  not  discourage  Mr.  Edison,  who,  after 
patient  research  to  find  the  oause  of  the  trouble,  set  out  to  find 


the  remedy.  This  he  suoooeded  in  accomplishing  after  many  thousands 
of  experiments  and  at  great  expense.  The  problem  was  solved  "by 
making  a  oonduoting  flake  similar  to  graphite,  but  with  definite 
dimensions,  from  n&tallio  niokel.  H1b  experiments  in  producing  this 
product  ohemioally  involved  a  vast  amount  of  research  in  electro¬ 
chemical,  chemical  and  mechanical  arts.  '.Then  it  is  taken  into  ac¬ 
count  that  the  film  of  nickel  from  which  this  flake  is  produoed  is 
less  than  one-ten  thousandths  of  an  inch  in  thiokness  and  is  out  in 
pieces  efixty- thousandths  of  an  inch  square,  and  its  volume  is  about 
four  pounds  to  a  cubic  foot,  it  would,  seem  to  be  almost  an  impossibility 
to  manufacture  it  commercially  in  the  quantities  required  for  a  large 
soale  production  of  batteries.  The  methods  he  has  devised  for  its 
produotion  has  completely  solved  the  problem,  and  pure  niokel  flake 
is  now  produced  in  largo  quantities. 

The  elootrolyte  also  required  much  researoh  to  bring  the 
caustic  potash  of  commerce  up  to  the  highest  purity  in  respect  to 
the  substances  which  act  as  "poisons"  to  the  battery.  The  amount 
of  ohemloal  aDd  electro-chemical  research  work  necessary  to  perfect 
the  Edison  battery  is  I  think  unparalleled  in  the  history  of  indus¬ 
trial  Inventions.  It  was  found  that  in  spite  of  the  great  care  used 
throughout  the  manufacture  of  the  various  elements  of  the  battery, 
symtomB  of  the  presence  of  some  "toxin"  would  be  indicated  by  a  loss 
of  oapaolty  after  long  use.  After  much  researoh  an  "anti-toxin"  was 


found  which  caused  a  speedy  recovery  of  capacity  ifa  the  battery  when 
its  electrolyte  was  -inoculated”  with  the  "anti-toxin".  This  "anti¬ 
toxin"  in  lithium  hydrate  in  a  small  percentage  added  to  the  potash 
solution.  Later  he  has  solved  all  difficulties  in  this  respect  by 
adding,  for  inoculating  all  the  batteries  when  completed, with  a  solu¬ 
tion  of  KOH  containing  the  anti-toxins 

His  system  of  introduoipg  tests  to  keep  the  standard  of 
these  various  elements  and  chemicals  up  to  the  standards  which  he 
-aae  found  best  keeps  quite  a  large  research  laboratory  busy  daily. 

She  number  of  patents  ho  has  taken  out  relating  to  the 
various  inventions  in  which  applied  chemistry  enters  either  in  a 
greater  or  smaller  degree  is  too  well  known  for  me  to  call  to  your 

in  conclusion,  I  would  like  to  call  your  attention  to  the 
statement  which  one  sometimes  hears  in  connection  with  Hr.  Edison 
as  well  as  with  others  who  have  accomplished  great  results,  and 
that  is.  "this  one  or  that  one  of  his  employees  deserves  the  credit 
for  this  or  that  invention  or  accomplishment".  After  close  associa¬ 
tion  with  Mr.  Edison  for  the  past  twenty-seven  years  I  can  say  that 
this  is  not  the  case  with  his  important  achievements  during  my  time 
with  him.  Of  course  he  has  had  to  have  many  able  assistants,  but 
his  personal  genius  and  generalship  is  responsible  for  all  he  has 

.TV A/IWW  Tours  very  truly. 

Oot.  9th.  1915. 

Powers-Weightman-Rosengarten.Co. , 

Uiath  and  Parriah  Streets, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Gentl  emen : 

Please  pardon  the  delay  in  replying  to  your  favor  of 
the  25th  ultimo  in  regard  to  Iron  by  Hydrogen.  We  have  not 
heretofore  been  quoting  this  for  sal6,  but  are  now  prepared  to 
supply  it.  Uy  quotations  are  as  follows: 

iron  by  Hydrogen  C.  P.  Grade  A,  28  l/z/.  per  pound 
tt  n  it  "  "  B,  29p  per  pound 

The  total  iron  content  of  Grade  A  is  89.5355  and  of 
Grade  B  about  97$.  These  iron  products  are  made  from  special 
Swedish  iron  triple  crystallized.  They  are  of  great  purity,  as 
tests  will  show.  In  our  busiiBss,  it  1b  necessary  to  have  than 
very  pure,  otherwise  they  could  be  manufactured  at  a  much  lower 
price.  We  do  not,  however,  care  to  mako  any  cheaper  grades. 

Subjeot  to  prior  Bale,  we  could  furnish  about  3,500 
pounds  per  week. 

’.Ve  are  Bending  sample  e.8  requested. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Oct.  21st.  1915/ 

Powers -Y.e  ightman-I.o s engar ten  Co . , 
ninth  ana  Parrish  Street, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 


On  account  of  unexpected  contingencies 
which  have  arisen  sinoe  Mr.  Edison's  departure 
for  California,  I  shall  have  to  take  the  liberty 
of  withdrawing  the  quotations  made  you  on  the 
9th  instant  on  Iron  by  Hydrogen.  1  expect  Mr. 
Edison  to  return  around  the  first  of  November, 
and  shall  take  the  matter  up  with  him  at  once  and 
ask  him  to  communicate  with  you  further. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

T.  J.  Brewster 


X ,  ,  t 


t  1 

'  U-o  ~~ 

iO  l  f  .p-  vo-  l^J-  )  -p 

~  JL>  <*~T  ‘’i 

-rfc,  U^J 



Thomas  A.  Edison 

Aniline  Salt 
Aniline  Oil 
Phenol  Resin 
Nickel  Sulphate 
Cobalt  Sulphate 
Nickel  Hydroxide 
Cobalt  Hydroxide 
Mercury  Oxide 
Nickel  Flake 

Benzine  Sulphonic 




Solvent  Naphtha 


Para  Phenylenediamine 

Iron  by  Hydrogen 

Iron  by  Hydrogen  Grade  B 

Iron  Oxide  (Red) 

Para  Nitroacetanilid 
Para  Phenylenediamine  Acetate 
Condensite  Varnish 
Benzene  Sulphonate  of  Soda 

Address  all  communications  regarding  the  above  to 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Dear  , Sir: 

On  August  20th  you  wrote  me  in  regard  to  Chamber  Acid, 

but  at  that  time  you  had  none  to  spare.  You  stated  that  if  you 
had  any  a  little  later  on  you  would  be  glad  to  let  me  knew.  I 
trust  you  may  be  in  position  to  supply  me  with  some  .even  if  it 
is  only  with  a  few  carloads.  Will  you  kindly  advise  me  very 
promptly,  and  pblige. 

September  27th.  1915. 

Mr.  Miller: 

7/e  sold  on  Saturday  last,  24  rounds  Paraphenylanediamine 
to  A  If  rod  Ury,  2601  Broadway,  Hew  York,  at  $3.50  par  pound.  This 
amounts  to  $84.00.  I  delivered  the  Para  and  hore  is  the  cash. 

This  para  was  from  Mr.  Edison's  new  plant  at  Silver  lake,  and, 
therefore,  thd  /mo^iey  Belongs  to  him,  not  to  the  Incorporated. 
fj  Ltf*™  17.  H.  I.EAD07/CB0PT . 


Sopt.  27X11*  1915. 

Pels  &  Company, 

73rd  Street  &  Woodland  Avo., 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Qontlemon : 

Your  favor  of  the  23rd  Instant  has  boon  received  and 
shown  to  Ur.  Edison .  He  re  meats  nn  to  say  In  reply  that  we  pro-  . 
duoo  a  considerable  .uantity  of  Solvent  naphtha  at  our  Johnstown, 
Pa.  Plant,  but  this  has  all  been  contracted  for.  -fto  have  some 
at  our  Bon  sol  Plant  at  ood’.vard,  Ala.,  and  -will  send  for  a  sample 
for  you  if  you  dosire  it.  It  sells  for  SOjf  par  gallon,  ?.  0.  B. 

Solvent  naphtha  is  a  mixture  of  Xylol  and  Mosltylonos, 
having  vary  high  dissolving  properties.  The  proportions  vary 
at  every  Bonzol  Plant,  according  to  the  coal  used.  The  only 
safe  way  is  to.  got  a  sample  and  try  it.  I  think  that  at  the 
'Woodward  Plant  wo  obtain  about  100  gallons  daily,  and  believe 
we  have  a  considerable  quantity  on  hand. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  T'r.  P.dison. 

Sept  .  27  th  .  1915. 

Mr.  iVill lam  H .  School , 

159  Mai  dan  I,ano, 
lion  York  Oily. 

Doar  Sir: 

I?9plylao'  to  yonr  favor  of  the  21st 
instant,  which  was  forwarded  to  this  office, 

Mr.  Idiaon  wi  •?  he  a  re  to  say  that  we  use  nil 
of  the  Phenol  Hosin  that  wo  rrnko,  and  do  not 
expect  to  supply  ;no  for  tho  market. 

Ee  requests  me  to  refer  yon  to  the 
Condensito  Company  of  America,  Eloomfield,  II. J. 
who  may  he  able  to  supply  you. 

Tours  vory  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Charles  Lennig  &  Company,  inc. 

Manufacturing  Chemists 

iiladelphia.  September  27,  1915* 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 


V/e  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  24th  inst.,  a^so 
your  telegram  of  the  23rd, advising  us  that  you  aocept  our  offer  for  three 
tank  cars  of  Chamber  Aoid,  one  tank  car  each  month  during  Ootober,  Novem¬ 
ber  and  December,  each  tank  to  contain  about  thirty  tons,  at  $16.50  per 
net  ton,  f.  o.  b.  our  works,  Bridesburg,  Phila. ,  Pa.  in  your  tank  oars. 

YOur  understanding  is  correct  that  it  is  to  be  based  on  50°Acid. 

In  reference  to  sending  us  your  tank  oar,  it  would  be  satisfactory 


if  you  forward  this  oar^to  reach  us  say  October  4th  or  5th,  and  we  will 
immediately  fill  same  and  return  to  you. 

Kindly  ship  this  oar  to  "Charles  Lennig  &  Co.,  Inc.,  Bridesburg, 
Philadelphia,  Pa."  via  the  Pennsylvania  Bailrcad. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Charles  Lennig  &  Co.,  Inc. 


P.  S.  Please  give  us  shipping  instructions  for  the 

of  the  tank  < 

We  noticed  your  display  at  the  Chemists 
Exhibition  in  Hew  York  last  week  and  are  interested 
in  your  Para-Phenylene  Diamine  andwouldgreatly 
appreciate  quotations  from  you  in  lot^  of  25  and 
100  Lbs . ,  I  pref errably  in  the  finely  divided  or 
crystalline  state. 

Thanking  you  for  your  Barly  reply,  we 


Very  truly  yourB, 




ROBERT  L.  FRINK,  President. 

Thds.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

*  *  1  naim^T 

r  1 '  sfto^  jwy 

Dear  Sir:- 

VlU  1*4.1  V*><AAi  1 

Attention  Mr.  Meadoworoft,  Chf.  Chemist 

In  talking  with  ypur  Representative  at  the  / 
Chemical  Exposition  and  looking  over  the  exhibit  which  / 
you  had  there,  I  noted  several  productions  which  might/ 
take  the  place  of  Benzol  or  Xylol,  particularly  one  / 
called  "Solvent  Naptha",  as  I  have  several  clients ^who 
have  heretofore  been  using  Xylol  and  Benzol  but  are 
looking  for  a  oheaper  solvent,  and  I  should  be  .glad 
to  learn  what  prices  you  oould  make  upon  this 'In  barrel 
lots,  and  if  convenient,  would  like  to  have'a  sample  of 
same,  say  l/2  lb.  or  so. 

Yours  very  truly'/ 


f\  t *■*••• 


» *  >  ^m///XMwn< 

'  '  *  '  “  ^/•^J^eh((p^^i^^f/t/f/^/firr/'^-ri  . ..  .  ^ 

"”  ^»v  /> ^  .//^-  e-v-^ 

-  -•  ±- 
r’us %j).  7 

Att.  Hr.  Qpdyke 

*tir.  f!DhoraaEh(A.  Kdi  so  A , 
•’>k'^,  \\Aniline  DipfiBion, 

aver  Lake, 

^'y^V-y  „  ^  it"'  ;D!ear  sir; 

^  y\  lc''~  !.■  v°  AB  per  telephone  conversation  Saturday  last, 

^  ^  we  enclose  you  herewith  corrected  bill  covering  oar 

p-471385  shipped  sept.  8th,  on  basis  of  oontraot  June  16th, 

^  /  *  at ^15.00  per  ton. 

inasmuch  an  oontraota  oall  for  100  tons  per  month, 
assumed  it  would  make  no  difference  v/hether  we  billed 
^  ^  higher  price  first  or  last,  expecting  you  would  take  full 

$  /  / 

g  Ai  A^Jtnstruoted ,  we  are  shipping  one  oar  today, 

ft  ^!nd  will  .d^4low  up  with  a  second  car  in  about  ten  days. 


afij^r  whiph  we  will  make  a  third  shipment  on  additional 
y  9£^1'trao^pat  §20.00  per  ton,  thus  carrying  out  terms  of  both 

lontimcts  in  effect. 


\  \  please  advise  if  thiB  arrangement  is  entirely  satis- 

\  ’’  i  y  yx  factory  to  you. 

d  J  J x?^ 

\K  v/  V 

t  ,  ^k/ab 

Ifoura  truly, 




,‘iA  1  PHILADELPHIA  September) 27, 1915. 
3,0  / 

^ \ ^  I 



•7e  had  the  pleasure  of  attending  the  recent  National 
Exposition  of  Chemical  Industries  held  at  New  York  and  found 
your  name  among  the  exhibitors. 

’/ill  you  be  kind  enough  to  do  us  the  courtesy  of 
oHiriainn-  if  vou  use  in  your  manufacture  a  selected  line  cast. 

manufacturers  taKEnS? Unwind" 
ment  in  this  particular  market. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  fo: 
d  have  the  opportunity  to  quote  you,  v/ 

your  kindness  and  hoping 
beg  to  remain 

Very  truly  yours, 


Sept.  20th.  19X5. 

Butterworth-Judeon  Company. 

60  Wall  Street, 

New  York  City. 


I  have  a  serious  complaint  to  •»>»  aboat  lhs  1“t  tM'” 
osrs  of  Ulved  Asia  .hot  you  soot  over  to  v  onlll.o  Blent  »t  Silver 
Lake . 

ulJt,a  ;,oia  in  fee  lust  three  oor.  nos  short  or  Nltrlo 
,o  the  ertent  thst  It  non, a  nltr.t.  only  116  gallon.  of  Beue.l, 
.heroes  tho  same  quantity  of  y.or  regular  Ul  Asia.  ana  the 
General  Oh.mloel  company's  Apia.  would  nitrate  160  gallon,  of  Ben- 

Bo.iaes  this,  there  .ere  Impurities  In  these  three  ears 
of  Aoldo  which  gave  us  a  great  deal  of  trouble  ana  put  us  to  oon- 
alderable  eroenae.  and  la  addition  to  all  this  th.  west,  .old  ... 
very  foul- 

I  shall  erpact.  of  soiree,  that  you  MU  make  me  so  oilc¬ 
ans.  on  these  three,  and  also  give  ta.truotloa.  to  your  worts 

that  this  should  not  happen  again. 

Youtb  very  truly. 


X  3  0  c3«-^-0  JO  tsdk^ 

fij  YvCtrvc  fc  ^  ^  ' 


^  ut-^-*W  O1— G-4-3 


I  52rO&tL>  (TS-otc^^ 

—  O^.'S,  iW  /( <£c-4J3  <3  <2-&src> 

£ri,-dLo|  1 1 10 



^  l,U  VA.-^> 

Sept .  28th.  1915. 

I'r.  Hobart  "oyer, 

Lawronao,  lusarno  &  Hifth  Sts., 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dear  ir: 

Yonr  favor  of  tho  24th  Instant  was  received,  and  was 
given  caroful  attention. 

I  kno-  that  tho  rrioe  of  Anilina  oil  is  vary  high,  much 
higher  than  It  should  ho ,  hut  on  account  of  the  greatly  inoroased 
prioos  of  Acids  and  cup.plles,  it  is  not  possihlo  tp  quote  less 
than  tho  figure  X  gavo  you,  namely  sixty  (60)  cents  par  pound  for 
tho  yoar  1916.  I  have  teen  obliged  to  sign  contracts  for  Acids 
and  supplies  for  tha  entire  year,  therefore,  my  cost  is  fixed. 

The  trouble  is  that  Anilina  is  .uite  valuable  at  this  time,  as  it 
is  used  to  make  articles  bringing  higher  prices. 

I  bog  to  confirm  itolagram  to  you  this  morning,  as  followB 

"On  account  high'  prices  of 
acids  and  supplies  ragrot  I 
cannot  quote  less  than  sixty 
cents . 

Thomas  A.  K.dison." 

Yours  very  truly. 


SEND  "the  following  Telegram,  .abject  to  the  term. 

00  back  hereof,  which  are  hereby  aSr«d  to  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  Sept.  28th.  1915. 

Thomas  A. 'Edison. 

IViro  answer  my  letter  of  24th.  Ready  for  contract. 
-  ROBERT  I1YF.R . 

Mr.  Thoma8~AT^Edison, 
Orange,  Mew  Jersey. 
Dear  Sir:- 

The  writer  was  extrei 


ijes'ted  in  your  exhibit  j 

Jwh  Coax.  S 

at  the  Grand  Central  Palace  in  Mew  York  and  shall  he  glad  to 

learn  from  you  whether  you  ari|^contemp|at^ng  - 


_  ‘<vv\  \  vj  t 

of  any  of  the  intermediates  or  of' the  finished  synthetic  per*-  r, 
fuming  oompounds  which  have  heretofore  been  produced  in  Germany.  4 
I  refer  to  such  oompounds  as  Methyl!  Antnranilate,  Artificial' 

Musk,  Benzaldehyde ,  Dinalool,  Methyl  Salioate  and  a  tgfeat  many 
others,  which  undoubtedly  you  are  quite  as  familiar  wijpi  as 
are  we.  At  the  present  time,  we  are  especially  interested 
in  looating  a  suitable  source  of  supply  for  Artificial  Musk. 

Yours  vety  truly, 


Sept.  29th.  1915. 

The  Bronsons  Company, 

Asbury.Park,  H.  J. 


Replying  to  your  favor  of  the  27th 
instant  In  regard  to  Pa  raphe  nylenocliaraine,  wo 
beg  to  say  that  we  make  only  a  small  quantity 
for  our  ovm  use.  Any  surplus  that  we  may  hate 
we  have  disposed  of  direct  to  those  who  aotually 
use  it  and  need  it  oadly  in  their  manufacturing 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laboratory. 

(gHBeA©®  September  29th,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,, 
Orange , 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

■Referring  to  your  favor  of  the  14th  Inst., 
which  arrived  in  the  absence  of  the  writer,  we 
assumed  in  writing  you  aB  we  did,  that  possibly  you 
might  be  willing  to  consider  a  supply  of  Carbolic 
Acid  in  addition  to  that  which  you  are  manufacturing, 
of  which  we  had  knowledge. 

We  appreciate  the  fact  that  you  were  the 
first  in  the  field  and  that  being  known,  might  have 
caused  a  demand  upon  you  largely  in  excess  of  your 
ability  to  take  care  of. 

Yours  very  tnly. 


vice  president 

G.H. Jones-M 

[))  fr-p-JLvJ  6 

•  t$»e  ie^ck  C0c5*v  U>  6jfo((>^>c|  to 
k*.  «_  oc.ri^  ^tc ^C>v  u>-rf<  u*. 

ue'cW  *fc  cx^^^fr1^ 

10~lXC  ffwn  (2ccIG'wv<i^s)  &.£i.«je-  ^/»  a^tv^ 

J>  ^jxcnu 

o4ti^-  YU  pt-tsf+r 
CtAa^  it*  -  t^^u. 

/Cu*t^Xd>.iir—  -tyt"  lj^!  '  ^  'I'"' 

s-M  .fe:;'- 

;i'“'  ''/■'■'  "'"^  ,  .i. 

brr  /ftfy  //(M)  /•'»•  5  i  ^  /  - 

Ct,  9rlc4.^ 


Sept.  50th.  1015. 

?.  Claude  H.  Op  dyke . 

Woodward  Iron  company, 
Woodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Claude : 

Lss  s 

this  morning. 

i  took  th. «.«« 

the  woodward  Iron  company  asTcing  hem  to  opinion  that  since 

prove  our  water  supply,  hr.  ddisonii so; i  „£tor  that  we  should 

the  woodward  people  agroeci  to  furnish  j  oertainly  think 

have  the  first  righttosuohwater  «  Jhero  is^  &na 

this  should  oe  so,  ospeoially  wi  o  whether  we  dould  ask  them 

*»« *»  *«  «•* 

own  uses. 

I  wish  you  '’°^^  '"^fr“gasncoolerinanrwhothlrhthe  water 
theyUtake  SSSTtS  S^iKS-SS  in  any  way  with  the  water 
we  use  from  the  springs. 

At  present  I  am  ^0+H^SI°Bhould°°mve  leenao^there  be¬ 
fore. *1  oannotWesay  firt* how  soon  I  will  get  down. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Sept.  30th.  1915. 

Mr.  ?.  J.  Brewster, 

Berlin,  N.  J. 

Boar  Sir: 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  the  2Gth 
instant,  I  beg  to  oay  that  we  manufacture  at 
this  time  only  small  quantities  of  Parapheny- 
lonedi amine  in  exoess  of  our  own  requiremonts. 
This  exoess  we  sell  to  a  few  fur  ayors  who  are 
seriously  in  noed  of  it. 

I  will  let  you  know,  however,  in  a 
few  days  what  quantity,  if  any,  we  can  furnish 
at  a  little  later  date. 

youre  very  truly. 

C _ _  S'f,  0  .  3£ 

(^aJrtry'  /  61^9  ^3- 

fy/Urditr&/L^ {x2^^- 

c ^7uX_  73,  7~7<r,  /* 

39-0  ^ 


_Saptembex-3_Q-, — 


")  ~J  £  ;3  I  Thomas  A.  Edison,  ,-'  \  '.  '  1  ^ 

l£  •■*&  4  >  i  Orange,  H.  J.  /  j  _ — 

I  ^  j|j_  ft-fct.sntlon  Of 

r &$  A  ... » opW^  -  -*-« 

j  36  ft  ,4  2  38th,  MU  PC  **.«“•*•  (or  »«“ 

f|  1  “  /Vfe*  at  boodnard,  1»  addition  to  $53,000  adr.ady  paid  by 

l  u  i  fi”- 

*.  you  nrobably  *««..  the  contraction  axp.n.. 

^  by  ».■***-  -  »  '””a  S5“-000'  ”, M 

1  not  ruction  ha.  been  given  by  Sr.  Edi.on  to  ooll.c 
r„t  fro.  «.,  ~  «i«  bo/Wfe  to  .end  you  oh.c*  cov- 

„  .a.  ,™ot.  A,.  • 

*  -i-  \  x  if  instruction  has  oecu  b*  . 

2  A  I  'I  amount  fro.  «.,  ~  «»  *°  "***.  ' 

_-4-5  A  .ring  tba  a»u»t.  ^  ^ 

\  m  the  meantime,  J  auait  your  reply. 

3N  :vc 



Sept.  30,1915. 

Mr.  William  H.  Meadowcroft, 

%  Laboratory  of  Thomas  A. Edison, 
Orange ,  If  ,.T . 

Dear  Sir: 

We  telegraphed  you  today  as  follows: 


We  will  give  you  shipping  instructions  on  this  acid 
within  a  day  or  so.  We  might  add  that  we  are  buying  this  material  to 
have  to  converted, by  a  chemical  manufacturer,  into  other  chemicals  for 
our  use  and  for  this  reason,  we  will  not  have  it  shipped  direct  to 

You  will  note  that  we  are  ashing  for  weekly  shipments 


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Lexington  Avc.  4«tli  to  47tli  Streets,  Now  York 



Week  of  SEPT.  20, 1915 

11  A.  M.  TO  11  P.  M.  DAILY 

Monsanto  chemical  works 

The  attached  2  tickets  arc  for  admission  to 



Exhibits  and  demonstrations  of  products,  processes,  machinery  and 
apparatus  applied  in  the  Chemical  Industries  will  be  made  by  leading 
manufacturers  from  all  over  the  country. 

Conferences  will  be  held  daily.  Lectures  and  papers  will  be  read 
and  discussed.  Stereopticon  and  motion  pictures  showing  plants  and  pro¬ 
cesses  in  operation,  covering  the  whole  field  of  chemical  Industry, 

In  no  other  exposition  can  so  much  of  vital  interest  and  real 
immediate  benefit  be  found  to  repay  you  for  a  visit. 

You  can  gain  in  no  other  way,  in  so  short  a  time  an  accurate 
knowledge  of  the  vast  improvements  recently  mnde  in  the  Chemical  indus¬ 
tries;  where  in  America  supplies  or  equipment  for  the  Chemical  Industries 
can  be  obtained;  what  industries  arc  developed  and  what  need  development. 

Nowhere  else  is  such  an  opportunity  offered  for  a  comparison  of 
the  many  materials,  apparatus  and  products  as  will  be  exhibited  and 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
Commission,  National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission,  and  The  National 
Endowment  for  the  Humanities.  Major  underwriting  has  been  provided  by  the  Barkley  Fund, 
through  the  National  Trust  for  the  Humanities,  and  by  The  Charles  Edison  Foundation. 

We  are  grateful  for  the  generous  support  of  the  IEEE  Foundation,  the  Hyde  &  Watson 
Foundation,  the  Martinson  Family  Foundation,  and  the  CE  Foundation.  We  acknowledge  gifts 
from  many  other  individuals,  as  well  as  an  anonymous  donor;  the  Association  of  Edison 
Illuminating  Companies;  and  the  Edison  Electric  Institute.  For  the  assistance  of  all  these 
organizations  and  individuals,  as  well  as  for  the  indispensable  aid  of  archivists,  librarians, 
scholars,  and  collectors,  the  editors  are  most  grateful. 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  National  Park  Service 

Richard  L.  McCormick  Maryanne  Gerbauckas 

Ziva  Galili  Michelle  Ortwein 

Ann  Fabian 

Paul  Clemens  Smithsonian  Institution 

Harold  Wallace 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Marc  Mappen 


Robert  Friedel,  University  of  Maryland 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  Oxford  University 
Thomas  P.  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Ronald  Kline,  Cornell  University 
Robert  Rosenberg,  John  Wiley  &  Sons 
Marc  Rothenberg,  Joseph  Henry  Papers,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Philip  Scranton,  Rutgers  University/Hagley  Museum 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology 


Director  and  General  Editor 
Paul  Israel 

Senior  Editor 
Thomas  Jeffrey 

Associate  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Theresa  Collins 

Assistant  Editor 
David  Hochfeldcr 

Indexing  Editor 
David  Ranzan 

Consulting  Editor 
Linda  Endersby 

Visiting  Editor 
Amy  Flanders 

Editorial  Assistants 

Alexandra  Rimer 
Kelly  Enright 
Eric  Barry 

Outreach  and  Development 
(Edison  Across  the  Curriculum) 
Theresa  Collins 

Business  Manager 
Rachel  Wcisscnburgcr 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  2007  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and 
index  or  of  the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any 
form  by  any  means — graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  including  photocopying, 
recording  or  taping,  or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of 
Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 

Cl  £d  Ifccrru,  Up 


Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Linda  E.  Endersby 

David  A.  Ranzan 
Indexing  Editor 

Janette  Pardo 
Richard  Mizelle 
Peter  Mikulas 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Director  and  General  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

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